Green Party of Bulgaria

The Green Party of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Зелена партия, romanizedZelena partiya) is an environmentalist political party in Bulgaria. It was founded in Sofia in 1989 by Aleksandar Karakachanov, who later went on to become the chairperson of the party.[1]

Green Party of Bulgaria
Зелена партия
LeaderMarina Dragomiretskaya
SpokespersonAleksandar Karakachanov
Founded28 December 1989 (1989-12-28)
HeadquartersSofia, Bulgaria
IdeologyGreen politics
Political positionCentre-left
ColorsGreen
National Assembly
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European Parliament
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Website
greenparty-bg.eu

HistoryEdit

The Green Party was established on December 28, 1989 by Alexander Karakachanov.[2] It consisted of activists from the "Ecoglastnost" movement.[3] Right after its formation, the party joined the Union of the Democratic Forces in Bulgaria (UDF), which was then a broad coalition of anti-totalitarian political parties and organizations.[4]

The party had 17 representatives in the 7th Grand National Assembly, where it was the initiator and submitter of the proposal for the Bulgaria's accession to the European Union.[5][6] It was most recently represented by two MPs in the 38th National Assembly.

MergingEdit

A small party called Green Bulgaria merged with the Green Party in 2008 to form The Green Party – Bulgarian Greens.[7][8] The new party was chaired by Stoyan Dinkov on the Political Council (2008–2009). Alexander Karakachanov became president after the merger. Trifon Grudev, formerly of Green Bulgaria, became the vice-president.[9]

Participation in electionsEdit

The party usually seeks to form a coalition with left-wing and center-left actors.

In 1989, it was a founding member of the UDF, a broad anti-totalitarian coalition. In elections for the 7th Grand National Assembly, Green Party won 17 MPs. In the 1991 National Assembly election, the party won 2.81% of the vote and no MPs.

The party joined the Democratic Alternative for the Republic coalition in the 1994 election, winning 3.84% of the vote. In the 1997 election, as part of the Union for National Salvation coalition, two Green Party MPs were elected.

In 2005, the Green Party participated in the elections for the National Assembly as a member of the Coalition for Bulgaria known as the Triple Coalition. The Green Party had no elected representatives, and it left the coalition before the end of the term as a result of policy disagreements. Specifically, the party disagreed with the shift towards neoliberal politics and swaps of state forests made by the ruling Coalition. The Green Party protested against these actions of the ruling government and submitted a law for restoring the swapped forests and lands.

During the 2007 European Parliament elections, conservationist Thomas Belev was nominated as a candidate from the civil quota in 2007. The party received 9,976 votes forming 0.51% of the vote.[10]

The party did not participate in national or European Parliament elections in 2009 and 2013.[11][12] However, they participated in the 2014 elections, winning around 9,000 votes or 0.4% of the popular vote.

The party generally achieves a higher vote share than the other Bulgarian green parties. Its best ever result was in the municipality of Blagoevgrad where it won 8.4% of the vote and has 6 MPs in the local parliament.

Participation in powerEdit

The Green Party was part of the UDF during the administration of Philip Dimitrov in 1991–1992. During this time, Alexander Karakachanov was supported by the UDF and elected as the mayor of Sofia.

From 2005 to 2009, the Green Party participated in the ruling Coalition for Bulgaria with the support of two other parliamentary parties, the MRF and NMSS.[expand acronym] Under coalition government, there would be one Green Party deputy minister. Dimitar Bongalov, the vice-chairman of the Green Party, was appointed Deputy Minister of Justice in charge of prisons, execution of punishments, and supervising the Chief Directorate on Execution of Punishments at the Ministry of Justice. In 2007, Bongalov lost the support of the party and resigned as deputy chairman, and later as deputy minister. He was replaced by Ilonka Ivancheva-Raychinova from the Green Party. The Green Party left the Coalition before the end of the Stanishev government over policy disagreements.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ivanov, Lyubomir (February 1990). "First programme of the Green Party in Bulgaria (English translation)". Retrieved 2 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns - Political Party - The Green Party (PnZ)". www.our campaigns.com. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  3. ^ Company file № 575/1990 the Sofia City Court, Company Division, register 10, lot 62, Volume 2, p. 66
  4. ^ Coordinating Council of the Union of Democratic Forces. Demokratsiya Newspaper, 27 April 1990.
  5. ^ Ivanov, Lyubomir (November 1991). "Activities of the Green Party parliamentary faction" (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Ivanov, Lyubomir (December 1990). "1990 Draft parliamentary decision for the full EU (EC) membership of Bulgaria (English translation)". Retrieved 2 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - Political Party - The Green Party (PnZ)". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 20 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Atanasova, Vidka (6 July 2008). "Партиите "Зелена България" и "Зелена партия" се обединиха". Dnes.bg (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  9. ^ "(PDF) 1990 Draft parliamentary decision for the full EU (EC) membership of Bulgaria (English translation)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  10. ^ "CEC: Final results of the election of members of Parliament of the Republic Bulgaria". CEC. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  11. ^ "Final data for the country". CEC. 2009. Archived from the original on June 12, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2009.
  12. ^ "CEC :: Results: majority vote". PI CEC 2009. Retrieved 2013-03-10.

External linksEdit