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This Italian Ministers of Defence is a senior member of the Italian Cabinet who leads the Ministry of Defence. The minister is responsible for military and civil defence matters and managing the Italian Armed Forces.

Minister of Defence of the Italian Republic
Ministro della difesa
Flag of the Italian Defence minister.svg
Flag of the minister of defence
Lorenzo Guerini 2018 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Lorenzo Guerini

since 5 september 2019
Ministry of Defence
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
SeatRome
AppointerThe President of Italy
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation17 March 1861; 158 years ago (1861-03-17)
First holderManfredo Fanti
Websitewww.difesa.it

The first Minister of War was Manfredo Fanti, a General of the Royal Italian Army, while the first Minister of Defence was Luigi Gasparotto, member of the Labour Democratic Party; the current office holder is Lorenzo Guerini, of the Democratic Party, who is has been acting as Defence Minister since September 5, 2019.[1]

List of Ministers of WarEdit

Parties
  • 1861–1912:

  Military   Historical Right

  • 1912–1922:

  Military   Reformist Socialist Party   People's Party   Agrarian Party   Liberal Union

  • 1922–1943:

  National Fascist Party (sole legal party)

  • 1943–1946:

  Military   Liberal Party   Christian Democracy   Republican Party

Governments

  Rightist coalition   Leftist coalition   Liberal coalition   Fascist   Military   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Manfredo Fanti
(1806–1865)
  17 March 1861 6 June 1861 Military Cavour IV
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
  12 June 1861 5 September 1861 Historical Right Ricasoli I
Alessandro Della Rovere
(1815–1864)
  5 September 1861 3 March 1862 Military
Agostino Petitti Bagliani
(1814–1890)
  4 March 1862 8 December 1862 Military Rattazzi I
Alessandro Della Rovere
(1815–1864)
  8 December 1862 28 September 1864 Military Farini
Minghetti I
Agostino Petitti Bagliani
(1814–1890)
  28 September 1864 31 December 1865 Military La Marmora II
(1813–1896)   31 December 1865 22 August 1866 Military La Marmora III
Ricasoli II
Efisio Cugia
(1818–1872)
  22 August 1866 10 April 1867 Military Ricasoli II
Genova Theon di Revel
(1817–1910)
  10 April 1867 27 October 1867 Military Rattazzi II
Ettore Bertolè Viale
(1829–1892)
  27 October 1867 14 December 1869 Military Menabrea I·II·III
Giuseppe Govone
(1825–1872)
  14 December 1869 7 September 1870 Military Lanza
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
  7 September 1870 20 November 1876 Military Lanza
Minghetti II
Depretis I
Luigi Mezzacapo
(1814–1885)
  20 November 1876 24 March 1878 Military Depretis I·II
Luigi Mezzacapo
(1824–1890)
  24 March 1878 24 October 1878 Military Cairoli I
Cesare Bonelli
(1821–1904)
  24 October 1878 19 December 1878 Military
Gustavo Mazè de la Roche
(1824–1886)
  19 December 1878 14 July 1879 Military Depretis III
Cesare Bonelli
(1821–1904)
  14 July 1879 13 July 1880 Military Cairoli II·III
Ferdinando Acton
(1832–1891)
  13 July 1880 27 July 1880 Military Cairoli III
Bernardino Milon
(1829–1881)
  27 July 1880 25 March 1881 Military
Emilio Ferrero
(1819–1887)
  25 March 1881 24 May 1884 Military Cairoli III
Depretis IV·V·VI
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
  24 May 1884 4 April 1887 Military Depretis VI·VII
Ettore Bertolè Viale
(1829–1892)
  4 April 1887 6 February 1891 Military Depretis VIII
Crispi I·II
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
  6 February 1891 15 December 1893 Military Rudinì I
Giolitti I
Stanislao Mocenni
(1837–1907)
  15 December 1893 10 March 1896 Military Crispi III·IV
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
  10 March 1896 11 July 1896 Military Rudinì II
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
  11 July 1896 14 December 1897 Military Rudinì III
Alessandro Asinari
di San Marzano
(1830–1906)
  14 December 1897 14 May 1899 Military Rudinì IV
Pelloux I
Giuseppe Mirri
(1834–1907)
  14 May 1899 7 January 1900 Military Pelloux II
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
  7 January 1900 7 April 1900 Military
Coriolano Ponza
di San Martino
(1842–1926)
  7 April 1900 27 April 1902 Military Pelloux II
Saracco
Zanardelli
Enrico Morin
(1841–1910)
  27 April 1902 14 May 1902 Military Zanardelli
Giuseppe Ottolenghi
(1838–1904)
  14 May 1902 3 September 1903 Military
Ettore Pedotti
(1842–1919)
  3 September 1903 24 December 1905 Military Giolitti II
Tittoni
Fortis I
Luigi Majnoni d'Intignano
(1841–1918)
  24 December 1905 29 May 1906 Military Fortis II
Sonnino I
Giuseppe Ettore Viganò
(1843–1933)
  29 May 1906 29 December 1907 Military Giolitti III
Severino Casana
(1842–1912)
  29 December 1907 10 December 1909 Historical Right
Paolo Spingardi
(1845–1918)
  11 December 1909 19 March 1914 Military Sonnino II
Luzzatti
Giolitti IV
Domenico Grandi
(1849–1937)
  21 March 1914 10 October 1914 Military Salandra I
Vittorio Italico Zupelli
(1859–1945)
  10 October 1914 4 April 1916 Military Salandra I·II
Paolo Morrone
(1854–1937)
  4 April 1916 16 June 1917 Military Salandra II
Boselli
Gaetano Giardino
(1864–1935)
  16 June 1917 30 October 1917 Military Boselli
Vittorio Luigi Alfieri
(1863–1918)
  30 October 1917 21 March 1918 Military Orlando
Vittorio Italico Zupelli
(1859–1945)
  21 March 1918 18 January 1919 Military
Enrico Caviglia
(1862–1945)
  18 January 1919 23 June 1919 Military
Alberico Albricci
(1864–1936)
  24 June 1919 14 March 1920 Military Nitti I
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
  14 March 1920 21 May 1920 Italian Reformist Socialist Party
Giulio Rodinò
(1875–1946)
  21 May 1920 15 June 1920 Italian People's Party Nitti II
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
  15 June 1920 2 April 1921 Italian Reformist Socialist Party Giolitti V
Giulio Rodinò
(1875–1946)
  2 April 1921 4 July 1921 Italian People's Party
Luigi Gasparotto
(1873–1954)
  4 July 1921 26 February 1922 Italian Reformist Socialist Party Bonomi I
Pietro Lanza di Scalea
(1863–1938)
  26 February 1922 1 August 1922 Agrarian Party Facta I
Marcello Soleri
(1882–1945)
  1 August 1922 28 October 1922 Liberal Union Facta II
Armando Diaz
(1861–1928)
  30 October 1922 30 April 1924 Military Mussolini
Antonino Di Giorgio
(1867–1932)
  30 April 1924 4 April 1925 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  4 April 1925 12 September 1929 National Fascist Party
Pietro Gazzera
(1879–1953)
  12 September 1929 22 July 1933 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
  22 July 1933 25 July 1943 National Fascist Party
Antonio Sorice
(1897–1971)
  28 July 1943 11 February 1944 Military Badoglio I
Taddeo Orlando
(1885–1950)
  11 February 1944 8 June 1944 Military Badoglio I
Badoglio II
Alessandro Casati
(1881–1955)
  18 June 1944 21 June 1945 Italian Liberal Party Bonomi II·III
Stefano Jacini
(1886–1952)
  21 June 1945 8 December 1945 Christian Democracy Parri
Manlio Brosio
(1897–1980)
  10 December 1945 1 July 1946 Italian Liberal Party De Gasperi I
Cipriano Facchinetti
(1889–1952)
  14 July 1946 4 February 1947 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi II

List of Ministers of DefenceEdit

Parties
  • 1946–1994:

  Labour Democratic Party   Christian Democracy   Republican Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Socialist Party   Liberal Party   Independent

  • 1994–present:

  Forza Italia/The People of Freedom   People's Party   Democratic Union for the Republic   The Daisy/Democratic Party   Civic Choice/Populars for Italy   Five Star Movement   Independent

