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Karditsa (Greek: Καρδίτσα, Greek pronunciation: [karˈðit͡sa]) is a city in western Thessaly in mainland Greece. The city of Karditsa is the capital of Karditsa regional unit.

Karditsa

Καρδίτσα
Street in Karditsa
Street in Karditsa
Karditsa is located in Greece
Karditsa
Karditsa
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Karditsas.png
Coordinates: 39°22′N 21°55′E / 39.367°N 21.917°E / 39.367; 21.917Coordinates: 39°22′N 21°55′E / 39.367°N 21.917°E / 39.367; 21.917
CountryGreece
Administrative regionThessaly
Regional unitKarditsa
Government
 • MayorFotis Alexakos
Area
 • Municipality647.4 km2 (250.0 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit110.1 km2 (42.5 sq mi)
Elevation
108 m (354 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Municipality
56,747
 • Municipality density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
44,002
 • Municipal unit density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Community
 • Population39,119 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
431 00
Area code(s)24410
Vehicle registrationΚΑ
Websitewww.karditsa-city.gr

Inhabitation is attested from 9000 BC. Karditsa ls linked with GR-30, the road to Karpenisi, and the road to Palamas and Larissa. Karditsa is south-west of Palamas and Larissa, west of Farsala and the Volos area, north-west of Athens, Lamia, Domokos and Sofades, north of Karpenisi, north-east of Arta, and east-south-east of Trikala, Grevena, Ioannina, and Kalampaka.

Karditsa has elementary schools, high schools, junior high schools, the Veterinary Medicine Department of the University of Thessaly, three technical education departments, churchs, banks, a post office, a railway station, a sports ground, a water tower, and squares. Karditsa is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in Greece with an extensive network of bicycle paths. Approximately 30% of all the city transportation, according to the National Technical University of Athens, is done by bicycles.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
View of the cathedral church of Saints Constantine and Helena.

During the period of Ottoman rule in Thessaly, the main settlement in the location of modern Karditsa was called Sotira.[2] In 1810, the English traveler William Martin Leake mentioned a sprawling village named Kardhítza, consisting of between 500-600 houses, of which the majority of the inhabitants were Turkish.[3]

Karditsa was incorporated as a new city in 1882, the year after its liberation from the Ottoman Empire.

During World War II, the resistance in Thessaly was fought primarily by the ELAS. In March 12, 1943 Karditsa was liberated temporarly by ELAS after the Italian capitulation.

MunicipalityEdit

The municipality Karditsa was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[4]

The municipality has an area of 647.3878 km2, the municipal unit 110.086 km2.[5]

SubdivisionsEdit

The municipal unit of Karditsa is divided into six parts (communities):

Historical populationEdit

 
Statue of Nikolaos Plastiras (1883-1953) in Karditsa.
Year Municipal unit Municipality
1991 32,884 55,702
2001 35,750 57,089
2011 38,554 56,747

TransportEdit

Karditsa is served by trains on the Palaiofarsalos-Kalambaka line, with connections to both Athens and Thessaloniki.

SportsEdit

Karditsa has many clubs in various sport. The most of them are active in football such as Anagennisi Karditsa, AO Karditsa, Asteras Karditsa and Elpides Karditsas. The club SPA Karditsa is active in volleyball.

Sport clubs based in Karditsa
Club Founded Sports Achievements
Anagennisi Karditsas 1904 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
AO Karditsa 1966 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
SPA Karditsa 1987 Volleyball Presence in A2 Ethniki volleyball
Elpides Karditsas 1994 Football Presence in A Ethniki women

PeopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Arrowsmith, John. "Turkey in Europe, 1832".
  3. ^ Leake, William Martin. Travels in Northern Greece. (1835).
  4. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  5. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.

External linksEdit