Elections in Italy

National-level elections in Italy are called periodically to form a parliament consisting of two houses: the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 members; and the Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) with 315 elected members, plus a few appointed senators for life. Italy is a parliamentary republic: the President of the Republic is elected for a seven-year term by the two houses of Parliament in joint session, together with special electors appointed by the Regional Councils.

The most recent Italian general election was held on 25 September 2022.

2022 electionEdit

The last general election was held on 25 September 2022

The centre-right coalition, in which Giorgia Meloni's Brothers of Italy emerged as the main political force, won an absolute majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate of the Republic. The centre-left coalition, the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and the centrist Action - Italia Viva came in second, third and fourth respectively.

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

Overall resultsEdit

Summary of the 25 September 2022 Chamber of Deputies election results[1]
 
 
Coalition Party Proportional First-past-the-post Overseas Total
seats
+/−
(seats)
+/−
(seats %)
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Centre-right coalition Brothers of Italy (FdI) 7,302,517 26.00 69 12,300,244 43.79 49 281,949 26.00 1 119 +87 +24.7 pp
League (Lega) 2,464,005 8.77 23 42 1 66 –59 –3.3 pp
Forza Italia (FI) 2,278,217 8.11 22 23 45 –59 –5.3 pp
Us Moderates (NM) 255,505 0.91 7 7 +3 +1.1 pp
Total seats 114 121 2 237 –28 +17.2 pp
Centre-left coalition Democratic Party – IDP (PD–IDP) 5,356,180 19.07 57 7,337,975 26.13 8 305,759 28.20 4 69 –43 –0.5 pp
Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) 1,018,669 3.63 11 1 52,994 4.89 12 New New
More Europe (+E) 793,961 2.83 2 29,971 2.76 2 –1 ±0.0 pp
Civic Commitment (IC) 169,165 0.60 1 11,590 1.07 1 New New
Aosta Valley (VdA) 1 1 +1 +0.3 pp
Total seats 68 13 4 85 –37 +1.9 pp
Five Star Movement (M5S) 4,333,972 15.43 41 4,333,972 15.43 10 93,338 8.61 1 52 –175 –23.0 pp
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 2,186,669 7.79 21 2,186,669 7.79 60,499 5.58 21 New New
South Tyrolean People's PartyPATT (SVP–PATT) 117,010 0.42 1 117,010 0.42 2 3 –1 +0.1 pp
South calls North (ScN) 212,685 0.76 212,685 0.76 1 1 New New
Associative Movement of Italians Abroad (MAIE) 141,356 13.04 1 1 ±0 +0.1 pp
Total 400 –230
Popular vote (party)
FdI
26.00%
PD
19.07%
M5S
15.43%
Lega
8.77%
FI
8.11%
A–IV
7.79%
AVS
3.63%
+E
2.83%
Others
8.37%
Seat distribution (party)
FdI
30.00%
PD
17.25%
Lega
16.50%
M5S
13.00%
FI
11.25%
A–IV
5.25%
AVS
3.00%
NM
1.75%
Others
2.00%
Popular vote (coalition)
CDX
43.79%
CSX
26.13%
M5S
15.43%
A–IV
7.79%
Others
6.86%
Seat distribution (coalition)
CDX
59.25%
CSX
21.25%
M5S
13.00%
A–IV
5.25%
Others
1.25%

