Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe, mainly active in the European Union. The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International and a recognised European political party, incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.[2]

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
AbbreviationALDE Party
PresidentTimmy Dooley (acting co-president)
Ilhan Kyuchyuk (acting co-president)
Secretary-GeneralJacob Moroza-Rasmussen
Founded26 March 1976 (1976-03-26)
HeadquartersRue d'Idalie 11,
Brussels, Belgium
Think tankEuropean Liberal Forum
Youth wingEuropean Liberal Youth
IdeologyLiberalism[1]
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament group
Colours
  •    Blue, magenta
  •   Yellow (customary)
European Parliament
68 / 705
European Council
6 / 27
European Commission
5 / 27
European Lower Houses
723 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
244 / 2,714
Website
www.aldeparty.eu

It was founded on 26 March 1976 in Stuttgart as a confederation of national political parties under the name "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe" and renamed "European Liberals and Democrats" (ELD) in 1977 and "European Liberal Democrats and Reformists" (ELDR) in 1986. On 30 April 2004, the ELDR was reformed as an official European party, the "European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party" (ELDR Party).[3]

On 10 November 2012, the party chose its current name of ALDE Party, taken from its then-European Parliament group, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which had been formed on 20 July 2004 in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). Prior to the 2004 European election the European party had been represented through its own group, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group (ELDR) Group. In June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by Renew Europe.

As of 2020, ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 65 MEPs and five members of the European Commission. Of the 27 EU member states, there are six with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands, Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Kaja Kallas (Estonian Reform Party) in Estonia, Andrej Babiš (ANO) in the Czech Republic, Alexander De Croo (Open VLD) in Belgium and Micheál Martin (FF) in Ireland. ALDE member parties are also in governments in five other EU member states: Croatia, Finland, Latvia, Slovenia and Lithuania. Some other ALDE member parties offer parliamentary support to governments in Croatia, Denmark, Italy, Romania and Sweden. Charles Michel, former Belgian Prime Minister, is current President of the European Council.

ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum, led by Hilde Vautmans, MEP, and gathers 46 member organisations. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Antoaneta Asenova (MRF) of Bulgaria, and counts 200,000 members.

In 2011, the ALDE Party became the first pan-European party to create the status of individual membership. Since then, between 1000 and close to 3000 members (the numbers fluctuate annually) maintain direct membership in the ALDE Party from several EU countries. Over 40 coordinators mobilise liberal ideas, initiatives and expertise across the continent under the leadership of the Steering Committee, which was first chaired by Julie Cantalou. The ALDE Party took a step further in the direction of becoming a truly pan-European party when granting voting rights to individual members’ delegates at the Party Congress.

StructureEdit

BureauEdit

The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:[4]

Office Name State member Party member
President
Vice-Presidents Henrik Bach Mortensen   Denmark Venstre
Dita Charanzová MEP   Czech Republic ANO
Senator Timmy Dooley   Ireland FF
Baroness Sal Brinton   United Kingdom LibDem
Luis Garicano MEP   Spain Cs
Ilhan Kyuchyuk MEP   Bulgaria MRF
Daniel Berg   Hungary M
Annelou van Egmond   Netherlands D66
Alexander Graf Lambsdorff   Germany FDP
Treasurer Gašper Koprivšek   Slovenia SMC
Ex officio members
Secretary-General Jacob Moroza-Rasmussen   Denmark Venstre
President of Liberal International Hakima El Haite   Morocco / (MP)
Group Chair in the PACE Jacques Maire MP   France / (LREM)
Leader in the European Parliament Dacian Cioloș MEP   Romania PLUS
Leader in the European Committee of the Regions François Decoster   France /
President of the European Liberal Forum Hilde Vautmans   Belgium Open VLD
President of the European Liberal Youth Antoaneta Asenova   Bulgaria MRF

PresidentsEdit

History of pan-European liberalismEdit

 
ELDR Party logo (2009–2012).

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. On 26 March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established in Stuttgart. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Venstre of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg.[5] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party.[5] In 1977, the federation was renamed European Liberals and Democrats, in 1986, European Liberal Democrats and Reformists.

It evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party) in 2004, when it was founded as an official European party under that name and incorporated under Belgian law at an extraordinary Congress in Brussels, held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union. At the same time the matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists Group allied with the members of the newly elected European Democratic Party, forming the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament.

On 10 November 2012, the ELDR Party adopted the name of the alliance between the two parties, to match the parliamentary group and the alliance.

On 12 June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by a new enlarged group, Renew Europe, which primarily consists of ALDE and EDP member parties and France's La République En Marche! (LREM).[6]

European CouncilEdit

Member Representative Political party Member since Photo
  Netherlands Prime Minister

Mark Rutte

VVD 14 October 2010  
  Luxembourg Prime Minister

Xavier Bettel

DP 4 December 2013  
  Estonia Prime Minister

Kaja Kallas

Reform Party 26 January 2021  
  Czech Republic Prime Minister

Andrej Babiš

ANO 6 December 2017  
  Belgium Prime Minister

Alexander De Croo

Open VLD 27 October 2019  
  Ireland Taoiseach

Micheál Martin

FF 27 June 2020  
  European Union President

Charles Michel

MR (ALDE) 1 December 2019  

European CommissionersEdit

ALDE Member Parties contribute four out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
  Denmark Margrethe Vestager A Europe Fit for the Digital Age,

Executive Vice President

Competition,

Commissioner

RV  
  Czech Republic Věra Jourová Values and Transparency,

Vice President

ANO  
  Slovenia Janez Lenarčič Crisis Management,

Commissioner

Ind.  
  Estonia Kadri Simson Energy,

Commissioner

KESK  
  Belgium Didier Reynders Justice,

Commissioner

MR  

Elected representatives of member partiesEdit

European institutionsEdit

Organisation Institution Number of seats
  European Union European Commission
5 / 27
European Council
(Heads of Government)
6 / 27
Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
10 / 27
European Parliament
65 / 705
  Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National parliaments of European Union member statesEdit

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties Status
  Austria National Council
15 / 183
NEOS Opposition
  Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
26 / 150
MR
14 / 26
Government
Open Vld
12 / 26
Government
Senate
Upper house
11 / 60
MR
6 / 11
Government
Open Vld
5 / 11
Government
  Bulgaria National Assembly
25 / 240
MRF Opposition
  Croatia Sabor
9 / 151
HNS
1 / 12
Government
HSLS
2 / 9
Support
Glas
1 / 9
Opposition
IDS-DDI
3 / 9
Opposition
Centre
2 / 19
Opposition
  Cyprus House of Representatives
4 / 56
Democratic Alignment Opposition
  Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
72 / 200
ANO Government
Senate
Upper house
5 / 81
ANO Government
  Denmark Folketing
58 / 175
RV
16 / 58
Support
V
42 / 58
Opposition
  Estonia State Council
59 / 101
EK
25 / 59
Government
ER
34 / 59
Government
  Finland Parliament
41 / 200
Kesk
31 / 41
Government
SFP
10 / 41
Government
  France National Assembly
Lower house
36 / 577
UDI
18 / 36
Opposition
MR
18 / 36
Opposition
Senate
Upper house
46 / 348
UDI
31 / 46
Opposition
MR
15 / 46
Opposition
  Germany Bundestag
92 / 735
FDP Opposition
  Hungary Országgyűlés
4 / 199
Liberálisok
1 / 4
Opposition
M
3 / 4
Opposition
  Ireland Dáil
Lower house
37 / 160
FF Government
Seanad
Upper house
21 / 60
FF Government
  Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
2 / 630
RI, +E Support
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
1 / 315
RI, +E Support
  Lithuania Seimas
23 / 141
LRLS
12 / 33
Government
Freedom Party
11 / 33
Government
  Latvia Saeima
13 / 100
A/Par! Government
  Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
12 / 60
DP Government
  Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
58 / 150
VVD
34 / 58
Government
D66
24 / 58
Government
Senate
Upper house
19 / 75
VVD
12 / 19
Government
D66
7 / 19
Government
  Poland Sejm
Lower house
8 / 460
.Nowoczesna Opposition
Senat of Poland
Upper house
1 / 100
.Nowoczesna Opposition
  Portugal Assembly of the Republic
1 / 230
IL Opposition
  Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
55 / 330
USR Opposition
Senate
Upper house
25 / 136
USR Opposition
  Slovakia National Council
0 / 150
PS Extraparliamentary
  Slovenia National Assembly
24 / 90
SMC
5 / 27
Government
LMŠ
14 / 27
Opposition
SAB
5 / 27
Opposition
  Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
10 / 350
Cs Opposition
Senate
Upper house
8 / 266
Cs Opposition
  Sweden Riksdag
50 / 349
C
31 / 50
Support
L
19 / 50
Opposition[7]

