Chamber of Deputies of Chile

33°02′52″S 71°36′21″W / 33.04778°S 71.60583°W / -33.04778; -71.60583

Chamber of Deputies

Cámara de Diputados
56th National Congress
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Ricardo Cifuentes, DC
since 24 July 2023
Structure
Seats155
Political groups
Government (67)
  • Apruebo Dignidad (37)
    •   PC (12)
    •   CS (10)
    •   RD (7)
    •   Commons (4)
    •   AH (2)
    •   FRVS (1)
    •   AD Independent (1)
  • Democratic Socialism (30)

Opposition (68)

Others (20)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Open list proportional representation through the D'Hondt method with no threshold in multi-seat constituencies
Last election
21 November 2021
Meeting place
Chamber of Deputies
National Congress of Chile
Valparaíso
Chile
Website
http://www.camara.cl

The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados)[a] is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress. Its organisation and its powers and duties are defined in articles 42 to 59 of Chile's current constitution.

Eligibility edit

Deputies must: be aged at least 21; not be disqualified from voting; have finished secondary school or its equivalent; and have lived in the corresponding electoral district for at least two years prior to the election.

Electoral system edit

Since 2017, Chile's congress has been elected through open list proportional representation under the D'Hondt method.

Before 2017, a unique binomial system was used. These system rewards coalition slates. Each coalition could run two candidates for each electoral district's two Chamber seats. Typically, the two largest coalitions in a district divided the seats, one each, among themselves. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second-place coalition by a margin of more than two-to-one did the winning coalition gain both seats. with seats allocated using the simple quotient. The Chamber of Deputies meets in Chile's National Congress located in the port city of Valparaíso, some 120 km west of the capital, Santiago. The Congress building in Valparaíso replaced the old National Congress, located in downtown Santiago, in 1990

President of the Chamber edit

On 11 March 2022, it was agreed that the Presidency of the Chilean Chamber of Deputies would rotate between the Party for Democracy (PPD), Communist Party (PC), Christian Democratic Party (DC), Party of the People (PDG), the Broad Front (FA) and the Liberal Party (PL).[1] Likewise, the first and second vice-presidencies were assigned to people who are members of the PR, FA, PS, PC, DC and PPD.[1]

Political composition (2022-2026) edit

Current party representation in the Chamber of Deputies
Parliamentary Group[b][c] Leader Seats[d] Seat Share Political position Ideology
  Independent Democratic Union Guillermo Ramírez 23 14.84% Right-wing Gremialismo, Social conservatism, Nationalism, Economic liberalism
  National Renewal Frank Sauerbaum 22 14.19% Centre-right to right-wing Conservatism
  Broad Front (RD, CS, Commons) Camila Rojas 22 14.19% Left-wing Democratic socialism, Progressivism
  Communist, Social Green Regionalist Federation, Humanist Action and independents Luis Cuello 16 10.32% Left-wing to far-left Communism, Green politics, Universal humanism
  Radical - Liberal - DC - Yellows Luis Malla 14 9.03% Centre to centre-left Radicalism, Social liberalism, Christian democracy
  Socialist Party Daniel Manouchehri 13 8.39% Centre-left Social democracy, Democratic socialism
  Republican Party Agustín Romero 12 7.74% Right-wing National conservatism
  Party of the People, Democrats, and independents Joanna Pérez 10 6.45% Centre to Centre-right Christian humanism, Third Way, Neo-populism
  Party for Democracy Marta González 9 5.81% Centre-left Social democracy, Social liberalism
  Christian Social Party and independents Francesca Muñoz 7 4.52% Right-wing Christian right
  Political Evolution Francisco Undurraga 4 2.58% Centre-right Classical liberalism
  Independents Committee Pamela Jiles 2 1.29% Left-wing Left-wing populism
  Independents without a parliamentary group 1 0,65%
Total 155 100%

Deputies edit

2018-2022 edit

2022-2026 edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ In Spanish, the Chamber's name includes both 'Diputadas' (female Deputies) and 'Diputados' (male Deputies), which in English is just translated to the gender-neutral 'Deputies'.
  2. ^ Party name and leaders current as of 11 August 2023
  3. ^ Parliamentary Group: internal organisation of the congress; does not necessarily represent membership of political parties
  4. ^ Seat numbers current as of 11 August 2023

References edit

External links edit

  1. ^ a b "The PPD Raúl Soto will assume presidency of the Chamber of Deputies". https://elmostrador.cl/. 11 March 2022. Retrieved 11 March 2022.