Global Greens

The Global Greens (GG) is an international network of political parties and movements which work to implement the Global Greens Charter. It consists of various national Green political parties, partner networks, and other organizations associated with green politics.

Global Greens
Global Greens logo.svg
Global Greens logo
Parties of the Global Greens.svg
  •   Member supports or participates in national government
  •   Member is present in the national legislature
  •   Member party is present
  •   Associate member party is present
Formation12 April 2001; 20 years ago (2001-04-12)
TypeInternational nongovernmental organization
Legal statusAssociation
PurposeWorld network of green political parties and organizations
HeadquartersRue Wiertz 31, 1050 Brussels, Belgium[1]
Region served
91 parties[2]
Bob Hale and Gloria Polanco
Main organ
Global Greens Congress

Formed in 2001 at the First Global Greens Congress, the network has grown to include 80 full member parties and 18 observers and associate parties as of February 2019.[2] It is governed by a 12-member steering committee called the Global Greens Coordination, and each member party falls under the umbrella of one of four affiliated regional green federations. The day-to-day operations of the Global Greens are managed by the Secretariat, led by Global Greens Convenors Bob Hale and Gloria Polanco since 2020.


The world's first green parties were founded in 1972. These were in the Australian state of Tasmania (the United Tasmania Group) and in New Zealand (the Values Party). Others followed quickly: in 1973, PEOPLE (later the Ecology Party) was set up in the UK, and in other European countries Green and radical parties sprang up in the following years.[3]

Petra Kelly, a German ecofeminist activist, is often cited as one of the first thinkers and leaders of the green politics movement. Her work in founding the German Green Party in West Germany in 1980 was instrumental in bringing prominence to green political parties on both the national and international stages.

The first Planetary Meeting of the Greens was held in Rio de Janeiro on May 30–31, 1992 in conjunction with the Rio Earth Summit being concurrently held in Brazil.[4] It was here that the first ever Global Greens statement was issued, beginning with this preface:

Petra Kelly, a German ecofeminist and green politics thinker who founded the German Green Party in 1980

"Experience teaches us that governments are only moved to take environmental problems seriously when people vote for environmental political parties."[5]

The first Global Greens Congress was held in Canberra, Australia, in 2001. The official Global Greens Charter was issued here and the Congress delegates set up the framework and organizational structures that would build the Global Greens into an ongoing international network and movement, including the Global Greens Coordination. In 2010, the first Global Greens Secretary was appointed.[3]

Global Greens CharterEdit

The Global Greens Charter is the guiding document that establishes the principles and "core values" to which member parties and associated organizations should attempt to adhere.[6] It sets out global principles that cross boundaries to bind Greens from around the world together:

  1. Participatory Democracy
  2. Nonviolence
  3. Social Justice
  4. Sustainability
  5. Respect for Diversity
  6. Ecological Wisdom

Priorities outlined in the Charter include reforming the dominant economic model, tackling climate change, ending the hunger crisis, promoting vibrant democracy, working for peace, protecting biodiversity.

The Global Greens Charter has been reviewed and updated twice during Global Greens Congresses since its original publishing in 2001: once in Dakar, Senegal in 2012, and again in Liverpool, U.K., in 2017. The updated 2017 version is offered in English, and past versions can be accessed in 11 various languages.[7]

Regional Federations of the Global GreensEdit

The Global Greens are organized into four regional federations across the world:

Global Greens CoordinationEdit

The Global Greens has a 12-member steering committee called the Global Greens Coordination.[8] The makeup of this committee stems from three elected members from each of the four regional federations, supported by three alternates who can stand in when needed.

Global Greens CongressEdit

The Global Greens have held four Congresses since 2001 in various locations around the world:

  1. 2001 - Canberra, Australia
  2. 2008 - São Paulo, Brazil
  3. 2012 - Dakar, Senegal
  4. 2017 - Liverpool, U.K.[9]

The Global Greens strives to achieve regional diversity and representation, encouraging Congress locations to represent the wide geographical spread of the organization's member parties and organizations. The next Global Greens Congress will be held in 2021. It will be hosted by the Green Party Korea in Seoul.


Federation of Young European Greens demonstration in Copenhagen, during the Climate Summit 2009.

The Global Greens have five networks designed to enable global collaboration, communication and community among member parties and organizations:

  • Friends of Global Greens
    • This network is composed of Green parties, parliamentarians and activists who make recurring donations of any amount to the Global Greens.[10]
  • Global Greens LGBT+ Network
    • This network aims to:
      1. "Support LGBT+ groups within Green Parties around the world to work together and support each other;
      2. Support Green Parties looking to set-up LGBT+ groups, and;
      3. Promote LGBT+ equality as outlined in the Global Greens Charter."[11]
  • Global Greens Parliamentarians Network
    • This network is composed of Green Members of Parliament from Global Greens member parties and works to fulfill the following objectives:
      1. "To be active, in a coordinated manner, in our parliaments on issues of identified global concern, in order to influence the governments of our countries, and the public whom we represent, to the goals specifically identified by the Global Greens;
      2. To develop a mutually-reinforcing and mutually-supportive network of MPs, as individuals, to help us each to become most effective in our parliamentary action, and realise our potential as movers of positive global change, and;
      3. To achieve positive change for Green goals at the global and regional levels through the strengthening of international institutions, including more parliamentarian representation and decision-making influence in those bodies."[12]
  • Global Greens Women's Network
    • This network supports the participation of Green women worldwide in democratic political processes, by focusing on:
      1. "Capacity building and empowerment: training and developing skills, such as public speaking and leadership;
      2. Governance and participation: confronting inequalities at the organizational level and exchanging best practices to tackle them and promote participation;
      3. Campaigning about major topics relevant to women: such as gender justice and climate change, and;
      4. Carrying out formal functions as part of global Greens governance: e.g. nominating women to the Asia-Pacific Greens Federation (APGF) Council."[13]
  • Global Young Greens
    • This network is a "youth-led organization supporting and uniting the efforts of young people from a green-alternative spectrum around the world. It works towards (1) ecological sustainability, (2) social justice, (3) grassroots democracy and (4) peace."[14]

Global Greens AmbassadorsEdit

The Global Greens Coordination appointed Christine Milne AO as the first Global Greens Ambassador in 2015. Milne was appointed as Global Greens Ambassador in recognition of her considerable expertise in climate change and as an elected member of state and federal parliaments, including as Leader of the Australian Greens.

Member partiesEdit

Member parties in the AmericasEdit

Affiliated members in North, Central and South America form the Federation of the Green Parties of the Americas.

Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government Notes
  Argentina Green Party No Extraparliamentary opposition In opposition in Tierra del Fuego
  Bolivia Partido Verde de Bolivia
  Brazil Partido Verde In opposition The party is represented in several state legislatures. in coalition 2003–2008
  Canada Green Party of Canada/Parti vert du Canada In opposition Provincial: British Columbia (2 members), New Brunswick (3), Ontario (1), Prince Edward Island (8). Municipal: Vancouver City Council (3). Official Opposition party in PEI.
  Chile Partido Ecologista in opposition Two seats on regional boards. One seat in the Chamber of Deputies.
  Colombia Alianza Verde In opposition Claudia López, a green, is mayor of Bogota. The party also has 3 regional governors and several mayors.
  Mexico Partido Ecologista Verde de México In opposition Represented in several regional parliaments The party is criticized for its support of the death penalty, and alleged corruption.[15]
  Peru Partido Ecologista Alternative Verde del Peru
  United States Green Party of the United States No Extraparliamentary opposition The party has representation on the Minneapolis, Laredo, Madison, and several smaller city councils. The party was formerly represented in the AR, CA, MD, and ME, state legislatures.
  Venezuela Movimiento Ecológico de Venezuela No Extraparliamentary opposition

Member parties in Asia and OceaniaEdit

Bob Brown at a climate change rally in Melbourne on 5 July 2008

Affiliated members in Asia, Pacific and Oceania form the Asia Pacific Greens Federation.[16]

Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government Notes
  Australia Australian Greens In opposition In coalition in A.C.T., represented in most states and territories in coalition in Tasmania 2010–14
  Bangladesh Green Party of Bangladesh Extraparliamentary opposition unknown
  India India Greens Party Extraparliamentary opposition
Uttarakhand Parivartan Party (UKPP) Extraparliamentary opposition
  Iraq Green Party of Iraq Extraparliamentary opposition
  Japan Greens Japan Extraparliamentary opposition Kazumi Inamura, a green, is mayor of Amagasaki
  South Korea Green Party of Korea Extraparliamentary opposition unknown
  Lebanon Green Party of Lebanon Extraparliamentary opposition
  Mongolia Mongolian Green Party Extraparliamentary opposition
    Nepal Hariyali Nepal Party Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
  New Zealand Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand Confidence and supply Dunedin Mayor Aaron Hawkins is a member of the Green party. The party endorsed current mayor of Auckland Phil Goff and is represented on Auckland and Wellington city councils.
  Pakistan Green Party of Pakistan unknown unknown
  Republic of China (Taiwan) Green Party Taiwan Extraparliamentary opposition Represented in Taoyuan and Hsinchu County[17]

Member parties in AfricaEdit

Frank Habineza, Leader of the African Greens Federation since 2008.

Affiliated parties in Africa form the Federation of Green Parties of Africa.

Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government Notes
  Angola Partido Nacional Ecológico de Angola unknown unknown
  Benin Les Verts du Benin Extraparliamentary Opposition
  Burkina Faso Parti Ecologiste pour le Développement du Burkina unknown
Rally of the Ecologists of Burkina
  Burundi Burundi Green Movement
  Central African Republic Mouvement des Verts de Centrafique
  Chad Union des Ecologistes Tchadiens - LES VERTS
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Rassemblement des écologistes congolais Extraparliamentary Opposition Represented in parliament 2006–11
  Egypt Egyptian Greens unknown
  Gabon Parti Vert Gabonais/Gabon Green Party
  Ghana Ghana Green Movement
  Guinea Parti des Ecologistes Guineens
  Ivory Coast Parti Ecologique Ivoirien
  Kenya Mazingira Green Party Extraparliamentary opposition
  Madagascar Madagascar Green Party unknown
  Mali Parti Ecologiste du Mali
  Mauritius Les Verts Fraternels Extraparliamentary opposition In coalition 2005–10.
  Morocco Les Verts unknown
  Mozambique Ecological Party of Mozambique Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
  Niger Rassemblement pour un Sahel Vert unknown unknown
  Nigeria Green Party of Nigeria
  Rwanda Democratic Green Party of Rwanda In opposition
  Senegal Les Verts Extraparliamentary opposition Represented in parliament between 2007 and 2012
  Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Green Party unknown
  Somalia Democratic Green Party of Somalia
  South Africa South African Green Alliance
  Togo Afrique Togo Ecologie
  Tunisia Tunisie Verte Extraparliamentary opposition
  Uganda Ecological Party of Uganda unknown
  Zambia National Revolution Green Party Zambia

Member parties in EuropeEdit

Affiliated members in Europe form the European Green Party.

