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Treble (association football)

The Treble is used in association football to refer to a team winning three trophies in a single season or calendar year. Honours usually considered to contribute to a treble are the top-tier domestic league competition, primary domestic cup competition and most prestigious continental cup competition, although this depends to some extent on the football competitions of a particular country.

Trophy competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. the FA Community Shield, Irish FA Charity Shield, Supercopa de España, Trophée des Champions, the Recopa Sudamericana, the UEFA Super Cup or the Intercontinental Cup) are generally not counted as part of a treble.[citation needed]

Two phrases sometimes used are a 'continental treble',[1] which involves winning at least one continental trophy, and a 'domestic treble' - usually the domestic league and two secondary tournaments.[2][3]

Contents

Annual and seasonal treblesEdit

There are few cases of a club winning their country's top tier league and the primary cup competition (The Double), in addition to the major continental tournament, all within a single season. This was first achieved in 1967 by Celtic, winning the Scottish Football League (top tier national league), Scottish Cup (main national cup) and European Cup (main continental tournament).

In total, 19 clubs across six confederations have achieved the feat on 23 occasions since 1962, including seven African clubs, seven European clubs,[4] two Oceanian clubs, two North American clubs and one Asian club. This list does not accommodate secondary continental and domestic competitions, so does neither list Liverpool F.C. winning the domestic League Cup along with the top tier League and the European Cup in 1983–84 nor Al-Ahly winning the continental Cup Winners' Cup alongside the Egyptian domestic double in 1984–85.

It is very rare that players of a team that wins a treble also win a cup with their national team in the same year. Hans van Breukelen, Berry van Aerle, Ronald Koeman, Gerald Vanenburg and Wim Kieft combined a PSV 1987–88 treble with a Euro 1988 cup with the Netherlands. Essam El-Hadary, Ahmad El-Sayed, Mohamed Abdelwahab, Hassan Mostafa, Emad Moteab, Mohamed Shawky, Mohamed Barakat, Wael Gomaa and Mohamed Aboutreika combined a Al-Ahly treble with a 2006 Africa Cup of Nations with Egypt.

In Europe, Spanish club FC Barcelona is the only club to have won a treble twice.[5][6]

Club Country Confederation Season/Year(s) Titles won
Celtic   Scotland UEFA 1966–67[b] Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup, European Cup
Ajax   Netherlands 1971–72 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
PSV   Netherlands 1987–88 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
Manchester United   England 1998–99 Premier League, FA Cup, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona   Spain 2008–09 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Internazionale   Italy 2009–10 Serie A, Coppa Italia, UEFA Champions League
Bayern Munich   Germany 2012–13[i] Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona (2)   Spain 2014–15 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Englebert   DR Congo CAF 1967 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
Vita Club   Zaire 1973 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
MC Algiers   Algeria 1976 Algerian Championnat National, Algerian Cup, African Cup of Champions
Club Africain   Tunisia 1991–92 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League
Hearts of Oak   Ghana 2000 Ghana Premier League, Ghanaian FA Cup, CAF Champions League
Al-Ahly   Egypt 2005–06[g] Egyptian League, Egyptian Soccer Cup, CAF Champions League
Al-Ahly (2)   Egypt 2006–07[h] Egyptian League, Egyptian Soccer Cup, CAF Champions League
Espérance   Tunisia 2011 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League
Cruz Azul   Mexico CONCACAF 1968–69[e] Primera División de México, Copa México, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Defence Force   Trinidad and Tobago 1985 TT Pro League, Trinidad and Tobago Cup, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Yomiuri   Japan AFC 1987 Japanese First Division, Emperor's Cup, Asian Club Championship
Auckland City   New Zealand OFC 2006 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Waitakere United   New Zealand 2008 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (2)   New Zealand 2013–14 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (3)   New Zealand 2014–15[c] NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League

National treblesEdit

This type of treble consists of a club winning three or four of their country's titles (top-tier league, cup, league cup), all during one season. Many countries do not have a third domestic (e.g. League Cup) competition, besides competitions consisting of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups), so achieving a domestic treble is impossible (e.g. Germany and Italy as nowadays).

Brazil has an unofficial "Triple Crown", a name given to a team that wins the national league, the national cup, and their state league.

Note that trophy competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups in general) are generally not counted as part of a treble.

