University of Naples Federico II

The University of Naples Federico II (Italian: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II) is a public research university in Naples, Campania, Italy. Established in 1224 and named after its founder, Frederick II, it is the oldest public, secular, non-sectarian or state-funded university in the world,[1][2][3] and one of the world's ten oldest universities in continuous operation.[4][5][6]

University of Naples Federico II
Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Coat of arms
Latin: Universitas Neapolitana
Former name
Università di Napoli
MottoLatin: Ad Scientiarum Haustum et Seminarium Doctrinarum (Latin)
Motto in English
"For the inculcation of the sciences and the dissemination of knowledge"
TypePublic research university
Established5 June 1224; 799 years ago (5 June 1224)
FounderFrederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Endowment€473 million
RectorProf. Matteo Lorito
Administrative staff
6,185 (2022)
Students71,799 (2022)
Undergraduates42,287
Postgraduates29,512
Location,
Italy

40°50′44″N 14°15′28″E / 40.8455°N 14.2577°E / 40.8455; 14.2577
CampusUrban
Sports teamsCUS Napoli
Colours 
AffiliationsCampus Europae, UNIMED, PEGASUS, Aurora, BioGeM
Websiteunina.it
Logotype of University of Naples Federico II

It was Europe's first university dedicated to training secular administrative staff,[7] and is one of the world's oldest academic institutions in continuous operation. With over 90 000 students (2022) it is among the largest universities in Europe, long the only state university in Naples, until the establishment of the University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli in 1991, formerly Seconda Università di Napoli.

The motto of the University is Ad scientiarum haustum et seminarium doctrinarum, taken from the circular letter of Frederick II.[8] Over the course of its thousand-year history, Federico II alumni have included the Presidents of the Italian Republic Enrico De Nicola, Giovanni Leone and Giorgio Napolitano.[9][10] Additionally, students and alumni have won 2 Academy Awards.[11]

In October 2016, the university hosted the first ever Apple iOS Developer Academy and in 2018 the Cisco Digital Transformation Lab.[12]

It occupies the 2nd position among the major universities (> 40.000 students) of the Italian universities system (3rd position if we also consider the on-line Pegaso University, also from Naples). According to the CWUR ranking (Center for World University Rankings), it is confirmed in 2023 in 6th place among Italian universities and 235th place out of 20,531 in the world ranking.[13][14][15][16]

History edit

The university of Naples Federico II was founded by the king of Sicily and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II on 5 June 1224. It is the world's oldest state-supported institution of higher education and research. One of the most famous students was Roman Catholic theologian and philosopher Thomas Aquinas.

Political project of Frederick II edit

Frederick II had specific objectives when he founded the university in Naples: first, to train administrative and skilled bureaucratic professionals for the curia regis (the kingdom's ministries and governing apparatus), as well as preparing lawyers and judges who would help the sovereign to draft laws and administer justice. Second, he wanted to facilitate the cultural development of promising young students and scholars, avoiding any unnecessary and expensive trips abroad: by creating a State University, Emperor Frederick avoided having young students during his reign complete their training at the University of Bologna, which was in a city that was hostile to the imperial power.[17][18][19]

The University of Naples was arguably the first to be formed from scratch by a higher authority, not based upon an already-existing private school. Although its claim to be the first state-sponsored university can be challenged by Palencia (which was founded by the Castilian monarch c.1212), Naples certainly was the first chartered one.[20]

The artificiality of its creation posed great difficulties in attracting students; Thomas Aquinas was one of the few who came in these early years. Those years were further complicated by the long existence, in nearby Salerno, of Europe's most prestigious medical faculty, the Schola Medica Salernitana. The fledgling faculty of medicine at Naples had little hope of competing with it, and in 1231 the right of examination was surrendered to Salerno. The establishment of new faculties of theology and law under papal sponsorship in Rome in 1245 further drained Naples of students, as Rome was a more attractive location. In an effort to revitalize the dwindling university, in 1253, all the remaining schools of the university of Naples moved to Salerno, in the hope of creating a single viable university for the south.[21] But that experiment failed and the university (minus medicine) moved back to Naples in 1258 (in some readings, Naples was "refounded" in 1258 by Manfred Hohenstaufen, as by this time there were hardly any students left). The Angevin reforms after 1266 and the subsequent decline of Salerno gave the University of Naples a new lease on life and put it on a stable, sustainable track.[20]

From the 13th to the 16th century edit

Initially the studies were directed towards law[22] (fundamental for the formation of jurists), the liberal arts, medicine and theology: the latter, compared to other subjects, was taught in religious institutions, in particular in the convent of San Domenico Maggiore, where Thomas Aquinas taught from 1271 to 1274.

During the Angevin period (1265-1443) the structure and organization of the University remained substantially unchanged.

In 1443, with the advent of Aragonese rule, the university was closed for about twenty years. In 1465 it was reopened until 1490. Only starting from 1507 did the university enjoy more lasting serenity, remaining open permanently. [23]

From the 16th to the 19th century edit

 
Certificate of admission to the Doctoral College of the University of Naples for Amycus Angelus Mansus, Master and Doctor of Law. Naples, June 6, 1611.

Since 1616, the university headquarters were located in the Palazzo dei Regi Studi (now home to the National Archaeological Museum of Naples), a building that was once a cavalry barracks, specially renovated by the architect Giulio Cesare Fontana on the orders of Don Pedro Fernández de Castro, count of Lemos and viceroy of Naples.

During the 17th century the University experienced, like other European universities, a long period of decline, so that private schools and ecclesiastical colleges began to arise in Naples, which gradually joined it, taking away space from it. Only starting from the 18th century, first with the Habsburgs and then with the Bourbons, did the university receive a great boost in a positive sense from the authorities: it was in this period that the philosopher Giambattista Vico taught at the Neapolitan University. The major innovations of those years were the creation in 1735 of the chair of Astronomy and in 1754 of the first chair of mechanics and commerce, or political economy, in the world, the first entrusted to Pietro di Martino and the second to Antonio Genovesi).[24][25]

In 1777 the headquarters were transferred to the House of the Savior, where the Collegio Massimo of the Jesuits had previously resided, following the dissolution and expulsion of the religious order at the behest of King Ferdinand IV of Bourbon.[26] Throughout the second half of the 18th century, the university became the fulcrum of the culture of the Bourbon kingdom, also because there were many professors (including Antonio Genovesi) who lived fully in the Enlightenment environment. From there began the movement of intellectuals that gave rise to the uprisings of 1799 and the (brief) existence of the Parthenopean Republic.

Even during the French decade (1806-1815) there were works of modernization in the cultural field. First of all, the University experienced a radical change: it was divided into five faculties ( Literature and Philosophy, Mathematics and Physics, Medicine, Law, Theology ); the first Italian chair of Zoology and the first of Comparative anatomy was established;[27] the astronomical observatory, the botanical garden and the mineralogy and zoology museums were connected to the university and directed by university professors.[28] Despite this, private schools made a comeback, becoming the backbone of education in southern Italy from the Conservative Order until the unification of Italy. For this reason, the University of Naples suffered serious consequences when, after the birth of the Kingdom of Italy, it had to comply with the Casati law, revealing strong disparities compared to other Italian universities, precisely due to the numerous private institutes competitors. Thanks to specific laws, aimed at standardizing Italian universities, such as the decree law of 30 May 1875 (issued by Ruggiero Bonghi) and the Regulation of 1876 (issued by Michele Coppino), the Neapolitan university managed to break down these differences, already highlighted in 1860 by the general director of Public Education Francesco De Sanctis, who contributed energetically to its modernization.

 
The Headquarters at the end of the 19th century.

Although the student population multiplied, bringing it to third place in Europe, after Berlin and Vienna, the buildings available to the University were lacking and sometimes not adequate (in fact, most of them were converted former convents). In 1884, after a violent cholera epidemic, the structure of the House of the Savior being now inadequate, the University was moved, thanks to urban renewal initiatives, to the new location in Corso Umberto I, where it still resides.

20th century edit

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the prestige of the University of Naples increased, particularly in the scientific field: in the field of genetics it was a pioneer, with the establishment of the first chair in Italy. New building and organizational difficulties afflicted the university both during the Fascist period and during the World War II: the headquarters was set on fire by the Germans on 12 September 1943; laboratories and science labs were requisitioned by the allies.

After the war, following the modern evolution of the university model in general, the University of Naples became the second most important university in Italy in terms of number of students, second only to the Sapienza University of Rome.

