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Guido Manini Ríos

Guido Manini Ríos Stratta (born 8 December 1958) is an Uruguayan politician and retired general officer who served as Commander-in-Chief of the National Army, serving in this post from 1 February 2015 until being sacked by the president in 12 March 2019.[1]

Guido Manini Ríos
Gral. Guido Manini Rios.png
Commander-in-Chief of the Uruguayan Army
In office
1 February 2015 – 12 March 2019
Preceded byJuan Villagrán
Succeeded byJosé A. González
Personal details
Born
Guido Manini Ríos Stratta

(1958-12-08) 8 December 1958 (age 61)
Montevideo, Uruguay
Political partyOpen Cabildo
Spouse(s)Irene Moreira
Alma materUniversidad Católica del Uruguay
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionMilitary
Military service
RankGeneral officer

In 2019, he joined the newly-founded Open Cabildo party. He ran for President and Senator in the 2019 Uruguayan general election.[2]

Family and educationEdit

Manini Ríos is a grandson of Colorado politician Pedro Manini Ríos who was a senator, a diputate and Minister of the Interior. He is Catholic[3] and has Italian origins.

He attended his primary and secondary studies at the Lycée Français de Montevideo.[4] In 1973 he enrolled in the Liceo Militar General Artigas and two years later he entered the Military School. He also has a degree in History from the Catholic University.

Military careerEdit

He served on official missions in Iran and Iraq between 1988 and 1989 as a member of the United Nations Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG). Between 1993 and 1994 he joined an observation group in Mozambique. The next year he was conferred the degree of major.[5]

In 1996 he joined a delegation of the Military Institute of Higher Studies (IMES) where he received instruction in the United States, he returned in 2010, as a Military Attaché attached to the Uruguayan Embassy in that country and as an Advisor to the Inter-American College defense.[6]

He received the rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel in 1999 and 2003 respectively and was promoted to general in 2011.

Commander-in-Chief of the Uruguayan ArmyEdit

In February 2015 he was promoted to the position of commander-in-chief of the army.[7] In September 2018, he was punished for public statements in which he criticized the approval of a reform of the pension system of the military. This sanction was the toughest imposed on a general since the end of the dictatorship in 1985.[8]

In March 2019, the decision of the court of honor created in the armed forces to analyze the human rights violations of retired military personnel Jorge "Pajarito" Silveira Quesada, José Nino Gavazzo and Luis Alfredo Maurente Mata committed during the dictatorship was made public. As a result, Manini Ríos criticized the Uruguayan court. This was the reason why President Tabaré Vázquez decided to dismiss him.[9]

Political careerEdit

In April 2019, he was announced as running for President by the Open Cabildo party.[10] In the 2019 presidential primaries, Manini Ríos obtained 49,485 votes, being the fourth most voted political force.[11]

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tabaré Vázquez cesó a Guido Manini Ríos como comandante en jefe del Ejército". Montevideo Portal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-10-05.
  2. ^ "Manini Ríos acepta candidatura con duras críticas a Vázquez". El Observador (in Spanish). 4 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Guido Manini Ríos, el líder militar que desafió al presidente Tabaré Vázquez". El País (in Spanish). Uruguay. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Un militar con fuertes vínculos políticos". www.telenoche.com.uy. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  5. ^ República Oriental del Uruguay. Poder Legislativo. Comisión Permanente, ed. (2011). CORONEL GUIDO MANINI RIOS. CORONEL CARLOS H. LOITEY : Solicitud de venia para conferir los ascensos al grado de General del Ejército (PDF).
  6. ^ República Oriental del Uruguay. Poder Legislativo. Comisión Permanente, ed. (2011). CORONEL GUIDO MANINI RIOS. CORONEL CARLOS H. LOITEY : Solicitud de venia para conferir los ascensos al grado de General del Ejército (PDF).
  7. ^ ElPais. "Las razones que dio el Poder Ejecutivo para cesar a Manini Ríos de su cargo". Diario EL PAIS Uruguay (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  8. ^ Observador, El. "Sorpresa en el Ejército por sanción sin precedentes a Manini Ríos". El Observador. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  9. ^ ElPais. "Las razones que dio el Poder Ejecutivo para cesar a Manini Ríos de su cargo". Diario EL PAIS Uruguay (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  10. ^ Observador, El. "Manini Ríos lanzó su candidatura con duras críticas a Vázquez". El Observador. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  11. ^ ElPais. "Manini Ríos: "Somos por lejos la cuarta fuerza política", seremos "protagonistas principales"". Diario EL PAIS Uruguay (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-10-12.

External linksEdit