Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs

The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet.[1]

Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministro degli Affari Esteri
Emblem of Italy.svg
Luigi Di Maio May 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Luigi Di Maio

since 5 September 2019
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
High Council of Defence
SeatRome
AppointerThe President of Italy
Term lengthNo fixed term
FormationMarch 17, 1861; 159 years ago (1861-03-17)
First holderCamillo Benso, Count of Cavour
Websitewww.esteri.it

Kingdom of ItalyEdit

Parties
  • 1861–1912:
    •   Historical Right
    •   Historical Left
    •   Military

Coalitions:

N. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Party Government Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1   Camillo Benso
Count of Cavour

(1810–1861)
Acting
17 March 1861 6 June 1861 81 days Historical Right Cavour IV
2   Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
12 June 1861 3 March 1862 264 days Historical Right Cavour IV
Ricasoli I
3   Urbano Rattazzi
(1808–1873)
Acting
3 March 1862 31 March 1862 28 days Historical Left Rattazzi I
4   Giacomo Durando
(1807–1894)
31 March 1862 8 December 1862 252 days Historical Right
5   Giuseppe Pasolini
(1815–1876)
8 December 1862 24 March 1863 106 days Historical Right Farini
6   Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
24 March 1863 28 September 1864 1 year, 188 days Historical Right Minghetti I
7   Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
(1804–1878)
Acting
28 September 1864 20 June 1866 1 year, 265 days Historical Right La Marmora II·III
(2)   Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
Acting
20 June 1866 28 June 1866 8 days Historical Right Ricasoli II
(6)   Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
28 June 1866 10 April 1867 286 days Historical Right
8   Federico Pescetto
(1817–1882)
Acting
10 April 1867 12 April 1867 2 days Historical Right Rattazzi II
9   Pompeo Di Campello
(1803–1884)
12 April 1867 27 October 1867 198 days Historical Left
10   Luigi Federico Menabrea
(1809–1896)
Acting
27 October 1867 14 December 1869 2 years, 48 days Historical Right Menabrea I·II·III
(6)   Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
14 December 1869 20 November 1876 6 years, 342 days Historical Right Lanza
Minghetti II
11   Luigi Amedeo Melegari
(1805–1881)
20 November 1876 28 December 1877 1 year, 38 days Historical Left Depretis I
12   Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Acting
28 December 1877 24 March 1878 86 days Historical Left Depretis II
13   Luigi Corti
(1823–1888)
24 March 1878 24 October 1878 214 days Historical Left Cairoli I
14   Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
Acting
24 October 1878 19 December 1878 56 days Historical Left
(12)   Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Acting
19 December 1878 14 July 1879 207 days Historical Left Depretis III
14   Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
Acting
14 July 1879 29 May 1881 1 year, 319 days Historical Left Cairoli II·III
15   Pasquale Stanislao Mancini
(1817–1888)
29 May 1881 29 June 1885 4 years, 31 days Historical Left Depretis IV·V·VI
(12)   Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Acting
29 June 1885 6 October 1885 99 days Historical Left Depretis VII
16   Carlo Felice Nicolis,
Count of Robilant

(1826–1887)
6 October 1885 4 April 1887 1 year, 180 days Military
(12)   Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Acting
4 April 1887 29 July 1887 116 days Historical Left Depretis VIII
17   Francesco Crispi
(1819–1901)
Acting
29 July 1887 6 February 1891 3 years, 192 days Historical Left Crispi I·II
18   Antonio Starabba di Rudinì
(1839–1908)
Acting
6 February 1891 15 May 1892 1 year, 99 days Historical Right Rudinì I
19   Benedetto Brin
(1833–1898)
15 May 1892 15 December 1893 1 year, 214 days Military Giolitti I
20   Alberto Blanc
(1835–1904)
15 December 1893 10 March 1896 2 years, 86 days Historical Left Crispi III·IV
21   Onorato Caetani
(1842–1917)
10 March 1896 11 July 1896 123 days Historical Right Rudinì II
(6)   Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
11 July 1896 1 June 1898 1 year, 325 days Historical Right Rudinì III·IV
22   Raffaele Cappelli
(1848–1921)
1 June 1898 29 June 1898 28 days Historical Right Rudinì V
23   Felice Napoleone Canevaro
(1838–1926)
29 June 1898 14 May 1899 319 days Military Pelloux I
(6)   Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
14 May 1899 15 February 1901 1 year, 277 days Historical Right Pelloux II
Saracco
24   Giulio Prinetti
(1851–1908)
15 February 1901 9 February 1903 1 year, 359 days Historical Right Zanardelli
25   Enrico Morin [it]
(1841–1910)
9 February 1903 3 September 1903 206 days Military
26   Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
3 September 1903 27 March 1905 1 year, 205 days Historical Right Giolitti II
Tittoni
27   Alessandro Fortis
(1842–1909)
Acting
27 March 1905 24 December 1905 272 days Historical Left Fortis I
28   Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
24 December 1905 8 February 1906 46 days Historical Right Fortis II
29   Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
8 February 1906 29 May 1906 110 days Historical Right Sonnino I
(26)   Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
29 May 1906 10 December 1909 3 years, 195 days Historical Right Giolitti III
29   Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
11 December 1909 31 March 1910 110 days Historical Right Sonnino II
(28)   Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
31 March 1910 17 October 1914 4 years, 210 days Historical Right /
Liberal Union
Luzzatti
Giolitti IV
Salandra I
30   Antonio Salandra
(1853–1931)
Acting
17 October 1914 31 October 1914 14 days Liberal Union Salandra I
31   Sidney Sonnino
(1847–1922)
31 October 1914 23 June 1919 4 years, 235 days Liberal Union Salandra III
Boselli
Orlando
(26)   Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
23 June 1919 26 June 1919 3 days Liberal Union Nitti I
32   Francesco Nitti
(1868–1953)
Acting
26 June 1919 26 September 1919 92 days Italian Radical Party
33   Vittorio Scialoja [it]
(1856–1933)
26 September 1919 15 June 1920 263 days Liberal Union Nitti I·II
34   Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
15 June 1920 4 July 1921 1 year, 19 days Democratic Liberal Party Giolitti V
35   Pietro Tomasi della Torretta
(1873–1962)
4 July 1921 22 February 1922 233 days Independent Bonomi I
36   Carlo Schanzer [it]
(1865–1953)
26 February 1922 28 October 1922 248 days Liberal Union Facta I·II
37   Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Acting
30 October 1922 12 September 1929 6 years, 317 days National Fascist Party Mussolini
38   Dino Grandi
(1895–1988)
12 September 1929 20 July 1932 2 years, 312 days National Fascist Party
(37)   Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Acting
20 July 1932 9 June 1936 3 years, 325 days National Fascist Party
39   Galeazzo Ciano
(1903–1944)
9 June 1936 6 February 1943 6 years, 242 days National Fascist Party
(37)   Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Acting
6 February 1943 25 July 1943 169 days National Fascist Party
40   Raffaele Guariglia
(1889–1970)
28 July 1943 11 February 1944 198 days Independent Badoglio I
41   Pietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
Acting
11 February 1944 8 June 1944 118 days Military Badoglio I·II
42   Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
18 June 1944 10 December 1944 175 days Labour Democratic Party Bonomi II
43   Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
12 December 1944 13 July 1946 1 year, 224 days Christian Democracy Bonomi III
Parri
De Gasperi I

Italian RepublicEdit

Parties

Coalitions:

N. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Party Government Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1   Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
Acting
13 July 1946 18 October 1946 97 days Christian Democracy De Gasperi II
2   Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
18 October 1946 2 February 1947 107 days Italian Socialist Party
3   Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
2 February 1947 26 July 1951 4 years, 174 days Italian Republican Party De Gasperi III
De Gasperi IV·V·VI
(1)   Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
Acting
26 July 1951 17 August 1953 2 years, 22 days Christian Democracy De Gasperi VII·VIII
4   Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
Acting
17 August 1953 18 January 1954 154 days Christian Democracy Pella
5   Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
18 January 1954 16 September 1954 241 days Christian Democracy Fanfani I
Scelba
6   Gaetano Martino
(1900–1967)
16 September 1954 19 May 1957 2 years, 245 days Italian Liberal Party Scelba
Segni I
(4)   Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
19 May 1957 1 July 1958 1 year, 43 days Christian Democracy Zoli
7   Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Acting
1 July 1958 16 February 1959 230 days Christian Democracy Fanfani II
(4)   Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
16 February 1959 25 March 1960 1 year, 38 days Christian Democracy Segni II
8   Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
25 March 1960 7 May 1962 2 years, 43 days Christian Democracy Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
(7)   Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Acting
7 May 1962 29 May 1962 22 days Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
(5)   Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
29 May 1962 4 December 1963 1 year, 189 days Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Leone I
9   Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
4 December 1963 28 December 1964 1 year, 24 days Italian Democratic Socialist Party Moro I·II
10   Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Acting
28 December 1964 5 March 1965 67 days Christian Democracy Moro II
(7)   Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
5 March 1965 30 December 1965 300 days Christian Democracy
(10)   Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Acting
30 December 1965 23 February 1966 55 days Christian Democracy
(7)   Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
23 February 1966 24 June 1968 2 years, 122 days Christian Democracy Moro III
11   Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
24 June 1968 12 December 1968 171 days Christian Democracy Leone II
(2)   Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
12 December 1968 5 August 1969 236 days Italian Socialist Party Rumor I
(10)   Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
5 August 1969 26 June 1972 2 years, 326 days Christian Democracy Rumor II
Rumor III
Colombo
Andreotti I
(11)   Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
26 July 1972 7 July 1973 346 days Christian Democracy Andreotti II
(10)   Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
7 July 1973 23 November 1974 1 year, 139 days Christian Democracy Rumor IV·V
12   Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
23 November 1974 29 July 1976 1 year, 249 days Christian Democracy Moro IV·V
13   Arnaldo Forlani
(1925– )
29 July 1976 4 August 1979 3 years, 6 days Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV·V
14   Franco Maria Malfatti
(1927–1991)
4 August 1979 15 January 1980 195 days Christian Democracy Cossiga I
15   Attilio Ruffini
(1925–2011)
15 January 1980 4 April 1980 80 days Christian Democracy
16   Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
4 April 1980 4 August 1983 3 years, 122 days Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
17   Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
4 August 1983 22 July 1989 5 years, 352 days Christian Democracy Craxi I·II
Fanfani VI
Goria
De Mita
18   Gianni De Michelis
(1940–2019)
22 July 1989 28 June 1992 2 years, 342 days Italian Socialist Party Andreotti VI·VII
19   Vincenzo Scotti
(1933– )
28 June 1992 29 July 1992 31 days Christian Democracy Amato I
20   Giuliano Amato
(1938– )
Acting
29 July 1992 1 August 1992 3 days Italian Socialist Party
(16)   Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
1 August 1992 28 April 1993 270 days Christian Democracy
21   Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
28 April 1993 19 April 1994 356 days Christian Democracy Ciampi
22   Leopoldo Elia
(1925–2008)
19 April 1994 10 May 1994 22 days Italian People's Party
23   Antonio Martino
(1942– )
10 May 1994 17 January 1995 252 days Forza Italia Berlusconi I
24   Susanna Agnelli
(1922–2009)
17 January 1995 17 May 1996 1 year, 121 days Independent Dini
25   Lamberto Dini
(1931– )
17 May 1996 6 June 2001 5 years, 20 days Italian Renewal Prodi I
D'Alema I·II
Amato II
(20)   Giuliano Amato
(1938– )
Acting
6 June 2001 11 June 2001 5 days Independent Amato II
26   Renato Ruggiero
(1930–2013)
11 June 2001 6 January 2002 209 days Independent Berlusconi II
27   Silvio Berlusconi
(1936– )
Acting
6 January 2002 14 November 2002 312 days Forza Italia
28   Franco Frattini
(1957– )
14 November 2002 18 November 2004 2 years, 4 days Forza Italia
29   Gianfranco Fini
(1952– )
18 November 2004 17 May 2006 1 year, 180 days National Alliance Berlusconi II·III
30   Massimo D'Alema
(1949– )
17 May 2006 8 May 2008 1 year, 357 days Democrats of the Left /
Democratic Party
Prodi II
(28)   Franco Frattini
(1957– )
8 May 2008 16 November 2011 3 years, 192 days The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
31   Giulio Terzi di Sant'Agata
(1946– )
16 November 2011 27 March 2013 1 year, 131 days Independent Monti
32   Mario Monti
(1943– )
Acting
27 March 2013 28 April 2013 32 days Independent
33   Emma Bonino
(1948– )
28 April 2013 22 February 2014 300 days Italian Radicals Letta
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
34   Federica Mogherini
(1973– )
22 February 2014 31 October 2014 251 days Democratic Party Renzi
35   Paolo Gentiloni
(1954– )
31 October 2014 12 December 2016 2 years, 42 days Democratic Party
36   Angelino Alfano
(1970– )
12 December 2016 1 June 2018 1 year, 171 days New Centre-Right /
Popular Alternative
Gentiloni
37   Enzo Moavero Milanesi
(1954– )
1 June 2018 5 September 2019 1 year, 96 days Independent Conte I
38   Luigi Di Maio
(1986– )
5 September 2019 Incumbent 1 year, 163 days Five Star Movement Conte II
Draghi

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit