TOP 09 (name derived from Czech: Tradice Odpovědnost Prosperita, lit.'Tradition Responsibility Prosperity')[13] is a liberal-conservative[3][4][5][6] political party in the Czech Republic, led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová. TOP 09 holds 14 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and has three MEPs.

TOP 09
LeaderMarkéta Pekarová Adamová
Deputy LeadersTomáš Czernin
Jan Jakob
Michal Kučera
Herbert Pavera
Vlastimil Válek
Chamber of Deputies LeaderJan Jakob
MEP LeaderLuděk Niedermayer
FoundersMiroslav Kalousek
Karel Schwarzenberg
Founded11 June 2009 (2009-06-11)
Split fromKDU–ČSL[1]
HeadquartersOpletalova 1603/57, Prague
Think tankTOPAZ
Youth wingTOP Team
Membership (2021)2,481[2]
IdeologyLiberal conservatism[3][4][5][6]
Christian democracy[7]
Liberalism[8][9][10]
Pro-Europeanism[11]
Political positionCentre-right[12]
National affiliationSPOLU
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colours   
  (customary)
Chamber of Deputies
14 / 200
Senate
6 / 81
European Parliament
2 / 21
Regional councils
20 / 675
Governors of the regions
0 / 13
Local councils
483 / 61,892
Website
www.top09.cz

HistoryEdit

Foundation and participation in governmentEdit

The party was founded on 11 June 2009 by Miroslav Kalousek who left the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party.[14] Karel Schwarzenberg, who had previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second Topolánek cabinet from January 2007 to March 2009, having been nominated by the Green Party for the post, and who had been elected to the Senate in 2004 as nominee of the Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US-DEU) and Civic Democratic Alliance (ODA) parties, became the party's first leader.[15][16]

 
Karel Schwarzenberg, Honorary chairman and former leader of TOP 09

In the 2010 parliament elections on 28–29 May 2010, TOP 09 received 16.7% of the vote and 41 seats, becoming the third largest party.[17] The party joined the new coalition government, the Nečas cabinet, with the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and Public Affairs (VV).[18]

In September 2010 TOP09 applied to join the European People's Party. Karel Schwarzenberg has already officially participated in two EPP summits (15 September[19] and 16 December 2010[20]). On 10 February 2011 TOP 09 has officially been granted permission to join the EPP.[21]

In the 2013 legislative election on 25–26 October 2013, TOP 09 won 12% of the vote and 26 seats. The party entered opposition to the Sobotka cabinet.

Opposition and cooperation with STAN and ODSEdit

In the 2014 European elections on 24 and 25 May 2014, TOP 09 reached second place nationally with 15.95% of the vote, electing 4 MEPs.

Karel Schwarzenberg left the position of leader in 2015. He was replaced by Miroslav Kalousek afterwards.

In March 2016, Karel Tureček left the party and joined ANO 2011 which left TOP 09 with 25 MPs.[22] In May 2016, Pavol Lukša, one of founders of TOP 09, left the party and established the new party Good Choice.[23]

TOP 09 was heavily defeated in 2016 regional elections. The party has gained only 19 seat and 3.4% of votes. Miroslav Kalousek then considered resignation but decided to stay.[24]

In January 2017, TOP 09 introduced its new program called Vision 2030. TOP 09 wants to adopt Euro, implement electronical voting and increase health standard to the level of Germany. TOP 09 also wants to shorten week work time to 4 days. Miroslav Kalousek said that he believes that TOP 09 will get over 10% in upcoming legislative election even though recent opinion polls indicated that TOP 09 might not reach 5% threshold.[25][26]

Ahead of 2017 parliamentary elections, TOP 09 was endorsed by The Czech Crown, Conservative Party, Club of Committed Non-Party Members and Liberal-Environmental Party.[27][28] The party eventually received 5.3% of votes being marginalised to 7 seats. Jiří Pospíšil became the new leader after the election.[29]

In the next year municipal elections TOP 09 got only 1.1 per cent of the vote nationally. The best performance for the party was in the Prague City council elections, following which it joined a coalition with the Czech Pirate Party and Prague Together.

In November, 2019, Markéta Pekarová Adamová was elected as new leader of the party.[30] In late 2020, TOP 09 formed an electoral alliance with KDU-ČSL and ODS called SPOLU, to run in the 2021 elections.[31] The alliance won popular vote and formed a coalition with Pirates and Mayors alliance. As a part of agreement of these alliances, TOP 09 leader Pekarová Adamová became Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic.

On 20 November 2021 Pekarová Adamová was reelected in a TOP 09 leadership election, with 163 from 176 votes, being the only candidate.[32]

IdeologyEdit

TOP 09 has been noted for its support of fiscal conservatism and is considered pro-European Union,[11] being strongly in favour of European integration.[33] These two stances create a basic common ground of the party, as it was otherwise divided in two ideological wings: social conservative and social liberal.[34] On 12 July 2017, TOP 09 and Liberal-Environmental Party agreed to participate in the 2017 Czech legislative election together.[35]

Election resultsEdit

Below are charts of the results that the TOP09 has secured in the Chamber of Deputies, Senate, European Parliament, and regional assemblies at each election.

