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Takaaki Kajita (梶田 隆章, Kajita Takaaki, Japanese pronunciation: [kadʑita takaːki], born 9 March 1959) is a Japanese physicist, known for neutrino experiments at the Kamiokande and its successor, Super-Kamiokande. In 2015, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics jointly with Canadian physicist Arthur B. McDonald.

Takaaki Kajita
Takaaki Kajita 5171-2015.jpg
Takaaki Kajita, Nobel Laureate in physics in Stockholm December 2015
Native name 梶田 隆章
Born (1959-03-09) 9 March 1959 (age 58)
Higashimatsuyama, Saitama, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Education Saitama Prefectural Kawagoe High School
Alma mater Saitama University (B.S.)
University of Tokyo (M.S., Ph.D.)
Spouse(s) Michiko
Awards Asahi Prize (1988)
Bruno Rossi Prize (1989)
Nishina Memorial Prize (1999)
Panofsky Prize (2002)
Japan Academy Prize (2012)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2015)
Fundamental Physics Prize (2016)
Scientific career
Institutions Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo
Doctoral advisor Masatoshi Koshiba
Other academic advisors Yoji Totsuka

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Kajita was born in 1959 in Higashimatsuyama, Saitama, Japan.[1] He liked studying thought rather than memorizing, especially with interest in physics, organism, world history, Japanese history, and earth science in high school. He studied physics at the Saitama University and graduated in 1981. He received his doctorate in 1986 at the University of Tokyo.[2] In UTokyo, he joined Masatoshi Koshiba's laboratory because they were "somehow interested".

Career and researchEdit

Since 1988 Kajita has been at the Institute for Cosmic Radiation Research, University of Tokyo, where he became an assistant professor in 1992 and professor in 1999.[3]

He became director of the Center for Cosmic Neutrinos at the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research (ICRR) in 1999. As of 2017, he is a Principal Investigator at the Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe in Tokyo, and Director of ICRR.[4]

In 1998, Kajita's team at the Super-Kamiokande found that when cosmic rays hit the Earth's atmosphere, the resulting neutrinos switched between two flavours before they reached the detector under Mt. Kamioka.[2][5] This discovery helped prove the existence of neutrino oscillation and that neutrinos have mass. In 2015, Kajita shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Canadian physicist Arthur McDonald, whose Sudbury Neutrino Observatory discovered similar results.[5] Kajita's and McDonald's work solved the longstanding Solar neutrino problem, which was a major discrepancy between the predicted and measured Solar neutrino fluxes, and indicated that the Standard Model, which required neutrinos to be massless, had weaknesses.[5] In a news conference at the University of Tokyo, shortly after the Nobel announcement, Kajita said, "I want to thank the neutrinos, of course. And since neutrinos are created by cosmic rays, I want to thank them, too."[6]

One of the first people Kajita called after receiving the Nobel Prize was 2002 Nobel physics laureate Masatoshi Koshiba, his former mentor and a fellow neutrino researcher.[2]

Kajita is currently the principal investigator of another ICRR project located at the Kamioka Observatory, the KAGRA gravitational wave detector.[7]

RecognitionEdit

 
Takaaki Kajita at a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

AwardsEdit

HonorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Takaaki Kajita - Facts". Nobel Foundation. 6 October 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Japan's Takaaki Kajita shares Nobel in physics". Japan Times. 6 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "2015 Nobel Prize in Physics: Canadian Arthur B. McDonald shares win with Japan's Takaaki Kajita". CBC News. 6 October 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "About ICRR". Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo. 
  5. ^ a b c Randerson, James and Ian Sample (6 October 2015). "Kajita and McDonald win Nobel physics prize for work on neutrinos". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Overbye, Dennis (6 October 2015). "Takaaki Kajita and Arthur McDonald Share Nobel in Physics for Work on Neutrinos". New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Professor Kajita won the novel prize in physics !!" (Press release). KAGRA collaboration. 7 October 2015. Professor Kajita, who is the PI of KAGRA, won the Nobel prize in physics !! 
  8. ^ "Recipients of the Asahi Prize". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "HEAD AAS Rossi Prize Winners". Home High Energy Astrophysics Division. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Recipients of the Asahi Prize". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Recipients of Nishina Memorial Prizes". Nishina Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "2002 W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "第1回「戸塚洋二賞」選考結果". Heisei Foundation for Basic Science. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2015. (in Japanese)
  14. ^ "The Imperial Prize, Japan Academy Prize, Duke of Edinburgh Prize Recipients". Japan Academy. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Japan Academy Prize to – Takaaki Kajita" (PDF). Japan Academy. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "Julius Wess Award to Takaaki Kajita". Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2015. 
  17. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2015".. Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 6 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Breakthrough Prize Awarded $22 Million In Science Prizes" (Press release). San Francisco: Fundamental Physics Prize. November 8, 2015. 
  19. ^ Azeem, Ahmad. "Nobel Laureate Takaaki Kajita conferred DSc at AMU's 64th convocation". India Today. Retrieved November 1, 2016. 
  20. ^ http://www.paginasiete.bo/sociedad/2016/5/3/kajita-emociones-ciencia-esperan-jovenes-bolivianos-95234.html
  21. ^ http://www.ilmattino.it/napoli/cultura/federico_ii_laurea_honors_causa_al_premio_nobel_takaaki_kajita-2227113.html

External linksEdit