Club Country Number
won
Year(s) won Titles won
Rangers   Scotland
7
1949, 1964, 1976[n], 1978, 1993, 1999, 2003[7] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
South China   Hong Kong
6
1972, 1987, 1988[a], 1991[a], 2002, 2007 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Viceroy Cup (1972)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Viceroy Cup (1987)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (1988, 1991)
Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2002)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (2007)
Kaizer Chiefs   South Africa
6
1976, 1977, 1981, 1984[k], 1989, 1992 NPSL, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (1976, 1977, 1981, 1992)
NPSL, Nedbank Cup, Telkom Knockout (1984)
NSL, Telkom Knockout, MTN 8 (1989)
Al Ahly   Egypt
5
1925, 1927, 1931, 1950, 1958 Cairo League, Egypt Cup, Sultan Hussein Cup (1925, 1927, 1931)
Egyptian Premier League, Cairo League, Egypt Cup (1950, 1958)
Linfield   Northern Ireland
5
1922[c], 1962[c], 1994, 2006,[c] 2008 Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield (1922, 1962)
Irish League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (1994)
Irish Premier League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (2006, 2008)
Seiko   Hong Kong
5
1973, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1985 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Viceroy Cup (1973, 1979, 1985)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (1980, 1981)
Celtic   Scotland
4
1967, 1969, 2001, 2017[8] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
Shamrock Rovers   Republic of Ireland
3
1925, 1932, 1964[9] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Buriram PEA / Buriram United   Thailand
3
2011, 2013[g], 2015[o] Thai Premier League, Thai FA Cup, Thai League Cup
Kitchee   Hong Kong
3
2012, 2015, 2017 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2012)
Hong Kong Premier League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2015)
Hong Kong Premier League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong Senior Shield (2017)
Melbourne Victory   Australia
2
2009, 2015 A-League Pre-Season Challenge Cup, A-League Premiership, A-League Championship (2009)
A-League Premiership, A-League Championship, FFA Cup (2015)
Valletta   Malta
2
1997[h], 2001[i] Maltese Premier League, Maltese Cup, Löwenbräu Cup
Barry Town   Wales
2
1997, 1999 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup (1997)
Welsh Premier League, FAW Premier Cup, Welsh League Cup (1999)
Eastern   Hong Kong
2
1993, 1994 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup
Sunrise   Mauritius
2
1992, 1996 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Kedah   Malaysia
2
2007, 2008[10] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Orlando Pirates   South Africa
2
1973, 2011[l] NPSL, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8
The New Saints   Wales
2
2015, 2016 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Paris Saint-Germain   France
2
2015[m], 2016[m] Ligue 1, Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue
Bohemians   Republic of Ireland
1
1928[11] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Fall River Marksmen   United States
1
1930[12] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Brookhattan   United States
1
1945[13] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Bahia   Brazil
1
1959 Campeonato Baiano, Taça Norte-Nordeste, Taça Brasil
Santos   Brazil
1
1964 Campeonato Paulista, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Taça Brasil
Toronto Croatia   Canada
1
1971[14] NSL Cup, NSL Regular Season Champion, NSL Playoff Champion
Mitsubishi Motors   Japan
1
1978 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Servette   Switzerland
1
1979 Nationalliga A, Swiss Cup, Swiss League Cup
Levski Sofia   Bulgaria
1
1984[15] Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
CSKA Sofia   Bulgaria
1
1989 Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
Derry City   Republic of Ireland
1
1989[16] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup
Nissan Motors   Japan
1
1989 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Mamelodi Sundowns   South Africa
1
1990 NSL, Telkom Knockout, MTN 8
Palmeiras   Brazil
1
1993 Campeonato Paulista, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Campeonato Brasileiro
Melbourne Knights   Australia
1
1995[17] NSL Cup, NSL Minor Premiership, NSL Grand Final
ÍA   Iceland
1
1996 Úrvalsdeild, Icelandic Cup, Deildabikar
Al-Ittihad FC   Saudi Arabia
1
1997 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya   Iraq
1
1997[p] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Pusan Daewoo Royals   South Korea
1
1997 K League, Korean League Cup, Korean League Cup (Supplementary Cup)
Suwon Samsung Bluewings   South Korea
1
1999 K League, Korean League Cup, Korean League Cup (Supplementary Cup)[j]
Al-Zawra'a   Iraq
1
2000[q] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Bayern Munich   Germany
1
2000 Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, DFB Ligapokal
Galatasaray   Turkey
1
2000[18][19] Turkish Super League Championship Cup, Turkish Cup, TSYD Cup
Kashima Antlers   Japan
1
2000 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Cruzeiro   Brazil
1
2003[20] Campeonato Mineiro, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Rhyl   Wales
1
2004[21] Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Al-Hilal   Saudi Arabia
1
2005 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Brøndby   Denmark
1
2005 Danish Superliga, Danish Cup, Danish League Cup[d]
Sun Hei   Hong Kong
1
2005[22] Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup[e]
AS Port-Louis 2000   Mauritius
1
2005 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Al-Sadd   Qatar
1
2007[23] Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Crown Prince Cup
Curepipe   Mauritius
1
2008 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Debreceni   Hungary
1
2010 Nemzeti Bajnokság I, Magyar Kupa, Ligakupa[f]
Kelantan   Malaysia
1
2012[24] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Atlético Nacional   Colombia
1
2013[25] Categoría Primera A Torneo Apertura, Copa Colombia, Categoría Primera A Torneo Finalización
Lincoln   Gibraltar
1
2014 Gibraltar Premier Division, Rock Cup, Gibraltar Premier Cup
Benfica   Portugal
1
2014 Primeira Liga, Taça de Portugal, Taça da Liga
Gamba Osaka   Japan
1
2014 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Maccabi Tel Aviv   Israel
1
2015 Israeli Premier League, Israel State Cup, Israeli Toto Cup
Steaua București   Romania
1
2015 Liga I, Cupa României, Cupa Ligii
Albirex Niigata Singapore   Singapore
1
2016[r] S.League, Singapore Cup, Singapore League Cup

European trebleEdit

Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) defines a European Treble as the feat of winning, over the club's entire history, all three seasonal club confederation competitionsEuropean Cup/UEFA Champions League, European/UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, and UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League.

While the UEFA Cup Winner's Cup no longer exists, there are 27 teams that have won it in the past who could still add wins in the other two competitions to achieve this UEFA treble.

The European Treble has only been achieved by five teams:[26]

Club First Title Second Title Treble Title
  Juventus 1976–77 UEFA Cup 1983–84 European Cup Winners' Cup 1984–85 European Cup
  Ajax 1970–71 European Cup 1986–87 European Cup Winners' Cup 1991–92 UEFA Cup
  Bayern Munich 1966–67 European Cup Winners' Cup 1973–74 European Cup 1995–96 UEFA Cup
  Chelsea 1970–71 European Cup Winners' Cup 2011–12 UEFA Champions League 2012–13 UEFA Europa League
  Manchester United 1967–68 European Cup 1990–91 European Cup Winners' Cup 2016–17 UEFA Europa League

Note: per criteria for achieving European Treble, shows first win only for any club with multiple wins of same competition.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Raja aiming high once more. FIFA (2008-06-04). Retrieved on 2009-06-23 - 'continental treble' mentioned in this article.
  2. ^ Spiers, Graham (2008-01-30). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/football/scotland/article3274019.ece Walter Smith demands final push as Rangers target domestic treble. The Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  3. ^ Ralston, Gary (2008-09-26). Domestic treble for Rangers will make up for failure in Europe, says Pedro Mendes. Daily Record. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  4. ^ UEFA.com. "Barcelona break new ground with second treble - UEFA Champions League - News - UEFA.com". 
  5. ^ uefa.com (2015-06-06). "UEFA Champions League - News – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02. 
  6. ^ "Barça make history with second treble! | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02. 
  7. ^ Records and Honours. Rangers Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  8. ^ Celtic Honours. Celtic Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-05-18.
  9. ^ Roll of Honour. Shamrock Rovers FC. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Role of Honour. Bohemian Football Club. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  12. ^ Litterer, Dave. "The Year In American Soccer, 1930". The USA Soccer History Archives. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  13. ^ Litterer, Dave. "The Year In American Soccer, 1945". The USA Soccer History Archives. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Croatian National Sports Club history at a glance". 
  15. ^ "Футболният требъл – теория и история". 
  16. ^ Derry City FC - A Concise History. Derry City Football Club Website (2009-02-08). Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  17. ^ The Dynasty Begins
  18. ^ "TSYD Tournament victory for Galatasaray". turkfutbolu.net. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "combined with the 1999/2000 league title and victory in that season’s Turkish Cup, made for a historic quadruple triumph". FIFA.com. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  20. ^ Relação Dos Títulos Oficiais Do Cruzeiro (Portuguese)
  21. ^ - Rhyl FC - Honours
  22. ^ "Sun Hei lift Cup to sweep four titles". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  23. ^ Al-Sadd Trophies and awards
  24. ^ [2]
  25. ^ "¡Atlético Nacional, rey absoluto del fútbol colombiano en 2013!". 
  26. ^ "Manchester United achieve European clean sweep". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 

External linksEdit