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Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs

The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet.[1]

Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the Italian Republic
Emblem of Italy.svg
Enzo Moavero Milanesi 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Enzo Moavero Milanesi

since June 1, 2018
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
SeatRome
AppointerThe President of Italy
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation1861
(157 years ago)
 (1861)
First holderCamillo Benso, Count of Cavour
Websitewww.esteri.it

Contents

Kingdom of ItalyEdit

Parties
  • 1861–1912:

  Historical Right   Historical Left   Military

  • 1912–1922:

  Liberal Union   Radical Party   Democratic Liberal Party

  • 1922–1943:

  National Fascist Party (sole legal party)

  • 1943–1946:

  Labour Democratic Party   Christian Democracy   Independent   Military

Governments

  Rightist coalition   Leftist coalition   Liberal coalition   Fascist   Military   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Camillo Benso
Count of Cavour

(1810–1861)
  17 March 1861 6 June 1861 Historical Right Cavour IV
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
  12 June 1861 3 March 1862 Historical Right Cavour IV
Ricasoli I
Urbano Rattazzi
(1808–1873)
  3 March 1862 31 March 1862 Historical Left Rattazzi I
Giacomo Durando
(1807–1894)
  31 March 1862 8 December 1862 Historical Right
Giuseppe Pasolini
(1815–1876)
  8 December 1862 24 March 1863 Historical Right Farini
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  24 March 1863 28 September 1864 Historical Right Minghetti I
Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
(1804–1878)
  28 September 1864 20 June 1866 Historical Right La Marmora I·II
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
  20 June 1866 28 June 1866 Historical Right Ricasoli II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  28 June 1866 10 April 1867 Historical Right
Federico Pescetto
(1817–1882)
  10 April 1867 12 April 1867 Historical Right Rattazzi II
Pompeo Di Campello
(1803–1884)
  12 April 1867 27 October 1867 Historical Left
Luigi Federico Menabrea
(1809–1896)
  27 October 1867 14 December 1869 Historical Right Menabrea I·II·III
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  14 December 1869 20 November 1876 Historical Right Lanza
Minghetti II
Luigi Amedeo Melegari
(1805–1881)
  20 November 1876 28 December 1877 Historical Left Depretis I
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  28 December 1877 24 March 1878 Historical Left Depretis II
Luigi Corti
(1823–1888)
  24 March 1878 24 October 1878 Historical Left Cairoli I
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
  24 October 1878 19 December 1878 Historical Left
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  19 December 1878 14 July 1879 Historical Left Depretis III
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
  14 July 1879 29 May 1881 Historical Left Cairoli II·III
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini
(1817–1888)
  29 May 1881 29 June 1885 Historical Left Depretis IV·V·VI
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  29 June 1885 6 October 1885 Historical Left Depretis VII
Carlo Felice Nicolis,
Count of Robilant

(1826–1887)
  6 October 1885 4 April 1887 Military
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
  4 April 1887 29 July 1887 Historical Left Depretis VIII
Francesco Crispi
(1819–1901)
  29 July 1887 6 February 1891 Historical Left Crispi I·II
Antonio Starabba di Rudinì
(1839–1908)
  6 February 1891 15 May 1892 Historical Right Rudinì I
Benedetto Brin
(1833–1898)
  15 May 1892 15 December 1893 Military Giolitti I
Alberto Blanc
(1835–1904)
  15 December 1893 10 March 1896 Historical Left Crispi III·IV
Onorato Caetani
(1842–1917)
  10 March 1896 11 July 1896 Historical Right Rudinì II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  11 July 1896 1 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì III·IV
Raffaele Cappelli
(1848–1921)
  1 June 1898 29 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì V
Felice Napoleone Canevaro
(1838–1926)
  29 June 1898 14 May 1899 Military Pelloux I
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
  11 May 1899 15 February 1901 Historical Right Pelloux II
Saracco
Giulio Prinetti
(1851–1908)
  15 February 1901 9 February 1903 Historical Left Zanardelli
Enrico Morin
(1841–1910)
  9 February 1903 3 September 1903 Military
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
  3 September 1903 27 March 1905 Historical Right Giolitti II
Tittoni
Alessandro Fortis
(1842–1909)
  27 March 1905 24 December 1905 Historical Left Fortis I
Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
  24 December 1905 8 February 1906 Historical Right Fortis II
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
  8 February 1906 29 May 1906 Historical Right Sonnino I
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
  29 May 1906 10 December 1909 Historical Right Giolitti III
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
  11 December 1909 31 March 1910 Historical Right Sonnino II
Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
  31 March 1910 17 October 1914 Historical Right Luzzatti
Liberal Union Giolitti IV
Salandra I
Antonio Salandra
(1853–1931)
  17 October 1914 31 October 1914 Liberal Union Salandra I
Sidney Sonnino
(1847–1922)
  31 October 1914 23 June 1919 Liberal Union Salandra II
Boselli
Orlando
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
  23 June 1919 26 June 1919 Liberal Union Nitti I
Francesco Nitti
(1868–1953)
  26 June 1919 26 September 1919 Italian Radical Party
Vittorio Scialoja
(1856–1933)
  26 September 1919 15 June 1920 Liberal Union Nitti I·II
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
  15 June 1920 4 July 1921 Democratic Liberal Party Giolitti V
Pietro Tomasi della Torretta
(1873–1962)
  7 July 1921 22 February 1922 Liberal Union Bonomi I
Carlo Schanzer
(1865–1953)
  26 February 1922 28 October 1922 Liberal Union Facta I·II
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  30 October 1922 12 September 1929 National Fascist Party Mussolini
Dino Grandi
(1895–1988)
  12 September 1929 20 July 1932 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  20 July 1932 9 June 1936 National Fascist Party
Galeazzo Ciano
(1903–1944)
  9 June 1936 6 February 1943 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  6 February 1943 25 July 1943 National Fascist Party
Raffaele Guariglia
(1889–1970)
  28 July 1943 11 February 1944 Independent Badoglio I
Pietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
  11 February 1944 8 June 1944 Military Badoglio I
Badoglio II
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
  18 June 1944 10 December 1944 Labour Democratic Party Bonomi II
Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
  12 December 1944 1 June 1946 Christian Democracy Bonomi III
Parri
De Gasperi I

