Magway Region (Burmese: မကွေးတိုင်းဒေသကြီး, pronounced [məɡwé táiɴ dèθa̰ dʑí], formerly Magway Division) is an administrative division in central Myanmar. Magway Region is the second largest of Myanmar's seven divisions, with an area of 44,820 square kilometres (17,306 sq mi). Pa Del Dam(ပဒဲဆည်) is one of the Dam in Aung Lan Township, Magway Division. Capital city and second largest city of the Magway Division is Magway and largest city of the Magway Division is Pakokku. . Major Cities of Magway Division are Magway, Pakokku, Yenangyaung, Minbu, Aunglan, Chauk and Gangaw.
|• Burmese||magwe: tuing: desa. kri:|
Location of Magway Region in Myanmar
|• Chief Minister||Aung Moe Nyo (NLD)|
|• Cabinet||Magway Region Government|
|• Legislature||Magway Region Hluttaw|
|• Judiciary||Magway Region High Court|
|• Total||44,820.6 km2 (17,305.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||87/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Bamar, Chin, Rakhine, Shan, Karen|
|• Religions||Buddhism 98.8%|
|Time zone||UTC+06:30 (MST)|
medium · 6th
Mayway Region sits approximately between north latitude 18° 50' to 22° 47' and east longitude 93° 47' to 95° 55'. It is bordered by Sagaing Region to the north, Mandalay Region to the east, Bago Region to the south, and Rakhine State and Chin State to the west.
Fossils of the early primates over 40 million years old were excavated in the Pondaung and Ponnya areas from Pakokku District in Magway Region, leading the government to proclaim that Myanmar as "the birthplace of humanity in the world," a claim which is unsupported by anthropologists. An ancient city of the Pyu, Peikthano-myo, about 2000 years old, is located in Taungdwingyi Township, Magway Region.
The history of Magway Region mirrors that of the other divisions of central Burma.The ancient name of Magway Region is Minbu Region (or) Minbu province.Minbu Region was established with 3 districts.They are Minbu District,Thayet District and Yenangyaung District.Capital city was Yenangyaung.
On 2 March 1962, the military led by General Ne Win took control of Burma through a coup d'état, and the government has been under direct or indirect control by the military.A new constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma was adopted in 1974.
By 1974 construction,the name of Minbu region was changed to Magway Region and Yenangyaung District was abolished.Magway District was established with 6 townships.Pakokku province was abolished and Pakokku District was added to the Magway Division and Mindat District was added to the Chin state.And then,Magway Region was established with 4 Districts.They are Magway District,Minbu District,Thayet District and Pakokku District.Capital city was changed to Magway from Yenangyaung.
Magway Region is made up of the districts of Magwe, Minbu, Thayet, Pakokku and Gangaw comprising 25 townships and 1,696 ward village-tracts. The capital is the city of Magwe (1994 population estimated at 100,000) and the largest city is Pakokku (1994 population estimated as 200,000). Other major cities are Thayet, Aunglan, Yenangyaung and Minbu.
|Source: 2014 Myanmar Census|
The population of Magway Region is 3,912,711 in 2014. Over 95% the people are Bamar, with very small numbers of minorities such as Chin, Rakhine, Karen, Shan, and others, including a tiny Anglo-Burmese population. During colonial times, this part of Burma had a large Anglo-Burmese population, descended from Western oil workers and their Burmese partners. Approximately 99% of the population is Buddhist.
The Irrawaddy River is the major transportation system in Magway Region, both in terms of volume of goods and population served. Most major towns in the region are river ports on the Irrawaddy; among them are Magway, Pakokku, Minbu, Yenangyaung, Chauk, Allanmyo, and Thayetmyo.Pakokku port is a major port of Magway Region and third important port in Myanmar after Yangon port and Mandalay port.
For those areas not on the Irrawaddy, the major form of transport in Magway Region is by road.The region is divided by the Irrawaddy and on the western side of the river the road system is less developed. Towns are connected with two-lane roads and many parts of the roads are in bad condition. Most towns have regular bus transportation to Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay.
The Pyay to Nyaung-U and Myingyan railway runs through eastern Magway with connections to the capital Naypyidaw, Rangoon and Mandalay. The major stops in Magway on that line are Taungdwingyi and Natmauk. In addition, there are two rail lines running north from the Irrawaddy port of Pakokku, one to Chaung-U in Sagaing Region and the other to the Myittha River valley past Myaing and Kyaw.
The capital Magway has a small non-commercial airport with air traffic for the city of Magway mostly coming in through Bagan Airport at Nyaung U some 113 km to the north along the Irrawaddy. There are commercial airports at Gangaw, Kyauktu, Pakokku, and Pauk. As of 2010[update], however, none of them have regularly scheduled flights.Pakokku has an international airport.
The principal product of Magway Region is petroleum. It produces most of the oil and natural gas in Burma. The following oil fields are located in the Magway Region: the Mann, Yenangyaung, Chauk, Kyauk-khwet, Letpando and Ayadaw oil fields.
In May 2002 Russia agreed to help Myanmar build a 10-megawatt nuclear reactor and two laboratories in the region. Other industries include cement, cotton weaving, and tobacco, iron and bronze. Magway Region produces a large quantity of edible oil as well as petroleum, hence gaining a reputation as the "oil pot of Myanmar".
Agriculture is also important. The major crops are sesamum and groundnut. Other crops grown are rice, millet, maize, sunflower, beans and pulses, tobacco, toddy, chili, onions, and potatoes. Famous products of Magway Region include: Thanaka (Limonia acidissima) and Phangar (Chebulic myorobalan) fruit.
Magway has almost no tourist industry.Only Pakokku has an industrial zone.
According to official statistics, Magway Region had 3859 schools of which only 70 were high schools. Only about 10% of the division's primary school students reach high school.
Most of 12 colleges and universities in the division are located in Yenangyaung, Magway and Pakokku. The University of Medicine, Magway is one of the most selective universities in the country.Yenangyaung Degree College and Yenangyaung Government Technical Institute are located in Yenangyaung.
The general state of health care in Myanmar is poor. The military government spends anywhere from 0.5% to 3% of the country's GDP on health care, consistently ranking among the lowest in the world. Although health care is nominally free, in reality, patients have to pay for medicine and treatment, even in public clinics and hospitals. Public hospitals lack many of the basic facilities and equipment. Moreover, the health care infrastructure outside of Yangon and Mandalay is extremely poor. In 2003, Magway Region had less than a quarter of hospital beds than Yangon Region with a slightly greater population.
|2002–2003||# Hospitals||# Beds|
|General hospitals with specialist services||3||550|
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