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The Conte II Cabinet, led by Giuseppe Conte, is the 66th cabinet of the Italian Republic.[2][3][4] The government was sworn in on 5 September 2019.[5]

Conte II Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
66th cabinet of Italy
Giuseppe Conte in 2019.jpg
Date formed5 September 2019 (17 days ago) (2019-09-05)
People and organisations
Head of stateSergio Mattarella
Head of governmentGiuseppe Conte
No. of ministers22 (incl. Prime Minister)
Member partiesM5S, PD, IV,[1] LeU (Art.1SI)
Status in legislatureCoalition government
Opposition partiesLega, FI, FdI
History
Election(s)2018 election
Legislature term(s)XVIII Legislature (2018–present)
Incoming formation2019 government formation
PredecessorConte I Cabinet

The cabinet has been supported by the Five Star Movement (M5S) and the Democratic Party (PD), along with the parliamentary group Free and Equal (LeU) and, since 17 September, Italia Viva (IV), which splintered from the PD on that day. The government has been referred to as the "yellow-red government" (governo giallorosso), based on the customary colours of the main supporting parties.[6][7] The Conte II Cabinet is the one with the lowest average age in the history of the Italian Republic.[8]

Supporting partiesEdit

Beginning of termEdit

At the time of the government formation, its ministers were members of the following three parties.

Party Position Main ideology Leader
Five Star Movement (M5S) Big tent Populism Luigi Di Maio
Democratic Party (PD) Centre-left Social democracy Nicola Zingaretti
Free and Equal (LeU) Left-wing Democratic socialism Pietro Grasso

LeU was an electoral alliance, then a parliamentary group. Its main members are the social-democratic Article One (Art.1) and the socialist Italian Left (SI).

The government also obtained the support of the Associative Movement Italians Abroad (MAIE), and one of its senators, Ricardo Merlo, was appointed as undersecretary in the cabinet.[9] The government received also the external support of the following minor parties: Popular Civic List (CP), the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), Italy in Common (IiC), the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP) and the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (PATT).[10][11]

CurrentEdit

Currently, the government ministers are members of the following four parties.

Party Position Main ideology Leader
Five Star Movement (M5S) Big tent Populism Luigi Di Maio
Democratic Party (PD) Centre-left Social democracy Nicola Zingaretti
Italia Viva (IV) Centre Liberalism Matteo Renzi
Free and Equal (LeU) Left-wing Democratic socialism Pietro Grasso

On 17 September, former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi led a breakaway group outside the PD and formed Italia Viva, which confirmed its support to the government.[12]

HistoryEdit

BackgroundEdit

 
Conte with President Sergio Mattarella at the Quirinal Palace in August 2019

After the 2018 general election the Five Star Movement (M5S), which had come first in the election, and the League agreed to form a coalition government led by Giuseppe Conte, the Conte I Cabinet.

In August 2019, Deputy Prime Minister and leader of the League Matteo Salvini announced a motion of no confidence against the government, after growing tensions within the majority.[13][14] Many political analysts believe the no confidence motion was an attempt to force early elections to improve his party's standing in Parliament, due to its increasing support in opinion polls, ensuring Salvini could become the next Prime Minister.[15] On 20 August, following the parliamentary debate in which Conte harshly accused Salvini of being a political opportunist who "had triggered the political crisis only to serve his personal interest",[16] the Prime Minister tendered his resignation to President Sergio Mattarella.[17]

Government formationEdit

On 21 August, Mattarella started the consultations with all the parliamentary groups. On the same day, the national board of the Democratic Party (PD) officially and unanimously opened to the prospect of a cabinet with the M5S,[16] based on pro-Europeanism, green economy, sustainable development, fight against economic inequality and a new immigration policy.[18] However, the talks with Mattarella resulted in a unclear outcome, thus the President announced a second round of consultations starting on 27 August.[19]

