Scottish Women's Premier League
The Scottish Women's Premier League (SWPL) is the highest level of league competition in women's football in Scotland. The league consists of two divisions, SWPL 1 and SWPL 2, each with eight teams and is owned and managed by Scottish Women's Football. The league was formed in 2002 when the Premier Division of the Scottish Women's Football League (SWFL) broke away to form the SWPL. Initially operating as a single division of twelve teams, the current format was introduced in 2015 with the creation of SWPL 2.
|Number of teams||16 (8 in each division)|
|Level on pyramid||1–2|
|Relegation to||SWFL 1 North|
SWFL 1 South
|Domestic cup(s)||Scottish Cup|
|League cup(s)||Scottish Premier League Cup|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
|Current champions||Glasgow City (13th title) |
|Most championships||Glasgow City (13 titles)|
|2019 Scottish Women's Premier League|
The champions and runners-up of SWPL 1 qualify directly for the Round of 32 of the UEFA Women's Champions League. Since 2009 the league has operated a summer season, running from March to November each year.
The Scottish Women's Football League (SWFL) was formed in 1999. In 2002, its top division broke away to form the Scottish Women's Premier League (SWPL), with the aim of introducing a more professional attitude and increasing media interest. The twelve founder members of the SWPL were Ayr United, Cove Rangers, Dundee, Giulianos, Glasgow City, Hamilton Academical, Hibernian, Inver-Ross, F.C. Kilmarnock, Lossiemouth, Raith Rovers and Shettleston.
Up until 2011 teams played each other twice.
From season 2012, the 12 teams in the league will play each other once before the league splits into a top 6 and bottom 6 based on the league positions at that stage. The top 6 then play each other home and away for the Premier League title, while the bottom 6 play each other home and away to avoid being relegated. After the season is complete, the teams which finish in positions 11 and 12 were relegated to the Scottish Women's First Division.
In 2016 a new format was established. From then on the Premier League will consist of two levels of eight teams each. They are named SWPL 1 and SWPL 2. Teams will play each other three times, with the bottom placed team being relegated to the SWPL 2 after the season. The split into a championship and relegation group is discontinued. The SWPL 2 uses the same format, however there is one promotion to the SWPL 1 and the two last placed teams are relegated to the SWFL 1 divisions.
|Team||Location||Home ground||Capacity||2018 position|
|Celtic||Glasgow||K Park Training Academy, East Kilbride||1,000||3rd|
|Forfar Farmington||Forfar||Station Park||6,777||5th|
|Glasgow City||Glasgow||Petershill Park||1,000||1st|
|Motherwell||Motherwell||Dalziel Park||1,000||1st in SWPL 2|
|Rangers||Glasgow||New Tinto Park, Govan||2,000||4th|
|Stirling University||Stirling||Gannochy Sports Centre||1,000||7th|
|Team||Location||Home ground||Capacity||2018 position|
|Dundee United||Dundee||Gussie Park||1,000||1st in SWFL 1 North|
|Hamilton Academical||Hamilton||The Hope CBD Stadium||5,510||8th in SWPL 1|
|Glasgow Girls||Glasgow||Petershill Park||1,000||6th|
|Heart of Midlothian||Edinburgh||Oriam||1,000||3rd|
|Kilmarnock Ladies||Kilmarnock||Rugby Park||17,889||2nd|
|Hutchison Vale||Edinburgh||Saughton Enclosure||1,000||5th|
|Partick Thistle||Glasgow||Petershill Park||1,000||3rd in SWFL 1 South|
|St Johnstone||Perth||McDiarmid Park||10,696||4th|
In 2009 the season was changed from an autumn-spring format to a summer league. As a result, the 2009 season was shortened to fit after the 2008–09 season. The format was changed a number of times. The format with two groups after the first half of the season that way played since 2012 has ended in 2016 with the new SWPL 1. The former Premier League champions are:
In September 2018, it was announced that BBC Alba would broadcast four SWPL 1 matches during the remainder of the 2018 season. Scottish Women's Football (SWF) and BBC Alba also announced that this will be a two-year deal for six games per year, including the Scottish Women's Cup final and Scottish Women's Premier League Cup final.
- "Access List for the UEFA Women's Champions League 2016/17" (PDF). uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- Leighton, Tony (19 December 2010). "England coach Hope Powell calls for women's game to switch to summer". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "Scottish women's league kicks off". BBC Sport. 9 August 2002. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- "Scottish women's champions to receive prize money for first time". BBC Sport. BBC. 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "Rules for Senior Leagues & League Cups" (PDF). Scottish FA. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- 2015 Competition rules
- "New SWPL 1 & SWPL 2 season 2016". scottishfa.co.uk. 27 November 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
- "Scotland (Women) - List of Champions". RSSSF.com. 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2011-03-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Glasgow City clinch Scottish Women's Premier League". BBC. 2 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "Glasgow City beat Aberdeen as they lift sixth SWPL title". BBC. 28 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- "Glasgow City secure their ninth league title in a row". BBC Sport. BBC. 18 October 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Glasgow City secure 10 in a row with a 3-1 win over Hibernian". glasgowlive.co.uk. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- "SWPL: Glasgow City beat Spartans to claim 12th title in a row". BBC Sport. 28 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "BBC ALBA set to broadcast four Scottish Building Society SWPL games". Scottish Women's Premier League. 4 September 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.