Chamber of Deputies (Brazil)

The Chamber of Deputies (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. The chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. The current President of the Chamber is the Deputy Arthur Lira (PP-AL), who was elected on 1 February 2021.

Chamber of Deputies

Câmara dos Deputados
56th Legislature of the National Congress
Logo of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
Founded6 May 1826 (1826-05-06)
New session started
2 February 2022 (2022-02-02)
Leadership
Arthur Lira, PP
since 1 February 2021
Government Leader
Ricardo Barros, PP
since 12 August 2020
Majority Leader
Diego Andrade, PSD
since 5 April 2021
Opposition Leader
Wolney Queiroz, PDT
since 16 February 2022
Minority Leader
Alencar Santana, PT
since 16 February 2022
Structure
Seats513
Brazil Chamber of Deputies May 2022.svg
Political groups
Government (247)[1]
  •   PL (77)
  •   PP (55)
  •   UNIÃO (54)
  •   Republicanos (43)
  •   PSC (10)
  •   Patriota (5)
  •   PTB (3)

Confidence and supply (98)

Opposition (168)[1]

Length of term
4 years
SalaryR$ 33,763 monthly (and benefits)[2]
Elections
Open list proportional representation (D'Hondt method) with a 2% election threshold[3]
Last election
7 October 2018
Next election
2 October 2022
Meeting place
976088-16092015- wdo6763.jpg
Ulysses Guimarães plenary chamber
National Congress building
Brasília, Federal District, Brazil
Website
www.camara.leg.br

Coordinates: 15°47′59″S 47°51′51″W / 15.79972°S 47.86417°W / -15.79972; -47.86417

StructureEdit

The number of deputies elected is proportional to the size of the population of the respective state (or of the Federal District) as of 1994. However, no delegation can be made up of less than eight or more than seventy seats. Thus the least populous state elects eight federal deputies and the most populous elects seventy. These restrictions favour the smaller states at the expense of the more populous states and so the size of the delegations is not exactly proportional to population.

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies are held every four years, with all seats up for election.

Federal representationEdit

A census held each 10 years by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics is used as the basis for the distribution of the seats. Proportionality is followed as a principle, with the exception that there should be a minimum of eight (8) members and a maximum of seventy (70) members per state. Per the 2010 census, states with 3,258,117 inhabitants upwards have 9 to 70 deputies.

As a result, although most states hover around an average of 362,013 inhabitants by deputy (per the 2010 census), some states with smaller populations have a much lower average, such as Roraima (1 for 51,000 inhabitants). On the other hand, São Paulo stands out as disadvantaged by the cap. The city itself elects 31 deputies representing 11,253,503 inhabitants,[4] while the remainder of the state elect 39 deputies representing 28,670,588 inhabitants (1 for 585,000). In a proportional distribution São Paulo city and state would send 110 MPs instead of 70. However, the other states' disadvantages are negligible.[5]

Federal state Deputies alloted % Population (2010 Census) % Representativeness (population by deputy) Would-be number
of deputies
in a proportional
allotment
Difference
São Paulo 70 13.6% 39,924,091 21.5% 570,344 110 +40
Minas Gerais 53 10.3% 19,159,260 10.3% 361,495 53 0
Rio de Janeiro 46 9% 15,180,636 8.2% 330,014 42 -4
Bahia 39 7.6% 13,633,969 7.3% 349,589 38 -1
Rio Grande do Sul 31 6% 10,576,758 5.7% 341,186 29 -2
Paraná 30 5.8% 10,226,737 5.5% 340,891 28 -2
Pernambuco 25 4.9% 8,541,250 4.6% 341,650 24 -1
Ceará 22 4.3% 8,450,527 4.4% 371,822 23 +1
Maranhão 18 3.5% 6,424,340 3.5% 356,908 18 0
Goiás 17 3.3% 5,849,105 3.1% 344,065 16 -1
Pará 17 3.3% 7,443,904 4.0% 437,877 21 +4
Santa Catarina 16 3.1% 6,178,603 3.3% 386,163 17 +1
Paraíba 12 2.3% 3,753,633 2.0% 312,803 10 -2
Espírito Santo 10 1.9% 3,392,775 1.8% 339,278 9 -1
Piauí 10 1.9% 3,086,448 1.7% 308,645 9 -1
Alagoas 9 1.7% 3,093,994 1.7% 343,777 9 0
Acre 8 1.6% 707,125 0.4% 88,391 2 -6
Amazonas 8 1.6% 3,350,773 1.8% 418,847 9 +1
Amapá 8 1.6% 648,553 0.3% 81,069 2 -6
Distrito Federal 8 1.6% 2,469,489 1.3% 308,686 7 -1
Mato Grosso do Sul 8 1.6% 2,404,256 1.3% 300,532 7 -1
Mato Grosso 8 1.6% 2,954,625 1.6% 369,328 8 0
Rio Grande do Norte 8 1.6% 3,121,451 1.7% 390,181 9 +1
Rondônia 8 1.6% 1,535,625 0.8% 191,953 4 -4
Roraima 8 1.6% 425,398 0.2% 53,175 1 -7
Sergipe 8 1.6% 2,036,227 1.1% 254,528 6 -2
Tocantins 8 1.6% 1,373,551 0.7% 171,694 4 -4
Total 513 100% 185,712,713 100% 362,013 514 +1

Present compositionEdit

Parties in the 56th Chamber of Deputies
Party Floor leader Seats % of seats
Social Liberal Vitor Hugo 53 10.33%
Workers Bohn Gass 52 10.14%
Liberal Wellington Roberto 42 8.19%
Progressistas Cacá Leão 40 7.80%
Social Democratic Antonio Brito 35 6.82%
Brazilian Democratic Movement Isnaldo Bulhões Jr. 34 6.63%
Brazilian Social Democracy Rodrigo de Castro 32 6.43%
Republicanos Hugo Motta 32 6.43%
Brazilian Socialist Danilo Cabral 30 5.85%
Democrats Efraim Filho 29 5.65%
Democratic Labour Wolney Queiroz 26 5.07%
Solidariedade Lucas Vergílio 14 2.73%
Brazilian Labour Nivaldo Albuquerque 11 2.14%
Republican Party of the Social Order Wagner Gomes 11 2.14%
Podemos Igor Timo 10 1.95%
Social Christian Aluisio Mendes 10 1.95%
Socialism and Liberty Talíria Petrone 10 1.95%
Avante Luis Tibé 8 1.56%
Cidadania Arnaldo Jardim 8 1.56%
New Vinicius Poit 8 1.56%
Communist Party of Brazil Renildo Calheiros 7 1.36%
Patriota Fred Costa 6 1.17%
Green Enrico Misasi 4 0.78%
Sustainability Network Joênia Wapixana 1 0.20%
Total 513 100.0%

Partisan blocs compositionEdit

Partisan bloc leadership is organized into the following roles:

  • Government Leader: elected by members of the party of the Cabinet in the Chamber to speak on behalf of the cabinet
  • Majority Leader: elected by the leaders of the majority bloc in the Chamber, usually in support of the Cabinet
  • Opposition Leader: elected by the members of the largest party in opposition to the Cabinet
  • Minority Leader: elected by the leaders of the minority bloc, usually in opposition to the Cabinet
Bloc Deputies Leader
Government 226 Ricardo Barros (PP)
Majority Diego Andrade (PSD)
Opposition 197 Wolney Queiroz (PDT)
Minority Alencar Santana (PT)
PSC, PTB Bloc 22 Aluisio Mendes (PSC)

BodiesEdit

The House of Deputies is composed of the Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil by College Leaders and the Commissions, which can be permanent, temporary, or special inquiry.

Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of BrazilEdit

The current composition of the Board of the Chamber of Deputies is the following:

President: Arthur Lira (PP-AL)
1st Vice President: Marcelo Ramos (PSD-AM)
2nd Vice President: André de Paula (PSD-PE)
1st Secretary: Luciano Bivar (UNIÃO-PE)
2nd Secretary: Marilia Arraes (PT-PE)
3rd Secretary: Rose Modesto (PSDB-MS)
4th Secretary: Rosângela Gomes (Republicanos-RJ)
1st Secretary Substitute: Eduardo Bismarck (PDT-CE)
2nd Secretary Substitute: Gilberto Nascimento (PSC-SP)
3rd Secretary Substitute: Alexandre Leite (UNIÃO-SP)
4th Secretary Substitute: Cássio Andrade (PSB-PA)

Standing committeesEdit

On 6 March 2012, was defined division of committees between parties. The House President, Marco Maia, believes that the proportionality between the parties / blocs must take into account the data of the last election. Thus, PT and PMDB, with the highest benches, were three committees (the PT made the choice first). DEM and PSDB, the two largest opposition, were two commissions each.[6] On the other hand, PSD, most harmed by this decision, filed a lawsuit in the Supreme Court (STF) trying to reverse this decision.[7]

The chair of the committee, was defined as follows:[8]

Committee Chair
Agriculture, Livestock, Supply and Rural Development Fernando Giacobo (PL-PR)
Consumer Defence Silvio Costa Filho (Republicanos-PE)
Constitution, Justice and Citizenship Arthur Oliveira Maia (União-BA)
Culture Rosa Neide (PT-MT)
Defense of Women Rights Katia Sastre (PL-SP)
Defense of Elderly Rights Denis Bezerra (PSB-CE)
Defense of People with Disabilities Rights Rejane Dias (PT-PI)
Economic Development, Industry, Trade and Services Sidney Leite (PSD-AM)
Education Kim Kataguiri (UNIÃO-SP)
Environment and Sustainable Development Covatti Filho (PP-RS)
Ethics and Parliamentary Decorum Pauli Azi (UNIÃO-BA)
Finances and Taxation Marco Bertaiolli (PSD-SP)
Financial Oversight and Control Paulinho da Força (Solidariedade-SP)
Foreign Affairs and National Defence Pedro Vilela (PSDB-AL)
Human Rights and Minorities Orlando Silva (PCdoB-SP)
Labour, Administration and Public Service Leônidas Cristino (PDT-CE)
Mines and Energy Fabio Schiochet (União-SC)
National Integration, Regional Development and Amazon João Daniel (PT-SE)
Participative Legislation Pedro Uczai (PT-SC)
Public Security and Fight Against Organized Crime Aluisio Mendes (PSC-MA)
Roads and Transports Carlos Chiodini (MDB-SC)
Science and Technology, Communication and Computing Milton Coelho (PSB-PE)
Social Security and Family Antõnio Pinheiro (PP-MG)
Sports Felipe Carreras (PSB-PE)
Tourism João Carlos Bacelar (PODE-BA)
Urban Development José Priante (MDB-PA)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "A configuração da Câmara após a investida de Bolsonaro". Câmara (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Conheça o valor do salário de um deputado e demais verbas parlamentares - Notícias". Chamber of Deputies of Brazil (in Brazilian Portuguese). 5 October 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Com dura cláusula de barreira, metade das siglas corre risco de acabar". O Tempo (in Brazilian Portuguese). 12 July 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  4. ^ "IBGE Censo 2010". www.censo2010.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Gasto com deputados caminha para R$ 1 bilhão". uol.com.br. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  6. ^ Finch, Nathalia (6 March 2012), G1, defines the distribution of the standing committees {{citation}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Santos, Deborah (27 February 2012), G1, going to have the Supreme Command of committees in the House {{citation}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Definidos os partidos dos presidentes das comissões; veja os nomes já indicados". Câmara dos Deputados (in Portuguese). 9 March 2021. Retrieved 9 March 2021.

External linksEdit