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Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs

The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet.

Kingdom of ItalyEdit

Parties
  • 1861–1912:

  Historical Right   Historical Left   Military

  • 1912–1922:

  Liberal Union   Radical Party

  • 1922–1943:

  National Fascist Party (sole legal party)

  • 1943–1946:

  Labour Democratic Party   Christian Democracy   Independent   Military

Governments

  Rightist coalition   Leftist coalition   Liberal coalition   Fascist   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Camillo Benso
Count of Cavour

(1810–1861)
  17 March 1861 6 June 1861 Historical Right Cavour IV
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
  12 June 1861 3 March 1862 Historical Right Cavour IV
Ricasoli I
Urbano Rattazzi
(1808–1873)
  3 March 1862 31 March 1862 Historical Left Rattazzi I
Giacomo Durando
(1807–1894)
  31 March 1862 8 December 1862 Historical Right
Giuseppe Pasolini
(1815–1876)
  8 December 1862 24 March 1863 Historical Right Farini
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  24 March 1863 28 September 1864 Historical Right Minghetti I
Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
(1804–1878)
  28 September 1864 20 June 1866 Historical Right La Marmora I·II
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
  20 June 1866 28 June 1866 Historical Right Ricasoli II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  28 June 1866 10 April 1867 Historical Right
Federico Pescetto
(1817–1882)
  10 April 1867 12 April 1867 Historical Right Rattazzi II
Pompeo Di Campello
(1803–1884)
  12 April 1867 27 October 1867 Historical Left
Luigi Federico Menabrea
(1809–1896)
  27 October 1867 14 December 1869 Historical Right Menabrea I·II·III
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  14 December 1869 20 November 1876 Historical Right Lanza
Minghetti II
Luigi Amedeo Melegari
(1805–1881)
  20 November 1876 28 December 1867 Historical Left Depretis I
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  28 December 1867 24 March 1878 Historical Left Depretis II
Luigi Corti
(1823–1888)
  24 March 1878 24 October 1878 Historical Left Cairoli I
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
  24 October 1878 19 December 1878 Historical Left
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  19 December 1878 14 July 1879 Historical Left Depretis III
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
  14 July 1879 29 May 1881 Historical Left Cairoli II·III
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini
(1817–1888)
  29 May 1881 29 June 1885 Historical Left Depretis IV·V·VI
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  29 June 1885 6 October 1885 Historical Left Depretis VII
Carlo Felice Nicolis,
Count of Robilant

(1826–1887)
  6 October 1885 4 April 1887 Military
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  4 April 1887 29 July 1887† Historical Left Depretis VIII
Francesco Crispi
(1819–1901)
  29 July 1887 6 February 1891 Historical Left Crispi I·II
Antonio Starabba di Rudinì
(1839–1908)
  6 February 1891 15 May 1892 Historical Right Rudinì I
Benedetto Brin
(1833–1898)
  15 May 1892 15 December 1893 Military Giolitti I
Alberto Blanc
(1835–1904)
  15 December 1893 10 March 1896 Historical Left Crispi III·IV
Onorato Caetani
(1842–1917)
  10 March 1896 11 July 1896 Historical Right Rudinì II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  11 July 1896 1 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì III·IV
Raffaele Cappelli
(1848–1921)
  1 June 1898 29 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì V
Felice Napoleone Canevaro
(1838–1926)
  29 June 1898 14 May 1899 Military Pelloux I
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  11 May 1899 15 February 1901 Historical Right Pelloux II
Saracco
Giulio Prinetti
(1851–1908)
  15 February 1901 9 February 1903 Historical Left Zanardelli
Enrico Morin
(1841–1910)
  9 February 1903 3 September 1903 Military
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
  3 September 1903 27 March 1905 Historical Right Giolitti II
Tittoni
Alessandro Fortis
(1842–1909)
  27 March 1905 24 December 1905 Historical Left Fortis I
Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
  24 December 1905 8 February 1906 Historical Right Fortis II
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
  8 February 1906 29 May 1906 Historical Right Sonnino I
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
  29 May 1906 10 December 1909 Historical Right Giolitti III
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
  11 December 1909 31 March 1910 Historical Right Sonnino II
Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
  31 March 1910 17 October 1914 Historical Right Luzzatti
Liberal Union Giolitti IV
Salandra I
Antonio Salandra
(1853–1931)
  17 October 1914 31 October 1914 Liberal Union Salandra I
Sidney Sonnino
(1847–1922)
  31 October 1914 23 June 1919 Liberal Union Salandra II
Boselli
Orlando
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
  23 June 1919 26 June 1919 Liberal Union Nitti I
Francesco Nitti
(1868–1953)
  26 June 1919 26 September 1919 Italian Radical Party
Vittorio Scialoja
(1856–1933)
  26 September 1919 15 June 1920 Liberal Union Nitti I·II
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
  15 June 1920 4 July 1921 Liberal Union Giolitti V
Pietro Tomasi della Torretta
(1873–1962)
  7 July 1921 22 February 1922 Liberal Union Bonomi I
Carlo Schanzer
(1865–1953)
  26 February 1922 28 October 1922 Liberal Union Facta I·II
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  30 October 1922 12 September 1929 National Fascist Party Mussolini
Dino Grandi
(1895–1988)
  12 September 1929 20 July 1932 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  20 July 1932 9 June 1936 National Fascist Party
Galeazzo Ciano
(1903–1944)
  9 June 1936 6 February 1943 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  6 February 1943 25 July 1943 National Fascist Party
Raffaele Guariglia
(1889–1970)
  28 July 1943 11 February 1944 Independent Badoglio I
Pietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
  11 February 1944 8 June 1944 Military Badoglio I·II
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
  18 June 1944 10 December 1944 Labour Democratic Party Bonomi II
Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
  12 December 1944 1 June 1946 Christian Democracy Bonomi III
Parri
De Gasperi I

