Greek Basket League

The Greek Basket League (GBL), often also referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship (originally called Panhellenic Basketball Championship), and also known as the ΕΚΟ Basket League for sponsorship reasons, is the first tier level professional basketball league in Greece. It is run by HEBA (Greek: ΕΣΑΚΕ), under the legal authority of the Hellenic Basketball Federation (E.O.K.).

Greek Basket League
GBL Official emblem.png
Founded1927; 93 years ago (1927)
First season1927–28
Country Greece
ConfederationFIBA Europe
Number of teams14
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toA2 Basket League
Domestic cup(s)Greek Cup
International cup(s)EuroLeague
EuroCup
FIBA Champions League
FIBA Europe Cup
Current championsPanathinaikos
(38th title)
Most championshipsPanathinaikos
(38 titles)
All-time top scorerGreece Nikos Galis
(amateur era 1963–1992)
Greece Vassilis Spanoulis
(professional era 1992–present)
CommissionerGreece Vangelis Galatsopoulos
TV partnersERT
Cosmote Sport
Websiteesake.gr (Greek)
esake (English)
2019–20 Greek Basket League

It consists of 14 teams and runs from October to June, with teams playing 26 games each during the regular season, and the top 8 teams then competing in the playoffs.[1] The first official Greek Basketball Championship was held in the 1927–28 season. The league held a competition in which the teams of the league played under a format with a nationwide schedule, for the first time, in the 1963–64 season. The league first held a playoff round in the 1986–87 season. The league first allowed foreign (non-Greek) players, in the 1988–89 season. The league became a fully professional competition in the 1992–93 season.

The league has always been ranked as one of the top 3-5 level national domestic leagues in European basketball, since league rankings began. For further information, see historical European national basketball league rankings, and European national basketball league rankings.

HistoryEdit

Basketball first came to Greece in the year 1919. The first Greek basketball championship took place in the 1927–28 season, the first fully organized Greek basketball championship began. The league was originally organized by the Hellenic Amateur Athletic Association (SEGAS). There have been four different official championship eras. The first era was the Panhellenic Championship (Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα), which lasted from the 1927–28 to 1962–63 seasons, when the champions of every regional district played each other to decide the Greek Champion. The second era started in the 1963–64 season, when the A National Category (Α' Εθνική Κατηγορία), or Alpha National Category was founded.

In 1969, the Hellenic Basketball Federation (E.O.K.) took over the duties of overseeing the competition, and did so until the year 1992. The third era of the championship existed between the 1986–87 and 1991–92 seasons, when the first division A1 National Category (Α1 Εθνική Κατηγορία), with a regular season and playoffs, and the second division A2 National Category (Α2 Εθνική Κατηγορία) were formed. The 1988–89 season, marked the first time that Greek Basket League teams were allowed to have foreign players on their rosters.[2]

The fourth era of the championship began in the 1992–93 season, when the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA) took over the competition and renamed the first division the HEBA A1 (ΕΣΑΚΕ Α1). The league was then renamed to Greek Basket League (Ελληνική Μπάσκετ Λιγκ), starting with the 2010–11 season.

The Greek League has been one of the most competitive basketball leagues in Europe through the years, and it was widely regarded as the second best national domestic league in the world, after only the NBA, in the 1990s decade. It currently ranks among the best national domestic leagues in the world (excluding the NBA), such as Liga ACB in Spain, VTB United League (counts as the domestic league for Russian clubs), and BSL in Turkey. It has always been considered one of the top 3-5 European national domestic leagues under the historical European national basketball league rankings and European national basketball league rankings.

The league has several European historical basketball powers, which also belong to some of the most traditional European basketball clubs, especially Panathinaikos, Olympiacos and AEK (which had great success in the 1960s), which are three of the most successful European basketball clubs of all-time.

Also, Aris, led by Nikos Galis, Panagiotis Giannakis, and Slobodan "Lefteris" Subotić, was the dominant Greek club, and one of the most powerful European teams in the 1980s. Other clubs that have had significant success throughout the history of Greek basketball, as well as success in European basketball, are PAOK and Panellinios.

The first five aforementioned clubs (Panathinaikos, Olympiacos, AEK, Aris and PAOK), are also the most widely supported by fans in Greece.

Despite the championship having been contested 80 times, only nine different clubs have won it so far. The dominating club has usually been Panathinaikos, having claimed the championship 38 times. Since the foundation of the Alpha National Category in the 1963–64 season, only two teams have participated in every season of the competition, Panathinaikos and Aris.

BrandEdit

NameEdit

  • 1927–28 to 1962–63:  Panhellenic Championship
  • 1963–64 to 1985–86:  Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92:  Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2011–12:  HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2012–13 to present:  Greek Basket League

SponsorsEdit

Edit

The main elements of the logo were changed in 2013.[3]

RegulationsEdit

The championship, in its current form, has been organized since the 1992–93 season by the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA), under the authority of the Hellenic Basketball Federation. The fully professional Greek basketball clubs compete in the first division championship, which is often colloquially called the "A1", in which 14 teams compete for the Greek National Championship. There is also a professional level second division championship that is run entirely by the Hellenic Basketball Federation, which is called the "A2", in which 16 teams compete for the second division crown. The bottom two place finishing teams each year in the A1 division standings are relegated to the A2 division, due to poor performance. While conversely, the top two teams each year from the A2 division are promoted to the A1 division, due to good performance.

Club and arena standardsEdit

In order to compete in the Greek Basket League, clubs must invest a minimum of €1 million euros on club operations per season. The minimum club budget per season is €800,000 euros, and each club must also invest €200,000 euros into a league-wide fund that insures players get their full salaries. Most of the league's clubs invest more than the minimum requirements in each season.

Currently, Greek Basket League clubs must play their home games in arenas with a seating capacity of at least 2,000 people, in order to play Greek domestic league games. Several Greek clubs have two arenas that they primarily use. One for domestic Greek League games, and one for European-wide games.

Greek clubs that play in European-wide competitions, such as the EuroLeague, the EuroCup, or the FIBA Champions League, must play their home games in those leagues in arenas that fit the arena standards of those leagues. Which are currently, a 5,000 seat minimum for the EuroLeague, and a 3,000 seat minimum for the EuroCup and FIBA Champions League. Although, the FIBA Champions League's minimum seat rule can be waived with the league's approval.

Foreign playersEdit

Greek Basket League teams were first allowed to have foreign (non-Greek) players on their rosters in the 1988–89 season.[4]

Under the league's current foreign player rules, Greek Basket League teams must have at least 6 Greek players on their active 12 man game rosters. Each team is allowed to have up to 6 foreign (non-Greek) players, on their active 12 man game roster. There are no restrictions on the number of foreign players allowed by country of origin. Meaning that for example, any team in the league could sign up to 6 American players, or up to 6 Canadian players, or up to 6 players from European countries, etc.[5]

Current clubsEdit

The clubs for the 2020–21 season:

Club Position
2019–20
Greek League Arena Seating Capacity EuroLeague / EuroCup / Champions League Arena* Seating Capacity
AEK 2nd Ano Liosia Olympic Hall, Athens 9,903 Ano Liosia Olympic Hall, Athens 9,903
Aris 13th Alexandreio Nikos Galis Hall, Thessaloniki 5,138[6] Alexandreio Nikos Galis Hall, Thessaloniki 5,138
Charilaos Trikoupis 1st (A2) Dimitris Tofalos Arena, Patras 4,200 Dimitris Tofalos Arena, Patras 4,200
Ionikos Nikaias 10th Nikaias Indoor Hall, Athens 2,000
Iraklis Thessaloniki 7th Ivanofeio Sports Arena, Thessaloniki 2,500[7]
Kolossos Rodou
9th
Kallithea Palais des Sports, Rhodes City 1,400[8]
Larisa 8th Larissa Neapolis Indoor Arena, Larissa 4,000 Larissa Neapolis Indoor Arena, Larissa 4,000
Lavrio 6th Lavrio Indoor Hall, Lavrio 1,700
Panathinaikos OPAP 1st Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall, Athens 19,250 Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall, Athens 19,250
Panionios 12th Sofia Befon Indoor Hall, Athens 1,204[9]
PAOK 14th PAOK Sports Arena, Thessaloniki 8,500[10] PAOK Sports Arena, Thessaloniki 8,500
Peristeri 3rd Peristeri Indoor Hall, Athens 4,000 Peristeri Indoor Hall, Athens 4,000
Promitheas Patras 4th Dimitris Tofalos Arena, Patras 4,200 Dimitris Tofalos Arena, Patras 4,200

*Arenas that meet European-wide competition arena requirements, and where the clubs play their home games at, if they are competing in the EuroLeague, EuroCup, or FIBA Champions League.

StatisticsEdit

Title holdersEdit

[11]

Performance by clubEdit

Titles Club Years
38 Panathinaikos 1945–46, 1946–47, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2019–20
12 Olympiacos 1948–49, 1959–60, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2015–16
10 Aris 1929–30, 1978–79, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91
8 AEK 1957–58, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1969–70, 2001–02
6 Panellinios 1928–29, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1956–57
2 Iraklis 1927–28, 1934–35
PAOK 1958–59, 1991–92
1 Near East 1935–36
Athens University 1936–37

A1 FinalsEdit

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage 1st of Regular Season Regular Season Record
1986–87 Aris 3–0 Panionios Aris 18–0
1987–88 Aris 3–0 PAOK Aris 18–0
1988–89 Aris 3–1 PAOK Aris 17–1
1989–90 Aris r.r. PAOK PAOK 20–2
1990–91 Aris 4–2 PAOK Aris 20–2
1991–92 PAOK 4–1 Olympiacos PAOK 20–2
1992–93 Panathinaikos 1–3 Olympiacos PAOK 22–4
1993–94 Olympiacos 3–2 PAOK Bravo Olympiacos 22–4
1994–95 Olympiacos 3–2 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 24–2
1995–96 Olympiacos 3–2 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 24–2
1996–97 Olympiacos 3–1 AEK Olympiacos 21–5
1997–98 Panathinaikos 3–2 PAOK Panathinaikos 21–5
1998–99 Olympiacos 2–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 21–5
1999–00 Panathinaikos 3–0 PAOK Olympiacos 21–5
2000–01 Panathinaikos 3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos 22–4
2001–02 AEK 3–2 Olympiacos AEK 23–3
2002–03 Panathinaikos 3–1 AEK Panathinaikos 21–5
2003–04 Panathinaikos 3–0 Maroussi TIM Panathinaikos 22–4
2004–05 Panathinaikos 3–1 AEK Panathinaikos 22–4
2005–06 Panathinaikos 3–0 Olympiacos Panathinaikos 24–2
2006–07 Panathinaikos 3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos 24–2
2007–08 Panathinaikos 3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos 23–3
2008–09 Olympiacos 1–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 25–1
2009–10 Panathinaikos 3–1 Olympiacos Panathinaikos 25–1
2010–11 Olympiacos 1–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 26–0
2011–12 Olympiacos 3–2 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 23–1
2012–13 Olympiacos 0–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 25–1
2013–14 Panathinaikos 3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos 25–1
2014–15 Olympiacos 3–0 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 25–1
2015–16 Olympiacos 3–1 Panathinaikos Olympiacos 25–1
2016–17 Olympiacos 2–3 Panathinaikos Superfoods Olympiacos 25–1
2017–18 Panathinaikos Superfoods 3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos Superfoods 26–0
2018–19 Panathinaikos OPAP 3–0 Promitheas Patras AEK 18–8
2019–20
Panathinaikos declared champion through regular season rankings due to COVID-19 pandemic
Panathinaikos 18–2

Basket League/A1 finals participation by clubEdit

Club W L Total
Panathinaikos 18 6 24
Olympiacos 8 14 22
Aris 4 0 4
PAOK 1 6 7
AEK 1 3 4
Panionios 0 1 1
Maroussi 0 1 1
Promitheas Patras 0 1 1

Number of seasons in the Panhellenic Championship (1928–1963)Edit

The number of times that clubs participated in the league's original format, the Panhellenic Championship.

Club Times
Panellinios 17
Panathinaikos 13
Olympiacos 13
Sporting 12
HAN Thessaloniki 10
Iraklis 10
Aris 9
AEK 9
PAOK 7
Club Times
Triton Thessaloniki 7
Near East 5
Panionios 4
Skagiopouleio Patras 4
Ethnikos Athens 3
Athens University 3
Neoi Vironas 2
EA Patras 2
VAO 2
Club Times
Peiraikos Syndesmos 2
Anatolia College 2
Palaio Faliro 2
AE Chalkida 2
Triton Chalkida 2
Olympiacos Addis Ababa 1
Keravnos Kairo 1
Diagoras Rodos 1
AE Emporoupallilon 1
Club Times
HAN Nikaia / HΑΝ Kokkinia 1
Apollon Smyrna 1
HAN Athens 1
Neochori Rodos 1
PO Patras 1
Triton Maroussi 1

Number of seasons in the A and A1 National Categories by club (1963–64–2018–19)Edit

The number of times that clubs participated in the top A National Category, while it existed from the 1963–64 season to the 1985–86 season. As well as the number of times that clubs have participated in the top A1 National Category, since it began with the 1986–87 season. Only two clubs, Panathinaikos and Aris, have played in the top division every year since its formation.

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Club Times
Aris
56
Panathinaikos
56
PAOK
55
Olympiacos
53
AEK
53
Panionios
46
Iraklis
41
Apollon Patras
32
Sporting
31
Panellinios
30
Maroussi
24
Peristeri
23
Pagrati
17
Gymnastikos / Ifaistos
14
Kolossos
13
HAN Thessaloniki
12
Ionikos Nikaia
12
Rethymno
9
Dimokritos Thessaloniki
9
Dafni
8
Irakleio
8
Ilysiakos
8
Near East
7
Club Times
Papagou
7
Olympia Larissa
7
Makedonikos
6
Esperos Kallithea
6
Kavala
6
Trikala Aries
5
KAOD
5
VAO
5
Lavrio
4
Koroivos
4
Ionikos Nea Filadelfia
4
Triton Thessaloniki
4
Amyntas
4
Ikaros Kallithea
4
Promitheas Patras
3
Kymi
3
AEL
3
Nea Kifissia
3
Panelefsiniakos
3
Egaleo
3
Apollon Kalamaria
3
Aetos Thessaloniki
3
Trikala 2000
2
Club Times
Olympias Patras
2
Anatolia College
2
HAN Nikaia / HΑΝ Kokkinia
2
Niki Volos
2
Philippos Thessaloniki
2
Milon
2
Ampelokipoi
2
Peiraikos Syndesmos
2
Holargos
1
Doxa Lefkada
1
Arkadikos
1
Thyella Serres
1
MENT
1
Pierikos
1

Number of seasons in the top-tier level Greek Basket League in total (1928 to 2018–19)Edit

The total number of times that each club has played in the top-tier level Greek Basket League, through all of its different league formats.

  • 1927–28 to 1962–63: Panhellenic Championship
  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Club Times
Panathinaikos 69
Olympiacos 66
Aris 65
AEK 62
PAOK 62
Iraklis 51
Panionios 50
Panellinios 47
Sporting 43
Apollon Patras 32
Maroussi 24
Peristeri 23
HAN Thessaloniki 22
Pagrati 17
Gymnastikos / Ifaistos 14
Kolossos 13
Near East 12
Ionikos Nikaia 12
Triton Thessaloniki 11
Rethymno 9
Dimokritos Thessaloniki 9
Club Times
Dafni 8
Irakleio 8
Ilysiakos 8
VAO 7
Papagou 7
Olympia Larissa 7
Esperos Kallithea 6
Makedonikos 6
Kavala 6
Trikala Aries 5
KAOD 5
Lavrio 4
Koroivos 4
Peiraikos Syndesmos 4
Skagiopouleio Patras 4
Anatolia College 4
Amyntas 4
Ionikos Nea Filadelfia 4
Ikaros Kallithea 4
Promitheas Patras 3
Kymi 3
Club Times
Egaleo 3
Apollon Kalamaria 3
Aetos Thessaloniki 3
Ethnikos Athens 3
Athens University 3
HAN Nikaias / HΑΝ Kokkinias 3
Panelefsiniakos 3
Nea Kifissia 3
AEL 3
Trikala 2000 2
Olympias Patras 2
Neoi Vironas 2
EA Patras 2
Palaio Faliro 2
AE Chalkida 2
Triton Chalkida 2
Ampelokipoi 2
Niki Volos 2
Philippos Thessaloniki 2
Milon 2
Holargos 1
Club Times
Doxa Lefkada 1
Αrkadikos 1
Keravnos Kairo 1
Diagoras Rodos 1
Olympiacos Addis Ababa 1
Triton Maroussi 1
AE Emporoupallilon 1
Thyella Serres 1
Pierikos 1
ΜΕΝΤ 1
Apollon Smyrna 1
HAN Athens 1
Neochori Rodos 1
PO Patras 1

Best regular season records in the history of the A and A1 National Categories (1963–2015)Edit

[13][14]

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League

A and A1 National Category (1963–2018)Edit

Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
1985–86 Aris 26-0 26-0 Champion
1967–68 AEK 22-0 22-0 Champion
1975–76 Olympiacos 22-0 22-0 Champion
1986–87 Aris 18-0 3-0 21-0 Champion
1987–88 Aris 18-0 3-0 21-0 Champion
2017–18 Panathinaikos 26-0 8-2 34-2 Champion
1979–80 Panathinaikos 16-0 12-2 28-2 Champion
2010–11 Olympiacos 26-0 6–3 32–3 Finalist

The best overall season records of the HEBA A1 (1992–2015)Edit

Season Club Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record Final Season
Result
2017–18 Panathinaikos 26–0 8–2 34–2 Champion
2009–10 Panathinaikos 25–1 8–1 33–2 Champion
2014–15 Olympiacos 25–1 8–1 33–2 Champion
2015–16 Olympiacos 25–1 8–1 33–2 Champion
2013–14 Panathinaikos 25–1 8–2 33–3 Champion
2005–06 Panathinaikos 24–2 8–0 32–2 Champion
2010–11 Panathinaikos 24–2 8–1 32–3 Champion
2010–11 Olympiacos 26–0 6–3 32–3 Finalist
2006–07 Panathinaikos 24–2 8–2 32–4 Champion
2011–12 Olympiacos 23–1 8–2 31–3 Champion
2008–09 Olympiacos 25–1 6–3 31–4 Finalist
2016–17 Panathinaikos 25–1 6–3 31–4 Champion

Greek basketball clubs in European and worldwide competitionsEdit

Awards and playersEdit

All-time stats leadersEdit

  • Of the HEBA fully professional era Greek Basket League, 1992–93 to present. The officially recognized league stats leaders.
  • Through the 2019–20 season.
  • *Currently active players in the league.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Με 8 τα playoffs, μπόνους στους 2 πρώτους (in Greek).
  2. ^ Και οι (πρώτοι) ξένοι ήταν εννιά (in Greek).
  3. ^ (in Greek) Νέο λογότυπο για το πρωτάθλημα! sentragoal.gr
  4. ^ Και οι (πρώτοι) ξένοι ήταν εννιά (in Greek).
  5. ^ Πέρασε η πρόταση του Παναθηναϊκού για τους ξένους (in Greek).
  6. ^ Capacity 5.138 seats. Archived 2015-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Γήπεδο: Ιβανώφειο Χωρητικότητα: 2500 (in Greek).
  8. ^ ΑΦΙΕΡΩΜΑ ΣΤΟΝ ΚΟΛΟΣΣΟ H HOTELS: Νέο ξεκίνημα στη Ρόδο (in Greek).
  9. ^ Αυτό είναι το νέο Κλειστό Γήπεδο του Παλαιού Φαλήρου (in Greek).
  10. ^ "worldstadiums.com Stadiums in Greece". Archived from the original on 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  11. ^ ESAKE Official website Greek League Champions
  12. ^ George Georgakopoulos. "Panathinaikos crowned champion, Aris and PAOK stay up". ekathimerini.com. Online. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  13. ^ ESAKE.gr Basket League ΟΠΑΠ: Το ρεκόρ του Ολυμπιακού. (in Greek)
  14. ^ ESAKE.gr Τα... χτένια του Ολυμπιακού!. (in Greek)

External linksEdit