National parliaments outside the European UnionEdit

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
  Andorra General Council
4 / 28
PLA
  Armenia National Assembly
0 / 107
ANC, Bright Armenia
  Azerbaijan National Assembly
0 / 125
Musavat
  Bosnia and Herzegovina House of Representatives
4 / 42
Naša Stranka
  Georgia Parliament
0 / 150
Republican, FD
  Iceland Althing
4 / 63
Viðreisn
  Moldova Parliament
0 / 101
PL
  Montenegro Assembly
1 / 81
LPCG
  Norway Storting
8 / 169
Venstre
   Switzerland National Council
Lower house
45 / 200
FDP, GLP
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP
  Ukraine Verkhovna Rada
20 / 450
Voice
  United Kingdom House of Commons
Lower house
13 / 650
Liberal Democrats, Alliance
House of Lords
Upper house
94 / 775
Liberal Democrats
Gibraltar Parliament
unicameral
3 / 17
Libs

Member partiesEdit

 
  States with full and/or associate member parties
Country or Region Party MEPs
  Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
1 / 18
  Belgium (Dutch) Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats
3 / 12
  Belgium (French) Reformist Movement
2 / 8
  Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms
3 / 17
  Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
0 / 11
Croatian Social Liberal Party
0 / 11
Istrian Democratic Assembly
1 / 11
Civic Liberal Alliance
0 / 11
Centre
0 / 11
  Cyprus United Democrats
0 / 6
Democratic Alignment
0 / 6
  Czech Republic ANO 2011
6 / 21
  Denmark Social Liberal Party
2 / 13
Venstre
3 / 13
  Estonia Estonian Centre Party
1 / 6
Estonian Reform Party
2 / 6
  Finland Centre Party
2 / 13
Swedish People's Party of Finland
1 / 13
  France Radical Movement
1 / 74
Union of Democrats and Independents
0 / 74
  Germany Free Democratic Party
5 / 96
  Hungary Hungarian Liberal Party
0 / 21
Momentum Movement
2 / 21
  Ireland Fianna Fáil
2 / 13
  Italy More Europe
0 / 73
Team Köllensperger
0 / 73
  Latvia For Latvia's Development
1 / 8
Movement For!
0 / 8
  Lithuania Liberal Movement
1 / 11
Freedom Party
0 / 11
  Luxembourg Democratic Party
1 / 6
  Netherlands Democrats 66
2 / 26
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
4 / 26
  Poland .Nowoczesna
0 / 51
  Portugal Liberal Initiative
0 / 21
  Romania Save Romania Union[8]
8 / 33
  Slovakia Progressive Slovakia
2 / 13
  Slovenia List of Marjan Šarec
2 / 8
Modern Centre Party
0 / 8
Party of Alenka Bratušek
0 / 8
  Spain Citizens
6 / 54
  Sweden Centre Party
2 / 20
Liberals
1 / 20

Outside the EUEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Eldr.eu. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  4. ^ "ALDE-party Bureau". Archived from the original on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0.
  6. ^ "Macron-Liberal alliance to be named Renew Europe". Politico. 12 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Sabuni avvisar invit från S och C". liberalerna.se. Liberals. Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  8. ^ a b "ALDE Party Council meets in Zürich". ALDE. 28 June 2019.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit