Legislature XI of Italy

The Legislature XI of Italy (Italian: XI Legislatura della Repubblica Italiana) was the 11th legislature of the Italian Republic, and lasted from 23 April 1992 until 14 April 1994.[1][2] Its composition was the one resulting from the general election of 5 and 6 April 1992. The election was called by President Cossiga on 3 February 1992.[3]

Legislature XI of Italy

XI legislatura della Repubblica Italiana
11th legislature
Type
Type
HousesChamber of Deputies
Senate of the Republic
History
Founded23 April 1992 (1992-04-23)
Disbanded14 April 1994 (1994-04-14) (1 year, 356 days)
Preceded byX Legislature
Succeeded byXII Legislature
Leadership
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, DC
(24 April 1992 – 25 May 1992)
Giorgio Napolitano, PDS
(3 June 1992 – 14 April 1994)
Structure
Seats630 (C)
315+ (S)
Italian Chamber of Deputies groups leg 11.svg
Chamber of Deputies political groups
  •   DCPPI (179)
  •   PDS (106)
  •   PSI (91)
  •   LN (50)
  •   MSI (34)
  •   PRC (33)
  •   PRI (26)
  •   CCD (24)
  •   PLI (17)
  •   FdV (16)
  •   PSDI (15)
  •   Rete (12)
  •   FE (6)
  •   Mixed (21)
Italian Senate groups leg 11.svg
Senate political groups
Elections
Proportional
Proportional
Last general election
5–6 April 1992
Meeting place
Palazzo Montecitorio, Rome (C)
Palazzo Madama, Rome (S)
Website
storia.camera.it/legislature/leg-repubblica-XI
www.senato.it/leg11/home
Constitution
Constitution of Italy

This legislature was one of the shortest in the history of the Italian Republic and is considered the last one of the so-called "First Republic" (Italian: Prima Repubblica). Characterized by a huge political fragmentation, the legislature prematurely came to an end after many of the historical parties represented in Parliament were overwhelmed by Tangentopoli scandal and subsequently disbanded.

GovernmentEdit

Portrait Prime Minister Party Term of office Government Composition
Took office Left office
  Giuliano Amato
(b.1938)
PSI 28 June 1992 28 April 1993 Amato I DC  • PSI  • PSDI  • PLI
(Quadripartito)
  Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
(1920–2016)
Ind 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Ciampi DC  • PSI  • PDS  • PLI  • PSDI  • PRI  • FdV

CompositionEdit

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

Parliamentary groups in the Chamber of Deputies
Initial composition[1] Final composition[1]
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
Christian Democratic 206 Christian DemocraticItalian People's Party 179   27
CommunistPDS 107 Democratic Party of the Left 106   1
Italian Socialist Party 92 Italian Socialist Party 91   1
Lega Nord 55 Lega Nord 50   5
Communist Refoundation 35 Communist Refoundation 33   2
Italian Social Movement – National Right 34 Italian Social Movement – National Right 34  
Republican 27 Republican 26   1
Italian Liberal Party 17 Italian Liberal Party 17  
Greens 16 Greens 16  
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 16 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 15   1
Movement for Democracy: The Network 12 Movement for Democracy: The Network 12  
European Federalist 6 European Federalist 6  
Christian Democratic Centre 24   24
Mixed 7 Mixed 21   14
Total seats 630 Total seats 630  

SenateEdit

Parliamentary groups in the Senate of the Republic
Initial composition[4] Final composition[4]
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
Christian Democratic 112 Italian People's PartyChristian Democracy 112  
Democratic Party of the Left 66 Democratic Party of the Left 65   1
Italian Socialist Party 51 Italian Socialist Party 50   1
Lega Nord 25 Lega Nord 25  
Communist Refoundation 20 Communist Refoundation 20  
Italian Social Movement – National Right 16 Italian Social Movement – National Right 16  
Republican 12 Republican 12  
GreensThe Network 6   6
Liberal 5   5
Mixed 23 Mixed 15   8
South Tyrolean People's Party 3 South Tyrolean People's Party 3  
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3  
Regions League 1 Regions League 1  
Aosta Valley 1 Aosta Valley 1  
The Network 3 The Network 1   2
Liberal 5   5
Greens 4   4
Non inscrits 3 Non inscrits 6   3
Total seats 325 Total seats 326   1

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "XI Legislatura della Repubblica italiana / Legislature / Camera dei deputati – Portale storico". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Senato della Repubblica – 11ª Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  3. ^ Bonsanti, Sandra (4 February 1992). "' VI MANDO TUTTI A CASA PERCHE' NON SERVITE PIU' ' – la Repubblica.it". Archivio – la Repubblica.it (in Italian). La Repubblica. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b "senato.it – Composizione dei gruppi parlamentari nella XI Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 1 July 2019.