Roberto Formigoni was an Italian politician who was born in Lecco, Italy, on 30 March 1947. He was the President of Lombardy in Italy from 1995 to 2013. He is the former unofficial political spokesperson of the Communion and Liberation movement.
|8th President of Lombardy|
27 June 1995 – 18 March 2013
|Preceded by||Paolo Arrigoni|
|Succeeded by||Roberto Maroni|
|Born||30 March 1947|
|Political party||Ncl (2017-present)|
|Alma mater||Università Cattolica, Milan|
|Profession||Politician, Communion And Liberation Movement former unofficial political spokesman|
On 21 February 2019 the Supreme Court of Cassation, the highest court in Italy, found him guilty of corruption and sentenced him to a definitive jail term of 5 years and 10 months. As a result, he has been detained in the prison of Bollate, near Milan, Italy, since February 2019.
Roberto Formigoni began his political career early in Christian Democracy, through youth movements such as Gioventù Studentesca and Communion and Liberation (of which he became the unofficial political spokesman). In 1976, he founded the Popular Movement and was elected a deputy in both the European Parliament (with over 450,000 votes) and Parliament of Italy. He was also the Vice-President of the European Parliament for five years and served as under-secretary for the Environment in the Italian government.
In 1990, he garnered attention when he was involved in a mission to Iraq which successfully concluded with the freeing of some Italian technicians who were hostages of the local government. He later took part in the Oil-for-food programme for Iraq, buying 1,000,000 oil barrels (160,000 cubic metres). The move sparked controversy and linked him to alleged bribe scandals. In 1995, he and Rocco Buttiglione founded the United Christian Democrats party. In 1998, he moved to Forza Italia, when Buttiglione briefly decided to support the government of Massimo D'Alema.
He was elected President of Lombardy in 1995. Leftist groups opposed his center-right platform. President Formigoni was re-elected in 2000 carrying over 62% of the approximately 3.5 million votes, and in 2005.
He was elected to a fourth term in March 2010. His candidature had been contested by academics and left-wing politicians, as in disregard of Law n. 165/2004, that put a limit of two consecutive mandates to directly-elected Regional Presidents. Formigoni was indirectly elected in 1995, but then directly elected in 2000 and 2005. He defended himself, stating that the law was not in vigour when he was first directly elected in 2000, so he should be allowed a 4th mandate. According to some scholars, his mandate may be overturned by judges later on.
Roberto Formigoni candidated the Italian showgirl Nicole Minetti and dental hygienist of the former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who asked for a political seat for her and this was contested by Italian newspapers. On 16 October 2012, Formigoni announced the dissolution of the regional legislature after one of his commissioners, Domenico Zambetti of the People of Freedom was arrested on accusations he bought votes from the 'Ndrangheta in 2010 and extorted favours and public building contracts, including construction tenders for the World Expo 2015 in Milan.
Italian Courts Trials Sentences against Roberto FormigoniEdit
2000s Bribery and environmental pollutionEdit
Roberto Formigoni has been judged on 2002 due bribery due the landfill in Cerro Maggiore, Italy. Roberto Formigoni has been processed through the Italian Courts due illegal environmental pollution on December 2009.
2010s: Freemasonry and defamatory behavior against Italian judgesEdit
Roberto Formigoni has been condemned for 1 year of imprisonment due defamation issues on 12 July 2012. Roberto Formigoni has been condemned due bribery on 25 July 2012 by Italian courts. On 12 February 2013 he has been investigated due criminal group activities. On 3 March 2014 Roberto Formigoni has been condemned for criminal association activities and bribery. On 15 April 2016 Roberto Formigoni has been condemned for 9 years and he has been considered by the Italian Courts "Boss of criminal group" due his tactical bribery attitudes that lasted more than 10 years while he managed more than 70 million euro public money.
Roberto Formigoni has been condemned due defamation of the Italian judge Alfredo Robledo.
- "Senza Formigoni e Lupi la rete di Cl è più forte di prima - l'Espresso". espresso.repubblica.it. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "Formigoni e Cl: il declino di una lobby?". Indygesto. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "Formigoni convicted in Maugeri case, goes to jail. Gets 5 yrs 10 mts, defence wants house arrest". ANSA. ANSA. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- "Formigoni è entrato in carcere a Bollate. I legali chiedono i domiciliari". ANSA. ANSA. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- Vittorio Angiolini, professore ordinario di Diritto costituzionale dell'Università di Milano; Margherita Raveraira, Università di Perugia Il limite del doppio mandato alla immediata rielezione del Presidente della giunta regionale: una questione complessa Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Federalismi.it
- Michele Ainis, La terza via di Errani e Formigoni, La Stampa, 25 gennaio 2010
- Running for Parliament, the Italian showgirl who made Silvio Berlusconi smile again, Mail Online, 19 febbraio 2010
- Italy corruption probes claim Lombardy legislature, Miami Herald, 16 October 2012
- Mafia probe claims political victim, Financial Times, 14 October 2012
- "Formigoni rinviato a giudizio per la discarica di Cerro". La Repubblica. 11 June 2002. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Ansa - Inquinamento in Lombardia
- Inquinamento, Formigoni indagato dai pm di Milano, Corriere della Sera, 1º dicembre 2009
- Smog, indagato anche Penati, Corriere della Sera, 26 gennaio 2010
- La P3 agì su mandato di Formigoni Archived 17 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- ""Il gruppo agì per conto di Formigoni "Cesare" pseudonimo del premier" - Corriere della Sera". corriere.it. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "Per il gruppo Berlusconi era "Cesare" Informativa tira in ballo Formigoni e Caliendo". Repubblica.it. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "Formigoni condannato ha diffamato i Radicali - Milano". Repubblica.it. 10 November 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "Formigoni indagato per corruzione "Non temo nulla, resto al mio posto"". 16 August 2018.
- Luigi Ferrarella e Giuseppe Guastella (26 July 2012). "Le accuse "Yacht, viaggi e una villa Tangenti per 7 milioni in cambio di 15 delibere"". Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Maugeri, chiusa inchiesta, Formigoni fra indagati associazione delinquere".
- Sandro de Riccardis (3 March 2014). "Caso Maugeri, Formigoni sarà processato per associazione a delinquere e corruzione". La Repubblica. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Roberto Formigoni, chiesti nove anni per ex governatore nel processo Maugeri. Pm: "Corruzione sistemica"". Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- "Caso Maugeri, via libera al sequestro di pensione e vitalizi di Formigoni: 5 milioni di euro". Retrieved 17 August 2018.
- "Oil for food, "Formigoni diffamò pm Robledo, versi 40mila euro" - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2018.