On 7 September 1987, it assumed its current name as University of Naples Federico II in anticipation of the establishment, in 1991, through its spin-off, of the Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli.

The specialization school in oncology, affiliated with the first faculty of medicine and surgery, was established in October 1989,[29] followed by the establishment of the school in ophthalmology in December 1992.[30]

On October 16, 1998, by decree of the Ministry of Public Education, University, Scientific and Technological Research (MURST) at the time, as part of a process of gradual organic separation within the University, the faculties of law, engineering, and science were divided into separate degree courses, including mathematics, physics, and natural sciences.[31]

21st century edit

On September 17, 2016, the new university complex in the Neapolitan neighborhood of San Giovanni a Teduccio was inaugurated.[32] In 2017, the Nasa Space Apps Challenge took place at the aforementioned university complex, a 48-hour international hackathon dedicated to space technology and its terrestrial applications.[33]

In 2020, Rita Mastrullo became the first woman to hold the position of vice-rector.[34]

On June 5, 2021, the Federico II University Foundation was established, a non-profit organization aimed at fostering cultural, economic, and social development in the region and supporting the University in managing its institutional activities.[35][36]

In 2022, twelve out of the twenty-six departments of the University were recognized and included in the list of "Departments of Excellence" by the National Agency for the Evaluation of the University and Research System (ANVUR).[37][38] In October of the same year, two university complexes were inaugurated: one in the Scampia district, located in the north of Naples,[39][40] and another in the municipality of Portici, specifically in the area known as Villa Ferretti.[41]

In 2023, the University commemorated its eighth century of history with a series of events and initiatives, highlighted by the inauguration of the 2023-2024 academic year, graced by the presence of the President of Italy, Sergio Mattarella.[42] Additionally, during the same year, the Polo Nazionale di Trasferimento Tecnologico (National Technology Transfer Hub) was inaugurated.

On January 26, 2024, the first Academy for Women Entrepreneurs (AWE) in Italy was established,[43][44] with the presence of Tracy Roberts-Pounds, the Consul General of the United States of America in Naples.[45]

Campuses edit

The University of Naples Federico II possesses a vast architectural heritage.[46][47] It has a total of 8 campuses located in different areas of the city of Naples and 1 campus in the city of Portici, making it a geographically discontinuous university.

Naples edit

Central Campus edit

 
The Palace which homes the University's Central Headquarters.

Federico II's 13.82-acre (5.59 ha) main campus is centered in the Historic Centre of Naples. The Central Campus contains administrative offices and libraries. The Central Campus is located along Corso Umberto I, at the corner with Via Mezzocannone. It is made up of several historical palaces.

The University Palace, built in neo-Baroque style, was constructed during the Risanamento period, between 1897 and 1908, according to a design by architects Pierpaolo Quaglia and Guglielmo Melisurgo. Situated adjacent to the original university complex, which had been housed in the Casa del Salvatore since 1777, after the Jesuits ceased ownership, the new structure was integrated with the existing facilities behind it. The architects ensured connectivity by establishing the Scalone della Minerva, which spans from the courtyard of the Palace to the Casa del Salvatore Palace courtyard, bridging a height difference of over 7 metres (23 ft). The Palace accommodates the central administrative offices of the university, including the Rectorate, Academic Senate, and Treasury, along with the Department of Law. Additionally, it serves as a secondary location for the Department of Humanities.

Adjacent to the University Palace are numerous other buildings that together form an adjoining university campus.

The House of the Saviour Palace is an architectural complex in Baroque style dating back to the 16th century. It houses the laboratories of the Department of Earth Sciences and the Department of Experimental Biology of Federico II, as well as the main scientific museums curated by the university: the Museum of Physics, the Museum of Anthropology, the Museum of Paleontology, the Museum of Mineralogy, and the Museum of Zoology. The monumental building (known as the "courtyard of the Statues") is home to the National Society of Sciences, Letters, and Arts in Naples, the Accademia Pontaniana, the University Library of Naples, the Department of Roman Law and History of Romanistic Science, as well as several lecture halls of Federico II. The Centro linguistico di Ateneo (CLA) is also headquartered here, on the fifth floor of the Department of Law. Adjacent to it is the palace known as the "Palazzo dell'ex poligono di tiro" (Palace of the former shooting range).

