General Assembly of Uruguay

The General Assembly of Uruguay (Spanish: Asamblea General de Uruguay) is the legislative branch of the government of Uruguay, and consists of two chambers: the Chamber of Senators and the Chamber of Representatives. General Assembly has 130 voting members: 99 representatives and 30 senators, the Vice President of the Republic, who serves as President of the General Assembly, and the Senate has the right to vote. The legislature meets in the Legislative Palace in Montevideo. Both senators and representatives are chosen through proportional representation for five-year terms.[1]

General Assembly of Uruguay

Asamblea General de Uruguay
49th Legislature of the Chamber of Senators
49th Legislature of the Chamber of Deputies
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
Type
Type
HousesChamber of Senators
Chamber of Deputies
Leadership
Beatriz Argimón, National Party
since March 1, 2020
Ope Pasquet, Colorado Party
since March 1, 2022
Structure
Seats129 members
99 deputies
30 senators
Uruguay Sénat 2019.svg
Senate political groups
Government
  •   National Party (10)
  •   Colorado Party (4)
  •   Open Cabildo (3)

Opposition

Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay 2019.svg
Government (56)

Opposition (43)

Elections
Proportional representation
Senate last election
27 October 2019
27 October 2019
Meeting place
2016 Fachada del Palacio Legislativo de Montevideo.jpg
Palacio Legislativo, Montevideo
Website
www.parlamento.gub.uy

The General Assembly holds its sessions in the Chamber of Representatives of the Legislative Palace. During the 19th century, the legislature met in the Montevideo Cabildo.

HistoryEdit

In 1828, on the initiative of Juan Antonio Lavalleja, delegates were elected to what was to be the Parliament of the Eastern Province of Río de la Plata. As a consequence of the Treaty of Montevideo, such institution became the General Constituent and Legislative Assembly of the State, and had among other tasks the drafting of the country's first Constitution.[2]

The Assembly was unicameral. But since the establishment of the Constitution in 1830, the Uruguayan Parliament became bicameral, and has remained so to this day. The voting system of its members also changed: during the 19th century, voting was reserved for a minority, and senators represented departments. Later, the secret and universal vote was established, and the representativeness of the senators, who are elected at the national level, was reformulated.[3]

AttributesEdit

The ordinary sessions span is from March 1 to December 15, or until September 15 in the event that elections are held, since the new Assembly must begin its sessions on February 15 of the following year.[4]

Article Ninety of the Uruguayan Constitution requires that members of the Chamber of Representatives must be aged at least 25 and have been a citizen of Uruguay for five years.[5] While Article Ninety-eight requires that the members of the Senate must be at least 30 years old and have been Uruguayan citizens for seven years.[6]

The General Assembly is entitled to politically judge the conduct of the Ministers of State, to declare war and to approve or reject peace treaties, alliances, commerce, and conventions or contracts of any nature that the Executive Power enters into with foreign powers and designate every year the necessary armed force, as well as allowing foreign troops to enter the country. Denying or granting the departure of national forces outside the nation is also among the functions of the Assembly. The creation of new Departments, the setting of their limits, as well as the establishment of customs and export and import duties concern the legislative power, in addition to other functions established in Article Eighty-Five of the Constitution.[7]

Latest electionsEdit

  
Party Presidential candidate First round Second round Seats
Votes % Votes % Chamber +/– Senate +/–
Broad Front Daniel Martínez 949,376 39.01 1,152,271 47.36 42 –8 13 –2
National Party Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou 696,452 28.62 1,189,313 48.88 30 –2 10 0
Colorado Party Ernesto Talvi 300,177 12.32 13 0 4 0
Open Cabildo Guido Manini Ríos 268,736 11.04 11 New 3 New
Partido Ecologista Radical Intransigente César Vega 33,461 1.38 1 +1 0 0
Party of the Folk Edgardo Novick 26,313 1.08 1 +1 0 0
Independent Party Pablo Mieres 23,580 0.97 1 –2 0 –1
Popular Unity Gonzalo Abella 19,728 0.81 0 –1 0 0
Green Animalist Party Gustavo Salle 19,392 0.80 0 New 0 New
Digital Party Daniel Goldman 6,363 0.26 0 New 0 New
Workers' Party Rafael Fernández 1,387 0.06 0 0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 88,399 3.63 91,612 3.77
Total 2,433,364 100 2,433,196 100 99 0 30 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,699,978 90.12 2,699,980 90.12
Source: Corte Electoral (First round); Corte Electoral (Second round)


Library of the Legislative PowerEdit

 
Library of the Legislative Power.

The Library of the Legislative Power of Uruguay is a specialized institution whose main objective is to assist Uruguayan legislators and the cultural development of the community in the fulfillment of its functions, in order to provide documentation, information and advice to citizens, thanks to extensive bibliographic, jurisprudential, doctrinal and legislative collection.[8] It is considered the second most important library in Uruguay, behind the National Library, due to the large collection and the status of parliamentary and public library.[9] The current library was founded on August 25, 1929 and has its origin in the unification of the libraries of the Chamber of Representatives and the Chamber of Senators.[10]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cámara de Senadores | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  2. ^ "WebCite query result". www.webcitation.org. Archived from the original on 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2020-03-27. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  3. ^ "Historia del Parlamento | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  4. ^ "Asamblea General | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  5. ^ "Cámara de Representantes | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  6. ^ "Cámara de Senadores | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  7. ^ "Constitución de la República Oriental del Uruguay". www.impo.com.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  8. ^ "Biblioteca del Poder Legislativo".
  9. ^ "Biblioteca del Poder Legislativo celebra el Día Nacional del libro". Diario La República (in Spanish). 2019-05-25. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  10. ^ "Library of the Legislative Palace celebrates Book Day".

External linksEdit