Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe. On 26 March 1976, it was founded in Stuttgart as a confederation of national political parties under the name Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe and renamed European Liberals and Democrats (ELD) in 1977 and European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) in 1986. On 30 April 2004, the ELDR was reformed as an official European party, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party). The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International and a recognised European political party, incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.
|President||Hans van Baalen MEP|
|Group leader||Guy Verhofstadt MEP|
|Founded||26 March 1976|
|Headquarters||Rue d'Idalie 11,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
|Think tank||European Liberal Forum|
|Youth wing||European Liberal Youth|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Colours||Dark blue, light blue, magenta
57 / 751
8 / 28
|European Lower Houses||
636 / 9,874
|European Upper Houses||
244 / 2,714
On 10 November 2012, the party chose its current name of ALDE Party, taken from its European Parliament group, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which had been formed on 20 July 2004 in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). The ALDE parliamentary group is led by Guy Verhofstadt, a former Prime Minister of Belgium. Prior to the 2004 European election the party had been represented through its own group, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) Group.
As of 2018[update], ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 68 MEPs and 5 members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are eight with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands, Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Jüri Ratas (Estonian Centre Party) in Estonia, Charles Michel (MR) in Belgium, Miro Cerar (SMC) in Slovenia, Juha Sipilä (KESK) in Finland, Andrej Babiš (ANO) in the Czech Republic and Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Venstre) in Denmark. Liberals are also in government in three other EU member states: Croatia, Romania and Lithuania.
ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Vedrana Gujic (HNS, Croatia), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2014, and counts 200,000 members.
The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:
|Office||Name||State member||Party member|
|ALDE Leader in the European Parliament||Guy Verhofstadt MEP||Belgium||OpenVLD|
|ALDE President||Hans van Baalen MEP||Netherlands||VVD|
|ALDE Secretary-General||Jacob Moroza-Rasmussen||Denmark||Venstre|
of the Parliamentary Group
|ALDE Vice-Presidents||Luis Garicano||Spain||Cs|
|Timmy Dooley TD||Ireland||FF|
|Fredrick Federley MEP||Sweden||CP|
|Ilhan Kyuchyuk MEP||Bulgaria||DPS|
|Angelika Mlinar MEP||Austria||NEOS|
|Henrik Bach Mortensen||Denmark||Venstre|
|Joanna Schmidt MEP||Poland||Modern|
|Annelou van Egmond||Netherlands||Democrats 66|
|ALDE Treasurer||Roman Jakič||Slovenia||ZSD|
|ALDE in the Council of Europe Honorary President||Anne Brasseur||Luxemburg||DP|
|ALDE Leader in the European Committee of the Regions||Bart Somers||Belgium||OpenVLD|
|President of the European Liberal Youth||Sissel Kvist||Denmark||Radikal Ungdom|
History of pan-European liberalismEdit
Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. On 26 March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established in Stuttgart. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg. Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party. In 1977, the federation was renamed European Liberals and Democrats, in 1986, European Liberal Democrats and Reformists.
It evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party) in 2004, when it was founded as an official European party under that name and incorporated under Belgian law at an extraordinary Congress in Brussels, held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union. At the same time the matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists Group allied with the members of the newly elected European Democratic Party, forming the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament.
On 10 November 2012, the ELDR Party adopted the name of the alliance between the two parties, in order to match the parliamentary group and the alliance.
European Council and Council of MinistersEdit
|Member State||Representative||Title||Political party||Member of the Council since||Photo|
|Estonia||Ratas, JüriJüri Ratas||Head Minister||Estonian Centre Party||23 November 2016|
|Netherlands||Rutte, MarkMark Rutte||Minister-President||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||14 October 2010|
|Luxembourg||Bettel, XavierXavier Bettel||Prime Minister||Democratic Party||4 December 2013|
|Belgium||Michel, CharlesCharles Michel||Prime Minister||Mouvement Réformateur||11 October 2014|
|Slovenia||Cerar, MiroMiro Cerar||Prime Minister||Modern Centre Party||18 September 2014|
|Finland||Sipilä, JuhaJuha Sipilä||Prime Minister||Centre Party||29 May 2015|
ALDE Member Parties contribute 5 out of the 28 members of the European Commission:
Elected Representatives of Member PartiesEdit
|Organisation||Institution||Number of seats|
|European Union||European Commission||
5 / 28
|European Union||European Council
(Heads of Government)
7 / 28
|European Union||Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
11 / 28
|European Union||European Parliament||
47 / 751
|Council of Europe||Parliamentary Assembly||
28 / 318
National Parliaments of European Union member statesEdit
National Parliaments outside the European UnionEdit
|Country||Institution||Number of seats||Member parties|
8 / 28
7 / 131
0 / 125
0 / 150
0 / 63
9 / 101
1 / 81
9 / 169
31 / 200
|Council of States
12 / 46
Outside the EUEdit
- as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe"
- Wolfram Nordsieck (2015). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe.
- "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Eldr.eu. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- "Members of the Bureau | ALDE Party". Aldeparty.eu. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
- Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0.
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