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Stichting Betaald Voetbal Vitesse, commonly known as SBV Vitesse, Vitesse or Vitesse Arnhem, is a Dutch football club based in Arnhem, which was founded on 14 May 1892. Vitesse is one of the most largest clubs in the Netherlands. The club has enjoyed some success in the Eredivisie, has featured in the UEFA Cup competition and became the first Dutch football club to be owned by a foreigner when it was taken over by Russian businessman Alexander Chigirinsky in 2010.[1] Since 1998, the club has played its home games at the GelreDome. Their best result in the Eredivisie was third place in 199798. The club won the KNVB Cup in 2016–17.

Vitesse
Vitesse logo
Full name Stichting Betaald Voetbal Vitesse
Nickname(s) Vitas
The pride of Gelderland
FC Hollywood
Founded 14 May 1892; 126 years ago (1892-05-14)
Ground GelreDome
Arnhem, Netherlands
Ground Capacity 21,248
Owner Valeriy Oyf
Chairman Yevgeny Merkel
Manager Leonid Slutsky
League Eredivisie
2017–18 Eredivisie, 6th
Website Club website
Current season
GelreDome Stadium

Vitesse once attracted big name signings into its ranks including Roy Makaay, Nikos Machlas, Sander Westerveld, Raimond van der Gouw, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mahamadou Diarra, Philip Cocu, Wilfried Bony, Nemanja Matić, Slobodan Rajković, Bertrand Traoré and others.

Vitesse honour the Arnhem veterans at the yearly commemoration. A few veterans will visit the special Airborne Match on the 17th of September. The Gelredome is decorated with Airborne flags, both outside and inside the stadium, and at halftime, 120 members of the Royal British Legion played the bagpipes with some other musical guests. Vitesse has a special Airborne shirt for this football match. These shirts are after the match auctioned for charity.

Contents

HistoryEdit

On 14 mei 1892, several students from Arnhem founded a cricket club called Vitesse. In September 1892, a football branch of the club was established. In the end of 1892, Vitesse played its first real football match, and in 1894 Vitesse disbanded the cricket branch. From the foundation of the Dutch national football championship in 1898 until 1954, the title was decided through play-offs by a handful of clubs who had previously won their regional league. Vitesse lost 5 times the final of the national championship.

From 1984, Karel Aalbers was the president of Vitesse. Aalbers' goal was to bring Vitesse from the bottom of the Second League (Eerste divisie, now Jupiler League), where the club was when he started, to the top 40 soccer clubs of Europe. He developed the basic idea for the ‘Gelredome’, a stadium with a sliding pitch that can be moved out of the building. Later, the same system was applied in Gelsenkirchen (Schalke 04) and in Japan. Events such as pop concerts can be held without damaging the grass. Gelredome opened in 1998. It has a roof that can be opened and closed. It is fully climate controlled as well. In the first season after the opening, Gelredome's attendance rose to 20,000, (from less than 8,000 in the old stadium.)

He financed the ambitions by making solid profits on the transfer market. Players such as Roy Makaay, Sander Westerveld, Nikos Machlas, Glenn Helder and Philip Cocu were sold for large sums of money. Others came to occupy empty player positions, such as Mahamadou Diarra and Pierre van Hooijdonk. Vitesse ranked top 4 positions, made profit and showed a solid balance sheet in the final years of his presidency. Also, the club became regular competitors in the UEFA Cup and in 1997–1998 finished third in the Eredivise, its highest ever finish.

Aalbers resigned on 15 February 2000,[2] after the main sponsor, Nuon, threatened to pull the plug if he did not. Nuon, as a public utility company, owned by local authorities, had trouble explaining why it invested heavily in Aalbers' ambitious plans. His successor was Jan Koning (former chief of Sara Lee/DE who resigned after four months). In a short period of time, Vitesse began to show negative financial results, due to poor deals on the transfer market. The club survived numerous financial crises, such as the last one in 2008, when debts were bought of, under the threat of bankruptcy.