Proportional and FPTP resultsEdit

Proportional
Party Votes % Seats
Brothers of Italy (FdI) 7,302,517 26.00 69
Democratic Party – IDP (PD–IDP) 5,356,180 19.07 57
Five Star Movement (M5S) 4,333,972 15.43 41
League (Lega) 2,464,005 8.77 23
Forza Italia (FI) 2,278,217 8.11 22
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 2,186,669 7.79 21
Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) 1,018,669 3.63 11
More Europe (+E) 793,961 2.83
Italexit for Italy (Italexit) 534,579 1.90
People's Union (UP) 402,964 1.43
Sovereign and Popular Italy (ISP) 348,097 1.24
Us Moderates (NM) 255,505 0.91
South calls North (ScN) 212,685 0.76
Vita (V) 201,538 0.72
Civic Commitment (IC) 169,165 0.60
South Tyrolean People's PartyPATT (SVP–PATT) 117,010 0.42 1
Us of the CentreEuropeanists (NDC–Eu) 46,109 0.16
Italian Communist Party (PCI) 24,555 0.09
Animalist Party – UCDL – 10VM (PAI–UCDL–10VM) 21,442 0.08
Alternative for Italy (APLI) 16,882 0.06
Party of Creative Madness (PFC) 1,418 0.00
Free (F) 828 0.00
Force of the People (FdP) 815 0.00
Total 28,087,782 100.00 245
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes 1,312,718 4.47
Total turnout 29,355,592 63.79
Registered voters 46,021,956
Source: Ministry of the Interior
First-past-the-post (except Aosta Valley)
Party or coalition Votes % Seats
Centre-right coalition (CDX) 12,300,244 43.79 121
Centre-left coalition (CSX) 7,337,975 26.13 12
Five Star Movement (M5S) 4,333,972 15.43 10
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 2,186,669 7.79
Italexit for Italy (Italexit) 534,579 1.90
People's Union (UP) 402,964 1.43
Sovereign and Popular Italy (ISP) 348,097 1.24
South calls North (ScN) 212,685 0.76 1
Vita (V) 201,538 0.72
South Tyrolean People's PartyPATT (SVP–PATT) 117,010 0.42 2
Us of the CentreEuropeanists (NDC–Eu) 46,109 0.16
Italian Communist Party (PCI) 24,555 0.09
Animalist Party – UCDL – 10VM (PAI–UCDL–10VM) 21,442 0.08
Alternative for Italy (APLI) 16,882 0.06
Party of Creative Madness (PFC) 1,418 0.00
Free (F) 828 0.00
Force of the People (FdP) 815 0.00
Total 28,087,782 100.00 146
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes 1,312,718 4.47
Total turnout 29,355,592 63.79
Registered voters 46,021,956
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Aosta ValleyEdit

The autonomous region of Aosta Valley in northwestern Italy elects one member to the Chamber of Deputies through a direct first-past-the-post election. Some parties that formed electoral coalitions in Italy might have opted to run against one another, or form different coalitions, in this particular region.[2][3]

Candidate Party Votes % Result
Franco Manes Aosta Valley (VdA)[a] 20,763 38.63  Y Elected
Emily Rini LegaFINMFdI 16,016 28.80
Giovanni Girardini Valdostan Renaissance 6,398 11.90
Erika Guichardaz Open Aosta Valley (Open VdA)[b] 5,841 10.87
Loredana Ronc Sovereign and Popular Italy (ISP) 2,302 4.28
Loredana De Rosa People's Union (UP) 1,375 2.56
Davide Ianni Italian Communist Party (PCI) 1,051 1.96
Total 53,746 100.00 1
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes 5,740 9.66
Total turnout 59,490 60.59
Registered voters 98,187
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ Including Democratic Party (PD), Action (A), Italia Viva (IV), Valdostan Union (UV), Valdostan Alliance (AV), United Aosta Valley (VdAU), and Edelweiss (SA)
  2. ^ Including Five Star Movement (M5S), Democratic Area (AD–GA), Environment Rights Equality (ADU), and Italian Left (SI)

Overseas constituenciesEdit

Eight members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by Italians abroad. Two members are elected for North America and Central America (including most of the Caribbean), two members for South America (including Trinidad and Tobago), three members for Europe, and one member for the rest of the world (Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Antarctica). Voters in these regions select candidate lists and cast a preference vote for individual candidates. The seats are allocated by proportional representation. The electoral law allows for parties to form different coalitions on the lists abroad, compared to the lists in Italy; Forza Italia, the League, and Brothers of Italy formed a unified list for abroad constituencies.[4]

Party Votes % Seats
Democratic Party – IDP (PD–IDP) 305,759 28.20 4
LeagueForza ItaliaBrothers of Italy (Lega–FI–FdI) 281,949 26.00 2
Associative Movement of Italians Abroad (MAIE) 141,356 13.04 1
Five Star Movement (M5S) 93,338 8.61 1
South American Union of Italian Emigrants (USEI) 73,241 6.75
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 60,499 5.58
Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) 52,994 4.89
More Europe (+E) 29,971 2.76
Movement of Freedoms (MdL) 18,212 1.68
Italy of the South (IdM) 15,394 1.42
Civic Commitment (IC) 11,590 1.07
Total 1,084,303 100.00 8
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes
Total turnout
Registered voters 4,743,980
Source: Ministry of the Interior

SenateEdit

Overall resultsEdit

Summary of the 25 September 2022 Senate of the Republic election results[5]
 
