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House of Representatives (Myanmar)

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The House of Representatives (Burmese: ပြည်သူ့ လွှတ်တော်, pronounced [pjìðṵ l̥ʊʔtɔ̀] Pyithu Hluttaw) is the lower house of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the bicameral legislature of Myanmar (Burma). It consists of 440 members, of which 330 are directly elected through the first-past-the-post system in each townships (the third-level administrative divisions of Myanmar), and 110 are appointed by the Myanmar Armed Forces.

House of Representatives

ပြည်သူ့ လွှတ်တော်

Pyithu Hluttaw
2nd Pyithu Hluttaw
State seal of Myanmar.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded31 January 2011 (2011-01-31)
Preceded byPeople's Assembly (1974–1988)
Leadership
T Khun Myat, Independent
since 22 March 2018
Deputy Speaker
Tun Tun Hein, NLD
since 22 March 2018
Structure
Seats440 MPs
Distribution of seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw
Pyithu Hluttaw political groups
     NLD (255)

     USDP (30)
     ANP (12)
     SNLD (12)
     PNO (3)
     TNP (3)
     LNDP (2)
     ZCD (2)
     KSDP (1)
     KDUP (1)
     WDP (1)
     Independent (1)
     Vacant (7)

     Military (110)
Elections
Pyithu Hluttaw last election
8 November 2015
Meeting place
Hluttaw Complex, Naypyidaw
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Complex, Naypyidaw
Website
www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm

After the 2010 general election, Thura Shwe Mann was elected as the first Speaker of House of Representatives. The last elections to the Pyithu Hluttaw were held in November 2015.[1] At its first meeting on 1 February 2016, Win Myint and T Khun Myat were elected as Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw.[2]

As of 8 November 2015, 90% of the members are men (389 members) and 10% women (44 members).[3]

Hillary Clinton at a conference chamber in the Pyithu Hluttaw

CompositionEdit

2016–presentEdit

House of Representatives elections, 2015
Party Seats Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  NLD 255  218 57.95
  USDP 30  182 6.82
  ANP 12  4 2.73
  SNLD 12  12 2.73
  PNO 3   0.68
  TNP 3  1 0.68
  LNDP 2  2 0.45
  ZCD 2  2 0.45
  KSDP 1   0.23
  KDUP 1   0.23
  WDP 1  1 0.23
  Independent 1  1 0.23
  Cancelled due to insurgence[4] 7 1.59
  Military appointees 110   25.00 0
Total 440 100 100

Results are as of 20 November 2015.[5][6]

2011–2016Edit

Pyithu Hluttaw elections, 2010
Party Seats Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  USDP 259 58.86 56.76 11,858,125
  SNDP 18 4.09 2.44 508,780
  NUP 12 2.73 19.44 4,060,802
  RNDP 9 2.05 2.87 599,008
  NDF 8 1.82 7.10 1,483,329
  AMRDP 3 0.68 0.80 167,928
  PNO 3 0.68
  CNP 2 0.45 0.17 36,098
  CPP 2 0.45 0.36 76,463
  PSDP 2 0.45 0.39 82,038
  WDP 2 0.45 0.13 27,546
  Others 10 2.29 9.54 1,992,590
  Military appointees 110  110 25.00
Total 440 100 100 20,892,707
Pyithu Hluttaw by-election, 2012
Party Seats Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  USDP 212  47 48.18
  NLD 37  37 8.41
  SNDP 18 4.09
  NUP 12 2.73
  RNDP 9 2.05
  NDF 8 1.82
  AMRDP 3 0.68
  PNO 3 0.68
  CNP 2 0.45
  CPP 2 0.45
  PSDP 2 0.45
  WDP 2 0.45
  Others 10 2.28
  Military appointees 110 25.00
  Vacant 10  10 2.28
Total 440 100 100


Voting seats by region and stateEdit

Party Region State Territory Total seats by party
Ayeyarwady Bago Magway Mandalay Sagaing Tanintharyi Yangon Chin Kachin Kayah Kayin Mon Rakhine Shan1 Naypyidaw
Union Solidarity and Development Party 20 21 18 25 31 8 31 5 14 7 4 5 8 23 1 221
National League for Democracy 5 4 5 6 3 2 6 1 1 4 37
Shan Nationalities League for Democracy 1 17 18
National Unity Party 1 3 1 3 1 1 2 12
National Democratic Force 8 8
Rakhine Nationalities Development Party 9 9
All Mon Region Democracy Party 3 3
Pa-O National Organisation 3 3
Chin National Party 2 2
Chin Progressive Party 2 2
Phalon-Sawaw Democratic Party 2 2
Wa Democratic Party 2 2
Unity and Democracy Party of Kachin State 1 1
Kayin People's Party 1 1
Inn National Development Party 1 1
Taaung (Palaung) National Party 1 1
Other Parties and Independents 1 1 2
Total seats 26 28 25 31 37 10 45 9 17 7 7 10 17 51 5 325

Notes:

  1. ^ In Shan state voting the five seats is cancelled
Pyithu Hluttaw seats elected by Regions and States (November 2015)
Region/State NLD USDP ANP SNLD TNP PNO ZCD KSDP KDUP LNDP WDP Independent Total
Kachin State 12 3 1 2 18
Kayah State 6 1 7
Kayin State 6 1 7
Chin State 7 2 9
Mon State 9 1 10
Rakhine State 4 1 12 17
Shan State 12 15 12 3 3 1 1 1 48
Sagaing Region 36 1 37
Tanintharyi Region 10 10
Bago Region 27 1 28
Magway Region 25 25
Mandalay Region 27 4 31
Yangon Region 44 1 45
Ayeyarwady Region 25 1 26
Naypyidaw Territory 4 1 5
Total 255 30 12 12 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 323

Note: Result as of 20 Nov 2015. Elections in seven townships of Shan State were cancelled due to armed conflicts. Military appointed were not included in this table.[8][9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Myanmar election commission publishes election final results". Xinhuanet. 17 November 2010.
  2. ^ "Burma's parliament opens new session". BBC News. 31 January 2011.
  3. ^ Union, Inter-Parliamentary. "IPU PARLINE database: MYANMAR (Pyithu Hluttaw), Full text". ipu.org. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  4. ^ Oliver Holmes (11 November 2015). "Myanmar election: Aung San Suu Kyi calls for reconciliation talks with military". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  5. ^ "The Myanmar Times Election Live, Eleven Media". Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Announcement 92/2015". Union Election Commission. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  7. ^ "LEGISLATIVE ELECTION OF 7 NOVEMBER 2010". Adam Carr's Election Archive. 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  8. ^ "The Myanmar Times Election Live". mmtimes.com/index.php/election-2015/. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  9. ^ "Announcement 92/2015". Union Election Commission. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.

External linksEdit