State legislative assemblies of Malaysia

A state legislative assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri, DUN; also known simply as state assembly) is the legislative branch of the state governments of each far of the 13 Malaysian states. Members of a state legislative assembly comprises elected representatives from single-member constituencies during state elections through the first-past-the-post system.

The assemblies have powers to enact state laws as provided for by the Constitution of Malaysia. The majority party in each assembly forms the state government, and the leader of the majority party becomes Menteri Besar (for states with hereditary rulers) or Chief Minister (for states without hereditary rulers) of the state. After the March 2008 general election, the Barisan Nasional coalition were the majority party in eight states, while the opposition won five states. In February 2009, BN regained Perak after 3 Pakatan Rakyat assembly members defected.

The state legislative assemblies are unicameral, unlike the bicameral Parliament of Malaysia. The hereditary rulers or Yang di-Pertua Negeri (governors) are vested with powers to dissolve their respective state legislative assemblies on the advice of the menteri besar or chief minister. Once dissolved, elections must be carried out within an interim period of sixty (60) days. Usually, state elections are held simultaneously with the federal parliamentary elections, with the exception of Sarawak, and before 2004, Sabah.

List of state legislative assemblies in MalaysiaEdit

The list excludes Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan as Federal Territories do not have state legislative assemblies and are governed directly by the federal government under the Ministry of Federal Territories together with local authorities, namely the Kuala Lumpur City Hall, Putrajaya Corporation and Labuan Corporation respectively.

State (and Assembly) Seats (2018) Population (2010) Population/seat Governing party / coalition Speaker Government Leader Opposition party / coalition Opposition Leader
  Johor (14th) 56 3,348,283 59,791 PN Suhaizan Kayat[1] Ir. Hasni Mohammad PH Aminolhuda Hassan
  Kedah (14th) 36 1,947,651 54,101 PN Juhari Bulat[2] Muhammad Sanusi Md. Nor PH Phahrolrazi Mohd Zawawi
  Kelantan (14th) 45 1,539,601 34,213 PN[N 1] Abdullah Ya'kub[3] Ahmad Yakob N/A Vacant
  Malacca (14th) 28 821,110 29,325 PN Omar Jaafar

Abd Rauf Yusoh(disputed)

Sulaiman Md. Ali PH Adly Zahari
  Negeri Sembilan (14th) 36 1,021,064 28,363 PH Zulkefly Mohamad Omar[4] Aminuddin Harun PN Mohamad Hasan
  Pahang (14th) 42 1,500,817 35,734 PN[N 2] Ishak Muhammad[5] Wan Rosdy Wan Ismail PH Chiong Yoke Kong
  Penang (14th) 40 1,561,383 39,035 PH Law Choo Kiang[6] Chow Kon Yeow PN Muhamad Yusoff Mohd. Noor
  Perak (14th) 59 2,352,743 39,877 PN Mohamad Zahir Abdul Khalid Ahmad Faizal Azumu[N 3][7] PH Dr. Abdul Aziz Bari
  Perlis (14th) 15 231,541 15,436 PN[N 4] Hamdan Bahari Azlan Man PH Asrul Nizan Abd. Jalil
  Sabah (15th) 60 3,206,742 53,446 WARISAN Syed Abas Syed Ali Mohd. Shafie Apdal PN Musa Aman
  Sarawak (18th) 82 2,471,140 30,136 PN Mohamad Asfia Awang Nassar Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg PH Chong Chieng Jen
  Selangor (14th) 56 5,462,141 97,538 PH Ng Suee Lim[8] Amirudin Shari PN Rizam Ismail
  Terengganu (14th) 32 1,035,977 32,374 PN[N 5] Yahaya Ali[9] Dr. Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar N/A Vacant

Lists of State Assembly Representatives in MalaysiaEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ PAS was still existed ruled in Kelantan even as Perikatan Nasional coalition was created with PPBM, BN and other parties.
  2. ^ BN was still existed ruled in Pahang even as Perikatan Nasional coalition was created with PPBM, PAS and other parties.
  3. ^ Ahmad Faizal Azumu previously was Pakatan Harapan Perak chairman before was switched to Perikatan Nasional after his party was withdraw from PH but retained as Menteri Besar Perak
  4. ^ BN was still existed ruled in Perlis even as Perikatan Nasional coalition was created with PPBM, PAS and other parties.
  5. ^ PAS was still existed ruled in Terengganu even as Perikatan Nasional coalition was created with PPBM, BN and other parties.


  1. ^ "Johor plans live broadcast of assembly proceedings - Metro News | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  2. ^ Nambiar, Predeep (25 August 2020). "Kedah installed new state assembly speaker". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Abdullah kekal Speaker DUN Kelantan". HM Online (in Malay). 2018-06-28. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  4. ^ Mat Kasim, Sarinah (2 July 2018). "Speaker DUN NS angkat sumpah". Sinar Harian (in Malay). Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  5. ^ "42 ADUN Pahang angkat sumpah jawatan | Astro Awani". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  6. ^ Nambiar, Predeep (2 August 2018). "Guan Eng, Saifuddin to make history in Penang assembly". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Ng Suee Lim sworn in as Selangor state Speaker - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  9. ^ Hussain, Radhuan. "Yahaya angkat sumpah Yang Dipertua DUN Terengganu". Utusan Online. Retrieved 2018-07-01.