The San Marcellino complex was originally a monastic complex dating back to the Early Middle Ages, probably built between the 8th and 9th centuries. The complex has a rectangular plan with three pilastered arches whose structures are covered with decorations in piperno; at the center is an 18th-19th century garden adorned with various piperno and marble fountains. Facing the complex are several rooms, including the chapter house on the southwestern side, paved with maiolica tiles by Giuseppe Massa around 1740 and now housing the Paleontology Museum. However, the entire western side of the complex features architecture without arches, beginning from the Chapter hall and concluding in the north with a panoramic terrace overlooking the sea. Along the walls of the arches, numerous archaeological finds discovered during frequent construction works are displayed. It is the seat of the Department of Political Science, the Paleontology Museum, and the Scuola Superiore Meridionale.

The San Pietro Martire Complex, locally and commonly known as "Porta di Massa" and abbreviated as "PdM" due to its location on Via Porta di Massa, is an architectural complex situated opposite the University Palace, on the other side of Corso Umberto I. Dating back to the 16th century, the structure of the building is quadrangular, with each side featuring seven arches and a 16th-century marble fountain at its center. The Department of Humanities is located here, offering degree programs in Languages and Linguistics, Literature, and Philosophy.

The Iniziativa Marina and Pecoraro-Albani buildings are two modern structures dating back to the 20th century. Both serve as headquarters for the Department of Law; additionally, the Iniziativa Marina building houses the undergraduate program in Historical Sciences of the Department of Humanities and the Interdepartmental Center for Studies on Magna Graecia. The Pecoraro-Albani Building was named after Antonio Pecoraro-Albani, former dean of the Faculty of Law from 1986 to 1993.

The De Laurentiis Palace, serves as headquarter for the Department of Social Sciences. It showcases 18th-century moldings and cornices in piperno on its facades, along with three staircases, all characterized by the use of Vesuvian stone. Among these, the staircase opening to the left in the courtyard is particularly noteworthy, while the two staircases to the right are of a common type found in Neapolitan palaces. These elemen not easily dated, could also be attributed to the adaptation and restoration works that the building underwent after the 1786 fire mentioned by Giuseppe Sigismondo.

Finally, the ISVEIMER Palace, a modern building located in front of the Pecoraro-Albani Building, houses the Secretary's Office of the Department of Humanities.

Additionally, the deconsecrated Church of Saints Demetrius and Boniface is owned by the University and is utilized as the great hall of the Department of Architecture.

Quartieri Spagnoli edit

  • Spirito Santo Complex: headquarters of the Architecture Department, located in Via Toledo, 402.
  • Orsini di Gravina Palace: secondary headquarters of the Department of Architecture, is located in via Monteoliveto 3.
  • Latilla Palace: secondary headquarters of the Department of Architecture, is located in Via Tarsia, 31.

Zona ospedaliera edit

  • Policlinico – Cappella Cangiani Complex (Federico II University Hospital): The Cangiani Chapel Complex, so called because it is located in the Cangiani district in Rione Alto (5th Municipality), covers an area of 441,000 m² on which 21 buildings stand for a covered area of 57,086 m² (and a total floor area of 257,118 m²). The main entrance to the university hospital complex is located in via Pansini; three other secondary entrances can be used on certain days and times. Mobility within the vast complex is ensured by a free mini-bus service which connects the main entrance with the various pavilions. The Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, the Department of Pharmacy, the Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, the Department of Neurosciences and Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, the Department of Public Health, the Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences and the Department of Translational Medical Sciences.

Fuorigrotta edit

  • Building of the Faculty of Engineering, located in Piazzale Tecchio.
  • Monte Sant'Angelo Complex: seat of the scientific and economic area departments, it is located in Via Cupa Nuova Cintia, 21.
  • Building of the Faculty of Economics and Commerce

San Giovanni a Teduccio edit

  • San Giovanni Complex: headquarters of the Polytechnic School and Basic Sciences, is located in Corso Nicolangelo Protopisani, 70.

San Carlo all'Arena edit

Botanical Garden of Naples, located in Via Foria, 223.

