1865 Italian general election

General elections were held in Italy on 22 October 1865, with a second round of voting on 29 October.[1] It was the second one in the history of Italy.

1865 Italian general election

← 1861 22 October 1865 (first round)
29 October 1865 (second round)
1867 →

All 443 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
222 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
Leader Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora Urbano Rattazzi Giuseppe Mazzini
Party Historical Right Historical Left Historical Far Left

Constituencies used for the elections

Prime Minister before election

Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Right

Elected Prime Minister

Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Right

Electoral campaign


The Historical Right was led by the former Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia, Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora, a long-time general who fought during the Italian unification.

On the other hand, the bloc of the Historical Left was led by Urbano Rattazzi, a liberal politician who was between the founders of the Italian left-wing parliamentary group.

In opposition to the two main blocs there were a third party known as The Extreme, a far-left coalition, under the leadership of Giuseppe Mazzini, an Italian revolutionary and a key figure of the Unification.

On 22 and 29 October only 504,263 men of a total population of around 23 million were entitled to vote.[2] Right-wing candidates emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament with around 41% of the 443 seats.[3] They were largely aristocrats representing rentiers from the north of the country, and held moderate political views including loyalty to the crown and low government spending;[4] the general La Marmora was appointed Prime Minister by the king Victor Emmanuel II.

Parties and leaders

Party Ideology Leader
Historical Right Conservatism Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Left Liberalism Urbano Rattazzi
Historical Far Left Radicalism Giuseppe Mazzini


PartyVotes%% of seats
Historical Right41.2
Historical Left35.2
Historical Far Left3.5
Valid votes259,03595.26
Invalid/blank votes12,8884.74
Total votes271,923100.00
Registered voters/turnout504,26353.92
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1049
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1082
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1028