The club was in serious financial trouble, and in August 2010 its majority shareholder agreed to sell the club to the Georgian businessman Merab Jordania. There was rumors that this purchase was engineered by Chelsea owner Roman Abramovich. The first success under Jordania was the qualification for the Europa League. In November 2013, Vitesse was top of the league in the Eredivisie for the first time since 2006. It was the first time since 2000 they'd been top of the league later than the first week. Halfway through the season, after 17 matches, Vitesse was top of the league.

In April 2017, the club won its first major trophy in its 125-year existence, defeating AZ by a score of 2−0 in the final of the KNVB Cup, with two goals from Ricky van Wolfswinkel.[3] On 5 August 2017 Vitesse were beaten 1–1 (4–2 pen.) at De Kuip, Rotterdam in the Johan Cruyff Shield final by Feyenoord.

FacilitiesEdit

 
GelreDome with closed roof and pitch outside.
 
GelreDome Stadium
 
Training accommodation at the National Sports Centre Papendal.

StadiumEdit

The GelreDome is one of the largest stadium in The Netherlands. The stadium opened in 1998, featuring a retractable roof and a convertible pitch that can be retracted when unused during concerts or other events held at the stadium.

It was one of the stadiums used during the UEFA Euro 2000 tournament held in the Netherlands and Belgium. The stadium will also host three group stage matches of the 2007 UEFA European Under-21.[4]

Its current capacity for football is 21,000, the maximum capacity for concerts is around 41,000, and the average league attendance in recent years was just below 20,000.[5] Their previous home was the Nieuw Monnikenhuize. Both international and Dutch artists have given concerts in the GelreDome, including Take That, Celine Dion, Madonna, Justin Bieber, The Rolling Stones and Rihanna. The dance event Hardbass is held in the stadium every year.

The GelreDome pitch is surrounded on each side by four covered all-seater stands, officially known as the Edward Sturing Stand (North), Charly Bosveld Stand (East), Theo Bos Stand (South) and Just Göbel Stand (West).

Stadiums of VitesseEdit

Stadium Period Capacity
Rijnkade / Klarenbeek Park 1887 t/m 1891 -
Molenbeekstraat 1892 -
IJsclub Boulevard Heuvelink 1892 t/m 1894 -
Bronbeek Royal Palace[6] 1893 -
Paasweide 1894 t/m 1896 -
Klarenbeek Stadium 1896 t/m 1915 10,000
Monnikenhuize 1915 t/m 1950 7,500
Nieuw Monnikenhuize 1950 t/m 1997 Between the 12,000 and 18,000
GelreDome 1998 – present 21,248

Training facilitiesEdit

The club's training ground and youth development system are based at the Olympic Training Centre Papendal, located in the Veluwe woods 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Arnhem. Papendal is also the home base of NOC*NSF. Around 550 top athletes use the facilities of Papendal, 400 on a daily basis.

The trainingscomplex accommodates the training sessions of Vitesse and all matches and training sessions of the youth teams. The club consists of seven football fields, including a synthetic field. The main field can hold up to 2,500 spectators. The complex is also the official workplace of the Vitesse employees.

SymbolsEdit

 
Vitesse's crest is composed of an eagle.
 
Evolution of Vitesse's shirt.

AnthemsEdit

Vitesse fans are known to be creative and have a lot of various songs and chants in their equipment during matches. Among the most important Vitesse songs are "Geel en Zwart zijn onze kleuren" by Emile Hartkamp, and "Bouw mee aan een steengoed Vites!" by Henk Bleker & Enka Harmonie.

CrestEdit

The first logo of Vitesse was a shield-shaped figure. In the middle there was a diagonal dividing line between the left yellow face and the right black box. In the left box, "AVC Vitesse" was diagonally written and in the right-hand side, "1892 ", the club's founding year. The old logo was replaced in 1984, the year in which the roads of the BVO branch and the amateur branch separated. The amateur branch retained the logo with limited modification, SBV Vitesse got a new logo.

The new logo of the BVO from 1984 is once again a shield-shaped figure, but it has straight lines at both the top and sides of the logo. At the top is with thick white uppercase Vitesse. Under the name is a double-headed eagle, with left and right half mirrored. Also the colors are mirrored, which is left yellow is black right and vice versa. This double-headed eagle can also be found in the coat of arms of Arnhem. In the middle of the logo is a football positioned.

