The IFA Shield is an annual football competition organized by the Indian Football Association. The IFA is the governing body of football in the state of West Bengal, came into existence in 1893. Named after the association, the IFA Shield tournament was started in the same year. It is the second oldest football tournament in India only after Durand Cup, and the fourth oldest football competition in the world.

IFA Shield
IFA Shield.jpg
The IFA Shield on display at the Salt Lake Stadium
Organising bodyIndian Football Association (West Bengal)
Founded1893; 128 years ago (1893)
RegionIndia (primarily West Bengal)
Number of teamsVaries
Current championsReal Kashmir (1st title)
Most successful club(s)East Bengal (29 titles)
Television broadcastersKolkata TV
WebsiteIFA
2021 IFA Shield

The royal houses of Patiala and Cooch Behar, A.A. Apcar of Armenian Club and J Sutherland of Dalhousie AC had financially contributed for the inception of the Shield. The coveted shield was designed by Walter Locke & Co. (Calcutta) and constructed by Messrs Elkington & Co. (London).[1]

Mohun Bagan, the first all-Indian side to lift the IFA Shield.

During the initial years of the competition, the IFA Shield was dominated by British Army teams and the Royal Irish Rifles defeated W.D.R.A. to lift the first IFA Shield in 1893. However, their stranglehold over the Shield was broken in 1911, when Mohun Bagan AC became the first all-Indian side to win the IFA Shield by defeating East Yorkshire Regiment by 2–1. That was a historic moment for Indian football as well the struggle for independence, as the natives beat the Englishmen in their own game. While the Royal Irish Rifles remains the most successful British Army side with 5 titles, East Bengal Club has won the IFA Shield a record 29 times.

The 1949 IFA Shield won by East Bengal, the most successful club in the tournament's history.

From 2015 to 2018, the IFA Shield was designed as an youth tournament wherein youth teams of all divisions were allowed to participate.[2] The decision was taken by IFA due to busy schedule of AIFF which includes Indian Super League, I-League and Super Cup. In 2020, the tournament was once again organised as a senior event.[3]

