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Monastir, also called Mīstīr (Arabic: مـنسـتير‎‎ About this sound Monāstīr / Mīstīr, from the Greek μοναστήριον "hermit's cell, monastery"), is a city on the central coast of Tunisia, in the Sahel area, It is 20 kilometres (12 miles) south of Sousse and 162 kilometres (101 miles) south of Tunis. Traditionally a fishing port, Monastir is now a major tourist resort. Its population is about 93,306. It is the capital of Monastir Governorate.

Monastir
مـنسـتير
Monastir from the ribat's tower
Monastir from the ribat's tower
Official seal of Monastir
Seal
Monastir from space
Monastir from space
Monastir is located in Tunisia
Monastir
Monastir
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°46′10″N 10°49′10″E / 35.76944°N 10.81944°E / 35.76944; 10.81944Coordinates: 35°46′10″N 10°49′10″E / 35.76944°N 10.81944°E / 35.76944; 10.81944
Country  Tunisia
Governorate Monastir
Population (2014)
 • Total 93,306
Time zone CET (UTC1)
ZIP code 5000
Area code(s) 73

Contents

HistoryEdit

Monastir was founded on the ruins of the PunicRoman city of Ruspina. The city features a well-preserved Ribat of Monastir that was used to scan the sea for hostile ships and as a defence against the attacks of the Byzantine fleet. Several ulema came to stay in the ribat of this peaceful city for contemplation. The ribat was, in the 1970s, also one of the filming locations for both the miniseries Jesus of Nazareth and Monty Python's Life of Brian.

TransportationEdit

The city is on the electrified, metre-gauge Sahel Metro line with trains serving Sousse and Mahdia. Other services run to Tunis.

Monastir – Habib Bourguiba International Airport has flights from most Western European countries. It is run by Tepe Akfen Ventures Airport Holding (TAV).

ClimateEdit

Monastir enjoys a dry Mediterranean climate with hot summers, extremely mild winters, lots of sunshine and low rainfall year-round. The city sits in the northeast of Tunisia, on its central coast. It is milder than inland areas of Tunisia, forty percent of which is part of the Sahara. In the summer, while humidity is low, the soaring heat can still be hard to handle. The average high temperature of 29 °C (84 °F) in June skips past the 30 °C (86 °F) mark in the middle of the month and climbs up to 33 °C (91 °F) in July and August.

EconomyEdit

Nouvelair has its head office in Monastir in the Dkhila Tourist Zone,[1][2] near the Hôtel Sahara Beach.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

Tunisian ex-president Habib Bourguiba was born in Monastir, and his mausoleum is located in the city. Many other famous politicians are also from Monastir:

Among other notable people:

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Monastir is twinned with:

and cooperates with

GalleryEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Monastir
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
15.9
(60.6)
17.3
(63.1)
19.5
(67.1)
22.9
(73.2)
26.6
(79.9)
30.5
(86.9)
30.6
(87.1)
29.5
(85.1)
24.9
(76.8)
20.5
(68.9)
16.6
(61.9)
22.55
(72.58)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
11.6
(52.9)
13.1
(55.6)
15.2
(59.4)
18.6
(65.5)
22.2
(72)
25.4
(77.7)
25.8
(78.4)
24.9
(76.8)
20.6
(69.1)
16.1
(61)
12.5
(54.5)
18.13
(64.65)
Average low °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
7.3
(45.1)
9
(48)
11
(52)
14.3
(57.7)
17.9
(64.2)
20.4
(68.7)
21
(70)
20.3
(68.5)
16.4
(61.5)
11.7
(53.1)
8.4
(47.1)
13.76
(56.77)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44
(1.73)
41
(1.61)
33
(1.3)
27
(1.06)
15
(0.59)
8
(0.31)
3
(0.12)
6
(0.24)
33
(1.3)
42
(1.65)
34
(1.34)
42
(1.65)
328
(12.9)
Average precipitation days 6 5 7 6 4 2 1 2 4 6 5 5 53
Mean monthly sunshine hours 167 179 208 228 276 303 338 304 240 211 189 164 2,807
Source #1: Climate-Data.org,[5]
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures[6]

Neighboring areaEdit

Monastir's northeastern territories lead into a place called Route de la Falaise, through which one can reach its most notable suburb, Skanes, which is 6 miles (9.7 kilometres) from Monastir's town centre.[citation needed] Hugging Tunisia's coastline, Skanes is a holiday resort known mostly for its professional golf courses; white, sandy beaches; clear blue sea; and hotels that fuse Moorish architecture with modern designs. It is frequented throughout the summer by tourists from around the world.[citation needed] They also come for the medina, where it is possible to sample fresh Tunisian cooking and bargain for local goods.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Réclamations, Suggestions." Nouvelair. Retrieved on 1 July 2010. "Nos Coordonnées Adresse : Zone Touristique Dkhila – 5065 – Monastir – Tunisie."
  2. ^ "Après le vol." Nouvelair. Retrieved on 1 July 2010.
  3. ^ Jacobs, Daniel and Peter Morris. The Rough Guide to Tunisia. Rough Guides, 2001. 215. Retrieved from Google Books on 1 July 2010. ISBN 1-85828-748-0, ISBN 978-1-85828-748-5.
  4. ^ "Portrait of Münster: Die Partnerstädte". Stadt Münster. Archived from the original on 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  5. ^ "Climate: Monastir – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Monastir, Tunisia". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 19 July 2014. 

External linksEdit

  • (in French) USMonastir.com, official web site of the local multi-sports team