In the autumn of 2011, a new version of the logo was put into use; A total of 13 changes have been made. For example, the symmetry of the eagle was improved, the black outer edge replaced by a white, the two's '-and in the name less thickened, the football adapted in terms of appearance and stand, shadow effect is added and (if the context allows it) is The year of creation as text EST. 1892 under the logo read.

KitEdit

Vitesse wore sponsored shirts for the first time in the 1982–83 season, to promote the Akai. The club signed its first kit manufacturing deal with the German firm adidas. The kit is being produced by Macron for the 2018–19 season.

SupportEdit

 
The final of the KNVB Cup 2016–17

FansEdit

Vitesse have a loyal fanbase. National and international Vitesse is known by the fierce and fanatic support of their fans. The club have one official fan supporters club, the Vitesse Supportersvereniging. Nowadays, Vitesse is supported by one fanatic side: The Theo Bos - South Stand. This stand is responsible for a big part of the atmosphere in the stadium. Theo Bos spent his entire playing career for Vitesse from the city of Arnhem, making a total 369 appearances in 14 seasons with his club. He is therefore considered to be Mister Vitesse. Bos died on 28 February 2013 of pancreatic cancer, aged forty-seven. Following his death, a special remembrance to honour Theo Bos took place at Gelredome with around 7,000 Vitesse supporters. Vitesse retired his shirt number 4 from use in his honour.

RivalriesEdit

Vitesse’s longest-running and deepest rivalry is with their nearest neighbour, N.E.C. from Nijmegen, colloquially known as NEK. This rivalry originated in the twenties of the 20th century. Matches between the two are referred to as the derby of Gelderland. The two cities of Arnhem and Nijmegen are just 20 kilometres apart, leading to an intense feeling of a cross-town rivalry, heightened by a feeling that it is city against city with local pride at stake. De Graafschap are also a rival of Vitesse, but in terms of tension and rivalry, these matches are not as loaded as the duels with N.E.C. Nijmegen.

PlayersEdit

For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2016

First team squadEdit

As of 22 June 2018[7]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
3   DF Maikel van der Werff
6   DF Arnold Kruiswijk (vice-captain)
7   MF Roy Beerens
8   DF Vyacheslav Karavayev
9   FW Tim Matavž
10   MF Thomas Bruns
11   MF Bryan Linssen
16   MF Mitchell van Bergen
17   MF Thulani Serero
22   GK Remko Pasveer
No. Position Player
23   MF Mukhtar Ali
24   GK Jeroen Houwen
25   MF Navarone Foor
28   DF Alexander Büttner
43   DF Lassana Faye
  DF Max Clark
  DF Khalid Karami
  DF Rasmus Thelander
  FW Oussama Darfalou

For recent transfers, see 2017–18 Vitesse season.

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
29   DF Julian Lelieveld (on loan at Go Ahead Eagles until 30 June 2019)
  MF Sven van Doorm (on loan at Telstar until 30 June 2019)

Reserve teamEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
39   FW Martijn Berden
40   GK Bilal Bayazit
42   FW Thomas Buitink
44   DF Boyd Lucassen
46   MF Anil Mercan
47   FW Lars ten Teije
No. Position Player
48   MF Jesse Schuurman
  GK Stef Brummel
  DF Joris Klein-Holte
  MF Quincy Kluivert
  MF Hidde van Dijk
  FW Bo van Essen

Retired numbersEdit

04 —   Theo Bos, defender (1983–98) — posthumous honour.
12 — reserved for the club supporters

Managerial historyEdit

 
Leo Beenhakker
 
Henk ten Cate
 
Ronald Koeman
 
Peter Bosz
 
Leonid Slutsky

Club officialsEdit

Position Name
Club owner   Valeriy Oyf
Chairman   Yevgeny Merkel
Managing Director   Joost de Wit
Technical Director   Marc van Hintum (caretaker)
First team head coach   Leonid Slutsky
Assistant first team coach   Oleg Yarovinskiy
Assistant first team coach   Edward Sturing
Assistant first team coach   Nicky Hofs
Goalkeeper coach   Raimond van der Gouw

Satellite clubsEdit

Vitesse have a partnership with:

The following clubs are affiliated with the academy:

HonoursEdit

 
In April 2017, the club won its first major trophy in its 125-year existence.

