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This is a list of legislatures by country. A "legislature" is the generic name for the national parliaments and congresses that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives and that have the power to legislate. All entities included in the list of sovereign states are included in this list.

Contents

Names of legislaturesEdit

The legislatures are listed with their names in English and the name in the (most-used) native language of the country (or the official name in the second-most used native language in cases where English is the majority "native" language)

List of legislaturesEdit

Supranational legislaturesEdit

Organisation Name of house(s) House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat GDP per seat (million USD)
  European Union European Parliament[1] Lower 5 Open and closed list proportional representation, and single transferable vote (in Ireland) 751 667,761 20,983
Council of the European Union[citation needed] Upper N/A indirect (members of national governments) ~ ~ ~
  African Union Pan-African Parliament Unicameral 5 indirect (appointed by 47 of 53 national legislatures) 265 3,974,098.11 14.180
  Central American Integration System Central American Parliament Unicameral Depends per country. direct, proportional 120 426,274.46 2,651.175
  Mercosur Mercosur Parliament Unicameral 5 direct, indirect (depends per country) proportional 122 1,588,889 16.228
  Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Latin American Parliament Unicameral 5 direct 276 ~ ~
  Arab League Arab Parliament Unicameral 68 ~ ~

Legislatures of sovereign states (Member and observer states of the United Nations)Edit

UN member or observer state Overall name of legislature Name of house(s) House level Term (years) Electoral system Seats Population per seat
  Afghanistan National Assembly[note 1] House of the People (ولسي جرګه Wolesi Jirga) Lower 5 Single non-transferable vote[2] 249 122,168
House of Elders (مشرانوجرګه Meshrano Jirga) Upper 3, 4 and 5 Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the president 102 298,234
  Albania Parliament (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by county with a 3% threshold 140 20,226
  Algeria Parliament[note 1] People's National Assembly (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani) Lower 6 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by province 462 80,303
Council of the Nation (Majlis al-Umma) Upper 5 Elected by popular wilaya assemblies and communal people's assemblies, and appointed by the President 144 257,638
  Andorra General Council (Consell General de les Valls) Unicameral 4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method nationwide and block vote by parish 28 2,789
  Angola National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and by province 220 84,081
  Antigua and Barbuda Parliament[note 2] House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 17 4,305
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 19 4,811
  Argentina National Congress of Argentina (Congreso de la Nación Argentina) Chamber of Deputies of the Nation (Cámara de Diputados de la Nación) Lower 4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 3% threshold 257 156,097
Senate of the Nation (Senado de la Nación) Upper 6 Partial block voting by province 72 557,181
  Armenia National Assembly (Ազգային Ժողով Azgayin Zhoghov) Unicameral 5 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 105 24,902
  Australia Parliament of Australia[note 2] House of Representatives Lower 3 Instant-runoff voting 151 162,914
Senate Upper 6 Single transferable vote by state/territory 76 323,684
  Austria Austrian Parliament National Council (Nationalrat) Lower 5 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 4% threshold 183 43,895
Federal Council (Bundesrat) Upper 5 and 6 Elected by state legislatures 61 129,563
  Azerbaijan National Assembly (Milli Məclis) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 125 73,320
  Bahamas, The Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post 39 9,326
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 16 22,103
  Bahrain National Assembly[note 1] Council of Representatives (Majlis an-nuwab) Lower 4 Two-round system 40 30,864
Consultative Council (Majlis al-shura) Upper 4 Appointed by the king 40 30,864
  Bangladesh National Parliament
(জাতীয় সংসদ Jatiya Sangsad)
Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 350 466,909
  Barbados Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post 30 9,486
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 21 13,551
  Belarus National Assembly (Нацыянальны сход Nacyjanaĺny schod) House of Representatives (Палата прадстаўнікоў Palata pradstaŭnikoŭ) Lower 4 Two-round system 110 85,997
Council of the Republic (Савет Рэспублікі Saviet Respubliki) Upper 4 Elected by regional councils, and appointed by the President 64 147,773
  Belgium Federal Parliament (Federaal Parlement / Parlement fédéral / Föderales Parlament) Chamber of Representatives
(Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Représentants / Abgeordnetenkammer)
Lower 5 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 5% threshold 150 74,000
Senate (Senaat / Sénat / Senat) Upper 5 Elected by community and regional parliaments 60 185,000
  Belize National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 31 10,748
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 12 27,766
  Benin National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies 83 115,648
  Bhutan Parliament of Bhutan[note 3] National Assembly (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ། Gyelyong Tshogdu) Lower 5 First-past-the-post 47 15,072
National Council (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་སྡེ། Gyelyong Tshogde) Upper 4 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the king 25 28,337
  Bolivia Plurinational Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 5 Closed list mixed-member proportional representation: Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department and first-past-the-post 130 83,905
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department 36 302,993
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Parliamentary Assembly (Parlamentarna skupština / Парламентарна скупштина) House of Representatives (Predstavnički dom / Zastupnički dom / Представнички дом) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies 42 91,422
House of Peoples (Dom naroda / Дом народa) Upper 4 Serbs elected by the National Assembly (Republika Srpska) for the Republic of Srpska, and Bosniaks and Croats elected by the House of Peoples of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 255,982
  Botswana Parliament of Botswana National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 63 32,211
  Brazil National Congress (Congresso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by state 513 371,798
Federal Senate (Senado Federal) Upper 8 Partial block voting by state 81 2,354,724
  Brunei Legislative Council (Majlis Mesyuarat Negara) Unicameral no timeframe Appointed by the Sultan 36 11,355
  Bulgaria National Assembly (Народно събрание Narodno sabranie) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency with a 4% threshold 240 30,685
  Burkina Faso National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 5 Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and in constituencies 127 126,281
  Burundi Parliament[note 1] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold 121 74,570
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by the communal councils 43 179,577
  Cambodia Parliament

(សភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា)

National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភាជាតិ; Rotsaphea) Lower 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province 123 108,852
Senate (ព្រឹទ្ធសភា; Protsaphea) Upper 6[3] Appointed by the monarch, elected by the National Assembly and commune councils 61 219,490
  Cameroon Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post and Block vote: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the one with the highest number of votes is allocated half of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists through proportional representation 180 97,021
Senate Upper 5 Elected by municipal councils, and appointed by the president 100 174,638
  Canada Parliament (Parlement) House of Commons (Chambre des communes) Lower 4 years, unless elections are called earlier First-past-the-post voting 338 104,571
Senate (Sénat) Upper Until age 75, or resigns. Appointed by the governor general on the advice of the Prime Minister 105 318,825
  Cape Verde National Assembly (Asembleia Nacional) Unicameral 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies 72 4,990
  Central African Republic National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 Two-round system 131 38,951
  Chad National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 4 Block voting: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the seats are allocated through proportional representation 188 66,640
  Chile National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 Binomial voting system (To become open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies by the next election) 155 145,021
Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República) Upper 8 Binomial voting system 38 457,963
  China National People's Congress (全国人民代表大会 Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì)[note 4] Unicameral 5 Elected by municipal, regional and provincial congresses, and People's Liberation Army 2,987 448,518
  Colombia Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 4 Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method by state 166 279,556
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold 102 454,964
  Comoros Assembly of the Union (Assemblée de la Union) Unicameral 5 Two-round system, and elected by the local assemblies 33 24,181
  Congo, Democratic Republic of the Parliament[note 1] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Parallel voting: Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies and first-past-the-post voting 500 143,425
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by the provincial assemblies 108 664,008
  Congo, Republic of the Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Two-round system 153 28,537
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by district, local, and regional councils 52 83,966
  Costa Rica Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by province 57 75,468
  Croatia Croatian Assembly[note 3] (Hrvatski sabor) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold 151 28,414
  Cuba National Assembly of People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular) Unicameral 5 Popular vote and approval by special candidacy commissions 612 18,308
  Cyprus House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων Vouli Antiprosópon / Temsilciler Meclisi)[note 5] Unicameral 5 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency 59 18,632
  Czech Republic Parliament of the Czech Republic (Parlament České republiky) Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by region with a 5% threshold 200 52,811
Senate (Senát) Upper 6 Two-round system (staggered elections) 81 130,397
  Denmark Parliament[note 3] (Folketing) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold 179 30,969
  Djibouti National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 Block vote and closed list proportional representation by constituencies: The list obtaining an absolute or relative majority of votes is allocated 80% of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists which obtained at least 10% of the valid votes through proportional representation; if no other list obtains 10% of the valid votes, the remaining seats will be allocated to the party which won the majority or relative majority of the valid votes 65 12,587
  Dominica House of Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 21 3,394
  Dominican Republic National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province and nationwide with a 1% threshold for the nationwide seats 183 51,520
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 First-past-the-post 32 293,088
  East Timor National Parliament (Parlamento Nacional) Unicameral 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold 65 16,408
  Ecuador National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency and first-past-the-post 137 116,802
  Egypt Parliament[note 1] House of Representatives (مجلس النواب Majilis Al-Nuwab) Unicameral 5 Parallel voting: First-past-the-post, block vote, and appointed by the President 596 150,983
  El Salvador Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 3 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by department and nationwide 84 68,382
