The Parliament of Galicia (Galician: Parlamento de Galicia) is the unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Galicia, Spain. It is formed by 75 deputies (deputados). Deputies are elected every four years in ordinary period, or extraordinarily upon dissolution and call of elections by the President of the Xunta of Galicia, by universal suffrage in proportional lists with the four Galician provinces serving as constituencies.
Parliament of Galicia
Parlamento de Galicia
Miguel Ángel Santalices Vieira, PPdeG
since 26 January 2016
Second Vice President
|12 July 2020|
|Salón de Plenos|
Pazo do Hórreo
Santiago de Compostela
- Exercises legislative power.
- Controls the executive branch or Xunta de Galicia.
- Has power over the budget of Galicia.
- Approves Acts and Statutes.
- Appoints the senators for Galicia in the Spanish Senate
- Appoints the President of the Xunta from among its members.
- Demands accountability from the President and Government of Galicia.
- Has the ability to propose State laws to the Spanish Parliament and request further enhancements of the autonomy and self-government via organic laws.
- Sponsors constitutional lawsuits to protect its devolved powers before the Constitutional Court of Spain.
The 75 members of the Parliament of Galicia are elected in 4 multi-member districts using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation for four-year terms. Each district is entitled to an initial minimum of 10 seats, with the remaining 35 seats being allocated among the four provinces in proportion to their populations. Only lists polling above 5% of the total vote in each district (which includes blank ballots—for none of the above) are entitled to enter the seat distribution. However, in some districts there is a higher effective threshold at the constituency level, depending on the district magnitude.
The most recent elections were held on 25 September 2016 with the People's Party of Galicia (PPdeG) remaining the largest party with 41 seats and In Tide (En Marea) and the Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) won 14 seats each and are the joint second largest party. The next election is expected to take place in 2020.[needs update]
- "Ley 8/1985, de 13 de agosto, de elecciones al Parlamento de Galicia" [Law 8/1985, of 13 August, of elections to the Parliament of Galicia.]. Noticias Juridicas. 20 September 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "Electoral systems: effective threshold - Political Science - Trinity College Dublin". www.tcd.ie. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "Galicia - Resultados definitivos - Eleccións ao Parlamento de Galicia 2016" [Results of the election to the Parliament of Galicia 2016]. resultados2016.xunta.gal. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- Parlamento de Galicia (in Galician and Spanish)