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Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe, mainly active in the European Union. On 26 March 1976, it was founded in Stuttgart as a confederation of national political parties under the name Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe and renamed European Liberals and Democrats (ELD) in 1977 and European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) in 1986. On 30 April 2004, the ELDR was reformed as an official European party, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party).[3] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International[4] and a recognised European political party, incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
PresidentHans van Baalen MEP
Group leaderDacian Cioloș MEP
Founded26 March 1976[1]
HeadquartersRue d'Idalie 11,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tankEuropean Liberal Forum
Youth wingEuropean Liberal Youth
IdeologyLiberalism[2]
Pro-Europeanism
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament group
Colours               Dark blue, light blue, magenta
     Yellow (customary)
European Parliament
81 / 751
European Council
6 / 28
European Lower Houses
723 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
244 / 2,714
Website
www.aldeparty.eu

On 10 November 2012, the party chose its current name of ALDE Party, taken from its then-European Parliament group, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which had been formed on 20 July 2004 in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). Prior to the 2004 European election the European party had been represented through its own group, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) Group. In June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by Renew Europe.

As of 2019, ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 81 MEPs and four members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are six with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands, Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Jüri Ratas (Estonian Centre Party) in Estonia, Charles Michel (MR) in Belgium, Marjan Šarec (LMS) in Slovenia, and Andrej Babiš (ANO) in the Czech Republic. Liberals are also in government in three other EU member states: France, Croatia, Latvia and Lithuania.

ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Vedrana Gujic (HNS, Croatia), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2014, and counts 200,000 members.

StructureEdit

PresidentsEdit

History of pan-European liberalismEdit

 
ELDR Party logo (2009–2012).

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. On 26 March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established in Stuttgart. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg.[6] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party.[6] In 1977, the federation was renamed European Liberals and Democrats, in 1986, European Liberal Democrats and Reformists.

It evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party) in 2004, when it was founded as an official European party under that name and incorporated under Belgian law at an extraordinary Congress in Brussels, held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union. At the same time the matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists Group allied with the members of the newly elected European Democratic Party, forming the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament.

On 10 November 2012, the ELDR Party adopted the name of the alliance between the two parties, in order to match the parliamentary group and the alliance.

On 12 June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by a new, enlarged group Renew Europe.[7]

European Council and Council of MinistersEdit

Member Representative Political party Member of the Council since Photo
  Netherlands Mark Rutte VVD 14 October 2010  
  Luxembourg Xavier Bettel DP 4 December 2013  
  Estonia Jüri Ratas Kesk 23 November 2016  
  Czech Republic Andrej Babiš ANO 6 December 2017  
  Slovenia Marjan Šarec LMŠ 13 September 2018  
  Belgium Sophie Wilmès MR 27 October 2019  

European CommissionersEdit

ALDE Member Parties contribute four out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
  Sweden Cecilia Malmström Trade L  
  Slovenia Violeta Bulc Transport SMC  
  Czech Republic Věra Jourová Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality ANO  
  Denmark Margrethe Vestager Competition RV  

Elected representatives of member partiesEdit

European institutionsEdit

Organisation Institution Number of seats
  European Union European Commission
4 / 28
European Council
(Heads of Government)
6 / 28
Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
9 / 28
European Parliament
81 / 751
  Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National parliaments of European Union member statesEdit

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
  Austria National Council
10 / 183
NEOS
  Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
34 / 150
MR, Open Vld
Senate
Upper house
13 / 60
MR, Open Vld
  Bulgaria National Assembly
25 / 240
MRF
  Croatia Sabor
13 / 151
HNS, IDS-DDI, HSLS,

Glas

  Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
78 / 200
ANO
Senate
Upper house
7 / 81
ANO
  Denmark Folketing
42 / 175
V, RV
  Estonia State Council
60 / 101
ER, EK
  Finland Parliament
41 / 200
Kesk., SFP
  France National Assembly
Lower house
28 / 577
UDI, MR
Senate
Upper house
61 / 348
UDI, MR
  Germany Bundestag
80 / 631
FDP
  Hungary Országgyűlés
1 / 199
Liberálisok
  Ireland Dáil
Lower house
44 / 158
FF
Seanad
Upper house
13 / 60
FF
  Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
3 / 630
+E
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
1 / 315
+E
  Lithuania Seimas
14 / 141
LRLS, DP
  Latvia Saeima
4 / 100
LA
  Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
13 / 60
DP
  Malta House of Representatives
0 / 67
PD
  Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
52 / 150
VVD, D66
Senate
Upper house
23 / 75
VVD, D66
  Poland Sejm
Lower house
9 / 460
.Nowoczesna
Senat of Poland
Upper house
1 / 100
.Nowoczesna
  Portugal Assembly of the Republic
1 / 230
IL
  Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
27 / 329
USR
Senate
Upper house
13 / 136
USR
  Slovakia National Council
1 / 150
PS
  Slovenia National Assembly
27 / 90
LMŠ, SMC, SAB
  Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
10 / 350
C's
Senate
Upper house
8 / 266
C's
  Sweden Riksdag
50 / 349
C, L
  United Kingdom House of Commons
Lower house
20 / 650
Lib Dems
House of Lords
Upper house
95 / 775
Lib Dems
Gibraltar Parliament
unicameral
3 / 17
Libs

National parliaments outside the European UnionEdit

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
  Andorra General Council
8 / 28
PLA
  Armenia National Assembly
18 / 132
ANC, Bright Armenia
  Azerbaijan National Assembly
0 / 125
Musavat
  Georgia Parliament
0 / 150
Republican, FD
  Iceland Althing
4 / 63
Viðreisn
  Moldova Parliament
0 / 101
PL
  Montenegro Assembly
1 / 81
LPCG
  Norway Storting
9 / 169
Venstre
   Switzerland National Council
Lower house
45 / 200
FDP, GLP
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP

Member partiesEdit

 
Proportion of ALDE Party MEPs per country as of 2004
 
  States with full (and possibly associate) member parties
  States with associate member parties
Country or Region Party MEPs
  Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
1 / 18
  Belgium (Dutch) Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats
3 / 12
  Belgium (French) Reformist Movement
2 / 8
  Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms
3 / 17
  Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
0 / 11
Croatian Social Liberal Party
0 / 11
Istrian Democratic Assembly
1 / 11
Civic Liberal Alliance
0 / 11
Pametno
0 / 11
  Cyprus United Democrats
0 / 6
  Czech Republic ANO 2011
6 / 21
  Denmark Social Liberal Party
2 / 13
Venstre
3 / 13
  Estonia Estonian Centre Party
1 / 6
Estonian Reform Party
2 / 6
  Finland Centre Party
2 / 13
Swedish People's Party of Finland
1 / 13
  France Radical Movement
1 / 74
Union of Democrats and Independents
0 / 74
  Germany Free Democratic Party
5 / 96
  Hungary Hungarian Liberal Party
0 / 21
Momentum Movement
2 / 21
  Ireland Fianna Fáil
1 / 11
  Italy More Europe
0 / 73
Team Köllensperger
0 / 73
  Latvia For Latvia's Development
1 / 8
Movement For!
0 / 8
  Lithuania Labour Party
1 / 11
Liberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
1 / 11
Freedom Party
0 / 11
  Luxembourg Democratic Party
2 / 6
  Malta Democratic Party
0 / 6
  Netherlands Democrats 66
2 / 26
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
4 / 26
  Poland .Nowoczesna
0 / 51
  Portugal Liberal Initiative
0 / 21
  Romania Save Romania Union[8]
4 / 32
  Slovakia Progressive Slovakia
2 / 13
  Slovenia List of Marjan Šarec
2 / 8
Modern Centre Party
0 / 8
Party of Alenka Bratušek
0 / 8
  Spain Citizens
6 / 54
  Sweden Centre Party
2 / 20
Liberals
1 / 20
  United Kingdom Liberal Democrats
16 / 73
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
1 / 73
Liberal Party of Gibraltar
2 / 73

Outside the EUEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe"
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  3. ^ "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Eldr.eu. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Members of the ALDE Party Bureau". ALDE. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0.
  7. ^ "Macron-Liberal alliance to be named Renew Europe". Politico. 12 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b "ALDE Party Council meets in Zürich". ALDE. 28 June 2019.

External linksEdit