  Equatorial Guinea Parliament of Equatorial Guinea Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de los Diputados) Lower 5 Closed list proportional representation in constituencies with a 10% threshold 100 16,220
Senate Upper Closed list proportional representation with a 10% threshold, and appointed by the President 70 23,171
  Eritrea National Assembly (Hagerawi Baito) Unicameral 5 Popular vote 104 50,878
  Estonia State Assembly[note 3] (Riigikogu) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold 101 12,814
  Eswatini Parliament (Liblanda) House of Assembly[note 1] Lower 5 majority 55 22,181
Senate[note 1] Upper appointed by the King 30 40,666
  Ethiopia Parliament[note 1] House of Peoples' Representatives (Yehizbtewekayoch Mekir Bet) Lower 5 First-past-the-post 547 135,134
House of Federation (Yefedereshn Mekir Bet) Upper 5 Elected by State Councils 112 659,986
  Federated States of Micronesia Congress Unicameral 4 First-past-the-post 14 7,642
  Fiji Parliament Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 5% threshold 50 16,745
  Finland Parliament (Eduskunta)[note 6] Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies, and first-past-the-post for Åland's lone seat 200 25,900
  France Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Two-round system 577 113,258
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 Elected indirectly by officials including regional councilors, department councilors, mayors, city councilors, and members of the National Assembly 348 187,787
  Gabon Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 121 12,190
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 Indirectly elected by local and départemental councillors 102 14,460
  Gambia National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 58 25,673
  Georgia Parliament of Georgia (საქართველოს პარლამენტი Sak'art'velos Parlamenti) Unicameral 4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 150 29,794
  Germany Federal Diet[note 3] (Bundestag) N/A (unofficially Lower house) 4 Closed list mixed-member proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by state with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 709 128,500
Federal Council[note 3] (Bundesrat) N/A (unofficially Upper house) dependant on individual state elections Delegated from state governments 69 1,185,501
  Ghana Parliament Unicameral 4 First-past-the-post 228 106,286
  Greece Hellenic Parliament[note 3] (Βουλή των Ελλήνων Vouli ton Ellinon) Unicameral 4 Open list reinforced proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 3% threshold 300 35,958
  Grenada Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 15 7,333
Senate Upper 5 appointed by the government and by the leader of opposition 13 8,461
  Guatemala Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 158 80,557
  Guinea National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 proportional closed list 114 88,227
  Guinea-Bissau National People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 13,454
  Guyana National Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 65 11,583
  Haiti Haitian Parliament (Parlement Haïtien) Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) Lower 4 proportional 119 98,181
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 30 323,997
  Honduras National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 128 58,823
  Hungary National Assembly (Országgyűlés) Unicameral 4 proportional open list
and Scorporo
199 25,860
  Iceland Assembly of All[note 3] (Alþingi) Unicameral 4 proportional 63 5,080
  India Parliament (संसद Sansad) House of the People[note 3] (लोक सभा Lok Sabha) Lower 5 First-past-the-post (543 members are elected by popular election, 2 members are nominated by the President) 545 2,192,379
Council of States[note 3] (राज्य सभा Rajya Sabha) Upper 6 Single transferable vote (233 members are elected by the legislative assemblies of the States/Union territories, 12 members are nominated by the President) 245 4,847,900
  Indonesia People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) Lower 5 proportional open list 560 423,972
Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) Upper 5 Single non-transferable vote 132 1,798,669
  Iran Islamic Consultative Assembly[note 3] (مجلس شورای اسلامی Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī) Unicameral 4 popular vote 290 259,136
  Iraq Council of Representatives of Iraq[note 3] (مجلس النواب العراقي Majlis Al-Niwab Al-Iraqi) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 329 95,782
  Ireland Parliament[note 3] (Oireachtas) President of Ireland President-in-Parliament 7 Single Transferable Vote N/A N/A
House of Representatives of Ireland (Dáil Éireann)[note 3] Lower 5 Proportional Representation Single Transferable Vote 158 27,640
Senate of Ireland[note 3] (Seanad Éireann) Upper 5 appointed by the prime minister and elected by universities 60 76,470
  Israel Assembly[note 3] (כנסת Knesset) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 120 61,768
  Italy Parliament (Parlamento) Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) Lower 5 parallel voting: proportional representation (398 seats) and first past the post (232 seats) 630 94,556
Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) Upper 5 parallel voting (199 seats by proportional representation and 116 seats by first past the post) and appointed by the President 315 189,112
  Ivory Coast Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 majority 255 294,529
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the president and appointed by the President 120 197,837
  Jamaica Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting 63 45,860
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor General 21 137,580
  Japan Diet (国会 Kokkai) House of Representatives (衆議院 Shūgiin) Lower 4 proportional and majority 475 266,783
House of Councillors (参議院 Sangiin) Upper 6 proportional 242 529,157
  Jordan Parliament (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Assembly of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab) Lower 4 Single non-transferable vote 150 46,760
Senate (مجلس الأعيان Majlis al-Aayan) Upper 6 appointed by the monarch 75 93,520
  Kazakhstan Parliament (Parlament) Assembly[note 3] (Mazhilis) Lower 5 107 207,854
Senate Upper 6 appointed by the President and elected by local assemblies 47 340,527
  Kenya Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 parallel 349 126,182
Senate Upper 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 67 657,278
  Kiribati House of Assembly (Maneaba ni Maungatabu) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by Rabi Council of Leaders 46 2,239
  Korea, North Supreme People's Assembly (최고인민회의/最高人民會議 Ch'oe-go In-min Hoe-ŭi) Unicameral 5 popular vote 687 36,390
  Korea, South National Assembly (국회/國會 Gukhoe) Unicameral 4 majority and proportional 300 166,691
  Kuwait National Assembly (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by the prime minister 50 71,328
  Kyrgyzstan Supreme Council (Joghorku Keneš) Unicameral 5 popular vote 120 44,690
  Laos National Assembly (Sapha Heng Xat) Unicameral 5 one-party state closed list 115 48,148
  Latvia Parliament[note 3] (Saeima) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 20,703
  Lebanon Parliament
(Parlement)
Chamber of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab)[note 7] Unicameral 4 proportional/party list 128 33,000
  Lesotho Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 popular vote and proportional 120 16,927
Senate Upper 5 appointed by principal chiefs and by the ruling party 33 61,556
  Liberia Legislature House of Representatives Lower 6 majority 73 47,624
Senate Upper 9 majority 30 115,896
  Libya House of Representatives ( مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab) Unicameral 200 28,353
  Liechtenstein Diet[note 3] (Landtag) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 25 1,451
  Lithuania Parliament[note 3] (Seimas) Unicameral 4 proportional 141 21,658
  Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (D'Chamber)[note 8] Unicameral 5 popular vote 60 8,484
  Madagascar Parliament[note 1] National Assembly (Antenimieram-Pirenena)[note 9] Lower 5 160 137,078
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 33 664,430
  Malawi National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting 193 76,809
  Malaysia Parliament (Parlimen) House of Representatives[note 10] (Dewan Rakyat) Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting 222 127,631
Senate[note 11] (Dewan Negara) Upper 3 26 appointed by the State Legislative Assemblies, 2 for each state and 44 appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, of which 4 are for the Federal Territories. 70 404,773
  Maldives Assembly[note 3] (Majlis) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting 85 4,266
  Mali National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 4 147 elected in single or multi-member constituencies, using a runoff system. 13 elected by overseas Malians. 160 90,732
  Malta Parliament of Malta President of Malta President-in-Parliament 5 Appointed by the House of Representatives N/A N/A
House of Representatives (Kamra tad-Deputati) Unicameral 5 Single transferable vote 69 5,950
  Marshall Islands Legislature (Nitijela) Unicameral 4 Single and multi-member constituencies 33 2,060
  Mauritania Parliament (Barlamene) National Assembly (Al Jamiya al-Wataniyah) Unicameral 5 Runoff election 146 37,888
  Mauritius National Assembly Unicameral 5 65 17,614
  Mexico Congress of the Union (Congreso de la Unión) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 3 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) (200 seats) / FPTP (300 seats) 500 227,821
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 6 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) 128 889,926
  Moldova Parliament (Parlamentul) Unicameral 4 101 33,498
  Monaco National Council (Conseil National) Unicameral 5 24 1,473
  Mongolia State Great Assembly[note 12] (Улсын Их Хурал Ulsyn Ich-Chural) Unicameral 4 76 36,245
  Montenegro Assembly (Skupština / Скупштина) Unicameral 4 81 7,719
  Morocco Parliament[note 1] House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwab) Lower 5 395 100,444
House of Councillors (Majlis al-Mustasharin) Upper 9 270 120,905