Scampia edit

  • Scampia Complex: site dedicated mainly to the departments of medicine and surgery with the Human Nutrition Sciences degree course.[48] It is located in Viale della Resistenza, Naples. The building has 5 floors, with a total surface area of 15 000 square meters, with 48 classrooms with 330 seats, laboratories, medical offices, offices and teaching services, clinics, clinics and a lecture hall.

Portici edit

  • Royal Palace of Portici: headquarters of the Faculty of Agriculture, of the MUSA Center - Museums of Agricultural Sciences and of the Agricultural Area Library, located in Via Università, Portici.
  • Palazzo Mascabruno: secondary headquarters of the Faculty of Agriculture, located in Via Università.

Organisation and governance edit

The University consists of schools to which multiple departments align based on criteria of cultural, didactic, scientific, and disciplinary affinity. These schools oversee coordinated educational endeavors among their constituent departments.[49] The university comprises four schools and twenty-six departments, organized as follows:

 
Faculty of Architecture.
  • School of Medicine and Surgery
    • Department of Pharmacy
    • Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery
    • Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology
    • Department of Neurosciences and Reproductive and Dental Sciences
    • Department of Public Health
    • Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences
    • Department of Translational Medical Sciences
  • School of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
    • Department of Agriculture
    • Department of veterinary medicine and animal production
  • School of Humanities and Social Sciences
    • Department of economics, management, institutions
    • Department of Law
    • Department of Economic Sciences and Statistics
    • Department of Social Sciences
    • Department of Political Science
    • Department of Humanities
  • Polytechnic and Basic Sciences School
    • Department of Architecture
    • Department of Biology
    • Department of Physics
    • Department of Chemical, Materials and Industrial Production Engineering
    • Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
    • Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologies
    • Department of Industrial Engineering
    • Department of Mathematics and Applications
    • Department of Chemical Sciences
    • Department of Earth, Environmental and Resource Sciences
    • Department of Facilities Engineering and Architecture

In total, as of the 2022/2023 academic year, the departments offer 78 three-year degree programs, 81 master's programs, 10 single-cycle master's programs, 50 research doctorates, 13 first-level master's programs, 35 second-level master's programs, and 68 specialization schools.[50]

Service centers edit

Centro Linguistico di Ateneo edit

The Centro Linguistico di Ateneo (CLA) is the institution tasked with coordinating various educational, scientific, and service-related activities concerning languages, including translation and interpreting services. The CLA provides instructional programs for internationally recognized language certifications in the primary European languages (English, Spanish, French, German) as well as Italian as a second language.[51]

The services offered by the CLA are available to students enrolled at the Federico II University, including doctoral students, interns, tenured professors, researchers, as well as technical-administrative and auxiliary staff.[52]

The Centro Linguistico plays a central role in two European projects funded under the Erasmus+ Strategic Partnership KA2 program: EULALIA and GAMELAND (2022-2025). Acting as the scientific manager and coordinator, the CLA leads these initiatives aimed at developing educational applications utilizing innovative Mobile Learning methodologies.[53]

The CLA provides training activities in person, remotely, and through blended learning modalities.[54]

Centro di Ateneo SlnAPSi edit

The Centro di Ateneo Servizi per l'Inclusione Attiva e Partecipata degli Studenti (SInAPSi) is an institution that provides psychological support to students facing difficulties through counseling activities.[55] It provides services aimed at fostering educational success, addressing disabilities and specific learning difficulties, combating discrimination, and promoting employability.[56][57][58]

The SInAPSi Center implements targeted actions utilizing expertise in psychology, sociology, pedagogy, and bioengineering.[59] It is distributed across the Neapolitan territory through four different locations: the University Complex of Monte Sant'Angelo, the University Complex of San Pietro Martire, the Botanical Garden of Naples, and a location in the Agnano Terme district.[60]

Botanical gardens edit

The University's architectural heritage includes two botanical gardens:

  • The Botanical Garden of Naples, part of the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences. It extends over 12 hectares and is home to around 9000 plant species and almost 25000 specimens. It was built in 1807 by Joseph Bonaparte.
  • The Botanical Garden of the Faculty of Agriculture extends over 2 hectares and hosts around 1000 plant species and over 4000 specimens. It was built in 1872 together with the Royal High School of Agriculture.

