Parliament of the Czech Republic

The Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech: Parlament České republiky) or just Parliament (Czech: Parlament) is the legislative body of the Czech Republic, seated in Malá Strana, Prague.

Parliament of the Czech Republic

Parlament České republiky
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Houses
History
Founded1 January 1993
Preceded byCzech National Council
Federal Assembly
Leadership
Miloš Vystrčil, ODS
since 20 January 2020
Markéta Pekarová Adamová, TOP 09
since 10 November 2021
Structure
Seats281
81 Senators
200 Deputies
Senate political groups
Supporting government (73)

Opposition (9)

Chamber of Deputies political groups
Government (108)

Opposition (92)

Elections
Two-round system
Proportional representation
Senate last election
2–3 October 2020 &
9–10 October 2020
Chamber of Deputies last election
8–9 October 2021
Meeting place
Palaces in Malá Strana, Prague
Website
Senate
Chamber of Deputies

It consists of two chambers, both elected in direct elections:

Art. 15 of the Constitution stipulates its name as the "Parliament".[1] The Parliament exercises competences usual in parliamentary systems: it holds and passes bills, has the right to modify the Constitution, ratifies international agreements; if necessary, it declares war, approves presence of foreign military forces in the Czech Republic or a dispatch of Czech military forces abroad.

HistoryEdit

 
Session room of the Chamber of Deputies

The tradition of modern parliamentarianism in the Bohemian lands dates back to times of the Austrian Empire (and then Cisleithanian part of Austria-Hungary), where the Imperial Council (Reichsrat, Říšská rada) was created in 1861.

After proclamation of Czechoslovakia in 1918 its National Assembly (Národní shromáždění) undertook legislative duties both of the Imperial Council and State Diets (Bohemian, Moravian, Silesian).[2] In 1938–39 and between 1948–89 there existed a parliament within non-democratic regimes (right-wing authoritarian or Communist regime, respectively). As a consequence of federalization of Czechoslovakia (1968), national councils of Czech and Slovak parts of the country were created.

The Chamber of Deputies keeps continuity with the Czech National Council (Česká národní rada), while the Senate was established in 1996 (with reference to the First Czechoslovak Republic one).

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Tomáš Goláň was elected as non-partisan, nominated by SEN 21, shortly after election he defected to and became member of ODS.
  2. ^ Jaroslav Chalupský is non-partisan, nominated by Svobodní.
  3. ^ Zdeněk Hraba was elected as non-partisan, nominated by STAN, he changed club during his term.
  4. ^ Tomáš Töpfer, Jan Pirk, Hana Kordová Marvanová, Marek Slabý and Jiří Růžička are non-partisans, nominated by coalition of ODS, TOP 09 and KDU-ČSL and possibly other local parties.
  5. ^ Jiří Dušek is non-partisan, nominated by coalition of ODS, ČSSD and local parties.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Hana Žáková, Miroslav Balatka, Miroslav Plevný, Jan Sobotka, Pavel Karník, Helena Pešatová and Karel Zitterbart are non-partisans, nominated by STAN.
  8. ^ David Smoljak is a member of STAN, nominated by coalition of STAN, Pirates and TOP 09.
  9. ^ Jiří Vosecký is member of SLK nominated by STAN and SLK.
  10. ^ Zdeněk Linhart is non-partisan, nominated by STAN and SLK.
  11. ^ Mikuláš Bek is non-partisan, nominated by coalition of Greens, ODS, TOP 09 and STAN; Jiří Drahoš is non-partisan, nominated by coalition of KDU-ČSL, Greens, STAN and TOP 09.
  12. ^
  13. ^ Miluše Horská, Josef Klement and Lumír Kantor are non-partisans, nominated by KDU-ČSL.
  14. ^ Petr Fiala is a member of SproK nominated by coalition of SproK and KDU-ČSL.
  15. ^ Jaromíra Vítková, Ivana Váňová and Eva Rajchmanová are non-partisans, nominated by coalition of KDU-ČSL, ODS and TOP 09.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Přemysl Rabas and Martin Krsek are non-partisans, nominated by SEN21.
  18. ^ Adéla Šípová is non-partisan, nominated by Pirates.
  19. ^ Jan Holásek is non-partisan, nominated by coalition of HDK, TOP 09, Greens, LES and SEN 21.
  20. ^ Pavel Fischer is independently elected non-partisan.
  21. ^   Non-affiliated senator
    •   Independent (1)[t]
  22. ^ Ladislav Václavec and Miroslav Adámek are non-partisans, nominated by ANO.
  23. ^ Zdeněk Matušek was elected as non-partisan, nominated by ANO and ČSSD.
  24. ^

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Constitution of the Czech Republic". Prague Castle. 2015. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
  2. ^ Balík, S.-Hloušek, V.-Holzer, J.-Šedo, J.: Politický systém českých zemí 1848-1989. Brno 2006, p. 81.