Results of IFA ShieldEdit

Year Winner Score Runner-up Notes
1893   Royal Irish Rifles 1–0   W.D.R.A.
1894   Royal Irish Rifles 2–0   Rifle Brigade
1895   Royal Welch Fusiliers 1–0   King's Shropshire Light Infantry
1896   Calcutta 3–0   King's Shropshire Light Infantry
1897   Dalhousie 4–0   31st Field Battalion
1898   Gloucestershire Regiment 1–0   42nd Highlanders
1899   South Lancashire Regiment 2–0   Barrackpore Artillery
1900   Calcutta 0–0; 6–0   Dalhousie
1901   Royal Irish Rifles 4–0   Black Watch
1902   93rd Highlanders 3–0   Dalhousie
1903   Calcutta 0–0; 1–1; 2–1   King's Own Scottish Borderers
1904   Calcutta 1–0   King's Own Royal Regiment
1905   Dalhousie 4–3   Calcutta
1906   Calcutta 1–0   Highland Light Infantry
1907   Highland Light Infantry 0–0; 1–0   Calcutta
1908   Gordon Highlanders 2–0   Calcutta Customs
1909   Gordon Highlanders 0–0; 3–0   Calcutta Customs
1910   Gordon Highlanders 0–0; 2–0   Calcutta
1911   Mohun Bagan 2–1   East Yorkshire Regiment 8
1912   Royal Irish Rifles 1–0   Black Watch
1913   Royal Irish Rifles 2–0   91st Highlanders
1914   King's Own Royal Regiment 1–0   Calcutta
1915   Calcutta 0–0; 3–0   Calcutta Customs
1916   North Staffordshire Regiment 2–1   Calcutta
1917   10th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 2–0   Brecknockshire Battalion
1918   Training Reserve Battalion 1–0   Signal Service Depot
1919   1st Battalion of Brecknockshire 3–1   Calcutta
1920   Black Watch 2–0   Kumartuli
1921   3rd Battalion of Brecknockshire 3–1   Calcutta FC
1922   Calcutta 1–0   Dalhousie
1923   Calcutta 3–0   Mohun Bagan
1924   Calcutta 5–1   23rd Brigade of Royal Engineers Association
1925   2nd Battalion of Royal Scots Fusiliers 5–1   Cheshire Regiment
1926   Sherwood Foresters 5–1   Cheshire Regiment
1927   Sherwood Foresters 2–0   Dalhousie
1928   Sherwood Foresters 2–0   Dalhousie
1929   2nd Battalion Royal Ulster Rifles 2–0   Rangoon Customs
1930   Seaforth Highlanders 3–0   Royal Regiment
1931   Highland Light Infantry 1–1; 2–1   Durham Light Infantry
1932   2nd Battalion Essex Regiment 2–1   Seaforth Highlanders
1933   Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry 2–1   King's Royal Rifles
1934   King's Royal Rifles 2–2   Durham Light Infantry 10
1935   East Yorkshire Regiment 1–0   Royal Regiment
1936   Mohammedan 0–0; 0–0; 2–1   Calcutta FC
1937   6th Fire Brigade 4–1   Police
1938   East Yorkshire Regiment 1–1; 1–1; 2–0   Mohammedan
1939   Police 2–1   Calcutta Customs
1940   Aryan 4–1   Mohun Bagan
1941   Mohammedan 2–0   King's Own Scottish Borderers
1942   Mohammedan 1–0   East Bengal
1943   East Bengal 3–0   Police
1944   Eastern Bengal Railway 1–0   East Bengal
1945   East Bengal 1–0   Mohun Bagan
1946 Not held 1
1947   Mohun Bagan 1–0   East Bengal
1948   Mohun Bagan 1–1; 2–1   Bhawanipore
1949   East Bengal 2–0   Mohun Bagan
1950   East Bengal 3–0   SSCB
1951   East Bengal 0–0; 2–0   Mohun Bagan
1952   Mohun Bagan 0–0; 2–2   Rajasthan 3
1953   Indian Culture League 0–0; 0–0; 1–1   East Bengal
1954   Mohun Bagan 1–0   Hyderabad
1955   Rajasthan Club 0–0; 1–0   Aryan
1956   Mohun Bagan 4–0   Aryan
1957   Mohammedan 3–0   Railways
1958   East Bengal 1–1; 1–0   Mohun Bagan
1959 Abandoned due to dispute over date of finals
1960   Mohun Bagan 1–0   Indian Navy
1961   East Bengal 0–0   Mohun Bagan 2
1962   Mohun Bagan 3–1   Hyderabad XI
1963   Bengal Nagpur Railway 1–0   Mohammedan
1964   Mohun Bagan 1–1   East Bengal 7
1965   East Bengal 1–0   Mohun Bagan
1966   East Bengal 1–0   Bengal Nagpur Railway
1967   East Bengal 0–0   Mohun Bagan 7 2
1968 Abandoned due to court injunction
1969   Mohun Bagan 3–1   East Bengal
1970   East Bengal 1–0   PAS Tehran
1971   Mohammedan Sporting 2–0   Tollygunge Agragami
1972   East Bengal 0–0; 0–1   Mohun Bagan 5
1973   East Bengal 3–1   Pyongyang
1974   East Bengal 1–0   Mohun Bagan
1975   East Bengal 5–0   Mohun Bagan
1976   East Bengal 0–0   Mohun Bagan 2
1977   Mohun Bagan 1–0   East Bengal
1978   Mohun Bagan 2–2   Ararat Yerevan 2
1979   Mohun Bagan 1–0   East Bengal
1980 Tournament abandoned
1981   East Bengal 2–2   Mohun Bagan 2
1982   Mohun Bagan 2–1   Mohammedan
1983   East Bengal 0–0   Aryan 2
1984   East Bengal 1–0   Mohun Bagan
1985   Peñarol 1–0   Shakhtar Donetsk
1986   East Bengal 0–0; 4–2 (p)   Mohun Bagan
1987   Mohun Bagan 1–0   Punjab Police
1988 Not held 1
1989   Mohun Bagan 1–0   Tata Football Academy
1990   East Bengal 1–0   Mohammedan 4
1991   East Bengal 3–1   Army XI
1992 Not held 1
1993   Pakhtakor Tashkent 1–1; 5–4 (p)   Irtysh Pavlodar
1994   East Bengal 2–1   Mohun Bagan
1995   East Bengal 1–1; 3–1 (p)   Mohammedan
1996   JCT 1–0   Al-Karkh
1997   East Bengal 3–2   Kochin
1998   Mohun Bagan 2–1   East Bengal
1999   Mohun Bagan 1–0   Tollygunge Agragami
2000   East Bengal 1–1; 4–1 (p)   Mohun Bagan
2001   East Bengal 0–1   Palmeiras B 3 6
2002   East Bengal 0–0; 5–4 (p)   Churchill Brothers
2003   Mohun Bagan 0–0; 5–3 (p)   East Bengal
2004   Finance and Revenue 1–1; 4–2 (p)   Mohun Bagan
2005   Bayern Munich II 5–1   Eveready
2006   Mahindra United 1–0   Mohun Bagan
2007 Not held 1
2008   Mahindra United 3–1   Santos
2009   Churchill Brothers 2–0   Mohun Bagan
2010 Not held 1
2011   Churchill Brothers 2–1   Mohun Bagan
2012   East Bengal 4–2   Prayag United
2013   Prayag United 1–0   East Bengal
2014   Mohammedan 1–1; 4–3 (p)   Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi
2015   United U19 2–1   East Bengal U19 9
2016   Tata Football Academy 3–2 (a.e.t.)   AIFF U19 9 [4]
2017   FC Pune City U19 3–0   Mohun Bagan U19 9
2018   East Bengal U19 1–1; 4–2 (p)   Mohun Bagan U19 9
2019 Not held 1
2020   Real Kashmir 2–1   George Telegraph

Notes:

1. ^ Tournament not held.
2. ^ Joint winners.
3. ^ Abandoned.
4. ^ Abandoned midway as Mohammedan Sporting refused to continue.
5. ^ Abandoned due to rain during the replay. Mohun Bagan refused to play again and were scratched.
6. ^ Abandoned after 35 minutes as Palmeiras started a brawl on the pitch, match cancelled. Palmeiras have been scratched from the record books.[5]
7. ^ Final Abandoned.
8. ^ An all-Indian side wins the Shield for the 1st time
9. ^ Organised as an Under-19 tournament
10. ^ Abandoned.

Performance by teamsEdit

Performance by Indian teamsEdit

Though the tournament was dominated by the British Army teams during its initial years, yet British Indian teams too participated representing India prior to the independence, but very few were an all-Indian side. Mohun Bagan AC was the first all-Indian side to win the tournament in 1911.

Top 10 Indian teams in IFA ShieldEdit

No. Team Championships
(Latest)
Runner-ups
1 East Bengal 29 (2018) 10
2 Mohun Bagan 22 (2003) 19
3 Calcutta FC 9 (1924) 8
4 Mohammedan SC 6 (2014) 4
5 Dalhousie AC 2 (1905) 5
6 Churchill Brothers SC 2 (2011) 1
United SC 2 (2015) 1
8 Mahindra United FC 2 (2008) 0
9 Aryan FC 1 (1940) 2
Police AC 1 (1939) 2

Performance by Overseas teamsEdit

AwardsEdit

Since the 123rd edition of the tournament, the awards for the Best Coach of the tournament, the Best Player of the tournament, the highest goalscorer of the tournament and Fair Play has been renamed in honour of India's football icons- P. K. Banerjee, Chuni Goswami and Krishanu Dey,[6][7] and renowned sports photojournalist- Ronojoy 'Ronny' Roy.[8]

Krishanu Dey Memorial AwardEdit

As of December 2020

Year Player Goals Club
2020   Abegunrin Adefemi Lukman 5 Real Kashmir

P. K. Banerjee Memorial Award for the Best CoachEdit

As of December 2020

Year Head Coach Club
2020   Ranjan Bhattacharya George Telegraph

Chuni Goswami Memorial Award for the Best PlayerEdit

As of December 2020

Year Player Club
2020   Mason Robertson Real Kashmir

Ronny Roy Fair Play AwardEdit

As of December 2020

Year Club
2020   Real Kashmir FC

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari - The first visionary of Indian football". Football Paradise. 25 November 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  2. ^ "IFA Shield now U-19 tournament". Telegraph India. 10 January 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  3. ^ "IFA Shield set for return as senior event". The Indian Express. 12 November 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  4. ^ "IFA Shield: Tata Football Academy wins the 120th IFA Shield". 7 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  5. ^ Sengupta, Somnath (8 March 2011). "The Glorious History Of IFA Shield". Thehardtackle.com.
  6. ^ Mohamed, Farzan (3 December 2020). "IFA Shield 2020". www.sportskeeda.com. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
  7. ^ ""Krishanu Dey Memorable Highest Scorar Trophy" for 123RD IFA Shield 2020 । পিকে-চুনীর পর এবার IFA শিল্ডে কৃশানু দে-র নামে পুরস্কার". zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Shield's Fair Play trophy renamed in honour of Ronny Roy". aajkaal.in. Retrieved 20 December 2020.

External linksEdit