Italian RepublicEdit

Parties
  • 1946-1994:

  Christian Democracy   Socialist Party   Republican Party   Liberal Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Independent

  • Since 1994:

  People's Party   Forza Italia/The People of Freedom   Italian Renewal   The Olive Tree   Democrats of the Left/Democratic Party   National Alliance   Italian Radicals   New Centre-Right/Popular Alternative   Independent

Governments

  Centrist coalition   Centre-right coalition   Centre-left coalition   Populist coalition   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
  2 June 1946 18 October 1946 Christian Democracy De Gasperi II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
  18 October 1946 28 January 1947 Italian Socialist Party
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
  2 February 1947 26 July 1951 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi III
De Gasperi IV·V·VI
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
  26 July 1951 17 August 1953 Christian Democracy De Gasperi VII·VIII
Giuseppe Pella (as PM)
(1902–1981)
  17 August 1953 18 January 1954 Christian Democracy Pella
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
  18 January 1954 16 September 1954 Christian Democracy Fanfani I
Scelba
Gaetano Martino
(1900–1967)
  16 September 1954 15 May 1957 Italian Liberal Party Scelba
Segni I
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
  19 May 1957 1 July 1958 Christian Democracy Zoli
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
  1 July 1958 15 February 1959 Christian Democracy Fanfani II
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
  15 February 1959 25 March 1960 Christian Democracy Segni II
Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
  25 March 1960 7 May 1962 Christian Democracy Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
  7 May 1962 29 May 1962 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
  29 May 1962 4 December 1963 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Leone I
Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
  4 December 1963 28 December 1964 Italian Socialist Democratic Party Moro I·II
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
  28 December 1964 5 March 1965 Christian Democracy Moro II
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
  5 March 1965 30 December 1965 Christian Democracy
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
  30 December 1965 23 February 1966 Christian Democracy
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
  23 February 1966 24 June 1968 Christian Democracy Moro III
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
  24 June 1968 12 December 1968 Christian Democracy Leone II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
  12 December 1968 5 August 1969 Italian Socialist Party Rumor I
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
  5 August 1969 26 June 1972 Christian Democracy Rumor II·III
Colombo
Andreotti I
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
  26 July 1972 7 July 1973 Christian Democracy Andreotti II
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
  7 July 1973 23 November 1974 Christian Democracy Rumor IV·V
Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
  23 November 1974 29 July 1976 Christian Democracy Moro IV·V
Arnaldo Forlani
(1925– )
  29 July 1976 4 August 1979 Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV·V
Franco Maria Malfatti
(1927–1991)
  4 August 1979 15 January 1980 Christian Democracy Cossiga I
Attilio Ruffini
(1925–2011)
  15 January 1980 4 April 1980 Christian Democracy
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
  4 April 1980 4 August 1983 Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
  4 August 1983 22 July 1989 Christian Democracy Craxi I·II
Fanfani
Goria
De Mita
Gianni De Michelis
(1940– )
  22 July 1989 28 June 1992 Italian Socialist Party Andreotti VI·VII
Vincenzo Scotti
(1933– )
  28 June 1992 29 July 1992 Christian Democracy Amato I
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
  29 July 1992 1 August 1992 Italian Socialist Party
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
  1 August 1992 28 April 1993 Christian Democracy
Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
  28 April 1993 19 April 1994 Christian Democracy Ciampi
Leopoldo Elia
(1925–2008)
  19 April 1994 10 May 1994 Italian People's Party
Antonio Martino
(1942– )
  10 May 1994 17 January 1995 Forza Italia Berlusconi I
Susanna Agnelli
(1922–2009)
  17 January 1995 17 May 1996 Independent Dini
Lamberto Dini
(1931– )
  17 May 1996 6 June 2001 Italian Renewal Prodi I
D'Alema I·II
Amato II
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
  6 June 2001 11 June 2001 The Olive Tree Amato II
Renato Ruggiero
(1930–2013)
  11 June 2001 6 January 2002 Independent Berlusconi II
Silvio Berlusconi (as PM)
(1936– )
  6 January 2002 14 November 2002 Forza Italia
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
  14 November 2002 18 November 2004 Forza Italia
Gianfranco Fini
(1952– )
  18 November 2004 17 May 2006 National Alliance Berlusconi II·III
Massimo D'Alema
(1949– )
  17 May 2006 8 May 2008 Democrats of the Left/
Democratic Party
Prodi II
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
  8 May 2008 16 November 2011 The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
Giulio Terzi Sant'Agata
(1946– )
  16 November 2011 27 March 2013 Independent Monti
Mario Monti (as PM)
(1943– )
  27 March 2013 28 April 2013 Independent
Emma Bonino
(1948– )
  28 April 2013 22 February 2014 Italian Radicals Letta
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Federica Mogherini
(1973– )
  22 February 2014 31 October 2014 Democratic Party Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
(1954– )
  31 October 2014 12 December 2016 Democratic Party
Angelino Alfano
(1970– )
  12 December 2016 1 June 2018 New Centre-Right/
Popular Alternative
Gentiloni
Enzo Moavero Milanesi
(1954– )
  1 June 2018 Incumbent Independent Conte

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit