The Eredivisie (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈeːrədiˌvizi]; "Honor Division") is the highest echelon of professional football in the Netherlands. The league was founded in 1956, two years after the start of professional football in the Netherlands. At the end of the 2015–2016 season it was ranked the 13th best league in Europe by UEFA.
|Number of teams||18|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Eerste Divisie|
|Domestic cup(s)||KNVB Cup
Johan Cruyff Shield
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||Feyenoord (15th title)
|Most championships||Ajax (33 titles)|
|TV partners||Fox Sports Eredivisie
The top division consists of 18 clubs. Each club meets every other club twice during the season, once at home and once away. At the end of each season, the club at the bottom is automatically relegated to the second level of the Dutch league system, the Eerste Divisie (First Division). At the same time, the champion of the Eerste Divisie will be automatically promoted to the Eredivisie. The next two clubs from the bottom of the Eredivisie go to separate promotion/relegation play-offs. The play-offs are played in two groups. Each group has one Eredivisie club and three high-placed clubs from the Eerste Divisie. In both promotion/relegation play-off groups, each club plays a home-and-away series with the other clubs. The winner of each play-off group plays in the following season's Eredivisie, with the other teams going to the Eerste Divisie.
The winner of the Eredivisie claims the Dutch national championship. Ajax has won most titles, 25 (33 national titles). PSV Eindhoven are next with 20 (23), and Feyenoord follow with 10 (15). Since 1965, these three clubs have won all except for three titles (the 1981 and 2009 titles went to AZ and FC Twente won the 2010 title). Ajax, PSV and Feyenoord are known as the "Big Three" of Dutch football. They are the only ones in their current forms to have appeared in every edition of the Eredivisie since its formation. A fourth club, FC Utrecht, is the product of a 1970 merger between three of that city's clubs, one of which, VV DOS, had also never been relegated out of the Eredivisie.
From 1990 to 1999, the official name of the league was PTT Telecompetitie (after the sponsor, PTT Telecom), which was changed to KPN Telecompetitie (because PTT Telecom changed its name to KPN Telecom in 1999) and to KPN Eredivisie in 2000. From 2002 to 2005, the league was called the Holland Casino Eredivisie. Since the 2005–06 season, the league has been sponsored by the Sponsorloterij (lottery), but for legal reasons its name could not be attached to the league (the Dutch government was against the name, because the Eredivisie would, after Holland Casino's sponsorship, yet again be sponsored by a company providing games of chance). On 8 August 2012 it was made public that the Australian tycoon Rupert Murdoch had secured the rights to the Eredivisie for 12 years at the expense of 1 billion euros, beginning in the 2013/2014 season. Within this deal the five largest Eredivisie clubs should receive 5 million euros per year for the duration of the contract.
From the foundation of the Dutch football championship until 1954, the title was decided through play-offs by a handful of clubs who had previously won their regional league. The competition was purely an amateur one; the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB) rejected any form of payment and suspended players who were caught receiving salary or transfer fees. The call for professional football grew in the early fifties after many national team members left to play abroad in search for financial benefits. The KNVB would usually suspend these players, preventing them from appearing for the Dutch national team. After the North Sea flood of 1953, the Dutch players abroad (mainly playing in the French league) organised a charity match against the French national team in Paris. The match was boycotted by the KNVB, but after the assembled Dutch players defeated the French (2–1), the Dutch public witnessed the heights that could be achieved through professional football. To serve the growing interest, a dissident professional football association (the NBVB) and league were founded for the 1954–55 season. On 3 July 1954, the KNVB met with a group of concerned amateur club chairmen, who feared the best players would join the professional teams. The meeting, dubbed the slaapkamerconferentie ('bedroom conference'), led to the Association reluctantly accepting semi-professionalism.
Meanwhile, both the KNVB and the NBVB started their separate competition. The first professional football match was contested between Alkmaar and Venlo. The leagues went on for eleven rounds, before a merger was negotiated between the two federations in November. Both leagues were cancelled and a new, combined competition emerged immediately. De Graafschap, Amsterdam, Alkmaar and Fortuna '54 from the NBVB were accepted to the new league. Other clubs merged, which led to new names like Rapid J.C., Holland Sport and Roda Sport. The first (semi-)professional league was won by Willem II. For the 1956–57 season, the KNVB abandoned the regional league system. The Eredivisie was founded, in which the eighteen best clubs nationwide directly played for the league title without play-offs. The inaugural members of the Eredivisie in 1956 were Ajax, BVC, BVV, DOS, EVV, Elinkwijk, SC Enschede, Feijenoord, Fortuna '54, GVAV, MVV, NAC, NOAD, PSV, Rapid J.C., Sparta, VVV '03 and Willem II. Ajax was the first team to claim the title that season.
Current teams (2016–17)Edit
|Number of seasons
|First season of
|Number of seasons
of current spell
|Eredivisie titles||National titles||Last title|
|ADO Den Haag||The Hague||15,000||11th||1957–58||43||2008–09||9||0||2||1943|
|Go Ahead Eagles||Deventer||9,800||18th||1963–64||31||2016–17||1||0||0||1933|
a Founding member of the Eredivisie
b Never been relegated from the Eredivisie
Performance by clubEdit
- As Rapid JC
|1||–||Champions League group stage|
|2||–||Champions League 3rd qualifying round for non-champions|
|3 / 4||–||Europa League 3rd qualifying round|
|4 – 7 / 5 – 6||Europa League||4th vs 7th and 5th vs 6th or 5th vs 8th and 6th vs 7th; the two winners play each other to qualify for:
Europa League 2nd qualifying round
|Cup winner||–||Europa League Group Stage|
|16 – 17||Nacompetitie||Two Eredivisie teams each play two teams from the Eerste Divisie against relegation|
|18||–||Relegation to Eerste Divisie|
|ADO Den Haag||12,709|
Since the beginning of the league, there have been three clubs with an attendance much higher than the others: Ajax, PSV and Feyenoord. Clubs like Heerenveen, FC Twente and FC Groningen also have fairly large fanbases. The regular season average league attendance was just over 7,000 in 1990, but this figure has risen sharply over the years thanks to the opening of new stadiums and the expansion of existing ones nationwide. Average attendance for the 2015–16 season was 18,467, with Ajax having the largest (48,653) and Excelsior having the smallest (3,394). Ajax's figures however differ from those provided by the Amsterdam ArenA since the club counts all tickets sold instead of the number of people going through the turnstiles.
All-time ranking (since 1956)Edit
- Last updated following the 2016–17 season
|Playing in the Eredivisie|
|Playing in the Eerste Divisie|
|Playing in the amateur leagues|
|Club has been disestablished or merged into another club|
|7.||Roda JC Kerkrade||43||1462||555||385||522||2050||1,40||2218||2139||+79|
|10.||ADO Den Haag||43||1446||476||370||600||1798||1,24||2069||2370||-301|
|17.||Go Ahead Eagles||31||1042||325||268||449||1243||1,19||1399||1701||-302|
|32.||FC Den Bosch||12||442||114||123||205||465||1,05||491||756||-265|
|Rank||Name||Games||Playing position||First match||Last match|
|Rank||Name||Goals||Games||Goals per game||Playing position||First goal||Last goal|
|1||Willy van der Kuijlen||311||545||0.57||Forward||1964–65||1981–82|
|Netherlands||Fox Sports Eredivisie; NOS||Fox Sports Eredivisie (a pay-TV channel) airs all matches live and the NOS broadcasts match summaries on the open channels NPO 1 and 3|
|Azerbaijan||CBC Sport||Live Eredivisie matches|
|Belgium||Play Sports||Two matches per week, since 2015|
|India||NEO Sports||Two–three matches per week (Ajax, Feyenoord and PSV matches only)|
|Albania||SuperSport Albania||One match per week and highlights|
|Italy||Sky Sport (Italy)||Two matches per week, and highlights|
|Turkey||Tivibu Sports||Live matches every week, two or three times|
|Russia||Telekanal Futbol||Live matches every week, two or three times|
|Croatia Slovenia,Serbia||Sport Klub||Live matches every week, two or three times|
|Spain||Movistar Fútbol (Movistar+)||Three matches every week, and highlights|
|Portugal||Sport TV||Two or three live matches every week|
|Slovakia||Arena Sport||Two or three live matches every week|
|Germany||Sportdigital.tv||Up to three matches per week, and highlights (mostly Ajax, PSV and at times Feyenoord matches)|
|South Korea||tvN||Live PSV matches|
|United Kingdom||Sky Sports 5||Live Eredivisie matches|
|Norway||Viasat Fotball||One match live on Sunday 11.30 CET|
|Lithuania||Sport1||Up to two matches per week and highlights|
|Bulgaria||Mtel Sport 1 and Mtel Sport 2||Two or three live matches every week|
|Brazil||ESPN +||Two live matches every week, one only on Watch ESPN.|
Eredivisie teams and major UEFA and FIFA competitionsEdit
The following sixteen international tournaments were won by Eredivisie teams:
- 1970 European Cup Final – Feyenoord
- 1970 Intercontinental Cup – Feyenoord
- 1971 European Cup Final – Ajax
