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HistoryEdit

Electoral allianceEdit

More Europe was launched in November 2017, seeking to participate in the 2018 general election within the centre-left coalition centred on the Democratic Party (PD).[9] The founding members were two liberal and distinctively pro-Europeanist parties: the Italian Radicals (RI), whose leading members included Emma Bonino (a former minister of International Commerce and Foreign Affairs), Riccardo Magi and Marco Cappato, and Forza Europa (FE), led by Benedetto Della Vedova, a former Radical elected in 2013 with Future and Freedom (FLI) and later transitated through Civic Choice (SC). The RI and FE were joined by individual members of the Civics and Innovators (CI) sub-group in the Chamber of Deputies, formed by former SC members (two CI deputies, Andrea Mazziotti and Stefano Dambruoso, were already involved with FE).

Angelo Bonelli, coordinator of the Federation of the Greens, had earlier proposed to the Radicals a joint list together with Progressive Camp (CP), a would-be party launched by Giuliano Pisapia, named "Ecology, Europe, Rights".[10] However, Pisapia announced that he would not participate in the election and declared CP's experience over, while the Radicals organised +Eu and the Greens would form an alternative list named Together.

2018 general electionEdit

In early January 2018 Bonino and Della Vedova announced that +Eu would run as a stand-alone list, due to technical reasons associated with the new electoral laws.[11] While the PD leadership was trying to find a solution to those problems,[12] on 4 January, Bruno Tabacci, leader of the centrist, mostly Christian-democratic and also pro-Europeanist Democratic Centre (CD), announced that his party would join the coalition +Eu, in alliance with the PD, in order to overcome those issues.[13][14][15][16] Later in January, +Eu was enlarged also to the Progressive Area (AP), a small left-wing party emerged from the dissolution of the aforementioned CP.[17][18]

The list won 2.6% of the vote in the election, falling short of the 3% threshold, but had three elects in single-seat constituencies (Bonino to the Senate, Magi and Tabacci to the Chamber) and one among Italians abroad (Alessandro Fusacchia, a Radical, in the European constituency). After the election, +Eu was part of the opposition to Giuseppe Conte's first government, composed of a coalition of the Five Star Movement (M5S) and the League.

Political partyEdit

In July 2018 +Eu started to organise itself as a full-fledged party. It was decided that a committee, presided by Gianfranco Spadaccia (a long-time Radical), would lead +Eu until the founding congress, scheduled for January 2019. The newly-formed committee appointed Della Vedova as coordinator.[19] In January 2019, at the congress, Della Vedova was elected secretary of +Eu with 55.7% of the vote, defeating Marco Cappato (30.2%) and Alessandro Fusacchia (14.1%).[20][21]

In February 2019 the party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party.[22]

2019 European electionEdit

In the run-up to the 2019 European Parliament election +Eu was joined by: Italy in Common (IiC), a green and progressive party led by Federico Pizzarotti;[23][24][25] the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), a minor social-democratic party, member of the Party of European Socialists (PES);[26][27] the Italian Republican Party (PRI);[28][29] the Italian section of the European Democratic Party (EDP/PDE), led by Francesco Rutelli; and, in the North-East, Team Köllensperger (TK), a liberal party from South Tyrol, observer member of the ALDE Party.[30] The slates included, along with Bonino and Della Vedova: David Borrelli and Daniela Aiuto, two MEPs both originally elected with the M5S; Federica Sabbati, a former secretary-general of the ALDE Party; and art critic Philippe Daverio.[31][32][33]

In the election the party obtained 3.1% of the vote, falling short of the 4% threshold, and, thus, no MEPs.

Conte II cabinet and departure of CDEdit

In August 2019 tensions grew within the coalition supporting the government, leading to the issuing of a motion of no-confidence by the League.[34] During the following government crisis, the M5S and the PD agreed to form a new cabinet together, under Conte.[35] In September, +Eu decided not to support the newly-formed Conte II Cabinet, despite opposition by Tabacci, Magi and Fusacchia.[36][37] The three voted in favour of the government in the Chamber, while Bonino voted against in the Senate.[38] Consequently, Tabacci led his faction (CD) out of +Eu.[39][40] However, some leading members of CD, notably including Fabrizio Ferrandelli, chose to stay within +Eu.[41] Della Vedova reassured that the party would continue activity also after CD's departure.[42]

In October, also Fusacchia announced he was leaving the party, which was left with only one deputy.[43]

CompositionEdit

Election resultsEdit

Italian ParliamentEdit

Chamber of Deputies
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
2018 841,468 (7th) 2.56
3 / 630
Emma Bonino
Senate of the Republic
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
2018 714,821 (7th) 2.37
1 / 315
Emma Bonino

European ParliamentEdit

European Parliament
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
2019 833,443 (6th)[a] 3.11
0 / 76
Benedetto Della Vedova
  1. ^ In a joint list with Italy in Common and Italian Socialist Party.