Governments

  Centrist coalition   Centre-right coalition   Centre-left coalition   Populist coalition   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Luigi Gasparotto
(1873–1954)
  4 February 1947 31 May 1947 Labour Democratic Party De Gasperi III
Mario Cingolani
(1883–1971)
  31 May 1947 15 December 1947 Christian Democracy De Gasperi IV
Cipriano Facchinetti
(1889–1952)
  15 December 1947 23 May 1948 Italian Republican Party
Randolfo Pacciardi
(1899–1991)
  23 May 1948 7 July 1953 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi V·VI·VII
Giuseppe Codacci Pisanelli
(1913–1999)
  16 July 1953 2 August 1953 Christian Democracy De Gasperi VIII
Paolo Emilio Taviani
(1912–2001)
  17 August 1953 1 July 1958 Christian Democracy Pella
Fanfani I
Scelba
Segni
Zoli
Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
  1 July 1958 15 February 1959 Christian Democracy Fanfani II
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
  15 February 1959 23 February 1966 Christian Democracy Segni II
Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
Leone I
Moro I·II
Roberto Tremelloni
(1900–1987)
  23 February 1966 24 June 1968 Italian Democratic Socialist Party Moro III
Luigi Gui
(1914–2010)
  24 June 1968 23 March 1970 Christian Democracy Leone II
Rumor I·II
Mario Tanassi
(1918–2007)
  27 March 1970 17 February 1972 Italian Democratic Socialist Party Rumor III
Colombo
Franco Restivo
(1911–1976)
  17 February 1972 16 June 1972 Christian Democracy Andreotti I
Mario Tanassi
(1918–2007)
  26 July 1972 14 March 1974 Italian Democratic Socialist Party Andreotti II
Rumor IV
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
  14 March 1974 23 November 1974 Christian Democracy Rumor V
Arnaldo Forlani
(1925–)
  23 November 1974 29 July 1976 Christian Democracy Moro IV·V
Vittorio Lattanzio
(1926–2010)
  29 July 1976 18 September 1977 Christian Democracy Andreotti III
Attilio Ruffini
(1925–)
  18 September 1977 14 January 1980 Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV·V
Cossiga I
Adolfo Sarti
(1928–1992)
  14 January 1980 4 April 1980 Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Lelio Lagorio
(1925–2017)
  4 April 1980 4 August 1983 Italian Socialist Party Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
Giovanni Spadolini
(1925–1994)
  4 August 1983 17 April 1987 Italian Republican Party Craxi I·II
Remo Gaspari
(1921–2011)
  17 April 1987 28 July 1987 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Valerio Zanone
(1936–2016)
  28 July 1987 22 July 1989 Italian Liberal Party Goria
De Mita
Mino Martinazzoli
(1931–2011)
  22 July 1989 27 July 1990 Christian Democracy Andreotti VI
Virginio Rognoni
(1924–)
  27 July 1990 28 June 1992 Christian Democracy Andreotti VI·VII
Salvo Andò
(1945–)
  28 June 1992 28 April 1993 Italian Socialist Party Amato I
Fabio Fabbri
(1933–)
  28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Italian Socialist Party Ciampi
Cesare Previti
(1934–)
  10 May 1994 17 January 1995 Forza Italia Berlusconi I
Domenico Corcione
(1929–)
  17 January 1995 17 May 1996 Independent Dini
Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
  17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Italian People's Party Prodi I
Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini
(1944–)
  21 October 1998 22 December 1999 Democratic Union for the Republic D'Alema I
Sergio Mattarella
(1941–)
  22 December 1999 11 June 2001 Italian People's Party D'Alema II
Amato II
Antonio Martino
(1942–)
  11 June 2001 17 May 2006 Forza Italia Berlusconi II·III
Arturo Parisi
(1940–)
  17 May 2006 8 May 2008 The Daisy/
Democratic Party
Prodi II
Ignazio La Russa
(1947–)
  8 May 2008 16 November 2011 The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
Giampaolo Di Paola
(1944–)
  16 November 2011 28 April 2013 Independent Monti
Mario Mauro
(1961–)
  28 April 2013 22 February 2014 Civic Choice/
Populars for Italy
Letta
Roberta Pinotti
(1961–)
  22 February 2014 1 June 2018 Democratic Party Renzi
Gentiloni
Elisabetta Trenta
(1967–)
  1 June 2018 5 September 2019 Five Star Movement Conte I
Lorenzo Guerini
(1966–)
  5 September 2019 Incumbent Democratic Party Conte II

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lorenzo Guerini, Ministro della Difesa". la Repubblica. Retrieved 5 September 2019.