European Democratic Party
The European Democratic Party (EDP) is a centrist European political party in favour of European integration. It was initiated on 16 April 2004 and formally founded on 9 December 2004 in Brussels. François Bayrou of the French Democratic Movement (MoDem) and Francesco Rutelli, former leader of the Democracy is Freedom and Alliance for Italy parties, serve as the two co-presidents.
|President||François Bayrou and Francesco Rutelli|
|Secretary-General||Marielle de Sarnez|
|Founded||9 December 2004|
|Split from||European People's Party|
|Headquarters||Rue de l'Industrie 4, 1000 Brussels, Belgium|
|Youth wing||Young Democrats for Europe (YDE)|
|European Parliament group||Renew Europe (8 MEPs)|
S&D (PRO Romania, 2 MEPs)
|Colours||Orange and blue|
|Political foundation||Institute of European Democrats|
The EDP was founded in reaction to the rising influence of Eurosceptic parties within European institutions. It drew pro-European centrist parties from the European People's Party (EPP) group to form a new centrist multinational bloc. Its co-founder François Bayrou described it as a party for people being neither conservative nor socialist."
Since the beginning of the 6th European Parliament of 2004–2009, the EDP has formed a joint European parliamentary group with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party called the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group. This parliamentary group was dissolved in 2019.
The youth wing of the EDP is the Young Democrats for Europe.
Members are national and regional political parties as well as members of the European Parliament, national and regional parliaments.
|Country or Region||Party||European MPs||National MPs|
|Belgium||Gérard Deprez (MCC - Mouvement des Citoyens pour le Changement)||-||-|
|Croatia||People's Party - Reformists (Narodna stranka - Reformisti)||-|
1 / 151
|Cyprus||Citizens' Alliance (Συμμαχία Πολιτών, Symmachia Politon)||-|
1 / 56
|Citizens' Platform (Platforma Politon)||-||-|
|Czech Republic||Senator 21 (Senátor 21)||-|
0 / 200
3 / 81
|France||Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate)||
5 / 74
41 / 577
4 / 348
|Germany||Free Voters (Freie Wähler)||
2 / 96
0 / 709
2 / 69
|Greece||Union of Centrists (Ένωση Κεντρώων)||-||-|
|Hungary||New Start (Új Kezdet)||-|
1 / 199
|Italy||European Democratic Party Italy (Partito Democratico Europeo Italia')||-|
3 / 630
|Poland||Alliance of Democrats (Stronnictwo Demokratyczne)||-||-|
|Portugal||Democratic Republican Party (Partido Democrático Republicano)||-||-|
|Romania||Association of Italians of Romania - RO.AS.IT. (Asociaţia Italienilor din România - RO.AS.IT., Associazione degli Italiani di Romania - RO.AS.IT.)||-|
1 / 329
|PRO Romania (PRO România)||
2 / 32
26 / 329
|San Marino||Future Republic (Repubblica Futura)||Not an EU member|
11 / 60
|Slovakia||European Democratic Party (Europska Demokraticka Strana)||-||-|
|Alena Bašistová (Independent)||-|
1 / 150
|Slovenia||Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (Demokratična stranka upokojencev Slovenije)||-|
5 / 90
||Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea)||
1 / 54
6 / 350
|Canarian Coalition (Coalición Canaria)||-|
2 / 350
|Europe||Young Democrats for Europe (Jeunes Démocrates européens)||-||-|
Former member partiesEdit
- Croatia : National Forum (Nacionalni forum), joined EDP in 2014, disbanded in 2015
- Cyprus: European Party
- Czech Republic: Party for the Open Society
- Czech Republic: Way to Change, founding member of EDP, disbanded in 2009
- France: Union of Democrats and Independents joined the ALDE party on 2 December 2016
- Italy: Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy, founding member of EDP, merged into the Democratic Party in 2007, MEPs Mario Pirillo, Silvia Costa and Vittorio Prodi stayed as individual members until 2014, now member of PES
- Italy: Alliance for Italy, party disbanded by the end of 2016
- Lithuania: Labour Party, left in 2012 to join the ALDE party
- Slovakia: People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, joined EDP in 2009, disbanded in 2014, succeeded by Democratic Slovakia Party
- Slovakia: Democratic Slovakia Party ('Strana Demokratického Slovenska') in 2019
- Ireland Marian Harkin (MEP Independent)
Elected representatives of Member PartiesEdit
|Organisation||Institution||Number of seats|
|European Union||European Commission|
0 / 28
(Heads of Government)
0 / 28
|Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
3 / 28
10 / 751
|Council of Europe||Parliamentary Assembly|
3 / 318
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- John McCormick (2015). European Union Politics. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-137-45340-2.
- Lars Pehrson (12 June 2009). How Unified Is the European Union?: European Integration Between Visions and Popular Legitimacy. Springer. p. 160. ISBN 978-3-540-95855-0.
- Oskar Niedermayer (1 May 2013). Handbuch Parteienforschung. Springer. p. 831. ISBN 978-3-531-18932-1.
- Nathalie Brack; Olivier Costa (2014). How the EU Really Works. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4724-1465-6.
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- Democrats, European (2017-06-30). "Individual membership request from MP Alena #Bašistová (SK) has just been accepted by the #EDPCouncil in #Coimbra. Welcome! #EDPCoimbrapic.twitter.com/RiOAZGrfQ7". @PDE_EDP. Retrieved 2017-07-31.
- "Adoption of the EDP manifesto and new member organisation | European Democrats – European Democratic Party". www.democrats.eu. Retrieved 2019-04-19.