Open main menu

The Berlusconi I Cabinet was the 51st cabinet of the Italian Republic. It held office from 11 May until 22 December 1994.

Berlusconi I Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
51st cabinet of Italy
Berlusconi94.jpg
Date formed11 May 1994 (1994-05-11)
Date dissolved22 December 1994 (1994-12-22) (226 days)
People and organisations
Head of stateOscar Luigi Scalfaro
Head of governmentSilvio Berlusconi
Deputy head of governmentRoberto Maroni
Giuseppe Tatarella
No. of ministers26 (incl. Prime Minister)
Member partiesFI, AN, LN, CCD, UdC, FLD
Status in legislatureCentre-right coalition
Opposition partiesPDS, PPI, PRC, Patto, FdV, AD, PSI, Rete
History
Election(s)1994 election
Legislature term(s)XII Legislature (1994–1996)
PredecessorCiampi Cabinet
SuccessorDini Cabinet

It was the first right-wing and non-Christian Democrats government since World War II.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

In order to win the March 1994 general election Berlusconi formed two electoral alliances: Pole of Freedoms with the Northern League in northern Italian districts, and another, the Pole of Good Government, with the post-fascist National Alliance (heir to the Italian Social Movement) in central and southern regions. He did not ally with the latter in the North because the League disliked them. As a result, Forza Italia was allied with two parties that were not allied with each other.

Berlusconi launched a massive campaign of electoral advertisements on his three TV networks. He subsequently won the elections, with Forza Italia garnering 21% of the popular vote, the highest percentage of any single party.[2] One of the most significant promises that he made in order to secure victory was that his government would create "one million more jobs". He was appointed Prime Minister in 1994, but his term in office was short because of the inherent contradictions in his coalition: the League, a regional party with a strong electoral base in northern Italy, was at that time fluctuating between federalist and separatist positions, and National Alliance was a nationalist party that had yet to renounce neo-fascism at the time. In December 1994, following the communication of a new investigation from Milan magistrates that was leaked to the press, Umberto Bossi, leader of the Northern League, left the coalition claiming that the electoral pact had not been respected, forcing Berlusconi to resign from office and shifting the majority's weight to the centre-left side. The Northern League also resented the fact that many of its MPs had switched to Forza Italia, allegedly lured by promises of more prestigious portfolios. In 1998 various articles attacking Berlusconi were published by Northern League's official newspaper (La Padania), with titles such as ""Fininvest (Berlusconi's principal company) was founded by Cosa Nostra".

Berlusconi remained prime minister for a little over a month until his replacement by a technocratic government headed by Lamberto Dini. Dini had been a key minister in the Berlusconi cabinet, and Berlusconi said the only way he would support a technocratic government would be if Dini headed it. In the end, however, Dini was only supported by most opposition parties but not by Forza Italia.

Investiture voteEdit

11 May 1994
Investiture votes for Berlusconi I Cabinet
House of Parliament Vote Parties Votes
Senate of the Republic  Y Yes LN (60), AN (48), FI (36), CCD (12), Others (15)
171 / 325
 N No PDS (76), PPI (34), PRC (18), FdV-Rete (13), PSI (10), SVP (3)
154 / 325
Chamber of Deputies  Y Yes LN (117), FI (113), AN (109), CCD (27)
366 / 630
 N No PDS (143), PRC (39), PPI (33), AD (17), PSI (14), Patto (9), SVP-UV (4), Others (5)
264 / 630

Party breakdownEdit

Composition of the GovernmentEdit

Portrait Office Name Term Party Undersecretaries
 
Prime Minister
Silvio Berlusconi
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
Gianni Letta (Ind.)[a]
Ombretta Fumagalli Carulli (CCD)[b]
Luigi Grillo (FLD)[c]
 
Deputy Prime Minister
Giuseppe Tatarella
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
National Alliance
 
Deputy Prime Minister
Roberto Maroni
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Northern League
 
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
Gianni Letta
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Independent
 
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Antonio Martino
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
Livio Caputo (FI)
Franco Rocchetta (LN)
Vincenzo Trantino (AN)
 
Minister of the Interior
Roberto Maroni
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Northern League
Maurizio Gasparri (AN)
Marianna Li Calzi (FI)
Domenico Lo Jucco (FI)
 
Minister of Grace and Justice
Alfredo Biondi
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Union of the Centre
Gian Franco Anedda (AN)
Mario Borghezio (LN)
Domenico Contestabile (FI)
 
Minister of Budget and Economic Planning
Giancarlo Pagliarini
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Northern League
Ilario Floresta (FI)
Antonio Parlato (AN)
 
Minister of Finance
Giulio Tremonti
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Liberal Democratic Foundation
Roberto Asquini (LN)
Filippo Berselli (AN)
Sandro Trevisanato (FI)
 
Minister of Treasury
Lamberto Dini
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Independent
Marisa Bedoni (LN)
Salvatore Cicu (FI)
Giovanni Mongiello (CCD)
Antonio Rastrelli (AN)
 
Minister of Defense
Cesare Previti
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
Guido Lo Porto (AN)
Mauro Polli (LN)
 
Minister of Public Education
Francesco D'Onofrio
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Christian Democratic Centre
Fortunato Aloi (AN)
Mariella Mazzetto (LN)
 
Minister of Public Works
Roberto Maria Radice
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
Stefano Aimone Prina (LN)
Domenico Nania (AN)
 
Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Resources
Adriana Poli Bortone
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
National Alliance
Paolo Scarpa Bonazza Buora (FI)
 
Minister of Transport and Navigation
Publio Fiori
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
National Alliance
Sergio Cappelli (LN)
Gianfranco Micciché (FI)
 
Minister of Post and Telecommunications
Giuseppe Tatarella
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
National Alliance
Antonio Marano (LN)
 
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftsmanship
Vito Gnutti
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Northern League
Giampiero Beccaria (FI)
Francesco Pontone (AN)
 
Minister of Health
Raffaele Costa
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Union of the Centre
Giulio Conti (AN)
Giuseppe Nisticò (FI)
 
Minister of Foreign Trade
Giorgio Bernini
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
 
Minister of Labour and Social Security
Clemente Mastella
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Christian Democratic Centre
Carmelo Porcu (AN)
Adriano Teso (FI)
 
Minister of Cultural and Environmental Heritage
Domenico Fisichella
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
National Alliance
 
Minister of the Environment
Altero Matteoli
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
National Alliance
Roberto Lasagna (FI)
 
Minister of University, Scientific and Technological Research
Stefano Podestà
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
Giovanni Meo Zilio (LN)
 
Minister of Community Policies
(without portfolio)
Domenico Comino
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Northern League
 
Minister of Family and Social Solidarity
(without portfolio)
Antonio Guidi
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
 
Minister of Public Function and Regional Affairs
(without portfolio)
Giuliano Urbani
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
 
Minister of Italians in the World
(without portfolio)
Sergio Berlinguer
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Independent
 
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Giuliano Ferrara
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Forza Italia
 
Minister for Institutional Reforms
(without portfolio)
Francesco Speroni
11 May 1994 – 17 January 1995
Northern League
  1. ^ With delegation to entertainment, tourism and sport.
  2. ^ With delegation to the Civil Protection.
  3. ^ With delegation to urban areas and Rome Capital.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Montalbano, William D. (11 May 1994). "Italian Premier Forms Rightist Government". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Elezioni della Camera dei Deputati del 27 Marzo 1994" (in Italian). Italian Chamber of Deputies. Archived from the original on 12 June 2009.
  3. ^ De Giorgi, Elisabetta; Francesco Marangoni (2009). "The First Year of Berlusconi's Fourth Government: Formation, Characteristics and Activities". Bulletin of Italian Politics. 1 (1): 87–109.