 
Coalition Party Proportional First-past-the-post Overseas Total
seats
+/−
(seats)
+/−
(seats %)
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Centre-right coalition Brothers of Italy (FdI) 7,167,136 26.01 34 12,129,547 44.02 31 294,712 27.05 65 +47 +26.8 pp
League (Lega) 2,439,200 8.85 13 17 30 –28 –3.4 pp
Forza Italia (FI) 2,279,802 8.27 9 9 18 –39 –9.1 pp
Us Moderates (NM) 243,409 0.88 2 2 –2 –0.3 pp
Total seats 56 59 115 –22 +14.0 pp
Centre-left coalition Democratic Party – IDP (PD–IDP) 5,226,732 18.96 31 7,161,688 25.99 6 370,262 33.98 3 40 –13 +3.2 pp
Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) 972,316 3.53 3 1 4 New New
More Europe (+E) 809,676 2.93 –1 –0.3 pp
Total seats 34 7 3 44 –16 +3.0 pp
Five Star Movement (M5S) 4,285,894 15.55 23 4,285,894 15.55 5 101,794 9.34 28 –84 –21.6 pp
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 2,131,310 7.73 9 2,131,310 7.73 76,070 6.98 9 New New
South Tyrolean People's PartyPATT (SVP–PATT) 2 2 –1 ±0.0 pp
South calls North (ScN) 271,549 0.99 271,549 0.99 1 1 New New
Associative Movement of Italians Abroad (MAIE) 138,758 12.73 1 1 ±0 +0.2 pp
Total 200 −115
Popular vote (party)
FdI
26.01%
PD
18.96%
M5S
15.55%
Lega
8.85%
FI
8.27%
A–IV
7.73%
AVS
3.53%
+E
2.94%
Others
8.16%
Seat distribution (party)
FdI
32.50%
PD
20.00%
Lega
15.00%
M5S
14.00%
FI
9.00%
A–IV
4.50%
AVS
2.00%
NM
1.00%
Others
2.00%
Popular vote (coalition)
CDX
44.02%
CSX
25.99%
M5S
15.55%
A–IV
7.73%
Others
6.71%
Seat distribution (coalition)
CDX
57.50%
CSX
22.00%
M5S
14.00%
A–IV
4.50%
Others
2.00%

Proportional and FPTP resultsEdit

Proportional
Party Votes % Seats
Brothers of Italy (FdI) 7,167,136 26.01 34
Democratic Party – IDP (PD–IDP) 5,226,732 18.96 31
Five Star Movement (M5S) 4,285,894 15.55 23
League (Lega) 2,439,200 8.85 13
Forza Italia (FI) 2,279,802 8.27 9
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 2,131,310 7.73 9
Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) 972,316 3.53 3
More Europe (+E) 809,676 2.93
Italexit for Italy (Italexit) 515,294 1.87
People's Union (UP) 374,051 1.36
Sovereign and Popular Italy (ISP) 309,403 1.12
South calls North (ScN) 271,549 0.99
Us Moderates (NM) 243,409 0.88
Vita (V) 196,656 0.71
Civic Commitment (IC) 153,964 0.56
Italian Communist Party (PCI) 70,961 0.26
Us of the CentreEuropeanists (NDC–Eu) 42,860 0.16
Alternative for Italy (APLI) 40,371 0.15
Animalist Party – UCDL – 10VM (PAI–UCDL–10VM) 16,957 0.06
Workers' Communist Party (PCL) 4,484 0.02
United RightRoyal Italy (DU–IR) 2,412 0.01
Force of the People (FdP) 873 0.01
Total 27,554,310 100.00 122
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes 1,306,598 4.54
Total turnout 28,795,727 63.69
Registered voters 45,210,950
Source: Ministry of the Interior
First-past-the-post (except Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto Adige)
Party or coalition Votes % Seats
Centre-right coalition (CDX) 12,129,547 44.02 56
Centre-left coalition (CSX) 7,161,688 25.99 5
Five Star Movement (M5S) 4,285,894 15.55 5
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 2,131,310 7.73
Italexit for Italy (Italexit) 515,294 1.87
People's Union (UP) 374,051 1.36
Sovereign and Popular Italy (ISP) 309,403 1.12
South calls North (ScN) 271,549 0.99 1
Us Moderates (NM) 243,409 0.88
Vita (V) 196,656 0.71
Civic Commitment (IC) 153,964 0.56
Italian Communist Party (PCI) 70,961 0.26
Us of the CentreEuropeanists (NDC–Eu) 42,860 0.16
Alternative for Italy (APLI) 40,371 0.15
Animalist Party – UCDL – 10VM (PAI–UCDL–10VM) 16,957 0.06
Workers' Communist Party (PCL) 4,484 0.02
United RightRoyal Italy (DU–IR) 2,412 0.01
Force of the People (FdP) 873 0.01
Total 27,554,310 100.00 67
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes 1,306,598 4.54
Total turnout 28,795,727 63.69
Registered voters 45,210,950
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto AdigeEdit