Regional CouncilsEdit

Region Election year Votes % Seats +/–
Piedmont 2019 34,993 (9th) 1.82
0 / 51
Lombardy 2018 108,743 (8th) 2.07
1 / 80
  1
Lazio 2018 52,451 (9th) 2.06
1 / 50
  1
Abruzzo 2019 14,198 (12th) 2.36
0 / 31

LeadershipEdit

PartyEdit

FederationEdit

SymbolsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ ""Forza Europa" piace ai francesi e si fa lista (con i Radicali). Nasce "+ Europa"". www.ilfoglio.it.
  3. ^ Ciglio, Rosa (7 February 2018). "Altro che PD, il vero centrosinistra è +Europa con Emma Bonino".
  4. ^ Scopece, Maria (2 November 2017). "Ecco il programma dei Radicali stile Bonino pro Forza Europa nel centrosinistra". Formiche.net.
  5. ^ a b "Bonino, i dem e gli Stati Uniti d'Europa". Democratica.
  6. ^ "Italy". Europe Elects.
  7. ^ "ALDE supports Più Europa ahead of Italian elections | ALDE Party".
  8. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Parties and Elections in Europe". parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Pd-Radicali, aperta la trattativa per un'intesa elettorale. Il segretario Magi: "Percorso avviato"". L’Huffington Post. 13 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Radicali italiani, ecco la lista europeista di Bonino e Della Vedova". Repubblica.it. 23 November 2017.
  11. ^ Politica, Redazione (1 January 2018). "Bonino: "La lista +Europa costretta a correre da sola alle elezioni"". Corriere della Sera.
  12. ^ "Elezioni, Renzi: Speriamo di risolvere I problemi con Più Europa".
  13. ^ Bozza, Claudio (1 April 2018). "Tabacci "salva" la lista di Bonino: "+Europa ci sarà"". Corriere della Sera.
  14. ^ "Elezioni, Tabacci salva la lista di Emma Bonino: "Niente firme, il 4 marzo ci saremo"". LaStampa.it.
  15. ^ "Rosatellum, Tabacci: "Esenzione simbolo Centro Democratico a disposizione per lista Bonino"". Repubblica.it. 4 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Gentiloni conferma la coalizione a 4: "Pd in corsa con +Europa, Civica Popolare e Insieme"". Repubblica.it. 20 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Più Mezzogiorno".
  18. ^ "Elezioni: area progressista a sostegno di +Europa". 18 January 2018.
  19. ^ "+EUROPA È RIPARTITA!". 14 July 2018.
  20. ^ Trocino, Alessandro (27 January 2019). "+Europa: è testa a testa tra Cappato e Della Vedova". Corriere della Sera.
  21. ^ "+Europa, Della Vedova eletto segretario" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 27 January 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  22. ^ "ALDE Party Council meets in Berlin | ALDE Party".
  23. ^ "Pizzarotti "lascia" i Verdi e si schiera con +Europa: in arrivo la lista per Strasburgo". Il Sole 24 ORE.
  24. ^ "Europee. Alleanza elettorale fra Più Europa e il movimento di Pizzarotti". Repubblica.it. 27 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Europee, la delusione dei Verdi dopo l'addio di Pizzarotti: "Ci avevano cercato loro, potevano dircelo prima"". Repubblica.it. 27 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Più Europa più Psi".
  27. ^ "PIU' EUROPA E PARTITO SOCIALISTA: ACCORDO PER LISTA UNITARIA ALLE EUROPEE DEL 2019". 10 April 2019.
  28. ^ http://www.partitorepubblicanoitaliano.it/new/Elezioni%20Europee%202019/ACCORDO%20PROGRAMMATICO%20EUROPA%20PRI.htm
  29. ^ http://www.partitorepubblicanoitaliano.it/new/Elezioni%20Europee%202019/ACCORDO%20PROGRAMMATICO%20EUROPA%20PRI.pdf
  30. ^ Vytiska, Herbert (22 October 2018). "Südtirol: Erschütterung für alte Parteistrukturen". Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  31. ^ "Europee, Pizzarotti capolista +Europa Nord-Est, Bonino al Centro". corrieredisiena.corr.it.
  32. ^ "EUROPEE Più Europa, PSI, Italia in Comune, PDE chiudono le liste". 14 April 2019.
  33. ^ https://be.linkedin.com/in/federicasabbati
  34. ^ Horowitz, Jason (20 August 2019). "Italy's Government Collapses, Turning Chaos Into Crisis" – via NYTimes.com.
  35. ^ "Conte wins crucial support for new Italian govt coalition". Washington Post.
  36. ^ "Direzione Più Europa: "Opposizione costruttiva europeista al Conte bis"". +Europa. 2 September 2019.
  37. ^ "+Europa si spacca sul Conte bis". Adnkronos.
  38. ^ "Gli interventi dei deputati di Più Europa in occasione della fiducia al Conte Bis". +Europa. 11 September 2019.
  39. ^ "+Europa si spacca, Tabacci rompe con Bonino". Adnkronos.
  40. ^ "Tabacci spacca +Europa: "Emma Bonino ha scelto l'opposizione a Conte con i nemici dell'Ue. Un incomprensibile suicidio"". Il Fatto Quotidiano. 27 September 2019.
  41. ^ "Più Europa, Ferrandelli: "Io resto, non seguo Tabacci e il Centro Democratico"". L'Opinione della Sicilia (in Italian). 27 September 2019. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  42. ^ "Benedetto Della Vedova: "Il Pd sopravviverà all'uscita di Renzi, così come +Europa a quella di Tabacci"". Linkiesta (in Italian). 27 September 2019. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  43. ^ "+Europa, via un altro deputato. Fusacchia lascia e attacca: "Abbiamo perso l'80% degli iscritti. E il no al Conte bis è stato un errore"". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 11 October 2019. Retrieved 16 October 2019.

External linksEdit