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The Esporte Clube Bahia (Portuguese pronunciation: [isˈpɔʁtʃi ˈklubi baˈi.ɐ]), known familiarly as Bahia, is a Brazilian professional football club, based in Salvador, capital city of the Brazilian state of Bahia. The club competes in the Campeonato Baiano, Bahia's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, highest division of Brazilian football league system.
|Full name||Esporte Clube Bahia|
Bahiaço (mix of Bahia and aço, steel)
Maior do Nordeste (Largest in the Northeast)
Esquadrão de aço (Steel squadron)
|Founded||1 January 1931|
|Ground||Arena Fonte Nova|
|SAF Owner||City Football Group (90%)|
|Head coach||Rogério Ceni|
|League||Campeonato Brasileiro Série A|
|Série B, 3rd of 20 (promoted)|
Baiano, 4th of 10
|2008||Manchester City F.C.*|
|2013||New York City FC§|
|2014||Melbourne City FC*|
|Yokohama F. Marinos*§|
|2017||Montevideo City Torque*|
|2019||Sichuan Jiuniu F.C.*§|
|Mumbai City FC*§|
|ES Troyes AC*|
Bahia has won the Brasileirão title twice: in the 1959 season, defeating the Santos' Santásticos which contained figures such as Gilmar, Mauro, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pepe and Pelé, in the finals and in the 1988 season Bahia edged Internacional. Bahia has only appeared in the Copa Libertadores three times, reaching the quarterfinals in 1989, Bahia's best-ever performance. The club has also won their state title a record 50 times.
The 2000s have seen the club win only four state titles. Bahia was demoted to the Série B in 2003 and demoted, for the first time ever, to the Série C in 2005, spending two seasons at the bottom of the Brazilian league system. In 2007, they were promoted back to the second level, and in 2010 the club found itself back in the Série A, after eight seasons. Bahia had played its home games with 66,080 people capacity Estádio Fonte Nova since 1951 but after a section of the stadium collapsed in 2007, the Tricolor played at the Estádio de Pituaçu. With the reopening of the Fonte Nova stadium in 2013 as the Arena Fonte Nova, a modern arena built for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Bahia resumed playing its matches there. The club's home uniform consists of white shirts with blue shorts and red socks. It has a long-standing rivalry with the Vitória and matches between the two sides are known as Ba–Vi.
In December 2022, it was announced that City Football Group, a subsidiary of Abu Dhabi United Group, had bought a majority stake of Bahia's SAF, after the takeover was approved in a voting session between club members. The acquisition was completed in May 2023, as CFG officially acquired 90% of the club's shares.
Early years and the first national title edit
The Esporte Clube Bahia was founded on the New Year's Day of 1931 when players from two clubs decided to merge. The Associação Atlética da Bahia and the Clube Bahiano de Tênis had decided to discontinue their football divisions. A few years later Bahia became the most popular team in the Northeast of Brazil.
In the club's first year, Bahia won the Torneio Inicio and Bahia State Championship. The first Bahia president was Waldemar Costa, a doctor. Bahia's crest is based on Corinthians'. Bahia's state flag, created by Raimundo Magalhães, was used in place of the São Paulo state flag.
The team was founded with the motto "Nasceu para Vencer" (Born to Win). Bahia won 44 State Championships, 18 more than the Vitória (their rival club), and was the first club to participate in Taça Libertadores da America in 1960.
Between 1959 and 1963, and in 1968, the club represented the state of Bahia in Taça Brasil (the precursor of the Brazilian Championship), winning the title in 1959 and finishing as runner-up in 1961 and 1963.
The 1980s and the second national title edit
The 1980s were the best in Bahia's history. Bahia won their second national title in 1988, finishing 5th in 1986 and 4th in 1990.
In 1989, Bahia won its second Brazilian Championship against the Internacional from Porto Alegre Bahia won the first leg in Salvador by 2–1. The second leg ended in an 0–0 tie-in Porto Alegre at the Beira Rio Stadium. After these results, Bahia won the Brasileirão, their second national title. The championship gave Bahia the right to play Copa Libertadores for the third time. It was a shock for the southern press because Salvador is in the Northeast and the victory was over the Internacional, a team from southern Brazil, the region that has the highest Human Development Index in the country.
Dark years edit
In 1997, Bahia was relegated to the Série B for the first time in its history after a 0–0 draw against the Juventude at the Fonte Nova stadium. In 1999 Bahia was close to being promoted to the Série A again. Bahia had a very good season but finished in 3rd place, which was not enough to see them promoted.
In 2000, due to bribery scandals involving clubs such as the São Paulo and the Internacional, the team returned to the Brazilian First Division, invited by the Clube dos 13, along with the Fluminense, which was made a scapegoat for the controversy and was nationally victimized by the media (see Copa João Havelange).
