Prodi I Cabinet

The Prodi I Cabinet was the 53rd cabinet of the Italian Republic. It held office from 17 May 1996 until 21 October 1998.

Prodi I Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
53rd Cabinet of Italy
Romano Prodi 96.jpg
Date formed17 May 1996 (1996-05-17)
Date dissolved21 October 1998 (1998-10-21) (888 days)
People and organisations
Head of stateOscar Luigi Scalfaro
Head of governmentRomano Prodi
No. of ministers22 (incl. Prime Minister)
Total no. of ministers23 (incl. Prime Minister)
Member partyPDS, PPI, RI, FdV, UD
External support:
PRC
Status in legislatureCentre-left coalition
Opposition partyFI, AN, LN, CCD, CDU
Opposition leaderSilvio Berlusconi
History
Election(s)1996 election
Legislature term(s)XIII Legislature (1996 – 2001)
PredecessorDini Cabinet
SuccessorD'Alema I Cabinet

FormationEdit

On 21 April 1996, the Olive Tree won 1996 general election in alliance with the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC), making Romano Prodi Prime Minister of Italy. The Olive Tree's main component was the Democratic Party of the Left, which contained the bulk of the former Italian Communist Party. The PDS' Walter Veltroni, who ran in ticket with Prodi in a long electoral campaign, served as Deputy Prime Minister, and 15 other PDS ministers joined him in cabinet alongside 10 PDS junior ministers. It was the first time that (former) Communists had taken part in government since 1947.

Besides the external support of PRC, the coalition received the support also of some minor parties: the Italian Republican Party (PRI, social-liberal), The Network (social-democratic), the South Tyrolean People's Party (regionalist and Christian democratic) and some other minor parties which later merged with PDS.

The average age of the ministers was 55.9 years and 14 ministers has parliamentary experience.[1] The number of female ministers was three.[1]

FallEdit

The government fell in 1998 when the Communist Refoundation Party withdrew its support. This led to the formation of a new government led by Massimo D'Alema as Prime Minister. There are those who claim that D'Alema deliberately engineered the collapse of the Prodi government to become Prime Minister himself.[citation needed] As the result of a vote of no confidence in Prodi's government, D'Alema's nomination was passed by a single vote. This was the first and so far, the only occasion in the history of the Italian republic on which a vote of no confidence had ever been called; the Republic's many previous governments had been brought down by a majority "no" vote on some crucially important piece of legislation (such as the budget).

Party breakdownEdit

Composition of the GovernmentEdit

Portrait Office Name Term Party Undersecretaries
 
Prime Minister
Romano Prodi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
Enrico Luigi Micheli (PPI)
Arturo Parisi (Ind.)[a]
Giorgio Bogi (SR)
(until 14 March 1997)
 
Deputy Prime Minister
Walter Veltroni
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
 
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Lamberto Dini
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian Renewal
Piero Fassino (PDS)
Rino Serri (MCU)
Patrizia Toia (PPI)
 
Minister of the Interior
Giorgio Napolitano
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Franco Barberi (Ind.)
Fabrizio Abbate (PPI)
Giannicola Sinisi (PPI)
Adriana Vigneri (PDS)
Lucio Testa (RI)
Angelo Giorgianni (RI)
(until 13 March 1998)
 
Minister of Grace and Justice
Giovanni Maria Flick
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
Giuseppe Ayala (UD)
Franco Corleone (FdV)
Antonino Mirone (Patto)
 
Minister of Treasury, Budget and Economic Planning
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
Laura Pennacchi (PDS)
Giorgio Macciotta (PDS)
Isaia Sales (PDS)
Roberto Pinza (PPI)
Filippo Cavazzuti (PDS)
Dino Piero Giarda (Ind.)
 
Minister of Finance
Vincenzo Visco
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Giovanni Marongiu (RI)
Fausto Vigevani (PDS)
Pierluigi Castellani (PPI)
(since 21 Nov. 1996)
 
Minister of Defense
Beniamino Andreatta
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
Massimo Brutti (PPI)
Gianni Rivera (Patto)
 
Minister of Education, University, Scientific and Technological Research
Luigi Berlinguer
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Nadia Masini (PDS)
Carla Rocchi (FdV)
Albertina Soliani (PPI)
 
Minister of Public Works
Antonio Di Pietro
17 May 1996 – 20 November 1996
Independent
Antonio Bargone (PDS)
Gianni Francesco Mattioli (FdV)
 
Paolo Costa
20 November 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
 
Minister of Agricultural Resources
Michele Pinto
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
Roberto Borroni (PDS)
 
Minister of Transport and Navigation
Claudio Burlando
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Giuseppe Albertini (PDS)
Giuseppe Soriero (PDS)
 
Minister of Post and Telecommunications
Antonio Maccanico
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Union
Vincenzo Maria Vita (PDS)
Michele Lauria (PPI)
 
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftsmanship
Pier Luigi Bersani
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Umberto Carpi (PDS)
Salvatore Ladu (PPI)
 
Minister of Labour and Social Security
Tiziano Treu
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian Renewal
Antonio Pizzinato (PDS)
Federica Gasparrini (RI)
Elena Montecchi (PDS)
(until 23 Feb. 1998)
Alessandro Garilli (Ind.)
(since 20 March 1998)
 
Minister of Foreign Trade
Augusto Fantozzi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian Renewal
Antonello Cabras (UD)
 
Minister of Health
Rosy Bindi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
Bruno Viserta Costantini (PDS)
Monica Bettoni Brandani (PDS)
 
Minister of Cultural Heritage and Activities
Walter Veltroni
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Willer Bordon (AD)
Alberto La Volpe (SI)
 
Minister of the Environment
Edo Ronchi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Federation of the Greens
Valerio Calzolaio (PDS)
 
Minister of Public Function and Regional Affairs
(without portfolio)
Franco Bassanini
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Sergio Zoppi (PPI)
Ernesto Bettinelli (Ind.)
(since 13 Feb. 1997)
 
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Giorgio Bogi
14 March 1997 – 21 October 1998
Republican Left
Elena Montecchi (PDS)
(since 23 Feb. 1998)
 
Minister for Equal Opportunities
(without portfolio)
Anna Finocchiaro
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
 
Minister of Social Solidarity
(without portfolio)
Livia Turco
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
 
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
Enrico Luigi Micheli
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
  1. ^ With delegation to information and publishing.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b De Giorgi, Elisabetta; Francesco Marangoni (2009). "The First Year of Berlusconi's Fourth Government: Formation, Characteristics and Activities" (PDF). Bulletin of Italian Politics. 1 (1): 87–109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-30. Retrieved 2013-09-18.

SourcesEdit