Negotiations between PD and M5S started,[20] while Free and Equal (LeU), a left-wing parliamentary group, announced its support too.[21] On 28 August, PD's leader Nicola Zingaretti announced at the Quirinal Palace his favourable position on forming a new government with the Five Stars with Conte at its head.[22] On same day, Mattarella summoned Conte to the Quirinal Palace for 29 August to give him the task of forming a new cabinet.[23] On 3 September, M5S members voted through the so-called "Rousseau Platform" in favor of an agreement with the PD, with Conte Prime Minister, with more than 79% of the vote out of nearly 80,000 voters.[24]

 
The government at the Quirinal Palace for the oath

On 4 September, Conte announced the ministers of his new cabinet, which was sworn in at the Quirinal Palace on the following day.[25] The government is composed of 21 ministers, 14 men and 7 women, a majority of whom are from Southern Italy.[26][27]

Investiture votesEdit

On 9 September 2019 the Chamber of Deputies granted the confidence to the government with 343 votes in favour, 263 against and 3 abstentions.[28][29] On the following day the Senate voted the confidence, with 169 in favour, 133 against and 5 abstentions.[30][31]

9–10 September 2019
Investiture votes for Conte II Cabinet
House of Parliament Vote Parties Votes
Chamber of Deputies
(Voting: 609[a] of 630,
Majority: 304)
 Y Yes M5S (208), PD (109), LeU (14), CPAPPSIAC (4), +EuCD (3), Others (5)
343 / 609
 N No Lega (121), FI (95), FdI (33), NcIUSEI (4), Others (10)
263 / 609
Abstention SVPPATT (3)
3 / 609
Senate of the Republic
(Voting: 307[b] of 321,
Majority: 152)
 Y Yes M5S (104), PD (49), Aut (4), LeU (4), Others (8)
169 / 307
 N No Lega (57), FI (56), FdI (18), +Eu (1), Others (1)
133 / 307
Abstention Aut (3), M5S (1), PD (1)
5 / 307
  1. ^ Absent (16): FI (4), Lega (3), M5S (3), PD (2), FdI (1), Others (3)
    On institutional leave (4): M5S (4)
  2. ^ Absent (8): FI (5), M5S (1), Others (2)
    On institutional leave (5): M5S (1), PD (1), Lega (1), Aut (1), Others (1)
    President (1)

Party breakdownEdit

Beginning of termEdit

MinistersEdit

9
9
1
3

Ministers and other membersEdit

CurrentEdit

MinistersEdit

9
7
2
1
3

Ministers and other membersEdit

Geographical breakdownEdit

 
A choropleth map showing the number of ministers from each region.

Council of MinistersEdit

The Council of Ministers is composed of the following members:[32][2][3]

Office Name Party Term
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte Independent[a] 2019–present
Minister of Foreign Affairs Luigi Di Maio Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of the Interior Luciana Lamorgese Independent 2019–present
Minister of Justice Alfonso Bonafede Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Defence Lorenzo Guerini Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Economy and Finance Roberto Gualtieri Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Economic Development Stefano Patuanelli Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Agriculture and Tourism Teresa Bellanova Democratic Party / Italia Viva 2019–present
Minister of the Environment Sergio Costa Independent[a] 2019–present
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport Paola De Micheli Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Labour and Social Policies Nunzia Catalfo Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Education, University and Research Lorenzo Fioramonti Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Cultural Heritage and Activities Dario Franceschini Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Health Roberto Speranza Free and Equal (Art.1) 2019–present
Minister for Parliamentary Relations Federico D'Incà Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Public Administration Fabiana Dadone Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Regional Affairs Francesco Boccia Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister for the South Giuseppe Provenzano Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister for Family and Equal Opportunities Elena Bonetti Democratic Party / Italia Viva 2019–present
Minister of European Affairs Enzo Amendola Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister for Sport and Youth Policies Vincenzo Spadafora Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister for Technological Innovation Paola Pisano Five Star Movement 2019–present
Secretary of the Council of Ministers Riccardo Fraccaro Five Star Movement 2019–present
  1. ^ a b Proposed by the Five Star Movement.

Composition of the GovernmentEdit

Portrait Office Name Term Party Deputy Ministers
Undersecretaries
 
Prime Minister
Giuseppe Conte
5 September 2019 – present
Independent
Undersecretaries:
Riccardo Fraccaro (M5S)
Mario Turco (M5S)
Andrea Martella (PD)
 
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Luigi Di Maio
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Deputy Ministers:
Emanuela Del Re (M5S)
Marina Sereni (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Manlio Di Stefano (M5S)
Ivan Scalfarotto (IV)
Ricardo Merlo (MAIE)
 
Minister of the Interior
Luciana Lamorgese
5 September 2019 – present
Independent
Deputy Ministers:
Vito Crimi (M5S)
Matteo Mauri (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Carlo Sibilia (M5S)
Achille Variati (PD)
 
Minister of Justice
Alfonso Bonafede
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries:
Vittorio Ferraresi (M5S)
Andrea Giorgis (PD)
 
Minister of Defence
Lorenzo Guerini
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Angelo Tofalo (M5S)
Giulio Calvisi (PD)
 
Minister of Economy and Finance
Roberto Gualtieri
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Deputy Ministers:
Laura Castelli (M5S)
Antonio Misiani (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Alessio Villarosa (M5S)
Pierpaolo Baretta (PD)
Maria Cecilia Guerra (LeU–Art.1)
 
Minister of Economic Development
Stefano Patuanelli
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Deputy Minister:
Stefano Buffagni (M5S)
Undersecretaries:
Alessandra Todde (M5S)
Mirella Liuzzi (M5S)
Gian Paolo Manzella (PD)
Alessia Morani (PD)
 
Minister of Agriculture and Tourism
Teresa Bellanova
5 September 2019 – present
Italia Viva
Before 18 September 2019:
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Giuseppe L'Abbate (M5S)
 
Minister of the Environment
Sergio Costa
5 September 2019 – present
Independent
Undersecretaries:
Roberto Morassut (PD)
 
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport
Paola De Micheli
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Deputy Minister:
Giancarlo Cancelleri (M5S)
Undersecretaries:
Roberto Traversi (M5S)
Salvatore Margiotta (PD)
 
Minister of Labour and Social Policies
Nunzia Catalfo
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries:
Stanislao Di Piazza (M5S)
Francesca Puglisi (PD)
 
Minister of Education, University and Research
Lorenzo Fioramonti
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Deputy Minister:
Anna Ascani (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Lucia Azzolina (M5S)
Giuseppe De Cristofaro (LeU–SI)
 
Minister of Cultural Heritage and Activities
Dario Franceschini
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Anna Laura Orrico (M5S)
Lorenza Bonaccorsi (PD)
 
Minister of Health
Roberto Speranza
5 September 2019 – present
Free and Equal
(Article One)
Deputy Minister:
Pierpaolo Sileri (M5S)
Undersecretaries:
Sandra Zampa (PD)
 
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Federico D'Incà
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries:
Gianluca Castaldi (M5S)
Simona Malpezzi (PD)
 
Minister of Public Administration
(without portfolio)
Fabiana Dadone
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
 
Minister of Regional Affairs
(without portfolio)
Francesco Boccia
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
 
Minister for the South
(without portfolio)
Giuseppe Provenzano
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
 
Minister for Family and Equal Opportunities
(without portfolio)
Elena Bonetti
5 September 2019 – present
Italia Viva
Before 18 September 2019:
Democratic Party
 
Minister of European Affairs
(without portfolio)
Enzo Amendola
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Laura Agea (M5S)
 
Minister for Sport and Youth Policies
(without portfolio)
Vincenzo Spadafora
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
 
Minister for Technological Innovation
(without portfolio)
Paola Pisano
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
 
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
Riccardo Fraccaro
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Since 18 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Here is Italy's new cabinet in full". www.thelocal.it. 4 September 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b Barigazzi, Jacopo (4 September 2019). "Italy's Conte presents Cabinet list, with MEP Gualtieri as finance minister". POLITICO. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Governo Conte bis: ecco la lista completa dei ministri". Repubblica.it. 4 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Conte Bis, lunedì alle 11 dibattito fiducia alla Camera". Adnkronos (in Italian). Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Rousseau dice sì al governo giallorosso". Agi.
  7. ^ "Governo giallo-rosso e l'interesse nazionale". L'HuffPost. 31 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Governo Conte 2, è un esecutivo di 40enni: il più giovane della storia repubblicana. Per Di Maio record alla Farnesina". Il Fatto Quotidiano. 4 September 2019.
  9. ^ Riccardo Merlo (MAIE) confermato sottosegretario agli steri
  10. ^ La Camera vota la fiducia con 343 sì, il premier replica alla Camera fra le proteste. Alzata anche una sedia
  11. ^ Governo, il Conte bis incassa la fiducia alla Camera. Il discorso del premier
  12. ^ Amante, Angelo; Ciociola, Andrea (17 September 2019). "Former Italy PM Renzi leads breakaway from PD, still backs government". Reuters. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  13. ^ "La Lega presenta al Senato una mozione di sfiducia a Conte. M5S attacca Salvini: "Giullare"". rainews.
  14. ^ "Il Senato ha bocciato la mozione del M5S sulla TAV". Il Post (in Italian). 7 August 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  15. ^ Squires, Nick (9 August 2019). "Italy's League files no confidence motion in prime minister in bid to trigger election". The Telegraph – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  16. ^ a b Giuffrida, Angela (20 August 2019). "Italian PM resigns with attack on 'opportunist' Salvini". The Guardian – via www.theguardian.com.
  17. ^ Horowitz, Jason (20 August 2019). "Italy's Government Collapses, Turning Chaos Into Crisis". The New York Times.
  18. ^ "Governo, Zingaretti: "I 5 punti per trattare con il M5S. No accordicchi, governo di svolta"". Repubblica.it. 21 August 2019.
  19. ^ "Crisi di governo, secondo giro di consultazioni al Colle". Tgcom24.
  20. ^ "Ecco l'accordo sul Conte bis: Zingaretti dà il via libera, nodo su ministeri e manovra". Fanpage.
  21. ^ "Grasso, possibile intesa M5s-Pd-Leu - Ultima Ora". Agenzia ANSA. 19 August 2019.
  22. ^ "Italy's Conte might be back at helm with Salvini shut out". Washington Post.
  23. ^ "C'è l'accordo tra M5s e Pd. Governo giallorosso ai nastri di partenza". Agi.
  24. ^ "Governo, via libera di Rousseau all'intesa M5s-Pd con il 79% dei voti. Conte domattina al Quirinale". Repubblica.it. 3 September 2019.
  25. ^ "Governo, Conte e i ministri hanno giurato. Gentiloni in pole per successione a Moscovici". Repubblica.it. 5 September 2019.
  26. ^ "Governo, i 21 ministri del Conte bis Sette donne, Lamorgese all'Interno". www.ilgazzettino.it.
  27. ^ "Governo, 11 ministri dal Sud: 4 sono campani". Repubblica.it. 4 September 2019.
  28. ^ D'Emilio, Frances (9 September 2019). "Italy's Conte wins first confidence vote in Parliament". AP NEWS. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  29. ^ "Resoconto stenografico dell'Assemblea Seduta n. 222 di lunedì 9 settembre 2019". camera.it (in Italian). Camera dei Deputati. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  30. ^ Zampano, Giada (10 September 2019). "Italy's new pro-EU govt wins vote, now faces 2020 budget". AP NEWS. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  31. ^ "Legislatura 18ª - Aula - Resoconto stenografico della seduta n. 148 del 10/09/2019". senato.it (in Italian). 10 September 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  32. ^ "Governo Conte II". www.governo.it (in Italian). 4 September 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2019.

External linksEdit