- 1972 European Cup Final – Ajax
- 1972 Intercontinental Cup – Ajax
- 1973 European Cup Final – Ajax
- 1973 European Super Cup – Ajax
- 1974 UEFA Cup Final – Feyenoord
- 1978 UEFA Cup Final – PSV
- 1987 European Cup Winners' Cup Final – Ajax
- 1988 European Cup Final – PSV
- 1992 UEFA Cup Final – Ajax
- 1995 UEFA Champions League Final – Ajax
- 1995 UEFA Super Cup – Ajax
- 1995 Intercontinental Cup – Ajax
- 2002 UEFA Cup Final – Feyenoord
The UEFA Super Cup was founded by a Dutch reporter named Anton Witkamp and Ajax's 1973 win was the first time the tournament was contested officially.
The following 24 European finals took place at Dutch venues, or are scheduled to take place at them:
- 1962 European Cup Final, Olympic Stadium (Amsterdam) – (Attendance: 65,000)
- 1963 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 49,000)
- 1968 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 53,000)
- 1972 European Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 67,000)
- 1973 European Super Cup, Olympic Stadium (Amsterdam) – second leg (Attendance: 25,000)
- 1968 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 4,000)
- 1974 UEFA Cup Final, De Kuip – second leg (Attendance: 59,317)
- 1975 UEFA Cup Final, Diekman Stadion – second leg (Attendance: 21,767)
- 1977 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, Olympic Stadium (Amsterdam) – (Attendance: 66,000)
- 1978 UEFA Cup Final, Philips Stadion – second leg (Attendance: 27,000)
- 1981 UEFA Cup Final, Olympic Stadium (Amsterdam) – second leg (Attendance: 28,500)
- 1982 European Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 46,000)
- 1985 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 38,500)
- 1987 European Super Cup, De Meer Stadium – first leg (Attendance: 27,000)
- 1988 European Super Cup, Philips Stadion – second leg (Attendance: 17,100)
- 1991 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 43,500)
- 1992 UEFA Cup Final, Olympic Stadium (Amsterdam) – second leg (Attendance: 42,000)
- 1995 European Super Cup, Olympic Stadium (Amsterdam) – second leg (Attendance: 23,000)
- 1997 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 52,000)
- 1998 UEFA Champions League Final, Amsterdam ArenA – (Attendance: 48,500)
- UEFA Euro 2000 Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 50,000)
- 2002 UEFA Cup Final, De Kuip – (Attendance: 45,611)
- 2006 UEFA Cup Final, Philips Stadion – (Attendance: 33,100)
- 2013 UEFA Europa League Final, Amsterdam Arena
- "Country coefficients 2015/16". uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
- van der Kraan, Marcel (8 August 2012). "Murdoch koopt tv-rechten eredivisie". De Telegraaf. TMG Landelijke Media B.V. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- Seegers, Jules (8 August 2012). "5 vragen over wat de deal Murdoch-Eredivisie betekent voor de kijker". nrc.nl. NRC Media. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "Netherlands – Regional Analysis". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- (in Dutch)"Eredivisie – ontstaan". Vak Q. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- "Professionalism and European Games". TimeRime. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- (in Dutch)"De Watersnoodwedstrijd van Cor van der Hart". Sportgeschiedenis. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- "Netherlands Final Tables 1950–1954". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Netherlands 1954/55". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Netherlands 1956/57". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- Zestig jaar Eredivisie: Van der Kuylen, Doesburg en meer - Voetbal International (in Dutch)
- Topscorers Eredivisie 1959–1960, Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
- Topscorers Eredivisie 1990–1991, Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
- Topscorers Eredivisie 1991–1992, Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
- Topscorers Eredivisie 1992–1993, Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
- Eredivisie.nl – Official website (in Dutch)