Ciampi Cabinet

The Ciampi Cabinet, led by the former Governor of the Bank of Italy Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, was the 50th cabinet of the Italian Republic[2] and the second and final cabinet of the XI Legislature. It held office from 28 April 1993 until 11 May 1994, a total of 377 days, or 1 year and 12 days.

Ciampi Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
50th Cabinet of Italy
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi cropped (1991).jpg
Date formed29 April 1993 (1993-04-29)
Date dissolved11 May 1994 (1994-05-11) (377 days)
People and organisations
Head of stateOscar Luigi Scalfaro
Head of governmentCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
No. of ministers25 (incl. Prime Minister)
Total no. of members30 (incl. Prime Minister)
Member partiesIndependents, DC, PSI, PSDI, PLI
Abstention:
PDS, LN, PRI, FdV
Status in legislatureNational unity government
Technocratic cabinet[1]
Opposition partiesPRC, MSI, Rete
History
Outgoing election1994 election
Legislature term(s)XI Legislature (1992–1994)
PredecessorAmato I Cabinet
SuccessorBerlusconi I Cabinet

It was the first government of the Italian Republic led by a non-Parliamentarian.

Former communists joined the government for the first time since 1947,[3] but they left the government after a few days.

Indeed, on 4 May 1993, a few days later the settlement of the government, the Democratic Party of the Left and the Federation of the Greens withdrew their ministers, in protest against the failed authorization to proceed against Bettino Craxi by the Chamber of Deputies.[4] The PDS ministers were replaced with independents.

The cabinet obtained the confidence in the Chamber of Deputies on 7 May 1993, with 309 votes in favour, 60 against and 182 abstentions, and in the Senate on 12 May 1993, with 162 votes in favour, 36 against and 50 abstentions.[5] The Democratic Party of the Left, the Northern League, the Italian Republican Party and the Greens refrained from voting for confidence in the government.

The government resigned on 13 January 1994.[6]

Party breakdownEdit

The government was initially composed of the members of the following parties:


Until 4 May 1993, the government was also composed of members of the following parties:

Composition of the GovernmentEdit

Portrait Office Name Term Party Undersecretaries
  Prime Minister Carlo Azeglio Ciampi 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent Vito Riggio (DC)[a]
  Minister of Foreign Affairs Beniamino Andreatta 29 April 1993 – 19 April 1994 Christian Democracy Carmelo Azzarà (DC)
Giuseppe Giacovazzo (DC)
Laura Fincato (PSI)
  Leopoldo Elia 19 April 1994 – 11 May 1994 Christian Democracy
  Minister of the Interior Nicola Mancino 29 April 1993 – 19 April 1994 Christian Democracy Antonino Murmura (DC)
Saverio D'Aquino (PLI)
Costantino Dell'Osso (PSI)
  Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
(ad interim)
19 April 1994 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister of Justice Giovanni Conso 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent Vincenzo Binetti (DC)
Daniela Mazzuconi (DC)
  Minister of Budget and Economic Planning Luigi Spaventa 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent Luigi Grillo (DC)
Florindo D'Aimmo (DC)
  Minister of Finance Vincenzo Visco 29 April 1993 – 5 May 1993 Democratic Party of the Left Stefano De Luca (PLI)
Riccardo Triglia (DC)
Antonio Pappalardo (PSDI)
(until 22 May 1993)
Paolo Bruno (PSDI)
(since 14 June 1993)
  Franco Gallo 5 May 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister of Treasury Piero Barucci 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Christian Democracy Paolo De Paoli (PSDI)
Piergiovanni Malvestio (DC)
Maurizio Sacconi (PSI)
Sergio Coloni (DC)
  Minister of Defence Fabio Fabbri 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Italian Socialist Party Antonio Giagu Demartini (DC)
Antonio Patuelli (PLI)
  Minister of Public Education Rosa Russo Jervolino 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Christian Democracy Giuseppe Matulli (DC)
Antonio Mario Innamorato (PSI)
  Minister of Public Works Francesco Merloni 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Christian Democracy Achille Cutrera (PSI)
Pino Pisicchio (DC)
  Minister of Agriculture and Forests Alfredo Luigi Diana 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Christian Democracy Pasquale Diglio (PSI)
  Minister of Post and Telecommunications Maurizio Pagani 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Italian Democratic Socialist Party Ombretta Fumagalli Carulli (DC)
  Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftsmanship Paolo Savona 29 April 1993 – 19 April 1994 Independent Germano De Cinque (DC)
Rossella Artioli (PSI)
  Paolo Baratta
(ad interim)
19 April 1994 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister of Health Mariapia Garavaglia 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Christian Democracy Nicola Savino (PSI)
Publio Fiori (DC)
  Minister of Foreign Trade Paolo Baratta 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister of Transport and Navigation Raffaele Costa 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Italian Liberal Party Giorgio Carta (PSDI)
Michele Sellitti (PSI)
  Minister of Labour and Social Security Gino Giugni 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Italian Socialist Party Luciano Azzolini (DC)
Sandro Principe (PSI)
  Minister of Tourism and Entertainment Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
(ad interim)
29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister of Cultural and Environmental Heritage Alberto Ronchey 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister of the Environment Francesco Rutelli 29 April 1993 – 4 May 1993 Federation of the Greens Roberto Formigoni (DC)
  Valdo Spini 4 May 1993 – 11 May 1994 Italian Socialist Party
  Minister of University and Scientific and Technological Research Luigi Berlinguer 29 April 1993 – 4 May 1993 Democratic Party of the Left Silvia Costa (DC)
  Umberto Colombo 4 May 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister of Public Function
(without portfolio)
Sabino Cassese 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister for the Coordination of Community Policies
(without portfolio)
Valdo Spini 29 April 1993 – 4 May 1993 Italian Socialist Party
  Livio Paladin 4 May 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister for Social Affairs
(without portfolio)
Fernanda Contri 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Italian Socialist Party
  Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Augusto Barbera 29 April 1993 – 4 May 1993 Democratic Party of the Left
  Paolo Barile 4 May 1993 – 11 May 1994 Independent
  Minister for Electoral and Institutional Reforms
(without portfolio)
Leopoldo Elia 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Christian Democracy
  Secretary of the Council of Ministers Antonio Maccanico 29 April 1993 – 11 May 1994 Italian Republican Party
  1. ^ With delegation to the Civil Protection

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Luca Verzichelli; Maurizio Cotta (July 2012). "Technicians, technical government and non-partisan ministers. The Italian experience" (PDF). CirCap. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  2. ^ Peggy Polk (29 April 1993). "Non-politician Puts Italy on Fresh Course". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  3. ^ Patricia Clough (29 April 1993). "Ex-Communists join Italy's reform government". The Independent. Rome. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  4. ^ Pds e Verdi abbandonano Ciampi. Fuori i ministri
  5. ^ XI Legislatura - 23 aprile 1992-14 aprile 1994
  6. ^ Camera dei Deputati - XI Legislatura - Seduta n. 297 Archived 2012-04-06 at the Wayback Machine