National Unity Party (Myanmar)

The National Unity Party (Burmese: တိုင်းရင်းသားစည်းလုံးညီညွတ်ရေးပါတီ [táɪɰ̃jɪ́ɰ̃ðá sílóʊɰ̃ ɲìɲʊʔ jé pàtì; ]; abbreviated NUP or တစည in Burmese) is a political party in Myanmar (Burma) and the immediate successor of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP). The party's headquarters are in Bahan Township, Yangon.

National Unity Party

တိုင်းရင်းသားစည်းလုံးညီညွတ်ရေးပါတီ
AbbreviationNUP
ChairmanU Than Tin
Secretary-GeneralU Thein Tun
Vice Chairman and SpokesmanU Han Shwe
Founded24 September 1988 (31 years ago) (1988-09-24)
Preceded byBurma Socialist Programme Party
HeadquartersBahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar
NewspaperNational News Journal (Burmese: တိုင္းရင္းသား သတင္းဂ်ာနယ္)
Membership (2015)500,000[1]
IdeologyBurmese Way to Socialism
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
Seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw
1 / 224
Seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw
0 / 440
Seats in the State and Regional Hluttaws
0 / 880
Party flag
Flag of National Unity Party.svg

HistoryEdit

The NUP was founded in 1988 as a proxy party of the military and the formerly ruling Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) to contest the 1990 general election. The party was defeated by the National League for Democracy; however, the election was not recognized by the military and voided.[1]

The party's first chairman was Tun Yi, a former deputy commander of the armed forces, and their first general secretary was U Than Tin.[2] Tun Yi was succeeded by U Than Tin after the former's death in April 2014.[3][4]

Despite playing a minor role in Burmese politics after the 1990 general election, the party maintained close ties with the military junta until the 2011–2012 political reforms; consisting mainly of former Ne Win loyalists, former BSPP members, and top military commanders up until that point.[5] It contested the 2010 elections as the main challenger of the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), the de facto pro-regime party, since NUP had nominated 999 parliamentary candidates nationwide (contesting at both regional and national levels), second only to the 1,100 candidates nominated by the USDP.[6] It has joined with opposition parties in accusations of vote rigging after suffering a massive defeat in the elections at the hands of the USDP.[7]

The party had 316 potential candidates for the Pyithu Hluttaw, 512 for the Amyotha Hluttaw and 528 for the State and Regional Hluttaws, during the 2010 general election. 12 candidates were chosen for the Pyithu Hluttaw, 5 candidates for the Amyotha Hluttaw, and 46 candidates for the State and Regional Hluttaws.[8][9]

In the 2015 general election, all 763 NUP candidates lost, except for one in Kachin State.[10]

Election resultsEdit

House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw)Edit

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2010
5 / 224
4,302,082  5; Opposition Tun Yi
(after) 2012
5 / 224
 ; Opposition Tun Yi
2015
1 / 224
 4; Opposition U Than Tin

House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw)Edit

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1990
10 / 492
2,805,559 21.2%  10; not recognised U Thar Kyaw
2010
12 / 440
4,060,802 19.44%  2; Opposition Tun Yi
(after) 2012
12 / 440
 ; Opposition Tun Yi
2015
0 / 440
 12; Extra-parliamentary Opposition U Than Tin

By-electionEdit

Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2012 37 (Pyithu) / 5 (Amyotha) 18 (Pyithu) / 4 (Amyotha) 0 (Pyithu) / 0 (Amyotha) 37 (Pyithu) / 4 (Amyotha) no seat gain or lost

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "National Unity Party (NUP)". The Irrawaddy.
  2. ^ "National Unity Party". Election 2010. Mizzima. Archived from the original on 9 April 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  3. ^ "President U Thein Sein meets political leaders, ethnic affairs ministers and ethnic representative leaders". http://globalnewlightofmyanmar.com/. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ ရွှရည်ဝင်းထက်. "လစ်လပ်နေသည့် တစညပါတီဥက္ကဋ္ဌနေရာ ဧပြီလကုန် ရွေးမည်". http://www.mizzimaburmese.com. Retrieved 9 June 2015. External link in |website= (help)[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/international/news/20101110p2g00m0in092000c.html. Retrieved 2 April 2012. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  6. ^ Macan-Markar, Marwaan (31 October 2010). "Military rule haunts Burma election". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  7. ^ "NUP Concedes Defeat". Burma Election 2010. The Irrawaddy. 10 November 2010. Archived from the original on 1 May 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Constituencies". 2010 Election Watch. Alternative Asean Network on Burma. 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  9. ^ "All legislatures". 2010 Election Watch. Alternative Asean Network on Burma. 2010. Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Announcement 94/2015". Union Election Commission. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.