2019 European Parliament election in Italy
The 2019 European Parliament election in Italy will be held on 26 May 2019, electing members of the 9th Italian delegation to the European Parliament as part of the European elections held across the European Union.
All 76 Italian seats to the European Parliament
The party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic from its establishment in 1946 to 1994, thus it was also adopted to elect the Italian members of the European Parliament (MEPs) since 1979.
Two levels were introduced: a national level to divide the seats among parties and a constituency level to distribute them among candidates in open lists. Five constituencies were established, each including 2–5 regions and each electing a fixed number of MEPs. At national level, seats are divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. Seats are allocated to parties and then to their most voted candidates.
In the run-up to the 2009 European Parliament election, the Italian Parliament introduced a national threshold of 4%. An exception was granted for parties representing some linguistic minorities: such lists can be connected with one of the major parties, combining their votes, provided that those parties reach the 4% threshold and that candidates from minority parties obtain a sufficient number of votes, no less than 50,000.
In 2014 the governing Democratic Party (PD) of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi won the election with 40.8% of the vote and 31 seats, followed by the Five Star Movement (M5S) with 21.2% and 17 seats, and Forza Italia (FI) with 16.8% and 13 seats. As a result, the PD was the second largest national party in the European Parliament by number of seats after the German CDU/CSU and the largest among the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D). The PD's score was also the best result for an Italian party in a nationwide election since the 1958 general election, when the Christian Democracy (DC) won 42.4% of the vote.
However in December 2016, after less than three years from the 2014 electoral landslide, Renzi was forced to resign after the defeat in the constitutional referendum and his foreign affairs minister, Paolo Gentiloni, was appointed new head of government. Moreover the 2018 general election was characterized by a strong showing of "populist" parties. The centre-right coalition, led by Matteo Salvini's right-wing League, emerged with a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate, while the anti-establishment M5S led by Luigi Di Maio became the party with the largest number of votes; Renzi's centre-left came only third, with the worst electoral result of its history. However, no political group or party won an outright majority, resulting in a hung parliament. After three months of negotiation, a government was finally formed on 1 June by the M5S and the League, with the M5S-linked independent Giuseppe Conte as Prime Minister, and Di Maio and Salvini Deputy Prime Ministers.
In March 2019 Nicola Zingaretti was elected secretary of the PD. Subsequently, in April, he presented a special logo for the election, including a large reference to "We Are Europeans", a manifesto launched by Carlo Calenda, and the symbol of the Party of European Socialists (PES). Additionally, the PD is trying to forge an alliance with the Article One (MDP) and minor parties. March and April registered more developments on the centre-left side of the political spectrum: under the new leadership of Benedetto Della Vedova, More Europe formed a joint list with Italy in Common (IiC), the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), the Italian Republican Party (PRI), the Italian section of the European Democratic Party (EDP) and minor parties; Italian Left (SI), the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC), minor parties and individual splinters from the disbanded Free and Equal (LeU) formed The Left (LS), a joint list inspired by the Party of the European Left (PEL); the Federation of the Greens (FdV), Possible (Pos) and Green Italy (GI) formed Green Europe (EV), under the banner of the European Green Party (EGP). On the centre-right side, FI welcomed in its lists candidates of the Union of the Centre (UdC) and several alike minor parties, while Brothers of Italy (FdI) formed a partnership with Direction Italy and minor groups.
Parties and leadersEdit
This is a list of the main active parties which would likely participate in the election and/or are polled in most opinion surveys.
|Democratic Party[a] (PD)||Social democracy||Nicola Zingaretti||S&D|
29 / 73
|Five Star Movement (M5S)||Populism||Luigi Di Maio||EFDD|
14 / 73
|Forza Italia[b] (FI)||Liberal conservatism||Silvio Berlusconi||EPP|
13 / 73
|League[c] (Lega)||Right-wing populism||Matteo Salvini||ENF|
6 / 73
|Brothers of Italy[d] (FdI)||National conservatism||Giorgia Meloni||ECR|
4 / 73
|The Left[e] (LS)||Democratic socialism||Nicola Fratoianni||GUE/NGL|
3 / 73
|Green Europe[f] (EV)||Green politics||several leaders||Greens/EFA|
2 / 73
|More Europe[g] (+E)||Liberalism||Benedetto Della Vedova||ALDE|
1 / 73
- Running as "Democratic Party–We Are Europeans–PES" and including Article One and Demo.S. The list will also form an alliance with the French-speaking minority list ApE from Aosta Valley, composed of UV, UVP, ALPE, SA and EPAV. PD has 26 MEPs, MDP three.
- Including UdC, IdeA, CP, MpA, NPSI, RC, EpI and individual members of NcI. The list will also form an alliance with SVP, German- and Ladin-speaking minority list from South Tyrol, for the occasion also including PATT from Trentino and SSk from Friuli-Venezia Giulia. FI has 11 MEPs, UdC one, SVP one.
- Including (in the South) NcS and MNS.
- Including DI, (in the North-East) AAC from South Tyrol and (in the Islands) DB from Sicily. FdI and DI have two MEPs each.
- Including SI, PRC, AET, PdS and individual splinters from the disbanded LeU. SI has two MEPs, one sitting with S&D and one with GUE–NGL, PRC one, sitting with GUE–NGL.
- Including FdV, Pos, GI and (in the North-East) Grüne. FdV and Pos have one MEP each, sitting with Greens/EFA and S&D, respectively.
- Including IiC, PSI, PRI, the EDP's Italian section and (in the North-East) TK from South Tyrol.
In the following table the top candidates of each party/list in the five constituencies are listed.
Main parties' slogansEdit
|Party||Original slogan||English translation||Refs|
|Democratic Party||Una nuova Europa, un'Italia più forte||"A New Europe, a Stronger Italy"|||
|Five Star Movement||Continuare per Cambiare||"Continue to Change"|||
|Forza Italia||Per Cambiare l'Europa||"To Change Europe"|||
|League||Prima l'Italia||"Italy First"|||
|Brothers of Italy||In Europa per Cambiare Tutto||"In Europe to Change Everything"|||
|The Left||Noi con Te||"Us with You"|||
|Green Europe||Tocca a Noi||"It's up to Us"|||
|More Europe||Un'altra Italia c'è||"There is another Italy"|||
Poll results are listed according to the date of publication of the survey. Detailed data are usually published in the official website of the Italian government. The publication of opinion polls during the last 15 days of the electoral campaign is forbidden by Italian law.
|Party||European party||Main candidate||Votes||%||+/−||Seats||+/−|
0 / 76
|Five Star Movement||None||TBD||
0 / 76
0 / 76
0 / 76
|The People of Family–AP||EPP||TBD||
0 / 76
0 / 76
|Brothers of Italy||ECR||TBD||
0 / 76
0 / 76
0 / 76
|South Tyrolean People's Party||EPP||TBD||
0 / 73
|Autonomies for Europe||EFA||TBD||
0 / 73
0 / 73
0 / 76
|Populars for Italy||EPP||TBD||new||
0 / 76
0 / 76
0 / 73
0 / 73
|Blank and Invalid votes|
|Electorate and voter turnout||0|
|Source: Ministry of the Interior|
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- Angela Giuffrida (3 March 2019). "Nicola Zingaretti elected as leader of Italy's Democratic party". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "Simbolo di unità. Nicola Zingaretti svela il logo Pd-SiamoEuropei". Huffington Post (in Italian). 30 March 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- Il simbolo c'è, l'intesa con MDP quasi
- "Pizzarotti «lascia» i Verdi e si schiera con +Europa: in arrivo la lista per Strasburgo". Il Sole 24 ORE.
- "Europee, la delusione dei Verdi dopo l'addio di Pizzarotti: "Ci avevano cercato loro, potevano dircelo prima"". Repubblica.it. 27 March 2019.
- Vytiska, Herbert (22 October 2018). "Südtirol: Erschütterung für alte Parteistrukturen". Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Europee, vince "La Sinistra": scelto online il nome degli eredi della lista Tsipras
- Europa Verde: un progetto comune di Verdi e Possibili per le Europee
- Europee 2019, la lista Europa Verde nasce in uno dei Fridays for Future
- Pd, ecco il simbolo per il 26 maggio. Pisapia capolista al Nord-Ovest
- Elezioni Europee, le liste e i candidati all'Europarlamento
- Europee: ecco le 5 donne capolista del M5S
- Europee, cinque donne capolista con il Movimento 5 Stelle
- Berlusconi: "Non sarò capolista ovunque, Tajani al centro"
- Verso le Europee, ecco i principali candidati dei partiti italiani
- Europee, Salvini capolista ovunque
- Lega, i candidati alle elezioni europee 2019: Salvini capolista in tutta Italia, fuori Borghezio
- Europee, Giorgia Meloni capolista in tutta Italia. Fitto al Sud sarà il numero due della lista
- "Europee, parte oggi la corsa dei «veri amici di Tsipras»" (in Italian). Il Manifesto. 14 April 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
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- Partito Democratico – Facebook
- L'Italia più forte in una nuova Europa
- Movimento 5 Stelle – Facebook
- Continuare X Cambiare – Blog delle Stelle
- Svelato il simbolo di Forza Italia per le Europee: "Berlusconi per cambiare l'Europa"
- Berlusconi mostra simbolo europee "Berlusconi per cambiare l'Europa"
- Matteo Salvini – Facebook
- Matteo Salvini: Prima l'Italia
- Giorgia Meloni – Facebook
- "In Europa per cambiare tutto". Giorgia Meloni apre la campagna elettorale a Torino
- La Sinistra – Noi con Te
- Noi con te. In Europa La Sinistra femminista, ecologista, antirazzista
- Green Europe - Twitter
- Più Europa – Official website
- Più Europa – Facebook
- List connected with Forza Italia
- List connected with the Democratic Party
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