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Giuseppe Saragat (Italian pronunciation: [dʒuˈzɛppe ˈsaːraɡat]; 19 September 1898, Turin – 11 June 1988, Rome)[2] was an Italian politician who was the fifth President of Italy from 1964 to 1971.


Giuseppe Saragat
Giuseppe Saragat.jpg
5th President of Italy
In office
29 December 1964 – 29 December 1971
Prime MinisterAldo Moro
Giovanni Leone
Mariano Rumor
Emilio Colombo
Preceded byAntonio Segni
Succeeded byGiovanni Leone
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
4 December 1963 – 22 July 1964
Prime MinisterAldo Moro
Preceded byAttilio Piccioni
Succeeded byAldo Moro
Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
In office
10 February 1954 – 19 May 1957
Prime MinisterMario Scelba
Antonio Segni
Preceded byAttilio Piccioni
Succeeded byGiuseppe Pella
In office
1 June 1947 – 27 January 1950
Prime MinisterAlcide De Gasperi
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAttilio Piccioni
President of the Constituent Assembly
In office
25 June 1946 – 6 February 1947
Preceded byCarlo Sforza
Succeeded byUmberto Terracini
Personal details
Born(1898-09-19)19 September 1898
Turin, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy
Died11 June 1988(1988-06-11) (aged 89)
Rome, Lazio, Italy
NationalityItalian
Political partyUnitary Socialist Party
(1922–1930)
Italian Socialist Party
(1930–1947)
Italian Democratic Socialist Party
(1947–1988)
Spouse(s)Giuseppina Bollani (died 14 January 1961)[1]
Alma materUniversity of Turin

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Born to Sardinian parents, he was of the Unitary Socialist Party from 1922. He moved to Vienna in 1926 and to France in 1929.

Political careerEdit

Saragat joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1930. He was a reformist democratic socialist who split from the Italian Socialist Party in 1947 out of concern over its then-close alliance with the Italian Communist Party. He founded the Socialist Party of Italian Workers, which would soon become the Italian Democratic Socialist Party. He would be the latter's paramount leader for the rest of his life.[3]

He had been minister without portfolio for the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity in 1944 and ambassador in Paris from 1945 to 1946, Saragat was appointed President of the Constituent Assembly of Italy. He was then as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 1964, when he was chosen President of the Italian Republic. His election was the result of one of the rare instances of unity in the Italian left and followed rumours of a possible neo-fascist coup during Antonio Segni's presidency.[3][4]

He is said to have been an atheist,[5] but after that he became a catholic and he had religious funeral.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vespa, Bruno (7 October 2010). "L'amore e il potere". Edizioni Mondadori. Retrieved 14 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Rizzo, Tito Lucrezio (23 October 2012). "Parla il Capo dello Stato: sessanta anni di vita repubblicana attraverso il Quirinale 1946-2006". Gangemi Editore spa. Retrieved 14 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b Saragat, Giuseppe: “Dizionario di Storia” – Treccani (in Italian) Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  4. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Giuseppe Saragat Is Dead at 89; President of Italy From '64 to '71". Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  5. ^ Bruno Vespa, L'amore e il potere. da Rachele a Veronica, un secolo di storia italiana, Mondadori, Milano, 2009, p. 120.
  6. ^ From Padre Rotondi e la "conversione" di Saragat

External linksEdit