NationalEdit

LeagueEdit

Runners-up (6): 1897–98, 1898–99, 1902–03, 1912–13, 1913–14, 1914–15
Third Place (1): 1997–98
Winners (2): 1976–77, 1988–89
Runners-up (2): 1959–60, 1973–74
Winners (1): 1965–66

CupEdit

Winners (1): 2017
Runners-up (3): 1912, 1927, 1990

Super CupEdit

Runners-up (1): 2017

RegionalEdit

  • Eerste klasse Oost
Winners (7): 1896–97, 1897–98, 1902-03, 1912–13, 1913–14, 1914–15, 1952–53
  • Tweede klasse Oost
Winners (5): 1922–23, 1940–41, 1943–44, 1945–46, 1949–50

Individual AchievementsEdit

Vitesse in EuropeEdit

 
Vitesse in the Europa League.
 
Theo Bos - South Stand.
  • Group = group game
  • Q = qualifying round
  • 1R = first round
  • 2R = second round
  • 3R = third round
  • 1/8 = 1/8 final
Season Competition Round Country Club Score Goalscorers Vitesse
1978–79 Intertoto Cup Group   Hellas Verona 2–1, 0–2 Bursac, Hofs / (-)
Group   RWDM 0–5, 0–2 (-) / (-)
Group   Troyes 5–3, 2–1 Bleijenberg (2), Heezen, Mulderij, Bosveld / Bleijenberg, Beukhof
1990–91 UEFA Cup 1R   Derry City 1–0, 0–0 Loeffen / (-)
2R   Dundee United 1–0, 4–0 Eijer / Latuheru (2), Van den Brom, Eijer
1/8   Sporting CP 0–2, 1–2 (-) / Van Arum
1992–93 UEFA Cup 1R   Derry City 3–0, 2–1 Van den Brom (2), Van Arum / Straal, Laamers
2R   KV Mechelen 1–0, 1–0 Van den Brom / Cocu
1/8   Real Madrid 0–1, 0–1 (-) / (-)
1993–94 UEFA Cup 1R   Norwich City 0–3, 0–0 (-) / (-)
1994–95 UEFA Cup 1R   Parma 1–0, 0–2 Gillhaus / (-)
1997–98 UEFA Cup 1R   Braga 2–1, 0–2 Čurović, Trustfull / (-)
1998–99 UEFA Cup 1R   AEK Athens 3–0, 3–3 Laros, Perović, Machlas / Machlas (2), Reuser
2R   Bordeaux 0–1, 1–2 (-) / Jochemsen
1999–2000 UEFA Cup 1R   Beira-Mar 2–1, 0–0 Van Hooijdonk, Grozdić / (-)
2R   Lens 1–4, 1–1 Van Hooijdonk / Kreek
2000–01 UEFA Cup 1R   Maccabi Haifa 3–0, 1–2 Martel, Peeters, Amoah / Amoah
2R   Internazionale 0–0, 1–1 (-) / Peeters
2002–03 UEFA Cup 1R   Rapid București 1–1, 1–0 Peeters / Peeters
2R   Werder Bremen 2–1, 3–3 Amoah, Verlaat (o.g.) / Levchenko, Claessens, Mbamba
3R   Liverpool 0–1, 0–1 (-) / (-)
2012–13 Europa League Q2   Lokomotiv Plovdiv 4–4, 3–1 Van Ginkel (2), Reis, Bony / Van Ginkel, Van Aanholt, Bony
Q3   Anzhi Makhachkala 0–2, 0–2 (-) / (-)
2013–14 Europa League Q3   Petrolul Ploiești 1–1, 1–2 Reis / Van der Heijden
2015–16 Europa League Q3   Southampton 0–3, 0–2 (-) / (-)
2017–18 Europa League Group   Nice 0–3, 1–0 (-) / Castaignos
Group   Lazio 2–3, 1–1 Matavž, Linssen / Linssen
Group   Zulte Waregem 0–2, 1–1 (-) / Bruns

UEFA Current rankingEdit

As of 04/05/2018[8]
Rank Country Team Points
176   Vitesse 6.000

Dutch Cup finalsEdit

Season Opponent Result Place Date
1911–12 HFC Haarlem 0-2 R.A.P.-terrein, Amsterdam May 26, 1912
1926–27 V.U.C. 1-3 Monnikenhuize, Arnhem June 19, 1927
1989–90 PSV 0-1 De Kuip, Rotterdam April 25, 1990
2016–17 AZ Alkmaar 2-0 De Kuip, Rotterdam April 30, 2017

The winners of the cup compete against the winners of the Eredivisie for the Johan Cruijff Shield.

Johan Cruyff ShieldEdit

Season Opponent Result Place Date
2017 Feyenoord Rotterdam 1-1 (2-4 pen.) De Kuip, Rotterdam August 5, 2017

Club recordsEdit

 
Highest transfer fee received: Wilfried Bony to Swansea City for £12 million. (2013)

Domestic resultsEdit

Below is a table with Vitesse's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.

StatisticsEdit

EredivisieEdit

Matches played 1020
Matches won 391
Matches drawn 292
Matches lost 337
Points (two points-system) 1074
Goals for 1518
Goal against 1455
Seasons 30
Best ranking 3 (1997–98)
Worst ranking 18 (1971–72)

As of 20 June 2015

 

Eerste DivisieEdit

Matches played 852
Matches won 379
Matches drawn 215
Matches lost 258
Points (two points-system) 973
Goals for 1450
Goals against 1192
Seasons 25
Best ranking 1 (1976–77, 1988–89)
Worst ranking 17 (1984–85)
 

Tweede DivisieEdit

Matches played 120
Matches won 57
Matches drawn 34
Matches lost 29
Points (two points-system) 148
Goals for 221
Goals against 165
Seasons 4
Best ranking 1 (1965–66)
Worst ranking 9 (1963–64)

Club topscorers by seasonEdit

     

Player of the YearEdit

Year Winner
1990   Theo Bos
1991   René Eijer
1992   Martin Laamers
1993   Phillip Cocu
1994   Glenn Helder
1995   Chris van der Weerden
1996   Arco Jochemsen
1997   Edward Sturing
1998   Nikos Machlas
1999   Sander Westerveld
 
Year Winner
2000   Michel Kreek
2001   Victor Sikora
2002   Dejan Stefanović
2003   Matthew Amoah
2004   Nicky Hofs
2005   Abubakari Yakubu
2006   Youssouf Hersi
2007   Danko Lazović
2008   Piet Velthuizen
2009   Paul Verhaegh
 
Year Winner
2010   Piet Velthuizen
2011   Slobodan Rajković
2012   Alexander Büttner
2013   Wilfried Bony
2014   Christian Atsu
2015   Davy Pröpper
2016   Guram Kashia
2017   Ricky van Wolfswinkel
2018   Mason Mount

Vitesse IIEdit

Vitesse's reserve team currently plays in the Tweede Divisie (English: Second Division). It plays its home matches at National Sports Centre Papendal and it is coached by Joseph Oosting.[9] The team is composed mostly of professional footballers, who are often recent graduates from the highest youth level (Vitesse U19) serving their first professional contract as a reserve, or players who are otherwise unable to play in the first team.

Since 1992, Jong Vitesse competed in the Beloften Eredivisie, competing against other reserve teams such as Jong PSV, Jong Ajax or Jong AZ. They have won the Beloften Eredivisie title two times, the Derde Divisie one time, as well as the KNVB Reserve Cup three times.

Notable former playersEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Vitesse first Dutch club sold to foreign investor". RNW. 16 August 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Ritsema, André (2000-02-16). "Aalbers moet bij Vitesse weg als voorzitter". NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  3. ^ "Van Wolfswinkel fires Vitesse to first major trophy". Goal.com. 1 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Venues prepare for summer drama". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Archived from the original on 10 August 2001. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "OVER GELREDOME FEITEN EN CIJFERS" (in Dutch). GelreDome. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Bronbeek en Vitesse: beide stokoud, Sportgeschiedenis.nl, 6 maart 2013
  7. ^ http://www.vitesse.nl/en/first-team/selection
  8. ^ "Uefa current ranking". uefa.com. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "3. Liga / U 23 > Trainer". Werder.de. Retrieved 7 December 2010. [permanent dead link]

External linksEdit