The Monti cabinet was the sixty-first cabinet of the government of Italy and was announced on 16 November 2011. This Experts' cabinet was composed of independents, three of whom were women and was formed as an interim government. The government ran the country for eighteen months until the aftermath of the elections in Spring 2013 and then replaced by the Letta Cabinet, formed by Enrico Letta on 28 April.
61st cabinet of Italy
|Date formed||16 November 2011|
|Date dissolved||28 April 2013(530 days)|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Giorgio Napolitano|
|Head of government||Mario Monti|
|No. of ministers||18 (incl. Prime Minister)|
|Total no. of ministers||19 (incl. Prime Minister)|
|Member parties||Independents |
PdL, PD, UdC, FLI
|Status in legislature||National unity government|
|Opposition parties||LN, IdV|
|Outgoing election||2013 election|
|Legislature term(s)||XVI Legislature (2008–2013)|
|Predecessor||Berlusconi IV Cabinet|
On 9 November 2011, Monti was appointed a Lifetime Senator by Italian President Giorgio Napolitano. He was seen as a favourite to replace Silvio Berlusconi and lead a new unity government in Italy in order to implement reforms and austerity measures. The ultimate purpose of Monti's appointment was to save Italy from the eurozone sovereign debt crisis.
On 12 November 2011, following Berlusconi's resignation, Napolitano asked Monti to form a new government. Monti accepted, and held talks with the leaders of the main Italian political parties, declaring that he wanted to form a government that would remain in office until the next scheduled general elections in 2013. On 16 November 2011, Monti was sworn in as Prime Minister of Italy, after making known a technocratic cabinet composed entirely of unelected professionals. He also chose to hold personally the post of Minister of Economy and Finance. His tenure in the latter post lasted until 11 July 2012 when Vittorio Grilli, previously vice-minister, became Minister.
Composition of the GovernmentEdit
- With delegation to information and communications, publishing, and administrative coordination (since 19 January 2012)
- With delegation to publishing.
- Delegated authority for the security of the Republic.
- With delegation to administrative coordination (until 19 January 2012)
- Undersecretary until 27 March 2013
On 9 October 2012, Interior Minister Anna Maria Cancellieri sacked the municipal administration of Reggio Calabria (mayor, assessors, councillors) for alleged links to the organised crime syndicate 'Ndrangheta after a months long investigation and replaced it with three central government appointed administrators to govern for 18 months until a new election in 2014. This was the first time the government of a provincial capital had been dismissed.
- "Mario Monti's technocrats: profiles of the new Italian cabinet". The Guardian. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Monti unveils technocratic cabinet for Italy". BBC News. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Facing Crisis, Technocrats Take Charge in Italy". The New York Times. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Marangoni, Francesco (2012). "Technocrats in Government: The Composition and Legislative Initiatives of the Monti Government Eight Months into its Term of Office" (PDF). Bulletin of Italian Politics. 4 (1): 135–149. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "Monti's Team – Seven Academics, Three Women and No Politicos". Corriere della Sera. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Dinmore, Guy (28 April 2013). "Mayhem greets Italy's grand coalition". Financial Times. Rome. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Napolitano nomina Monti senatore a vita". Corriere della Sera. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- Vagnoni, Giselda; Hornby, Catherine (10 November 2011). "Mario Monti Emerges as Favorite To Lead Italy". Reuters. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Italy: Minister calls for fighting corruption". The Independent. AP. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Incarico a Monti: "Occorre crescita ed equità"". la Repubblica. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- Donadio, Rachel; Povoledo, Elisabetta (16 November 2011). "Facing Crisis, Technocrats Take Charge in Italy". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Monti Unveils Technocratic Cabinet for Italy" (16 November 2011). BBC News. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Squires, Nick (16 November 2011). "Mario Monti Appoints Himself Economy Minister as He Unveils Italy Government". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Monti Unveils Technocratic Cabinet for Italy". BBC News. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Vittorio Grilli to replace Mario Monti as Italy's new finance minister: Government". The Economic Times. Rome. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- Winfield, Nicole (18 November 2011). "Italian leader Mario Monti wins second confidence vote". The Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
- "New Italy PM wins confidence vote on tough reform plans". Reuters. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "Italy sacks city government over mafia links". Al Jazeera. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2012.