Candidate Party Votes % Result
Nicoletta Spelgatti LegaFINMFdI 18,509 34.05  Y Elected
Patrik Vesan Aosta Valley (VdA)[a] 18,282 33.63
Augusto Rollandin For the Autonomy (PlA) 7,272 13.38
Daria Pulz Open Aosta Valley (Open VdA)[b] 5,448 10.02
Alessandro Bianchini Sovereign and Popular Italy (ISP) 1,569 2.89
Francesco Lucat People's Union (UP) 1,311 2.41
Guglielmo Leray Italian Communist Party (PCI) 1,051 1.93
Larisa Bargan Vita (V) 917 1.69
Total 54,359 100.00 1
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes 5,131 8.62
Total turnout 59,490 60.59
Registered voters 98,187
Source:[citation needed]
Party Votes % Seats
LegaFINMFdI 137,015 27.24 2
South Tyrolean People's PartyPATT (SVP–PATT) 116,003 23.06 2
CB+EAVSPD–IDPA–IV 100,602 20.00 1
Five Star Movement (M5S) 28,355 5.64
PD–IDP+EAVS 21,894 4.35 1
Vita (V) 17,876 3.55
Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) 17,574 3.49
Sovereign and Popular Italy (ISP) 15,252 3.03
Die Freiheitlichen (DF) 14,479 2.88
Team K (TK) 11,157 2.22
Democratic Party – IDP (PD–IDP) 9,612 1.91
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 6,782 1.35
People's Union (UP) 6,353 1.26
Total 502,954 100.00 6
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes 32,625 6.09
Total turnout 811,006 66.04
Registered voters
Source:[citation needed]
  1. ^ Including Democratic Party (PD), Action (A), Italia Viva (IV), Valdostan Union (UV), Valdostan Alliance (AV), United Aosta Valley (VdAU), and Edelweiss (SA)
  2. ^ Including Five Star Movement (M5S), Democratic Area (AD–GA), Environment Rights Equality (ADU), and Italian Left (SI)

Overseas constituenciesEdit

Four members of the Senate of the Republic are elected by Italians abroad. One member is elected for North America and Central America (including most of the Caribbean), one member for South America (including Trinidad and Tobago), one member for Europe, and one for the rest of the world (Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Antarctica). Voters in these regions select candidate lists and cast a preference vote for individual candidates. The seats are allocated by proportional representation. The electoral law allows for parties to form different coalitions on the lists abroad, compared to the lists in Italy; since January 2018, Forza Italia, the League, and Brothers of Italy have formed a unified list for abroad constituencies.[6]

Party Votes % Seats
Democratic Party – IDP (PD–IDP) 370,262 33.98 3
LeagueForza ItaliaBrothers of Italy (Lega–FI–FdI) 294,712 27.05
Associative Movement of Italians Abroad (MAIE) 138,758 12.73 1
Five Star Movement (M5S) 101,794 9.34
Action – Italia Viva (A–IV) 76,070 6.98
South American Union of Italian Emigrants (USEI) 55,875 5.13
Movement of Freedoms (MdL) 23,357 2.14
Civic Commitment (IC) 14,632 1.34
Italy of the South (IdM) 14,229 1.31
Total 1,089,689 100.00 4
Invalid / blank / unassigned votes
Total turnout
Registered voters 4,743,980
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Voter turnoutEdit