In 2002 the bank that had sponsored the team went bankrupt and the Bahia began a descent down the Brazilian football pyramid. After the title of the Northeast Cup in 2001 and 2002, Bahia performed poorly in 2003 and was relegated to the Série B for the second time in the club's history. In 2004, the team was close to getting promoted to the Série A again, finishing 4th. In order to be promoted, Bahia would have to win the final match against the Brasiliense, but the referee Paulo César de Oliveira was assigned to that match and many people[who?] say he was all but fair on that day. In 2005, the club again competed in the Série B, finishing in 18th place, and was relegated to the Série C for the first time in the club's history.
Fênix tricolor (tricolored phoenix) edit
Bahia finished 2007 among the first four teams of the Third Division and was promoted to the Second Division for the 2008 season. The Bahia began strongly, but in the last game of the 3rd stage of the Série C against the already-eliminated Fast Club, Bahia needed a win to advance to the final. The victory came in the last minute of the game with a goal scored by Charles. In the final, the team finished the third division in 2nd place, only losing the title in the final round. This moment is called the "Fênix Tricolor" amongst Bahia fans. The phoenix represents Bahia rising from the ashes.
Despite playing in the Third Division of Brazilian football in 2007, Bahia had the largest average attendance in Brazil: 40,400 people per match. No club in the Third, the Second, or even the First Division was able to match it. However, this is not unusual for Bahia, having also achieved the biggest average attendance in Brazil in 2004 (Second Division), 1988 (First Division), 1986 (First Division), and 1985 (First Division).
Recent years and CFG takeover edit
From 2010 to 2014 Bahia remained in the first division. In 2013, a fan takeover lead the club to pursue more left-wing and socially engaged politics, focusing on racism, LGBTQ rights, the demarcation of indigenous lands and the treatment of female fans in football stadiums. At the same time, they have managed to reduce ticket prices, increase revenues, pay off some of the debt that was crippling the club and improve their results on the pitch.
In 2014 they were relegated to the second division again but came back in 2016. In 2017 they are playing in the first division. After 22 years out of international competition, Bahia returned in 2012 when they qualified for the Copa Sul-Americana. In addition, they won the 2012, 2014, and 2015 Bahia State Championship and the Northeast Cup in 2017.
In February 2018 the intense rivalry between Bahia and Esporte Clube Vitória drew international attention when nine players (four from Bahia and five from Vitória) were shown the red card in a State Championship match.
In December 2022, it was announced that City Football Group, a subsidiary of Abu Dhabi United Group, had bought majority stake of Bahia, following a voting session between club members that saw 98.6% of voters accept the takeover. The acquisition was completed in May 2023, as CFG officially acquired 90% of the club's shares, with the original administration keeping the remaining 10% of shares, as well as full rights over club heritage items, including shirt colors and the emblem. Bahia became the thirteenth football club to join City Football Group, and the third South American team to ever do so, following Montevideo City Torque and parent club Club Bolívar.
Bahia's colors are blue, red, and white. The blue color pays homage to the Associação Atlética da Bahia; white, to the Clube Baiano de Tênis; and red for the Bahia state flag. The club's mascot is called Super-Homem Tricolor (Tricolor Superman) and was inspired by the DC Comics character. The mascot was created by the famous cartoonist Ziraldo based on the expression "Esquadrão de Aço" (Steel Squad) and wears a costume very similar to the original Superman's costume, which shares the team's colors.
Bahia played at the Fonte Nova stadium from its inauguration in 1951 until November 2007. During the game against the Vila Nova (during Bahia's promotion campaign) a part of the stadium collapsed. Seven people died and more than 30 were injured.
Some notable games at the Fonte Nova:
- Bahia : Internacional 2–1 (Série A – Final – 1988)
- Bahia : Fluminense 2–1 (Série A – Semi-finals – 1988)
- Bahia : Flamengo 4–1 (Série A – 2000)
- Bahia : Sport Recife 3–1 (Northeast Cup – Final – 2001)
- Bahia : Fast Club 1–0 (Série C – 3rd Stage – 2007)
In April, the Bahia was back to the Arena Fonte Nova
League record edit
National league edit
- 40 seasons in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
- 10 seasons in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B