Hospital edit

The institution known as the Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Federico II (Federico II University Hospital), colloquially referred to as the Naples Polyclinic, is an integral component of the University. Established in 1972, it operates as a polyclinic—a hospital complex that serves both public healthcare needs and functions as a site for university teaching. Indeed, the teaching facilities of the School of Medicine and Surgery of the Federician University are housed within this establishment. The complex comprises numerous pavilions and a skyscraper, situated in the hospital precinct, spanning the areas between the Arenella and Chiaiano districts.

A further polyclinic was historically managed by the University, known as the old polyclinic, now operates as the Azienda Ospedaliera "Luigi Vanvitelli". It was established in 1907 and served as the initial home for the first university faculty of Medicine and Surgery of the University of Naples Federico II. In 1992, it was transferred to the newly established Second University of Naples (now the University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli) and subsequently became the headquarters of the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery of that institution.

Scuola Superiore Meridionale edit

The Scuola Superiore Meridionale (SSM) serves as the university's premier higher education and research institution. It provides supplementary courses and research doctorates to complement the standard university curriculum conducted at the institution.[61] The SSM is tasked with advancing the university system and fostering collaborations with other Italian and international schools and universities. Moreover, it is dedicated to scientific research across various disciplines.[62]

The school was initially established on an experimental basis on November 13, 2019, through the 2019 budget law.[63] On April 2, 2022, a decree from the Ministry of University and Research, issued on January 27 of the same year, officially transformed the school into a permanent university high school.[64]

The SSM is made up of the following 10 doctoral areas:

  • Archeology
  • Oncology
  • Cosmology
  • Genomic and experimental medicine
  • History
  • Legal studies for people with disabilities
  • Mathematical and physical sciences for advanced technologies
  • Risk and complexity of modeling and engineering
  • Molecular sciences
  • Literal studies

The School offers students complimentary room and board in its residences, along with a monthly stipend and exemption from university fees. Admission is granted through an annual public competition announcement.[65]

Academics edit

Research edit

The University hosts 24 interdepartmental research centers and 17 interuniversity research centers, employing over 4000 active researchers, including more than 400 research fellows and 1400 doctoral students.[66] It collaborates extensively with other public and private research institutions, both within Italy and internationally. One notable collaboration is with BioGeM, a scientific research center focused on molecular genetics and biotechnology.

Academies edit

The centuries-old Accademia Pontaniana and the Società Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti di Napoli are based at the University.

The University also boasts 11 academies established through collaborations with multinational companies:

  • Aerotech Academy, in collaboration with Leonardo;
  • Cybersecurity Hackademy, in collaboration with Accenture;
  • DIGITA, in collaboration with Deloitte;
  • SI Academy – Smart Infrastructures, in collaboration with Tecne SpA;
  • Make Napoli, in collaboration with Medtronic;
  • CoreAcademy, in collaboration with KPMG, DXC Technology and Exprivia;
  • 5G Academy, in collaboration with Nokia, Capgemini and TIM;
  • Quantum Computing Academy, in collaboration with QuantumNet;
  • Agritech Academy, in collaboration with Agritech;
  • Apple Developer Academy;
  • Cisco Academy.

Apple Developer Academy edit

The Apple Developer Academy is a university academy established on October 6, 2016, in collaboration with the American company Apple Inc.. It is situated in the San Giovanni Complex, located in the San Giovanni a Teduccio district.

The training primarily focuses on software development and app design tailored for the Apple ecosystem. The training areas are categorized into:

  • Graphical interface design (HCI)
  • Business

The lessons are centered around Challenge-based learning (CBL), a multidisciplinary approach that motivates students to leverage everyday technologies to solve real-world problems. As of December 2023, the Academy has welcomed over 1700 students, resulting in the creation and deployment of more than 800 applications.[67]

Cisco Academy – Digital Transformation Lab edit

The Digital Transformation Lab (DTLab) is a laboratory resulting from a collaborative effort between the American company Cisco Systems and the CeSMA (Advanced Metrological and Technological Services Center) of the Federico II University. It was inaugurated on January 28, 2018, and is housed within the University Complex of San Giovanni.[68]

The course is offered free of charge and provides participants with the opportunity to earn the Cisco DevNet Associate certification.[69]

Libraries edit

 
View of the Library of Roman law and history of Roman science of the Department of Law

The library system of the University of Naples Federico II encompasses Area, Center, and Department libraries. These libraries are strategically distributed throughout the city and its surrounding areas.

  • Agricultural Area Library, located in the municipality of Portici
  • Architecture Area Library
  • Economics Area Library
  • Pharmacy Area Library
  • Legal Area Library
  • Engineering Area Library
  • Medicine and Surgery Area Library
  • "Giuseppe Cuomo" Political Science Area Library
  • Social Sciences Area Library
  • Science Area Library
  • Humanities Library (BRAU)
  • Veterinary Area Library
  • Digital Library on the Camorra and Culture of Legality
  • University Center for Libraries "Roberto Pettorino"

The heritage owned by the libraries amounts to over two million volumes and nearly 3,500 subscriptions to periodicals; to manage such a workload, the University Library Center (CAB-Centro di Ateneo per le Biblioteche) was established in 2009 (named after Roberto Pettorino in 2013), which coordinates the university library system. The CAB provides services such as acquisition and access to electronic resources, management and development of online catalogs for university bibliographic resources, management and development of the institutional repository, support for university libraries, and support for the scientific community in accessing bibliographic resources.

Museums edit

  • The Museum Center of Natural and Physical Sciences was established in 1992, consolidating the pre-existing museums of Mineralogy, Zoology, Anthropology, and Paleontology. In 2002, the museum of Physics was added to the Center. Occupying approximately 4,000 square metres (0.99 acres) inside the historic Collegio del Salvatore, located in via Mezzocannone, the Center houses over 150,000 artifacts from various parts of the world. The museums within the Center actively engage with the community, organizing exhibitions, conferences, seminars, and educational activities for schools, including guided tours, workshops, and excursions.
  • The Museum Center "Museums of Agricultural Sciences," situated at the Royal Palace of Portici, was established in 2011. It comprises various institutions, including the Portici Botanical Garden, the Orazio Comes Botanical Museum, the Filippo Silvestri Entomological Museum, the Antonio Parascandola Mineralogical Museum, the Carlo Santini Agricultural Mechanics Museum, the Tito Manlio Bettini Anatomical-Zootechnical Museum, and the Historical Museum Library. The Center's collection includes artifacts, instruments, and scientific books, some dating back to the 1500s, which provide insights into the history of agricultural sciences and technologies in southern Italy and beyond. They also represent the evolution of scientific thought and explorations in foreign lands.
  • The Museum of Veterinary Anatomy, located within a wing of the Santa Maria degli Angeli alle Croci complex, was established in 2000, originally housed within the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. However, the first museum traces back to 1861 when it included a collection of wax anatomical preparations, skeletons, and various bones to support the teaching of veterinary anatomy. Today, the museum's collection primarily consists of viscera, skeletons, taxidermy animals, and pathological specimens—both dry and preserved in formalin—of animals native to the Mediterranean region.

Student life edit

Athletics edit

The university's sports activities are managed by CUS Napoli, the multi-sports center of the Neapolitan universities, established in 1945 following the dissolution of GUF Napoli.

Unina Corse is the university racing team that competes in the Formula SAE World Championship. It is divided into two teams: one focuses on building a car powered by an internal combustion engine, while the other focuses on building an electric car.

Notable people edit

Alumni edit

Among those who have attended the University of Naples Federico II are Italian presidents Enrico De Nicola, Giovanni Leone and Giorgio Napolitano; mayors of Naples Luigi de Magistris and Gaetano Manfredi; CEO Fabrizio Freda; and philosophers Benedetto Croce and Nicola Abbagnano.

Presidents of the Italian Republic edit

Notable professors edit

Honoris Causa graduates edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "The University of Naples May be the Oldest State-Supported University : History of Information".
  2. ^ "The historic Universities in Naples: Federico II and l'Orientale | visitnaples.eu".
  3. ^ "History".
  4. ^ (Fulvio Delle Donne & pp. 9–10).
  5. ^ Storia d'Italia. Vol. 4. Torino: UTET. 7 August 1981. p. 122. ISBN 88-02-03568-7.
  6. ^ Enciclopedia Federiciana. Roma: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana.
  7. ^ Astarita, Tommaso (2013). "Introduction: 'Naples is the whole world'". A Companion to Early Modern Naples. Leiden: Brill. p. 2.
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