Year Voter turnout Voters Registered voters Population Invalid votes
1946 89.08% 24,947,187 28,005,449 44,994,000 7.70%
1948 92.23% 26,854,203 29,117,554 45,706,000 2.20%
1953 93.87% 28,410,851 30,267,080 47,756,000 4.30%
1958 93.72% 30,399,708 32,436,022 49,041,000 2.80%
1963 92.88% 31,766,058 34,201,660 50,498,000 3.20%
1968 92.79% 33,003,249 35,566,681 52,910,000 3.60%
1972 93.18% 34,524,106 37,049,654 54,410,000 3.20%
1976 93.37% 37,741,404 40,423,131 55,701,000 2.70%
1979 90.35% 38,112,228 42,181,664 56,292,000 3.90%
1983 89.02% 39,114,321 43,936,534 56,836,000 5.70%
1987 88.86% 40,599,490 45,689,829 57,345,000 4.90%
1992 87.44% 41,479,764 47,435,964 56,859,000 5.40%
1994 86.14% 41,461,260 48,135,041 57,049,000 5.90%
1996 82.91% 40,496,438 48,846,238 57,239,000 7.80%
2001 81.44% 40,195,500 49,358,947 57,684,294 7.20%
2006 83.62% 39,298,497 46,997,601 58,103,033 2.90%
2008 80.54% 37,954,253 47,126,326 58,147,733 5.10%
2013 75.19% 35,271,541 46,905,154 61,482,297 3.59%
2018 72.93% 33,923,321 46,505,499 60,589,445 4.33%

Graph of general election resultsEdit

This graph shows the results of elections held in Italy from 1946 to today, with the percentages of consensus gathered by the various parties and movements displayed by color. Passing your mouse over the different colored sections will display the name of the grouping and the percentage in the corresponding election. Clicking on a region will direct you to the article on the party or election selected.

Birth of the Italian Republic#Referendum1946 Italian general election1948 Italian general election1953 Italian general election1958 Italian general election1963 Italian general election1968 Italian general election1972 Italian general election1976 Italian general election1979 Italian general election1983 Italian general election1987 Italian general election1992 Italian general election1994 Italian general election1996 Italian general election2001 Italian general election2006 Italian general election2008 Italian general election2013 Italian general electionItalian Communist Party 18,93Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 20,68Action Party 1,45Italian Republican Party 4,36OthersChristian Democracy 35,21National Democratic Union 6,78National Bloc of Freedom 2,77Common Man's Front 5,27Popular Democratic Front 30,98Italian Democratic Socialist Party 7,07Italian Republican Party 2,48OthersChristian Democracy 48,51National Bloc 3,82Monarchist National Party 2,78Italian Social Movement 2,01Italian Communist Party 22,6Italian Socialist Party 12,7OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 4,52Italian Republican Party 1,62Christian Democracy 40,1Italian Liberal Party 3,01Monarchist National Party 6,85Italian Social Movement 5,84Italian Communist Party 22,68Italian Socialist Party 14,23OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 4,55Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37Christian Democracy 42,36Italian Liberal Party 3,54People's Monarchist Party 2,63Monarchist National Party 2,23Italian Social Movement 4,76Italian Communist Party 25,26Italian Socialist Party 13,84OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 6,10Italian Republican Party 1,37Christian Democracy 38,29Italian Liberal Party 6,97Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,75Italian Social Movement 5,11Italian Communist Party 26,91Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 4,45OthersUnified Socialist Party 14,48Italian Republican Party 1,97Christian Democracy 39,12Italian Liberal Party 5,82Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,30Italian Social Movement 4,45Communist Party of Italy Marxist-Leninist 0,26Manifesto 0,67Political Movement of Workers 0,36Italian Communist Party 27,15Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 1,94Italian Socialist Party 9,61OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 5,14Italian Republican Party 2,86Christian Democracy 38,66Italian Liberal Party 3,88Italian Social Movement 8,67Proletarian Democracy 1,51Italian Communist Party 34,37Italian Socialist Party 9,65OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 3,37Radical Party 1,07Italian Republican Party 3,09Christian Democracy 38,71Italian Liberal Party 1,30Italian Social Movement 6,11Proletarian Unity Party 1,37New Left United 0,80Italian Communist Party 30,38Italian Socialist Party 9,81OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 3,84Radical Party 3,45Italian Republican Party 3,03Christian Democracy 38,30Italian Liberal Party 1,94National Democracy 0,63Italian Social Movement 5,26Proletarian Democracy 1,47Italian Communist Party 29,89Italian Socialist Party 11,44OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 4,09Radical Party 2,19Italian Republican Party 5,08Christian Democracy 32,93Italian Liberal Party 2,89Italian Social Movement 6,81Proletarian Democracy 1,66Italian Communist Party 26,57Italian Socialist Party 14,27Federation of Green Lists 2,51OthersItalian Democratic Socialist Party 2,96Radical Party 2,56Italian Republican Party 3,70Christian Democracy 34,31Italian Liberal Party 2,10Italian Social Movement 5,91Communist Refoundation Party 5,62Democratic Party of the Left 16,11Italian Socialist Party 13,62Greens 2,79OthersThe Network 1,86Italian Democratic Socialist Party 2,71Pannella List 1,24Italian Republican Party 4,39Christian Democracy 29,66Northern League 8,65Italian Liberal Party 2,86Italian Social Movement 5,37Communist Refoundation Party 6,05Democratic Party of the Left 20,36Italian Socialist Party 2,19Greens 2,70Democratic Alliance 1,18The Network 1,86OthersSegni Pact 4,68Italian People's Party 11,07Pannella List 3,51Northern League 8,36Forza Italia 21,01National Alliance 13,47Communist Refoundation Party 8,6Democratic Party of the Left 21,1Greens 2,5Italian Renewal 4,3Populars for Prodi 6,8OthersNorthern League 10,1Pannella-Sgarbi List 1,9CCD - CDU 5,8CCD - CDU 5,8Forza Italia 20,6National Alliance 15,7Tricolour Flame 0,9Communist Refoundation Party 5,03Party of Italian Communists 1,67Democrats of the Left 16,57The Daisy 14,52The Sunflower 2,17Italy of Values 3,89Bonino List 2,24European Democracy 2,39OthersNew PSI 0,95Northern League 3,94White Flower 3,22Forza Italia 29,43National Alliance 12,02Tricolour Flame 0,39Communist Refoundation Party 5,84Party of Italian Communists 2,31L'Ulivo 31,27Greens 2,05Rose in the Fist 2,59Italy of Values 2,29UDEUR 1,39Others of UnionOthersOthers of House of FreedomsNorthern League 4,58Union of Christian and Centre Democrats 6,76Forza Italia 23,71National Alliance 12,33Social Alternative 0,66Tricolour Flame 0,60Workers' Communist Party 0,57Critical Left 0,45The Left – The Rainbow 3,08Democratic Party 33,17Italy of Values 4,37Socialist Party 0,97OthersUnion of the Centre 5,62Movement for Autonomy 1,12Northern League 8,29The People of Freedom 37,38The Right–Tricolour Flame 2,428Left Ecology Freedom 3,16Democratic Party 25,52Civil Revolution 2,19Others 4,00Civic Choice 8,58Union of the Centre 1,74Five Star Movement 25,14Northern League 3,98The People of Freedom 21,37 
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ReferendumsEdit

The constitution of Italy provides for two kinds of binding referendums.

A legislative referendum can be called in order to abrogate a law totally or partially, if requested by 500,000 electors or five regional councils. This kind of referendum is valid only if at least a majority of electors goes to the polling station. It is forbidden to call a referendum regarding financial laws or laws relating to pardons or the ratification of international treaties.

A constitutional referendum can be called in order to approve a constitutional law or amendment only when it has been approved by the Houses (Chamber of Deputies and Senate of the Republic) with a majority of less than two thirds in both or either House, and only at the request of one fifth of the members of either House, or 500,000 electors or five Regional Councils. A constitutional referendum is valid no matter how many electors go to the polling station. Any citizen entitled to vote in an election may participate in a referendum.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Eligendo: Camera [Scrutini] (esclusa Valle d'Aosta)". Eligendo (in Italian). Italian Ministry of the Interior. 25 September 2022. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Elezioni: Valle d'Aosta, ammesse tutte le nove liste candidate" (in Italian). ANSA. 23 August 2022. Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  3. ^ "Collegio uninominale Valle d'Aosta – U01 (Aosta) (Precedente: 04/03/2018)" (in Italian). Italian Minister of the Interior. 25 September 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  4. ^ "Elezioni, 'Salvini, Berlusconi, Meloni' e il tricolore, il simbolo del centro-destra per l'estero". Affaritaliani (in Italian). 21 January 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Eligendo: Senato [Scrutini] Italia (escluse Valle d'Aosta e Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol)". Eligendo (in Italian). Italian Ministry of the Interior. 25 September 2022. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  6. ^ "Elezioni, 'Salvini, Berlusconi, Meloni' e il tricolore, il simbolo del centro-destra per l'estero". Affaritaliani (in Italian). 21 January 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2022.

External linksEdit