  Mozambique Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral 5 proportional party list 250 85,588
  Myanmar (Burma) Assembly of the Union (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw) House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw) Lower 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 440 137,000
House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw) Upper 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 224 269,107
  Namibia Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 104 26,923
National Council Upper 6 26 80,769
  Nauru Parliament Unicameral 3 18 521
    Nepal Federal Parliament (Sansad) House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा; Pratinidi Sabha) Lower 5 Mixed member majoritarian (165 members elected through First-past-the-post voting and 110 elected through proportional representation voting method 275 105,392
National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा; Rastriya Sabha) Upper 6 Indirect single transferable vote 59 491,233
  Netherlands States General (Staten-Generaal) House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer, Second Chamber) Lower 4 Party-list proportional representation 150 111,533
Senate (Eerste Kamer, First Chamber) Upper 4 Indirect party-list proportional (by members of the States-Provincial and the Caribbean Electoral colleges for the Senate) 75 223,066
  New Zealand Parliament House of Representatives Unicameral 3 mixed-member proportional representation 120 33,566
  Nicaragua National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 92 64,034
  Niger National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 171 139,210
  Nigeria National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 4 360 388,898
Senate Upper 4 109 1,284,436
  North Macedonia Assembly (Собрание Sobranie) Unicameral 4 123 16,736
  Norway Great Assembly[note 3] (Storting) Unicameral 4 proportional mixed 169 29,785
  Oman Council of Oman Consultative Assembly (Majlis al-Shura) Lower 4 84 33,017
Assembly of State (Majlis al-Dawla)[4] Upper 4 85 32,628
  Pakistan Parliament of Pakistan (پارلیمنٹ) National Assembly (ایوان زیریں پاکستان) Lower 5 342 537,023
Senate (ایوانِ بالا)[note 13] Upper 6 104 1,735,000
  Palau National Congress (Olbiil era Kelulau) House of Delegates[note 1] Lower 4 majority 16 1,309
Senate[note 1] Upper 4 majority 9 2,328
  State of Palestine Legislative Council (Palestinian National Authority) Unicameral 132 32,277
  Panama National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 71 47,969
  Papua New Guinea National Parliament Unicameral 5 109 56,766
  Paraguay Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 5 80 80,681
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 45 143,434
  Peru Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 5 130 217,082
  Philippines Congress (Kongreso) House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan / Mababang Kapulungan / Cámara de Representantes) Lower 3 closed list and First-past-the-post voting 292 355,393
Senate (Senado / Mataas na Kapulungan) Upper 6 bloc voting 24 4,323,958
  Poland Parliament of Poland
National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe[note 14])
Sejm[note 3] (Sejm) Lower 4 proportional open list 460 83,697
Senate (Senat) Upper 4 majority 100 385,010
  Portugal Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral 4 proportional party list 230 45,920
  Qatar Consultative Assembly[note 15] (Majlis ash-Shura) Unicameral 35 52,958
  Romania Parliament (Parlamentul) Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor) Lower 4 329 58,416
Senate (Senat) Upper 4 137 139,005
  Russia Federal Assembly (Федеральное Собрание Federalnoye Sobraniye) State Duma[note 3] (Государственная Дума Gosudarstvennaya Duma) Lower 5 parallel (First-past-the-post voting for 225 members and proportional party list for 225 members) 450 318,000
Federation Council (Совет Федерации Sovet Federatsii) Upper dependant on individual elections in the federal subjects (4 or 5) senators are delegated from the executive and legislative bodies of the federal subjects 170 862,048
  Rwanda Parliament (Inteko Ishinga Amategeko) Chamber of Deputies (Umutwe w'Abadepite) Lower 5 80 146,121
Senate (Umutwe wa Sena) Upper 8 26 449,603
  Saint Kitts and Nevis National Assembly Unicameral 5 15 3,686
  Saint Lucia Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 17 10,221
Senate Upper 11 15,796
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines House of Assembly Unicameral 5 21 5,714
  Samoa Legislative Assembly[note 3] (Fono) Unicameral 5 49 3,965
  San Marino Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale) Unicameral 5 60 536
  São Tomé and Príncipe National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) Unicameral 4 55 3,330
  Saudi Arabia Council of Ministers (مجلس الوزراء Majlis al-Wuzarā’ )[5] non-parliamentary 4 Appointed by the King 30 1,100,000
Consultative Assembly (مجلس الشورى Majlis Ash-Shura)[6] non-parliamentary 4 Appointed by the King 150 220,000
  Senegal Parliament National Assembly Unicameral 5 150 85,701
  Serbia National Assembly (Народна скупштина / Narodna Skupština) Unicameral 4 250 28,482
  Seychelles National Assembly Unicameral 5 31 2,709
  Sierra Leone Parliament Unicameral 5 124 40,136
  Singapore Parliament Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting (MP) (in single member constituencies), Party block voting (in group representation constituencies), and appointed by the President (NMP) 99 52,360
  Slovakia National Council (Národná rada) Unicameral 4 150 35,980
  Slovenia Parliament (Državni zbor Republike Slovenije) National Assembly (Državni zbor) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with a 4% election threshold 90 22,779
National Council (Državni svet)[7] Upper 5 First-past-the-post indirect elections held within 'functional' interest organisations and 'local' interest communities by electoral bodies (electors). 40 51,254
  Solomon Islands National Parliament Unicameral 4 50 10,460
  Somalia Federal Parliament[note 1] House of the People Lower 4 Appointed by president 275 36,675
Senate Upper 4 majority 54 180,100
  South Africa Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 400 126,466
National Council of Provinces Upper 90 562,075
  South Sudan National Legislature National Legislature Assembly Lower 170 48,591
Council of States Upper Appointed by President 50 165,210
  Spain General Courts[note 3] (Cortes Generales) Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) Lower 4, unless elections are called earlier. proportional closed list 350 131,894
Senate (Senado) Upper 4, unless elections are called earlier. 212 are appointed through general election and 58 when regional legislatures are renewed, which not always happens at the same date 266 173,545
  Sri Lanka Parliament
(Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව/Tamil: இலங்கை பாராளுமன்றம்)[note 1]
Unicameral 5 225 90,122
  Sudan National Legislature National Assembly (Majlis Watani) Lower 6 426 68,653
Council of States (Majlis Welayat) Upper 6 50 617,880
  Suriname National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée) Unicameral 5 51 10,470
  Sweden The Riksdag Unicameral 4 proportional 349 27,286
  Syria People's Assembly (Majlis al-Sha'ab) Unicameral 4 250 86,964
   Switzerland Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale, Assamblea federala) National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil national, Consiglio nazionale, Cussegl naziunal) Lower 4 200 40,000
Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des États, Consiglio degli Stati, Cussegl dals chantuns) Upper 4 46 173,913
  Tajikistan Supreme Assembly (Majlisi Oli) Assembly of Representatives (Majlisi Mamoyandogan) Lower 5 63 123,809
National Assembly (Majlisi Milliy) Upper 5 33 236,363
  Tanzania National Assembly (Bunge) Unicameral 5 384 120,974
  Thailand National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 4 mixed-member proportional representation ,350 are first-past-the-post 150 is party-list 500 140,997
Senate Upper 5 elected by coup d'état government 250 -
  Togo National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 81 76,434
  Tonga Legislative Assembly Unicameral 26 3,962
  Trinidad and Tobago Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 41 32,139
Senate Upper 31 42,506
  Tunisia Assembly of the Representatives of the People (مجلس نواب الشعب Majless Noweb al Shaab) Unicameral 5 217 49,188
  Turkey Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) Unicameral 5 600 134,684
  Turkmenistan Assembly (Mejlis) Unicameral 5 125 41,360
  Tuvalu Parliament (Palamene) Unicameral 4 15 666
  Uganda Parliament Unicameral 5 426 87,839
  Ukraine Supreme Council (Верховна Рада Verkhovna Rada) Unicameral 5 450 101,248
  United Arab Emirates Federal National Assembly (المجلس الوطني الإتحادي Majlis Watani Ittihad) Unicameral 40 206,601
  United Kingdom Parliament House of Commons Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting. Sinn Féin members abstained. 650 95,787
House of Lords Upper Life Life peers appointed by the Sovereign on advice of Prime Minister. 92 elected by and from hereditary peers using preferential voting. 26 Lords Spiritual are bishops of the Church of England. 808 81,388
  United States Congress House of Representatives Lower 2 First-past-the-post voting 435 722,636
Senate Upper 6 First-past-the-post voting 100 3,143,467
  Uruguay General Assembly (Asamblea General) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 5 99 33,195
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 30 109,543
  Uzbekistan Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) Legislative Chamber[note 1] Lower 5 150 194,156
Senate[note 1] Upper 5 100 291,234
  Vanuatu Parliament (Parlement) Unicameral 4 52 4319
   Vatican City Pontifical Commission (Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano) Unicameral 5 7 114
  Venezuela National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 167 175,430
  Vietnam National Assembly (Quốc hội) Unicameral 5 498 176,385
  Yemen Parliament of Yemen House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab) Lower 6 301 81,485
Shura Council (Majlis al-Shura)[8] Upper Life 111 220,963
  Zambia National Assembly Unicameral 5 166 87,284
  Zimbabwe Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 210 61,971
Senate Upper 5 40 325,350

Legislatures of autonomous regions, dependencies and other territoriesEdit

Region or territory Overall name of legislature Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat
  Åland Islands Legislative Assembly[note 3] (Lagtinget) Unicameral 4 30 945
  Alderney States (États) Unicameral 4 10 240
  American Samoa Legislative Assembly[note 3] (Fono) House of Representatives Lower 2 21 2,643
Senate Upper 4 18 3,084
  Anguilla House of Assembly Unicameral 5 11 1,222
  Aosta Valley Regional Council
(Consiglio regionale/Conseil)
Unicameral 5 35 3,597
  Aruba Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 21 4,832
  Azores Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 57 4,311
  Bangsamoro Parliament Unicameral 3 Parallel voting 80
  Bermuda Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 36 1,784
Senate Upper 11 5,839
  British Virgin Islands House of Assembly Unicameral 4 15 1,969
  Canary Islands Parliament (Parlamento de Canarias) Unicameral 4 60 35,000
  Catalonia Parliament (Parlament de Catalunya) Unicameral 4 135 55,723
  Cayman Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral 4 18 3,080
  Cook Islands Parliament Unicameral 4 24 875
  Corsica Corsican Assembly (Assemblea di Corsica / Assemblée de Corse) Unicameral 6 63 5,238
  Crimea Supreme Council (Верховна Рада / Верховный Совет / Yuqarı Radası) Unicameral 100 22,840
  Curaçao Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 21 7,571
  Falkland Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral 4 11 272
  Faroe Islands Law Assembly[note 3] (Løgtingið) Unicameral 4 33 1,467
  French Polynesia Assembly (Assemblée de la Polynésie française) Unicameral 5 57 4,859
  Galicia Parliament (Parlamento da Galiza/Galicia) Unicameral 4 75 36,649
  Gibraltar Parliament Unicameral 4 17 1,750
  Greenland Parliament (Inatsisartut)[note 16] Unicameral 4 31 1,830
  Guam Legislature (Liheslaturan Guåhan) Unicameral 4 15 10,623
  Guernsey States (États) Unicameral 4 45 1,387
  Hong Kong Legislative Council (立法會) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation using the Hare quota and the largest remainder method for the geographical constituencies and functional constituencies elected by their respective electorates 70 101,481
  Isle of Man Tynwald (Tinvaal) House of Keys (Kiare as Feed) Lower 5 24 3,520
Legislative Council (Yn Choonceil Slattyssagh) Upper 5 11 7,681
  Jersey States (États) Unicameral 4 39 2,509
  Macau Legislative Assembly (立法會, Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation, functional constituencies and appointed by the Chief Executive 29 19,610
  Madeira Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 47 5,698
  Montserrat Legislative Council Unicameral 5 9 546
  New Caledonia Congress (Congrès Territorial) Unicameral 5 54 4,547
 Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann) Unicameral 5 Single transferable vote 90[9] 16,767
  Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature House of Representatives Lower 2 20 2,694
Senate Upper 2 10 5,388
  Niue Assembly Unicameral 3 20 69
  Pitcairn Islands Island Council Unicameral 3 10 6
  Puerto Rico Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) House of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 4 First-past-the-post voting 51 93,145
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 Majority 27 465,427
  Saint Barthélemy Territorial Council Unicameral 5 19 488
  Saint Helena Legislative Council Unicameral 4 21 1,266
  Saint Martin Territorial Council [fr] (conseil territorial) Unicameral 23 1,578
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Council Unicameral 6 19 320
  Sardinia Regional Council
(Consiglio regionale)
Unicameral 5 60 27,470
  Sark Chief Pleas Unicameral 12 50
  Scotland Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba, Scots Pairliament) Unicameral 5 Additional Member System 129 40,734
  Sicily Regional Assembly
(Assemblea Regionale)
Unicameral 5 70 71,675
  Sint Maarten Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 15 2,495
  South Tyrol Landtag Unicameral 5 35 14,621
  Tokelau Parliament Unicameral 3 20 70
  Trentino Council
(Consiglio)
Unicameral 5 35 15,405
  Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly Unicameral 4 21 1,498
  U.S. Virgin Islands Legislature Unicameral 2 15 7,093
  Wales National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) or Senedd Unicameral 5 Additional Member System 60 51,066
  Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly (Assemblée Territoriale) Unicameral 5 20 650

Legislatures of non-UN states (including unrecognized and disputed territories)Edit

non-UN state Overall name of legislature Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat
  Abkhazia People's Assembly (Жәлар Реизара, Zhelar Reizara) Unicameral 5 35 6,877
  Donetsk People's Republic People's Soviet Unicameral 4 Proportional representation 100
  Lugansk People's Republic People's Soviet Unicameral 4 Proportional representation 50
  Taiwan Legislative Yuan (立法院 Lìfǎ Yùan) Unicameral 4 First past the post, closed party list proportional representation and indigenous seats with single non-transferable vote 113 208,754
  Kosovo Assembly of Kosovo (Albanian: Kuvendi i Kosovës, Serbian Cyrillic: Скупштина Косова) Unicameral 4 120 15,493
  Republic of Artsakh National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) Unicameral 5 33 4,284
  Northern Cyprus Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi) Unicameral 5 50 5,898
  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi National Council (المجلس الوطني الصحراوي Al-Majlis al-Watani al-Sahrawi) Unicameral 2 53
  Somaliland Parliament (Baarlamaanka) House of Representatives (Golaha Wakiilada) Lower 5 82 42,682
House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) Upper 82 42,682
  South Ossetia Parliament Unicameral 5 34 2,117
  Central Tibetan Administration (in exile) Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration Unicameral 5 first past the post 43 73,953[note 17]
  Transnistria Supreme Council[10] (Верховный Совет, Verhkovny Sovet) Unicameral 5 43 12,062

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Native name not available
  2. ^ a b The head of state is a constituent part of the parliament too.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac The native name is also used in English.
  4. ^ The PRC has also a Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì), which is a political advisory body but not a legislature.
  5. ^ Also: Temsilciler Meclisi
  6. ^ Also: Riksdag
  7. ^ Also: National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale)
  8. ^ Also: Chambre des Députés
  9. ^ Also: Assemblée nationale
  10. ^ Literally, "People's Hall"
  11. ^ Literally, "Nation's Hall"
  12. ^ In English State Great Khural is used too.
  13. ^ Urdu: ایوانِ بالا
  14. ^ Name used only on those rare occasions when both houses sit together
  15. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only consultative task.
  16. ^ Also: Landsting
  17. ^ Figures for Tibet Autonomous Region in the PRC

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Article 7(3) Treaty of Lisbon: Protocol ON THE APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SUBSIDIARITY AND PROPORTIONALITY
  2. ^ "IPU PARLINE database on national parliaments: Search". www.ipu.org.
  3. ^ http://www.senate.gov.kh/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=67&Itemid=88&lang=km
  4. ^ "Majles Addawla (State Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  5. ^ "The Basic Law Of Government of 1992".
  6. ^ "Majlis Al-Shura (Consultative Council)". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, D.C.
  7. ^ Lakota, Igor (2006). Sistem nepopolne dvodomnosti v slovenskem parlamentu (diplomska naloga) [The system of incomplete bicameralism in the Slovenian Parliament (diploma thesis)] (PDF) (in Slovenian). Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. p. 62. Retrieved 16 December 2010. Opinions differ, however the majority of domestic experts agree that the National Council may be regarded as the upper house, but the bicameralism is distinctively incomplete.
  8. ^ "YEMEN. Majlis Alshoora (Consultative Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 25 July 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  9. ^ Assembly Members (Reduction of Numbers) Act (Northern Ireland) 2016
  10. ^ "Официальный сайт Верховного Совета Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". www.vspmr.org.