Green Europe

Green Europe (Italian: Europa Verde, EV), officially Green Europe – Greens (Europa Verde – Verdi), is a green political party in Italy. Its leaders are Angelo Bonelli, long-time leader of the former Federation of the Greens, and Eleonora Evi, a former member of the Five Star Movement. It was established as an electoral list to take part to the 2019 European Parliament election in connection with the European Green Party. Its founding members were the Federation of the Greens, Green Italia, Possible and, locally, the Greens of South Tyrol.[1]

Green Europe
Europa Verde
SpokespersonAngelo Bonelli
Eleonora Evi
PresidentMarco Boato
Fiorella Zabatta
Foundedlist: 5 April 2019 (2019-04-05)
party: 10 July 2021 (2021-07-10)
Preceded byFederation of the Greens
HeadquartersVia Valenziani 5, Rome
Youth wingYoung Green Europeanists
IdeologyGreen politics
Progressivism
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliationGreens and Left Alliance (since 2022)
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationGlobal Greens
European Parliament groupGreens–EFA
Colours  Green
Chamber of Deputies
7 / 400
Senate
1 / 200
European Parliament
0 / 76
Regional
Councils
6 / 897
Website
europaverde.it

Since 2019, EV has fielded candidates under its symbol in several regional and local elections. EV became a full-fledged political party in July 2021.[2][3][4]

HistoryEdit

In the early stages of the campaign for the 2019 European Parliament election, the Federation of the Greens and Green Italia formed an agreement with Italia in Comune of Federico Pizzarotti to form an electoral list for the 2019 European Parliament election. However, in March, Italia in Comune abandoned the alliance with the Greens, instead joining More Europe.[5] The Greens subsequently made an agreement with Beatrice Brignone's Possible, whose members approved it in a vote. The Greens of South Tyrol also joined the alliance.

After that an article by Il Foglio reported that two candidates on the alliance's electoral list, Giuliana Farinaro and Elvira Maria Vernengo, had received support from the Green Front (led by Vincenzo Galizia, former leader of the youth section of the neo-fascist Tricolour Flame party), Giuseppe Civati informally withdrew his candidacy and suspended his election campaign.[6]

The list received 2.3% of the vote, which was an improvement from 2014 but still not enough to exceed the 4% threshold for proportional representation in the European Parliament. Civati received the most votes of the list, with 12,247 preference votes.[7]

In the 2020 regional elections, EV won seats in Veneto, Marche and Campania.

In July 2021, EV became a full-fledged political party, with Angelo Bonelli and Eleonora Evi as its leaders.[2]

In the 2021 local elections, EV won 0.9% of the vote in Rome, 5.1% in Milan, 3.2% in Naples, 0.9% in Turin and 2.8% in Bologna.

In January 2022, EV and Italian Left (SI) formed a "consultation pact", aimed at co-operating on the 2022 Italian presidential election held in late January.[8] In that context, the two parties decided to jointly support Luigi Manconi, a former lawmaker for the Federation of the Greens, the Democrats of the Left, and the Democratic Party (PD) and expert on human rights issues.[9][10] In June 2022, SI's national assembly formally approved the alliance with EV.[11]

In February 2022 four deputies, all former members of the populist Five Star Movement (M5S), formed the "Green Europe" sub-group in the Mixed Group of the Chamber of Deputies: Devis Dori, Cristian Romaniello, Paolo Nicolò Romano and Elisa Siragusa.[12][13][14] In March a fifth deputy and former member of the M5S, Rosa Menga, joined the party.[15]

In July 2022, EV and SI held a joint convention in Rome named "New Energies", promoting their cooperation and a unitary electoral program.[16] The alliance deliberately took inspiration from the New Ecologic and Social People's Union, the left-wing list formed in the run-up of the 2022 French legislative election.[17] Following the fall of Draghi's government, the early dissolution of the Italian Parliament and the calling of the 2022 general election, the AVS was officially launched and its logo presented.[18] On 6 August 2022, the alliance formalised an electoral agreement with the PD.[19][20]

Original compositionEdit

On the occasion of the 2019 European Parliament election the list was composed of the following parties:[21]

Party Main ideology Leader
Federation of the Greens (FdV) Green politics Angelo Bonelli
Green Italia (GI) Green politics Annalisa Corrado and Carmine Maturo
Possible (Pos) Progressivism Beatrice Brignone
Greens of South Tyrol (Grüne) Green politics Tobias Planer and Brigitte Foppa

Electoral resultsEdit

Italian ParliamentEdit

Chamber of Deputies
Year Votes % Seats +/− Leaders
2022 into AVS 3.63
7 / 400
  7
Senate of the Republic
Year Votes % Seats +/− Leaders
2022 into AVS 3.53
1 / 200
  1

European ParliamentEdit

European Parliament
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
2019 621,492 (7th) 2.32
0 / 73
  1. ^ As main candidate.

Regional CouncilsEdit

Region Election year Votes % Seats +/−
Liguria 2020 9,193 (10th)[a] 1.5
0 / 31
Emilia-Romagna 2020 42,156 (8th) 2.0
1 / 50
  1
Veneto 2020 34,647 (9th) 1.7
1 / 51
  1
Marche 2020 17,268 (7th) 2.8
1 / 31
  1
Umbria 2019 5,975 (10th) 1.4
0 / 21

LeadershipEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Europa Verde: un progetto comune di Verdi e Possibile per le Europee" (in Italian). Federation of the Greens. 5 April 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-04-25. Retrieved 2021-04-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Iscrizione a Europa Verde".
  4. ^ "Nasce Europa Verde,"rilanciamo ambientalismo politico" - Ambiente & Energia". ANSA.it. July 11, 2021.
  5. ^ "Pizzarotti "lascia" i Verdi e si schiera con +Europa: in arrivo la lista per Strasburgo". Il Sole 24 ORE. 26 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Scissioni e liti. Il Foglio manda in tilt il fronte dei Verdi". www.ilfoglio.it.
  7. ^ Stefanoni, Franco (May 27, 2019). "Elezioni europee, chi ha preso più preferenze: Salvini 2,2 milioni, Berlusconi 594 mila, Meloni 434 mila. Tutti i più votati". Corriere della Sera.
  8. ^ "Lancio del 'patto di consultazione' per il Quirinale tra Europa Verde e Sinistra Italiana". Radio Radicale (in Italian). 10 January 2022. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  9. ^ "Sinistra Italiana ed Europa Verde: 'Voteremo Manconi'". Dire (in Italian). 25 January 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  10. ^ "La campagna per Manconi al Quirinale: 'Un presidente contro le ingiustizie'". La Repubblica (in Italian). 19 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  11. ^ Sinistra Italiana, ok a proposta di avvio alleanza con Europa Verde, Conquista del Lavoro
  12. ^ "XVIII Legislatura - Lavori - Resoconti Assemblea - Dettaglio sedute".
  13. ^ "Alla Camera dei Deputati nasce la componente Europa Verde-Verdi Europei". 11 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Alla camera nasce la componente "europa verde": Elisa siragusa tra i membri".
  15. ^ "La deputata foggiana Rosa Menga ha scelto il suo nuovo partito: l'Ex Cinquestelle passa a Europa Verde".
  16. ^ Nuove energie rossoverdi: «Uniti per cambiare l’Italia», il manifesto
  17. ^ Patto Sinistra Italiana-Europa Verde per le politiche 2023: nasce la lista rossoverde, Fanpage
  18. ^ SI and Verdi revealed their logo for the next general election, Twitter
  19. ^ "Elezioni, accordo Pd-Verdi-Si. C'è anche Di Maio. Letta: «Se vince Destra costituzione a rischio". Il Sole 24 ORE. 6 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-07.
  20. ^ "Letta-Fratoianni-Bonelli, ecco i termini dell'accordo: al Pd l'80% dei seggi, a Si-Verdi il 20%". Il Mattino.it. 2021-02-13. Retrieved 2022-08-07.
  21. ^ "Europee 2019, la lista Europa Verde nasce in uno dei Fridays for Future" (in Italian). Giornalettismo. 5 April 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.