Italian RepublicEdit

Parties
  • 1946-1994:

  Christian Democracy   Socialist Party   Republican Party   Liberal Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Independent

  • Since 1994:

  People's Party   Forza Italia/The People of Freedom   Italian Renewal   The Olive Tree   Democrats of the Left/Democratic Party   National Alliance   Italian Radicals   New Centre-Right/Popular Alternative   Independent

Governments

  Centrist coalition   Centre-right coalition   Centre-left coalition   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
  June 2, 1946 October 18, 1946 Christian Democracy De Gasperi II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
  October 18, 1946 January 28, 1947 Italian Socialist Party
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
  February 2, 1947 July 26, 1951 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi III
De Gasperi IV·V·VI
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
  July 26, 1951 August 17, 1953 Christian Democracy De Gasperi VII·VIII
Giuseppe Pella (as PM)
(1902–1981)
  August 17, 1953 January 18, 1954 Christian Democracy Pella
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
  January 18, 1954 September 16, 1954 Christian Democracy Fanfani I
Scelba
Gaetano Martino
(1900–1967)
  September 16, 1954 May 15, 1957 Italian Liberal Party Scelba
Segni I
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
  May 19, 1957 July 1, 1958 Christian Democracy Zoli
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
  July 1, 1958 February 15, 1959 Christian Democracy Fanfani II
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
  February 15, 1959 March 25, 1960 Christian Democracy Segni II
Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
  March 25, 1960 May 7, 1962 Christian Democracy Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
  May 7, 1962 May 29, 1962 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
  May 29, 1962 December 4, 1963 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Leone I
Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
  December 4, 1963 December 28, 1964 Italian Socialist Democratic Party Moro I·II
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
  December 28, 1964 March 5, 1965 Christian Democracy Moro II
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
  March 5, 1965 December 30, 1965 Christian Democracy
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
  December 30, 1965 February 23, 1966 Christian Democracy
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
  February 23, 1966 June 24, 1968 Christian Democracy Moro III
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
  June 24, 1968 December 12, 1968 Christian Democracy Leone II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
  December 12, 1968 August 5, 1969 Italian Socialist Party Rumor I
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
  August 5, 1969 June 26, 1972 Christian Democracy Rumor II·III
Colombo
Andreotti I
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
  July 26, 1972 July 7, 1973 Christian Democracy Andreotti II
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
  July 7, 1973 November 23, 1974 Christian Democracy Rumor IV·V
Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
  November 23, 1974 July 29, 1976 Christian Democracy Moro IV·V
Arnaldo Forlani
(1925– )
  July 29, 1976 August 4, 1979 Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV
Andreotti V
Franco Maria Malfatti
(1927–1991)
  August 4, 1979 January 15, 1980 Christian Democracy Cossiga I
Attilio Ruffini
(1925–2011)
  January 15, 1980 April 4, 1980 Christian Democracy
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
  April 4, 1980 August 4, 1983 Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
  August 4, 1983 July 22, 1989 Christian Democracy Craxi I·II
Fanfani
Goria
De Mita
Gianni De Michelis
(1940– )
  July 22, 1989 June 28, 1992 Italian Socialist Party Andreotti VI·VII
Vincenzo Scotti
(1933– )
  June 28, 1992 July 29, 1992 Christian Democracy Amato I
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
  July 29, 1992 August 1, 1992 Italian Socialist Party
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
  August 1, 1992 April 28, 1993 Christian Democracy
Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
  April 28, 1993 April 19, 1994 Christian Democracy Ciampi
Leopoldo Elia
(1925–2008)
  April 19, 1994 May 10, 1994 Italian People's Party
Antonio Martino
(1942– )
  May 10, 1994 January 17, 1995 Forza Italia Berlusconi I
Susanna Agnelli
(1922–2009)
  January 17, 1995 May 17, 1996 Independent Dini
Lamberto Dini
(1931– )
  May 17, 1996 June 6, 2001 Italian Renewal Prodi I
D'Alema I·II
Amato II
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
  June 6, 2001 June 11, 2001 The Olive Tree Amato II
Renato Ruggiero
(1930–2013)
  June 11, 2001 January 6, 2002 Independent Berlusconi II
Silvio Berlusconi (as PM)
(1936– )
  January 6, 2002 November 14, 2002 Forza Italia
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
  November 14, 2002 November 18, 2004 Forza Italia
Gianfranco Fini
(1952– )
  November 18, 2004 May 17, 2006 National Alliance Berlusconi II·III
Massimo D'Alema
(1949– )
  May 17, 2006 May 8, 2008 Democrats of the Left/
Democratic Party
Prodi II
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
  May 8, 2008 November 16, 2011 The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
Giulio Terzi Sant'Agata
(1946– )
  November 16, 2011 March 27, 2013 Independent Monti
Mario Monti (as PM)
(1943– )
  March 27, 2013 April 28, 2013 Independent
Emma Bonino
(1948– )
  April 28, 2013 February 22, 2014 Italian Radicals Letta
Federica Mogherini
(1973– )
  February 22, 2014 October 31, 2014 Democratic Party Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
(1954– )
  October 31, 2014 December 12, 2016 Democratic Party
Angelino Alfano
(1970– )
  December 12, 2016 Incumbent New Centre-Right/
Popular Alternative
Gentiloni

See alsoEdit