- 2 seasons in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série C
Regional leagues edit
- National Tournament (2)
|Organized by CBF and CBD|
|Serie A (2/2):||1959, 1988.||1961, 1963.|
- Regional Tournament (4)
|Organized by CBF|
|Copa do Nordeste (4/5):||2001, 2002, 2017, 2021.||1997, 1999, 2015, 2018, 2020.|
- State Tournament (50)
|Organized by FBF|
|Campeonato Baiano (50/22)||1933, 1934, 1936, 1938, 1940, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2023||1941, 1955, 1957, 1963, 1964, 1969, 1972, 1985, 1989, 1992, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2017.|
Current squad edit
First team edit
- As of 26 September 2023
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan edit
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Current staff edit
|Head coach||Renato Paiva|
|Assistant head coach||Nuno Presume|
|Assistant head coach||Ricardo Dionísio|
|Fitness coach||António Bores|
|Fitness coach||Roberto Nascimento|
|Fitness coach||Vitor Gonçalves|
|Goalkeepers trainer||Rui Tavares|
|Performance analyst||David Pereira|
- Carlos Volante (1959)
- Paulo Amaral (1967–68)
- Manuel Fleitas Solich (1970–71)
- Sylvio Pirillo (1972)
- Evaristo de Macedo (1973)
- Zezé Moreira (1978–79)
- Aymoré Moreira (1981–82)
- Paulinho (1985), (1987)
- Evaristo de Macedo (1988–89)
- René Simões (1989)
- Candinho (1990–91)
- Gílson Nunes (1992)
- Joel Santana (1994)
- Júlio César Leal (1995)
- Geninho (1997)
- Evaristo de Macedo (1998)
- Joel Santana (1999)
- Evaristo de Macedo (2001)
- Candinho (2002–03)
- Evaristo de Macedo (2003)
- Lula Pereira (Aug 18, 2003 – Oct 27, 2003)
- Edinho (Oct 28, 2003 – Dec 18, 2003)
- Vadão (Jan 11, 2004 – Dec 17, 2004)
- Zetti (April 19, 2005 – June 20, 2005)
- Mauro Fernandes (April 7, 2006 – July 26, 2006)
- Lula Pereira (Oct 16, 2006 – Dec 5, 2006)
- Paulo Comelli (Dec 4, 2007 – June 2, 2008)
- Arturzinho (June 4, 2008 – Feb 2, 2009)
- Ferdinando Teixeira (Oct 4, 2008 – Dec 15, 2008)
- Alexandre Gallo (Dec 16, 2008 – July 7, 2009)
- Paulo Comelli (July 8, 2009 – Aug 1, 2009)
- Sérgio Guedes (Aug 2, 2009 – Sept 28, 2009)
- Paulo Bonamigo (Sept 29, 2009 – Dec 3, 2009)
- Renato Gaúcho (Dec 13, 2009 – Aug 10, 2010)
- Márcio Araújo (Aug 11, 2010 – Dec 2, 2010)
- Rogério Lourenço (Dec 7, 2010 – Feb 7, 2011)
- Vágner Benazzi (Feb 17, 2011 – April 10, 2011)
- Renê Simões (April 14, 2011 – Sept 2, 2011)
- Joel Santana (Sept 4, 2011 – Feb 2, 2012)
- Paulo Roberto Falcão (Feb 7, 2012 – July 20, 2012)
- Caio Júnior (July 21, 2012 – Aug 27, 2012)
- Jorginho (Aug 28, 2012 – April 7, 2013)
- Joel Santana (April 8, 2013 – May 13, 2013)
- Cristóvão Borges (May 17, 2013 – Dec 9, 2013)
- Marquinhos Santos (Dec 12, 2013 – July 28, 2014)
- Gilson Kleina (Aug 13, 2014 – Nov 11, 2014)
- Charles Fabian (2014)
- Sergio Soares (2015)
- Charles Fabian (2015)
- Doriva (2016)
- Guto Ferreira (2016–2017)
- Jorginho (2017)
- Preto Casagrande (2017)
- Paulo César Carpegiani (Oct 2017 - Dec 2017)
- Guto Ferreira (Dec 2017 - Jun 2018)
- Enderson Moreira (Jun 2018 - Mar 2019)
- Roger Machado (Apr 2019 - Sep 2020)
- Mano Menezes (Sep 2020 - Dec 2020)
- Dado Cavalcanti (Dec 2020 - Aug 2021)
- Diego Dabove (Aug 2021 - Oct 2021)
- Guto Ferreira (Oct 2021 - Jun 2022)
- Enderson Moreira (Jun 2022 - Oct 2022 )
- Eduardo Barroca (Oct 2022 - Nov 2022)
- Renato Paiva (Jan 2023 - Sept 2023)
- Rogério Ceni (Sept 2022 - )
- "Guilherme Bellintani". Esporte Clube Bahia. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "Nota Oficial". 3 December 2022. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
- "Sócios do Bahia aprovam a venda de 90% da SAF ao Grupo City". ge (in Brazilian Portuguese). 3 December 2022. Retrieved 5 May 2023.
- Alencar, Mauricio (4 May 2023). "Man City's parent group buys Brazilian side EC Bahia for £158m". The Athletic. Retrieved 5 May 2023.
- Machaddo, Rafael (4 May 2023). "Agora é oficial! - Notícias Esporte Clube Bahia". Esporte Clube Bahia (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 5 May 2023.
- Carneiro, Raphael; Melo, Ruan; Lemos, Tiago (4 May 2023). "Bahia conclui venda da SAF para o City, e CEO garante: "Vai ser o segundo maior clube do grupo"". ge (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 5 May 2023.
- Law, Joshua (13 November 2019). "How Bahia became the most progressive football club in Brazil". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- "Súmula do Ba-Vi confirma triunfo por 3 a 0 do Bahia sobre o Vitória". Universo Online (in Portuguese). 19 February 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2023.
- "Futebol - Elenco profissional" (in Portuguese). E.C. Bahia.
- "Renato Paiva acompanhado por mais quatro portugueses". A Bola (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 December 2022.
- "Comissão técnica" [Technical staff] (in Brazilian Portuguese). EC Bahia. Retrieved 24 February 2023.