Amanda Lind, Swedish Minister for Culture and Democracy, 2019
Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government European Parliament Notes
  Albania Green Party of Albania In opposition in opposition 34 local councillors, 8 in urban municipalities and 26 in rural municipalities[18] Not an EU member
  Andorra Partit Verds d'Andorra In opposition The party hasn't participated in recent local elections Not an EU member
  Austria Die Grünen Junior party in coalition in coalition in Upper Austria, Carinthia, Tyrol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg and Vienna In opposition
  Belgium Ecolo Junior party in coalition Senior party in coalition in Wallonia and Brussels-Capital Region In opposition Form one Parliamentary group in the Federal Parliament
Groen Junior party in coalition In opposition in Flanders In opposition
  Bulgaria Zelena Partija Extraparliamentary opposition unknown Extraparliamentary opposition
  Cyprus Cyprus Green Party In opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
  Czech Republic Strana zelených Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition In coalition 2006–10
  Estonia Estonian Greens In opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
  Finland Vihreät/De Gröna Junior party in coalition Represented in several municipalities. It has the second largest group of councillors in Helsinki In opposition In coalition 1995–2003, 2007–2014
  France Europe Écologie–Les Verts In opposition Senior coalition partner in Grenoble, Lyon, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, Marseille and Besançon. Also in coalition in Occitanie, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Centre-Val de Loire and Paris, Nantes, Rennes. In opposition In coalition 1997–2002, 2012–14, represented in parliament 1997-2017
  Georgia Sakartvelo's Mtsvaneta Partia/Green Party of Georgia unknown unknown Not an EU member
  Germany Bündnis '90/Die Grünen In opposition Senior coalition partner in the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg, also junior coalition party in 10 of 16 states. Senior coalition partner in the cities of Stuttgart, Darmstadt, Freiburg im Breisgau and Heidelberg in opposition in coalition 1998–2005
  Greece Ecologoi Prasinoi/Ecologist Greens In opposition Represented in most Regional parliaments Extraparliamentary opposition
  Hungary Lehet Más a Politika In opposition 54 seats in local city councils In opposition
  United Kingdom (NI)
Green Party/Comhaontas Glas Junior party in coalition 2 MLA, 49 councillors in ROI local government, 8 in NI local government 2 MEPs In coalition in ROI 2007–2011, 2020–present
  Italy Federazione dei Verdi Extraparliamentary opposition Partial The party has one regional councilor in Campania participating in the coalition Extraparliamentary opposition In coalition 1996–2001
Verdi–Grüne–Vërc Extraparliamentary opposition The party has 3 members in the Landtag of South Tyrol. Extraparliamentary opposition Part of the Federazione dei Verdi before 2013
  Latvia Latvijas Zaļā partija In opposition Represented in several city councils, most notably in rural areas. Extraparliamentary opposition Part of the Union of Greens and Farmers since 2002; Prime minister (2004, 2016–2019), in coalition 2002–11 and 2014–2019
  Luxembourg Déi Gréng Junior party in coalition Roberto Traversini, a green, is mayor of Differdange In opposition
  Malta AD+PD Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
  Moldova Partidul Ecologist "Alianța Verde" din Moldova unknown unknown Not an EU member
  Netherlands De Groenen Extraparliamentary opposition 1/26 seats in Water board Amstel, Gooi en Vecht Extraparliamentary opposition
  Netherlands GroenLinks In opposition Senior coalition partner in Noord-Holland, Groningen and Utrecht; junior partner in five more provinces. It is represented in most municipalities, it has the largest group of councillors in Nijmegen, Utrecht, Groningen and Amsterdam and is the senior government party there. Femke Halsema is Mayor of Amsterdam. in opposition
  North Macedonia Demokratska Obnova na Makedonija Junior party in coalition unknown Not an EU member
  Norway Miljøpartiet De Grønne In opposition In coalition in Oslo and Trondheim, represented in other big cities in opposition
  Poland Partia Zieloni In opposition Represented in the regional parliaments of Silesia and West Pomerania, and the city councils of Warsaw and Opole Extraparliamentary opposition
  Portugal Partido Ecologista Os Verdes Confidence and supply in coalition in some municipalities (with Portuguese Communist Party) Extraparliamentary opposition
  Romania Green Party of Romania Extraparliamentary opposition unknown Extraparliamentary opposition
  Russia Zelenaya Alternativa (GROZA) unknown Not an EU member
  Scotland Scottish Green Party With 6 MSPs, the party currently holds the balance of power in the Scottish Parliament. The party has 7 councillors in Glasgow and 8 in Edinburgh. Extraparliamentary opposition
  Slovakia Strana Zelených Extraparliamentary opposition unknown Extraparliamentary opposition Represented in parliament between 1990 and 2002
  Slovenia Stranka mladih Slovenije/Youth Party of Slovenia Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
  Spain Equo 1 deputy elected under the banner of Más País In coalition in Madrid, Zaragoza, Valencia, A Coruña, Santiago de Compostela In opposition
  Sweden Miljöpartiet de Gröna Junior party in coalition Represented in several municipalities, especially in urban areas. In opposition
   Switzerland Green Party of Switzerland In opposition Junior party in coalition cabinet in 7 cantons. Also in coalition in Bern, Geneva, Zurich, or Basel-City. Not an EU member
  Ukraine Partija Zelenych Ukrajiny/Party of Greens of Ukraine Extraparliamentary opposition unknown
  United Kingdom (  England and Wales) Green Party of England and Wales The party is represented in parliament by one MP and two life peers The party is in coalition in Stroud and York, and has large groups of councillors in Solihull, Bristol and Brighton and Hove. It also has 2 London AMs In opposition The party dominated the Brighton and Hove City Council between 2011 and 2015.

Observers and associate member partiesEdit

Country Name Government Notes
  Australia Australian Greens Extraparliamentary Opposition
  Belarus Belarusian Party "The Greens"
  Bulgaria Zelenite/The Greens
  Costa Rica Cartago Green Party Represented at the local level
  Denmark Socialistisk Folkeparti Parliamentary support In coalition 2011–14
  Dominican Republic Partido Verde Dominicano Extraparliamentary Opposition
  French Guiana Les Verts de Guyane
  Guatemala Partido Los Verdes de Guatemala unknown
  Indonesia Atjeh Greens Extraparliamentary Opposition
Indonesian Green Party
Sarekat Hijau
    Nepal Hariyali Nepal Party
  Nicaragua Verdes en Alianza unknown
  Philippines Philippines Greens
  Russia Green Russia Extraparliamentary Opposition
  Serbia Zeleni Srbije/Greens of Serbia Junior party in coalition
  Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Green Alliance Extraparliamentary Opposition

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Global Greens Secretariat established in Brussels, Europe". 25 March 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-20. Retrieved 2014-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b "WHO WE ARE". Global Greens. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  4. ^ "Global Green Party History Chronology - 1992". Global Greens. 2008-08-02. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  5. ^ "Final Statement of the First Planetary Meeting of Greens in Rio de Janeiro, 31 May 1992". Global Greens. 1992-05-31. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  6. ^ "Global Greens Charter". 15 December 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Global Greens Charter". Global Greens. 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  8. ^ "Global Greens Coordination". Global Greens. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  9. ^ "Previous congresses". Global Greens. 2016-10-10. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  10. ^ "Friends of the Global Greens (FRoGG)". Global Greens. 2014-02-06. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  11. ^ "Global Greens LGBT+ Network". Global Greens LGBT+ Network. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  12. ^ "Parliamentarians Association (GGPA)". Global Greens. 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  13. ^ "Women's Network (GGWN)". Global Greens. 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  14. ^ "Global Young Greens (GYG)". Global Greens. 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  15. ^ Tim Johnson, For Mexico's Ecologist Green Party, 'green' mostly means money, not environment, McClatchy Newspapers (June 18, 2012).
  16. ^ "Members of APGF". Asia Pacific Greens. 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2020-09-25.
  17. ^ "18年來首次!綠黨攻下兩席市議員 – 政治 – 自由時報電子報". Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2012-11-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit