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Deputy Prime Minister of Italy

The Deputy Prime Minister of Italy, officially Vice-President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Vicepresidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), is a senior member of the Italian Cabinet. Moreover, it is often colloquially known as Vicepremier.[1][2] The office of the Deputy Prime Minister is not a permanent position, existing only at the discretion of the Prime Minister, who may appoint to other offices to give seniority to a particular Cabinet minister. The office is currently held by Luigi Di Maio (leader of the M5S) and Matteo Salvini (leader of the League), under Giuseppe Conte's premiership.

Vice-President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic
Vicepresidente del Consiglio dei Ministri della Repubblica Italiana
Flag of the Prime Minister of Italy.svg
Luigi Di Maio 2018 camera.jpgMatteoSalvini2018 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Luigi Di Maio and Matteo Salvini

since 1 June 2018
Council of Ministers
AppointerPresident of the Republic
Inaugural holderLuigi Einaudi,
Randolfo Pacciardi,
Giuseppe Saragat

Unlike analogous offices in some other nations, such as a vice-presidency, the Italian deputy prime minister possesses no special constitutional powers as such, though they will always have particular responsibilities in government. They do not assume the duties and powers of the Prime Minister in the latter's absence, illness, or death, such as the powers to seek a dissolution of parliament, appoint peers or brief the President of the Republic.

They do not automatically succeed the Prime Minister, should the latter be incapacitated or resign from the leadership of his or her political party. In practice, however, the designation of someone to the role of Deputy Prime Minister may provide additional practical status within cabinet, enabling the exercise of de facto, if not de jure, power.

In a coalition government, as Enrico Letta Grand coalition government between the Democrats and The People of Freedom, the appointment of the secretary of the smaller party (in the 2014 case, Angelino Alfano, secretary of the PdL) as Deputy Prime Minister is done to give that person more authority within the cabinet to enforce the coalition's agreed-upon agenda.[3]

Contents

List of Deputy Prime MinistersEdit

Parties
  • 1946–1994:

  Liberal Party   Republican Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Christian Democracy   Socialist Party

  • Since 1994:

  Lega Nord   National Alliance   Democratic Party of the Left   People's Party   Union of Christian and Centre Democrats   Forza Italia   Democratic Party   New Centre-Right   Five Star Movement

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Party Prime Minister
  Luigi Einaudi
(1874–1961)
1 January 1947 24 May 1948 1 year, 144 days Italian Liberal Party Alcide De Gasperi
  Randolfo Pacciardi
(1899–1991)
Italian Republican Party
  Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
Italian Democratic Socialist Party
  Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
24 May 1948 27 January 1950 1 year, 248 days Christian Democracy
  Giovanni Porzio
(1873–1962)
Italian Liberal Party
  Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
Italian Democratic Socialist Party
Office not in use 1950–1951
  Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
26 July 1951 17 August 1953 2 years, 6 days Christian Democracy
Office not in use 1953–1954 Giuseppe Pella
Amintore Fanfani
  Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
10 February 1954 19 May 1957 3 years, 98 days Italian Democratic Socialist Party Mario Scelba
Antonio Segni
  Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
19 May 1957 1 July 1958 1 year, 43 days Christian Democracy Adone Zoli
  Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
1 July 1958 15 February 1959 229 days Christian Democracy Amintore Fanfani
Office not in use 1959–1960 Antonio Segni
Fernando Tambroni
  Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
26 July 1960 4 December 1963 3 years, 131 days Christian Democracy
Giovanni Leone
  Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
4 December 1963 24 June 1968 4 years, 203 days Italian Socialist Party Aldo Moro
Office not in use June–December 1968 Giovanni Leone
  Francesco De Martino
(1907–2002)
12 December 1968 5 August 1969 236 days Italian Socialist Party Mariano Rumor
  Paolo Emilio Taviani
(1912–2001)
5 August 1969 27 March 1970 234 days Christian Democracy
  Francesco De Martino
(1907–2002)
27 March 1970 17 February 1972 1 year, 327 days Italian Socialist Party Emilio Colombo
Office not in use February–June 1972 Giulio Andreotti
  Mario Tanassi
(1916–2007)
26 June 1972 7 July 1973 1 year, 11 days Italian Democratic Socialist Party
Office not in use 1973–1974 Mariano Rumor
  Ugo La Malfa
(1903–1979)
23 November 1974 12 February 1976 1 year, 81 days Italian Republican Party Aldo Moro
Office not in use 1976–1979 Giulio Andreotti
  Ugo La Malfa
(1903–1979)
20 March 1979 26 March 1979 6 days Italian Republican Party
Office not in use 1979–1983 Francesco Cossiga
Arnaldo Forlani
Giovanni Spadolini
Amintore Fanfani
  Arnaldo Forlani
(1925–)
4 August 1983 17 April 1987 3 years, 256 days Christian Democracy Bettino Craxi
Office not in use April–July 1987 Amintore Fanfani
  Giuliano Amato
(1938–)
28 July 1987 13 April 1988 260 days Italian Socialist Party Giovanni Goria
  Gianni De Michelis
(1940–)
13 April 1988 22 July 1989 1 year, 100 days Italian Socialist Party Ciriaco De Mita
  Claudio Martelli
(1943–)
22 July 1989 28 June 1992 2 years, 342 days Italian Socialist Party Giulio Andreotti
Office not in use 1992–1994 Giuliano Amato
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
  Roberto Maroni
(1955–)
10 May 1994 17 January 1995 252 days Lega Nord Silvio Berlusconi
  Giuseppe Tatarella
(1935–1999)
National Alliance
Office not in use 1995–1996 Lamberto Dini
  Walter Veltroni
(1955–)
17 May 1996 21 October 1998 2 years, 157 days Democratic Party of the Left Romano Prodi
  Sergio Mattarella
(1941–)
21 October 1998 22 December 1999 1 year, 62 days Italian People's Party Massimo D'Alema
Office not in use 1999–2001
Giuliano Amato
  Gianfranco Fini
(1952–)
11 June 2001 23 April 2005 3 years, 316 days National Alliance Silvio Berlusconi
  Marco Follini
(1954–)
Union of Christians and Centre Democrats
  Gianfranco Fini
(1952–)
23 April 2005 17 May 2006 1 year, 24 days National Alliance
  Giulio Tremonti
(1947–)
Forza Italia
  Massimo D'Alema
(1949–)
17 May 2006 8 May 2008 1 year, 357 days Democratic Party Romano Prodi
  Francesco Rutelli
(1954–)
Democratic Party
Office not in use 2008–2013 Silvio Berlusconi
Mario Monti
  Angelino Alfano
(1970–)
28 April 2013 22 February 2014 300 days New Centre-Right Enrico Letta
Office not in use 2014–2018 Matteo Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
  Matteo Salvini
(1973–)
1 June 2018 Incumbent 265 days Lega Nord Giuseppe Conte
  Luigi Di Maio
(1986–)
Five Star Movement

TimelineEdit

 

Living former Deputy Prime MinistersEdit

There are ten living former Italian Prime Ministers:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit