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Esporte Clube Bahia (Portuguese pronunciation: [isˈpɔʁtʃi ˈklubi baˈi.ɐ]), known familiarly as Bahia, is a Brazilian professional football club, based in Salvador, Bahia. They play in the Campeonato Baiano, Bahia's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Brazil's first tier league.

Esporte Clube Bahia logo.png
Full name Esporte Clube Bahia
Nickname(s) Tricolor
Bahiaço (mix of Bahia and aço, steel)
Tricolor de aço (tricolor of steel)
Esquadrão de aço (Steel squadron)
Founded January 1, 1931; 86 years ago (1931-01-01)
Stadium Arena Fonte Nova (Salvador, Bahia)
Ground Capacity 48,747
President Marcelo Sant'Ana
Head coach Paulo César Carpegiani
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Baiano
Série B, 4th
Baiano, 2nd
Website Club website

Bahia has won the Brasileirão title twice: in the 1959 season, defeating Santos' Santásticos which contained figures such as Gilmar, Mauro, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pepe and Pelé, in the finals and in the 1988 season Bahia edged Internacional. Bahia has only appeared in the Copa Libertadores three times, reaching the quarterfinals in 1989, Bahia's best-ever performance. The club has also won their state title a record 46 times.

The 2000s have seen the club win only four state titles. Bahia were relegated to Série B in 2003 and relegated, for the first time ever, to Série C in 2005, spending two seasons at the bottom of the Brazilian league system. In 2007, they were promoted back to the second level, and in 2010 the club found themselves back in Série A, after eight seasons. Bahia had played their home games at the 66,080 capacity Estádio Fonte Nova since 1951, but, after a section of the stadium collapsed in 2007, the Tricolor played at the Estádio de Pituaçu. With the reopening of the Fonte Nova stadium in 2013 as the Arena Fonte Nova, a modern arena built for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Bahia resumed playing their games there. The club's home kit consists of white shirts with blue shorts and red socks. They have a long-standing rivalry with Vitória, and matches between the two sides are known as the Ba–Vi.



Early years and the first national titleEdit

Esporte Clube Bahia was founded in 1931, when players from two clubs decided to merge. The clubs, Associação Atlética da Bahia and Clube Bahiano de Tênis, had decided to discontinue their football divisions. Only a few years later, Bahia became the most popular team in the Northeast of Brazil.[citation needed]

In the club's first year, Bahia won the Torneio Inicio and the Bahia State Championship. The first Bahia president was Waldemar Costa, a doctor. Bahia's crest is based on Corinthians'[citation needed]. The Bahia state flag, created by Raimundo Magalhães, was used in place of the São Paulo state flag.

The team was founded with the motto "Nasceu para Vencer" (In English: "Born to Win"). Bahia won 43 State Championships, 17 more than Vitória (their rival club), and was the first club to participate in the Taça Libertadores da America, in 1960.

Between 1959 and 1963, and in 1968, the cub represented the state of Bahia at the Taça Brasil (the precursor of the Brazilian Championship), winning the title in 1959 and finishing as runner-up in 1961 and 1963.

The 1980s and the second national titleEdit

The 1980s were the best in Bahia's history. Bahia won their second national title in 1988, finishing 5th in 1986, and 4th in 1990.

In 1989, Bahia won its second Brazilian Championship against Internacional from Porto Alegre. Bahia won the first leg in Salvador by 2–1. The second leg ended in an 0–0 tie in Porto Alegre, at Beira Rio Stadium. After these results, Bahia won the Brasileirão, their second national title. The championship gave Bahia the right to play Copa Libertadores for a third time. It was a real shock for the southern press[citation needed] because Salvador is in the Northeast, the poorest region of Brazil, and the victory was over Internacional, a team from southern Brazil, the region that has the highest Human Development Index of the country.

Dark yearsEdit

In 1997, Bahia was relegated to Série B for the first time in its history after a 0–0 draw against Juventude at the Fonte Nova stadium. In 1999, Bahia was close to being promoted to Série A again. Bahia had a very good season, but finished in 3rd place, which was not enough to see them promoted.

In 2000, due to bribe scandals involving clubs such as São Paulo and Internacional, the team returned to the Brazilian First Division, invited by the Clube dos 13, along with Fluminense, which was made a scapegoat for the controversy and was nationally victimized by the media (see Copa João Havelange).

In 2002, the bank that had fully sponsored the team went bankrupt, and Bahia began a descent down the Brazilian football pyramid. After the title of the Northeast Cup in 2001 and 2002, Bahia performed poorly in 2003, and was relegated to the Série B for the second time in the club's history. In 2004, the team was close to getting promoted to the Série A again, finishing 4th. In order to be promoted, Bahia would have to win the final match against Brasiliense, but the referee Paulo César de Oliveira was assigned to that match, and many people[who?] say he was all but fair on that day. In 2005, the club again competed in the Série B, finishing in 18th place, and was relegated to the Série C for the first time in the club's history.

Fênix tricolor (tricolored phoenix)Edit

Bahia finished 2007 among the first four teams of the Third Division, and were promoted to the Second Division for the 2008 season. Bahia began strongly, but in the last game of the 3rd stage of the Série C against the already-eliminated Fast Club, Bahia needed to win to advance to the final. The victory came in the last minute of the game, with a goal scored by Charles. In the final, the team finished the third division in 2nd place, only losing the title in the final round.[citation needed]

This moment is called the "Fênix Tricolor" amongst Bahia fans.[citation needed] The phoenix represents Bahia rising from the ashes.

Despite playing in the Third Division of Brazilian football in 2007, Bahia had the largest average attendance in Brazil: 40,400 people per match.[citation needed] No club in the Third, the Second, or even the First Division was able to match it.[citation needed] However, this is not unusual for Bahia, having also achieved the biggest average attendance in Brazil in 2004 (Second Division), 1988 (First Division), 1986 (First Division), and 1985 (First Division).[citation needed]

Recent yearsEdit

From 2010 to 2014, Bahia remained in the first division playing a regular football. In 2014 they were relegated to the second division again, but came back in 2016. Nowadays, in 2017, they are playing the first division. After 22 years out of international competition, Bahia returned in 2012 as they qualified for the Copa Sul-americana. Besides that, they have won the 2012, 2014 and 2015 Bahia State Championship and the Northeast Cup in 2017.


Bahia's colors are blue, red, and white. The blue color is a homage to Associação Atlética da Bahia; white, to Clube Baiano de Tênis; and red is a color present in the Bahia state flag. The club's mascot is called Super-Homem Tricolor, meaning Tricolor Superman, inspired by the DC Comics character. The mascot was created by the famous cartoonist Ziraldo based on the expression "Esquadrão de Aço" (Steel Squad in English), and wears a costume very similar to the original Superman's costume, which shares the team's colors.


Bahia had always played at the Fonte Nova stadium, from its inauguration in 1951 until November 2007. At the game against Vila Nova (during Bahia's promotion campaign), part of the stadium collapsed and 7 people died. More than 30 were injured.

After that episode, the state government declared that the stadium would be demolished. A new stadium was built on the site for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Some notable games at the Fonte Nova:

On April, Bahia is back to the Arena Fonte Nova


Only senior titles are listed below.


Winners (2): 1959, 1988
Runners-up (2): 1961, 1963
Runner-up (1): 2007


Winners (3): 2001, 2002, 2017
Runners-up (3): 1997, 1999, 2015
Winners (3): 1959, 1961, 1963
Runners-up (3): 1960, 1962, 1968
Winners (1): 1948


Winners (46): 1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1938,[1] 1940, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999,[2] 2001, 2012, 2014, 2015
Runners-up (19): 1941, 1955, 1957, 1963, 1964, 1969, 1972, 1985, 1989, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013
Winners (3): 2000, 2002, 2007
Runners-up (2): 2004, 2006
Winners (9): 1931, 1932, 1934, 1937, 1938, 1951, 1964, 1967, 1979
  • U-20
Winners (16): 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2014

Friendly tournamentsEdit

Winners (1): 1997
Winners (1): 1998
Winners (3): 1953, 1954, 1955
Winners (2): 1993, 1994


Winners (2): 2001, 2002
Winners (1): 2011

Current squadEdit

First teamEdit

As of 8 July 2017

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Jean
3   DF Tiago (on loan from Atlético Mineiro)
4   DF Jackson
5   MF Juninho
6   DF Matheus Reis (on loan from São Paulo)
7   DF Pablo Armero
8   MF Agustín Allione (on loan from Palmeiras)
9   FW Hernane
11   FW Edigar Junio
12   MF Gustavo Ferrareis (on loan from Internacional)
13   MF Matheus Sales (on loan from Palmeiras)
14   MF Yuri
15   MF Feijão
16   DF Rodrigo Becão
17   FW Stiven Mendoza (on loan from Corinthians)
No. Position Player
18   MF Zé Rafael
19   MF Edson (on loan from Fluminense)
20   MF Régis
22   DF Eduardo (on loan from Atlético Paranaense)
23   MF Renê Júnior
25   DF Wellington Silva (on loan from Fluminense)
27   FW Maikon Leite
28   DF Lucas Fonseca
29   MF Vinícius
30   DF Eder
32   GK Rafael Santos
33   GK Anderson
36   DF Juninho Capixaba
39   FW Rodrigão (on loan from Santos)
40   FW João Paulo (on loan from São Paulo)

Out of teamEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  GK Douglas Pires

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Dedé (to Mogi Mirim)
  DF Hayner (to Paysandu)
  MF Gustavo Blanco (to América-MG)
  MF João Paulo Penha (to CRB)
  MF Rômulo (to   Busan IPark)
No. Position Player
  FW Jacó (to CSA)
  FW Luisinho (to   Al-Faisaly)
  FW Mário (at Botafogo-SP)
  FW Rodrigo Rodrigues (to Juazeirense)

Youth squadEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
26   DF Bolívia
  DF Jaques
  MF Felipinho
  MF Hugo Ribeiro
  MF Luis Fernando
34   MF Marco Antonio
No. Position Player
  MF Max
  MF Sávio
  MF Zeca
  FW Geovane Itinga
  FW Hugo Freitas



  1. ^ Two championships were organized in 1938.the other one was won by Botafogo.
  2. ^ The 1999 title was shared with Vitória.

External linksEdit