Senate of Nigeria

The Senate is the upper chamber of Nigeria's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly of Nigeria. The National Assembly (popularly referred to as NASS) is the nation's highest legislature, whose power is to make laws, is summarized in chapter one, section four of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution. It consists of 109 senators: the 36 states are each divided in 3 senatorial districts each electing one senator using the first-past-the-post electoral system; the Federal Capital Territory elects only one senator also using first-past-the-post.[1][2]

9th National Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan, APC
since 11 June 2019
Ovie Omo-Agege, APC
since 11 June 2019
Majority Leader
Abdullahi Ibrahim Gobir, APC
since July 2022
Minority Leader
Enyinnaya Abaribe, PDP
since 2 July 2019
Nigeria 9th Senate.svg
Political groups
Majority (61)

Minority (38)

Others (7)

Vacant (3)

  •   Vacant (3)
Length of term
4 years
First-past-the-post voting
Last election
23-24 February 2019
Next election
18 February 2023
Meeting place
Nigeria Senate Building (Red Chamber).jpg
National Assembly Complex
Abuja, FCT, Nigeria

The President of the Senate is the presiding officer of the Senate, whose chief function is to guide and regulate the proceedings in the Senate. The Senate President is third in the Nigerian presidential line of succession. He is assisted by the Deputy President of the Senate. The current Senate President is Sen. Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan and the current Deputy Senate President is Ovie Omo-Agege, both members of the APC.[3] The Senate President and his Deputy are also assisted by principal officers including the Majority Leader, Deputy Majority Leader, Minority Leader, Deputy Minority Leader, Chief Whip, Deputy Chief Whip, Minority Whip, and Deputy Minority Whip. In addition, there are 63 Standing Committees in the Senate chaired by Committee Chairmen.[4]

The lower chamber is the House of Representatives.

State DelegationsEdit

Functions of the SenateEdit


Bills may be introduced in either chamber of the National Assembly.[5]

Checks and BalancesEdit

The constitution provides several unique functions for the Senate that form its ability to "check and balance" other elements of the Federal Government of Nigeria.[6][7] These include the requirement that the Senate may advise and must consent to some of the President's government appointments; also the Senate must consent to all treaties with foreign governments and it tries all impeachments.

Majority and minority partiesEdit

The "Majority party" is the party that either has a majority of seats or can form a coalition or caucus with a majority of seats; if two or more parties are tied the Senate President's affiliation determines which party becomes the majority party. The second largest party is the Minority party.


Senators are to serve a term of four years until a General election. Senators have unlimited tenure[8] and can remain in the chamber for as long as they are re-elected in general elections.


  1. ^ Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Assembly. "Administration". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  2. ^ Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Assembly. "History And Roles". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  3. ^ Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Assembly. "Principal Officers of The Senate". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  4. ^ Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Assembly. "Find a Committee". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  5. ^ Article 58 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999)
  6. ^ Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Assembly. "Senate Constitutional Role". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  7. ^ Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Assembly. "Senate Constitutional Role". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Pardoned for Senate". 7 August 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2017.

External linksEdit