Treble (association football)

A treble in association football is achieved when a club team wins three trophies in a single season.[1] A continental treble involves winning the club's national league competition, main national cup competition, and main continental trophy.[2] A domestic treble involves winning three national competitions—normally the league title, the primary cup competition, and one secondary competition, such as a secondary cup or state-level league.[3][4]

FC Barcelona is the first European men's football team to win a continental treble twice, in 2008–09 and in 2014–15 (pictured). FC Bayern Munich is currently the only other European club that has won two continental trebles.

Competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match are not normally counted as part of a treble (e.g., the FA Community Shield, Supercopa de España, Trophée des Champions, DFL-Supercup, UEFA Super Cup, Recopa Sudamericana, FIFA Club World Cup, Intercontinental Cup, and others).[1][5]

Continental treblesEdit

This list includes clubs who have won their country's top-tier league and the primary cup competition (the double), in addition to the major continental tournament, all within a single season. Tokyo Verdy of Japan and Barcelona of Spain are the only clubs to win continental trebles for both their men's and women's sections, completing the feat in 2019 and 2021, respectively.[6][7]

MenEdit

21 men's clubs have achieved the feat, with the first being Celtic of Scotland and TP Mazembe (then known as FC Englebert) of the DR Congo, both in 1967 (Celtic was technically first, completing the treble in May 1967 while TP Mazembe completed it in November).[8][9] Five men's clubs have won the continental treble two or more times: Al Ahly SC of Egypt, Auckland City FC of New Zealand, FC Barcelona of Spain, FC Bayern Munich of Germany, and Cruz Azul of Mexico.[10][11][12][8][13] Cruz Azul were the first team to win two of these trebles, winning their second in 1997.[13] Al Ahly and Auckland City are the only teams with more than two continental trebles, with Al Ahly having three and Auckland City having a world-record four.[10][11] Auckland City completed this achievement first, winning their third treble in 2015 and fourth in 2022.[11] Al Ahly and Auckland City are also the only men's clubs to win trebles in back-to-back seasons, though Al Ahly were the first to do this after winning in both 2006 and 2007.[10] European teams have won the most continental trebles with nine, coming from seven clubs. The only countries to have more than one team win a continental treble are Mexico, New Zealand, and the Netherlands, with two teams winning trebles each.

No South American team has achieved the feat with the above stipulations, making it the only continent to never have a continental treble winner. This can in part be blamed on an absence of a domestic knockout cup in some of South America's nations until recently: the Copa do Brasil only began in 1989,[14] the Copa Argentina restarted in 2011 after a 41-year hiatus,[15] and many countries including Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay still do not have one. However, multiple Brazilian teams have won some combination of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, their state championship, the Copa do Brasil, and the now-defunct Taça Brasil, plus the Copa Libertadores, but never by winning the Série A, Copa do Brasil, and Copa Libertadores.[a]

Confederation Club Country Number
won
Season Titles won Refs.
AFC Yomiuri (currently Tokyo Verdy)   Japan 1 1987 Japanese First Division, Emperor's Cup, Asian Club Championship [16]
Al Hilal   Saudi Arabia 1 2019–20 Saudi Professional League, King's Cup, AFC Champions League [17]
CAF Al Ahly   Egypt 3 2005–06, 2006–07, 2019–20 Egyptian Premier League, Egypt Cup, CAF Champions League [18][10]
Englebert (currently TP Mazembe)   DR Congo 1 1967 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions [9]
Vita Club   Zaire 1 1973 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions [19]
MC Alger   Algeria 1 1976 Algerian Championnat National, Algerian Cup, African Cup of Champions [20]
Hearts of Oak   Ghana 1 2000 Ghana Premier League, Ghanaian FA Cup, CAF Champions League [21]
Espérance de Tunis   Tunisia 1 2011 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League [22]
CONCACAF Cruz Azul   Mexico 2 1969, 1997 Mexican Primera División, Copa México, CONCACAF Champions' Cup [13]
Defence Force   Trinidad and Tobago 1 1985 National League, Trinidad and Tobago Cup, CONCACAF Champions Cup [23]
Monterrey   Mexico 1 2019–20 Liga MX, Copa MX, CONCACAF Champions League [24][25][26]
OFC Auckland City   New Zealand 4 2005–06, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2022 NZFC Minor Premiership, NZFC Grand Final, OFC Champions League (2005–06, 2013–14, 2014–15)
New Zealand National League, Chatham Cup, OFC Champions League (2022)
[11][27][28]
Waitakere United   New Zealand 1 2007–08 NZFC Minor Premiership, NZFC Grand Final, OFC Champions League [29]
Hienghène Sport   New Caledonia 1 2019 New Caledonia Super Ligue, New Caledonia Cup, OFC Champions League [30]
UEFA Barcelona   Spain 2 2008–09, 2014–15 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League [8]
Bayern Munich   Germany 2 2012–13, 2019–20 Bundesliga, DFB-Pokal, UEFA Champions League [8]
Celtic   Scotland 1 1966–67 Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup, European Cup [8]
Ajax   Netherlands 1 1971–72 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup [8]
PSV Eindhoven   Netherlands 1 1987–88 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup [8]
Manchester United   England 1 1998–99 Premier League, FA Cup, UEFA Champions League [8]
Inter Milan   Italy 1 2009–10 Serie A, Coppa Italia, UEFA Champions League [8]

WomenEdit

Six women's clubs have won a continental treble with these stipulations, five of which are European clubs and one of which is an Asian club. The first to do so was 1. FFC Frankfurt in 2002, who won the treble again in 2008.[31] The only other women's club to achieve it more than once is Olympique Lyonnais Féminin, who has done so five times (a record for both men's and women's clubs). Lyon are also the only women's club to win trebles in back to back years, and have completed this feat on two occasions.[32]

The lack of women's continental trebles compared to men's can largely be attributed to the absence of continental competitions for women until recently. The UEFA Women's Champions League did not begin until 2001,[33] the Copa Libertadores Femenina did not begin until 2009,[34] the AFC Women's Club Championship did not begin until 2019,[35] the CAF Women's Champions League did not begin until 2021,[36] and CONCACAF and the OFC still do not sponsor a continental women's competition (though the CONCACAF Women's Champions League is set to begin in 2024).[37] Additionally, many nations do not have a top level cup competition for women, and some do not even have a national women's football league.

Confederation Club Country Number
won
Seasons Titles won Refs.
AFC Tokyo Verdy Beleza   Japan 1 2019 Nadeshiko League, Empress's Cup, AFC Women's Club Championship [38][6]
UEFA Lyon   France 5 2011–12, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2018–19, 2019–20 Division 1 Féminine, Coupe de France féminine, UEFA Women's Champions League [32]
1. FFC Frankfurt (currently Eintracht Frankfurt)   Germany 2 2001–02, 2007–08 Frauen-Bundesliga, DFB-Pokal Frauen, UEFA Women's Cup [31][39]
Arsenal   England 1 2006–07 FA Women's Premier League, FA Women's Cup, UEFA Women's Cup [40][41][42]
VfL Wolfsburg   Germany 1 2012–13 Frauen-Bundesliga, DFB-Pokal Frauen, UEFA Women's Champions League [43]
Barcelona   Spain 1 2020–21 Primera División, Copa de la Reina, UEFA Women's Champions League [7]

Domestic treblesEdit

Domestic trebles are only possible in some countries, as most only give clubs the chance to win one league title and one cup. However, some countries, especially those which were once British or French possessions, also have a secondary cup competition, usually only accessible to teams in the top few levels of their national league system.[44] A secondary cup competition is the most common way for a team to earn a domestic treble, but there are other formats. For example, Brazil has state-level leagues alongside the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A and the Copa do Brasil; in the United States (plus the Canadian teams that play in the MLS), the domestic treble requires winning the "MLS double" (winning the Supporters' Shield and MLS Cup) plus the U.S. Open Cup or Canadian Championship.[45][46]

MenEdit

89 men's clubs have won a domestic treble, 26 of whom have done it more than once. The first team to win a domestic treble was Northern Ireland's Linfield in 1921–22. Scottish sides Celtic and Rangers have won the most domestic trebles, each with seven.[47][48] Celtic and Bayern Munich are the only men's sides to win both a domestic treble and a continental treble, but Celtic are the only one to win both in the same season. Celtic also hold the record for the most consecutive men's domestic trebles with four.

Club Country Number
won
Season(s) won Titles won Refs.
Rangers   Scotland 7 1948–49, 1963–64, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1992–93, 1998–99, 2002–03 Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup [47]
Celtic   Scotland 7 1966–67, 1968–69, 2000–01, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2019–20 Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup [48]
Linfield   Northern Ireland 5 1921–22, 1961–62, 1993–94, 2005–06, 2007–08 Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield (1922, 1962)
Irish League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (1994, 2006, 2008)
[5][49][50][51]
Club Franciscain   Martinique 4 1998–99, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2004–05 Martinique Championnat National, Coupe de la Martinique, Trophée du Conseil Général [5]
Saint-Pierroise   Réunion 4 1971, 1989, 2018, 2019 Réunion Premier League, Coupe de la Réunion, Coupe Régionale de France [5][52]
Paris Saint-Germain   France 4 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18, 2019–20 Ligue 1, Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue[b] [53][54][55]
Buriram United   Thailand 4 2011, 2013, 2015, 2021–22 Thai League 1, Thai FA Cup, Thai League Cup [56]
Shamrock Rovers   Republic of Ireland 3 1924–25, 1931–32, 1963–64 League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b] [57]
Somerset Trojans   Bermuda 3 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70 Bermudian Premier Division, Bermuda FA Cup, Friendship Trophy [5]
South China   Hong Kong 3 1987–88, 1990–91, 2006–07 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Challenge Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup [5][58]
Assaut   Martinique 2 1966, 1968 Martinique Championnat National, Coupe de la Martinique, Coupe de la France (Régionale) (1966)
Martinique Championnat National, Coupe de la Martinique, Coupe Théolade (1968)
[5][59]
Seiko   Hong Kong 2 1979–80, 1980–81 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Challenge Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup [5]
Nissan Motor   Japan 2 1988–89, 1989–90 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup[b] [5]
Nkana   Zambia 2 1989, 1993 Zambian Premier League, Zambian Cup, Chibuku Cup [5]
Eastern   Hong Kong 2 1992–93, 1993–94 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Challenge Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup [5]
Sunrise Flacq United   Mauritius 2 1992, 1996 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup [5]
Valletta   Malta 2 1996–97, 2000–01 Maltese Premier League, Maltese Cup, Löwenbräu Cup [60]
North Village Rams   Bermuda 2 1977–78, 2005–06 Bermudian Premier Division, Bermuda FA Cup, Friendship Trophy [5]
Kedah   Malaysia 2 2007, 2008 Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup [61]
Al-Muharraq   Bahrain 2 2008, 2009 Bahraini Premier League, Bahraini King's Cup, Bahraini Crown Prince Cup [5][62][63]
St Michel United   Seychelles 2 2008, 2011 Seychelles League, Seychelles FA Cup, Seychelles League Cup [5]
Al-Wehdat   Jordan 2 2008–09, 2010–11 Jordan League, Jordan FA Cup, Jordan FA Shield [5]
Melbourne Victory   Australia 2 2008–09, 2015 A-League Pre-Season Challenge Cup, A-League Premiership, A-League Grand Final (2008–09)
A-League Premiership, A-League Grand Final, FFA Cup (2015)
[64][65]
The New Saints   Wales[c] 2 2014–15, 2015–16 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup [66]
Albirex Niigata (S)   Singapore 2 2016, 2017 Singapore Premier League, Singapore Cup, Singapore League Cup [5]
Kuwait SC   Kuwait 2 2016–17, 2018–19 Kuwait Premier League, Kuwait Emir Cup, Kuwait Crown Prince Cup [5]
Mamelodi Sundowns   South Africa 2 2019–20, 2021–22 Premier Soccer League, Nedbank Cup, Telkom Knockout (2019–20)
Premier Soccer League, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (2021–22)
[5][67]
Bohemians   Republic of Ireland 1 1927–28 League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b] [68]
Fall River Marksmen   United States 1 1930 American Soccer League[b], National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup[b] [69]
Athletic Bilbao   Spain 1 1930–31 La Liga, Copa del Rey, Biscay Championship[b] [70][71][72]
Brookhattan   United States 1 1945 American Soccer League[b], National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup[b] [73]
Santos   Brazil 1 1964 Taça Brasil[b], Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Campeonato Paulista [74]
Mufulira Wanderers   Zambia 1 1965 Zambian Premier League, Zambian Cup, Chibuku Cup [5]
PHC Zebras   Bermuda 1 1970–71 Bermudian Premier Division, Bermuda FA Cup, Friendship Trophy [5]
Toronto Croatia   Canada 1 1971 NSL Cup[b], NSL Regular Season Champion[b], NSL Playoff Champion[b] [75]
Kabwe Warriors   Zambia 1 1972 Zambian Premier League, Zambian Cup, Chibuku Cup [5]
Arcadia Shepherds   South Africa 1 1974 NFL Championship, NFL Cup, NFL UTC Bowl Cup [5]
Mitsubishi   Japan 1 1978 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup[b] [5]
Servette   Switzerland 1 1978–79 Nationalliga A, Swiss Cup, Swiss League Cup[b] [5]
Cygne Noir   Guadeloupe 1 1982–83 Guadeloupe Division of Honour, Coupe de Guadeloupe, Coupe de France (Zone Guadeloupe) [5][76]
Levski Sofia   Bulgaria 1 1984 Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army [77]
Kaizer Chiefs   South Africa 1 1984 NPSL First Division, Nedbank Cup, Telkom Knockout [5]
CSKA Sofia   Bulgaria 1 1989 Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army [77]
Derry City   Republic of Ireland[d] 1 1988–89 League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup[b] [78]
Palmeiras   Brazil 1 1993 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Campeonato Paulista [79]
Melbourne Knights   Australia 1 1994–95 NSL Cup, NSL Minor Premiership, NSL Grand Final [80]
ASFA Yennenga   Burkina Faso 1 1995 Burkinabé Premier League, Coupe du Faso, Coupe des Leaders [5]
ÍA   Iceland 1 1996 Úrvalsdeild karla, Icelandic Cup, Icelandic League Cup [5]
Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya   Iraq 1 1996–97 Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup[b] [81]
Barry Town United   Wales 1 1996–97 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup [5]
Singapore Armed Forces   Singapore 1 1997 S. League, Singapore FA Cup, Singapore League Cup [5]
Al-Zawraa   Iraq 1 1999–2000 Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup[b] [82]
Bayern Munich   Germany 1 1999–2000 Bundesliga, DFB-Pokal, DFL-Ligapokal[b] [83]
Kashima Antlers   Japan 1 2000 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup [84]
Saint-Louisienne   Réunion 1 2002 Réunion Premier League, Coupe de la Réunion, Coupe Régionale de France [5][52]
East Bengal   India 1 2002–03 National Football League, IFA Shield, Durand Cup [85][86]
Cruzeiro   Brazil 1 2003 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Mineiro [87]
US Stade Tamponnaise   Réunion 1 2003 Réunion Premier League, Coupe de la Réunion, Coupe Régionale de France [5][52]
Rhyl   Wales 1 2003–04 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup [88]
Qadsia SC   Kuwait 1 2003–04 Kuwait Premier League, Kuwait Emir Cup, Kuwait Crown Prince Cup [5]
CAPS United   Zimbabwe 1 2004 Zimbabwe Premier Soccer League, ZIFA Cup, Buddie Challenge Cup [5]
Sun Hei   Hong Kong 1 2004–05 Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup [58]
AS Port-Louis 2000   Mauritius 1 2005 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup [5]
Ba   Fiji 1 2006 Fiji Premier League, Fiji FA Cup, Inter-District Championship [89]
Al Sadd   Qatar 1 2007 Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Crown Prince Cup [90]
Curepipe Starlight   Mauritius 1 2008 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup [5]
Joe Public   Trinidad and Tobago 1 2009 TT Pro League, FA Trophy, Pro Bowl [5]
Debreceni   Hungary 1 2009–10 Nemzeti Bajnokság I, Magyar Kupa, Ligakupa [5]
Al Ahed   Lebanon 1 2010–11 Lebanese Premier League, Lebanese FA Cup, Lebanese Elite Cup [91]
Al-Faisaly   Jordan 1 2011–12 Jordan League, Jordan FA Cup, Jordan FA Shield [5]
Kelantan   Malaysia 1 2012 Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup [92]
Moulien   Guadeloupe 1 2012–13 Guadeloupe Division of Honour, Coupe de Guadeloupe, Coupe de France (Zone Guadeloupe) [5][76]
Sheikh Russel   Bangladesh 1 2012–13 Bangladesh Premier League, Federation Cup, Independence Cup [5][93]
Mbabane Swallows   Swaziland 1 2012–13 Swazi Premier League, Swazi FA Cup, Castle Premier Challenge [5][94]
Devonshire Cougars   Bermuda 1 2012–13 Bermudian Premier Division, Bermuda FA Cup, Friendship Trophy [5]
Atlético Nacional   Colombia 1 2013 Categoría Primera A Torneo Apertura, Copa Colombia, Categoría Primera A Torneo Finalización [95]
Benfica   Portugal 1 2013–14 Primeira Liga, Taça de Portugal, Taça da Liga [96]
W Connection   Trinidad and Tobago 1 2013–14 TT Pro League, FA Trophy, Pro Bowl [5][97]
Gamba Osaka   Japan 1 2014 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup [84]
Steaua București   Romania 1 2014–15 Liga I, Cupa României, Cupa Ligii[b] [5]
Maccabi Tel Aviv   Israel 1 2014–15 Israeli Premier League, Israel State Cup, Toto Cup [98]
Kitchee   Hong Kong 1 2016–17 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Challenge Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup [5]
Toronto FC   Canada[e] 1 2017 Supporters' Shield, MLS Cup, Canadian Championship [99]
Sydney FC   Australia 1 2017 A-League Premiership, A-League Grand Final, FFA Cup [100]
Al-Duhail   Qatar 1 2018 Qatar Stars League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Cup [101]
Manchester City   England 1 2018–19 Premier League, FA Cup, EFL Cup [102]
Pakhtakor Tashkent   Uzbekistan 1 2019 Uzbekistan Super League, Uzbekistan Cup, Uzbekistan League Cup [5]
Atlético Mineiro   Brazil 1 2021 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Mineiro [103]
Johor Darul Ta'zim   Malaysia 1 2022 Malaysia Super League, Malaysia FA Cup, Malaysia Cup [104]

WomenEdit

Five women's clubs have won domestic trebles, and three of those teams have won their domestic treble more than once. Scotland's Glasgow City has won the most domestic trebles, with five. Glasgow City also have the most consecutive women's domestic trebles, with four. Arsenal of England became the first women's club to win a domestic treble when they won it in 1992–93. Them, along with Tokyo Verdy Beleza of Japan are the only women's clubs to win both a continental treble and a domestic treble, and each team won the domestic treble in the same season they won the continental treble (2007 for Arsenal and 2019 for Tokyo Verdy).

Club Country Number
won
Season(s) won Titles won Refs.
Glasgow City   Scotland 5 2008–09, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15 Scottish Women's Premier League, Scottish Women's Cup, SWPL Cup [105][106][107]
Arsenal   England 3 1992–93, 2000–01, 2006–07 FA Women's Premier League, FA Women's Cup, FA Women's Premier League Cup [108][109][110][40][41][42]
Tokyo Verdy Beleza   Japan 3 2010, 2018, 2019 Nadeshiko League, Empress's Cup, Nadeshiko League Cup [38][6]
Jiangsu Suning   China 1 2019 Chinese Women's Super League, Chinese Women's National Championship, Chinese Women's FA Cup [111][112]
Chelsea   England 1 2020–21 FA Women's Super League, Women's FA Cup, FA Women's League Cup [113]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In 1962, Santos won the Copa Libertadores, the Taça Brasil, and the Campeonato Paulista (São Paulo state championship).[114][115] In 2019, Flamengo achieved a similar feat by capturing the Copa Libertadores, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, and Campeonato Carioca (Rio de Janeiro state championship).[116] In 2020, Palmeiras won the Copa Libertadores and the Copa do Brasil, along with the Campeonato Paulista.[117]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Defunct competition
  3. ^ The club is situated in Oswestry, England, but competes in the competitions of neighbouring association, the Football Association of Wales.
  4. ^ The club is situated in Northern Ireland, but competes in the competitions of neighbouring association, the Football Association of Ireland.
  5. ^ The club is situated in Canada and competes in the Canadian Championship, but otherwise competes in the competitions of neighbouring association, United States Soccer Federation.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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