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

Year Leader Vote Vote % Seats +/− Place Position
2010 Karel Schwarzenberg 873,833 16.7
41 / 200
3rd Coalition
2013 Karel Schwarzenberg 596,357 12.0
26 / 200
 15 4th   Opposition
2017 Miroslav Kalousek 268,811 5.3
7 / 200
 19 8th   Opposition
2021 Markéta Pekarová Adamová 1,493,701 27.79
14 / 200
 7 1st   Coalition
Part of SPOLU coalition, which won 71 seats in total
 
Ex leader of TOP 09 MEP Jiří Pospíšil

SenateEdit

Election First round Second round Seats Total seats +/-
Votes % Places Votes % Places
2010 165,277 14.40 3rd 51,310 7.54 3rd
2 / 27
2 / 81
  2
20111 2,053 7.51 4th  
0 / 1
2 / 81
 
2012 57,907 6.59 5th 9,918 1.93 5th
2 / 27
4 / 81
  2
2014 92,137 8.98 5th 30,476 6.43 6th
0 / 27
4 / 81
 
20142 2,055 15.55 3rd  
0 / 1
4 / 81
 
2016 70,653 8.02 6th 30,820 7.27 5th
2 / 27
4 / 81
 
20183 7,615 33.51 1st 30,331 67.11 1st
1 / 1
4 / 81
 
2018 41,980 3.85 7th 22,580 5.40 8th
1 / 27
3 / 81
  1
2020 46,575 4.67 7th 33,938 7.51 4th
2 / 27
5 / 81
  2

Notes:
1 By-election in Kladno district.
2 By-election in Prague 10 district
3 By-election in Trutnov district. TOP 09 supported a STAN candidate Jan Sobotka.

PresidentialEdit

Election Candidate First round result Second round result
Votes %Votes Result Votes %Votes Result
2013 Karel Schwarzenberg 1,204,195 23.40 Runner-up 2,241,171 45.20 Lost
2018 Jiří Drahoš 1,369,601 26.60 Runner-up 2,701,206 48.63 Lost
2023 Pavel Fischer, Petr Pavel, Danuše Nerudová

European ParliamentEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place
2014 241,747 16.0
4 / 21
2nd  
2019 276,220 11.7
3 / 21
4th  

Local electionEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats
2010 8,537,461 9.5
1,509 / 62,178
2014 8,324,195 8.4
726 / 62,300
2018 1,241,976 4.8
483 / 61,892

Prague municipal electionsEdit

Year Leader Vote Vote % Seats +/− Place Position
2010 Zdeněk Tůma 1,043,008 30.2
26 / 65
1st Opposition (2010–2013)
2014 Tomáš Hudeček 4,158,226 20.1
16 / 65
 10 2nd Opposition
2018 Jiří Pospíšil 4,127,063 16.3
13 / 65
 3 4th Coalition

Regional electionEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats +/- Place Note
2012 175,089 6.6
19 / 675
5th
2016 86,164   3.4  
19 / 675
  9th
2020 Party didn't run on a single list
20 / 675
1   9th [n 1]
 
Former TOP09 leaders Karel von Schwarzenberg and Miroslav Kalousek

2020 Czech regional election results[36]Edit

Region Coalition partner # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
Seats Governance[37]
# ± Position
Central Bohemian Greens and Voice 24,650 5.89
2 / 65
  3   5th STAN–ODS–Pirates–TOP 09+Greens-Voice
South Bohemian KDU-ČSL 20,798 10.45
3 / 55
    7th ODSKDU-ČSL+TOP 09–ČSSD–JIH12
Plzeň ODS 36,890 21.23
2 / 45
  1   7th ODS+TOP 09–STANPirates
Karlovy Vary STAN 11,700 14.66
1 / 45
    10th STAN+TOP 09-Pirates-ODS+KDU ČSL-Local movements
Ústí nad Labem Greens and SNK ED 12,220 6.11
1 / 55
  1   8th ANO–ODS–TOP 09+Greens
Liberec KDU-ČSL 5,328 3.83     7th Mayors for Liberec RegionPirates–ODS
Hradec Králové Hradec Králové Democratic Club 13,891 7.84
1 / 45
  3   10th ODS+STAN+VČ–KDU-ČSLPirates–TOP 09+HDK
Pardubice ODS 23,434 14.10
2 / 45
  2   8th ČSSD–ODS+TOP 09–KDU-ČSLSTAN
Vysočina KAN and Czech Crown 7,972 4.99     8th ODS+STO–PiratesKDU-ČSLČSSDSTAN
South Moravian Greens 24,039 6.62
4 / 65
  1   6th KDU-ČSLPirates–ODS–STAN
Olomouc KDU-ČSL and Greens 34,519 18.43
2 / 55
  2   7th STAN+PiratesKDU-ČSL+TOP 09–ODS
Zlín STAN 24,396 12.69
1 / 45
  1   10th ANOPirates–ODS–ČSSD
Moravian-Silesian ODS 43,637 13.84
1 / 65
  1   7th ANO–ODS+TOP 09–KDU-ČSLČSSD

LeadersEdit

SymbolsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Including one member elected as a nominee of Mayors and Independents

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zdenka Mansfeldová (2013). "The Czech Republic". In Sten Berglund; Joakim Ekman; Kevin Deegan-Krause; Terje Knutsen (eds.). The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 232. ISBN 978-1-78254-588-0.
  2. ^ televize, Česká. "Členská základna ODS je větší než ČSSD, z mladých uskupení nejvíce roste SPD". ČT24 - Nejdůvěryhodnější zpravodajský web v ČR - Česká televize (in Czech). Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Czechia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  4. ^ a b "Kalousek se střetl s Dolejšem, večerní škola liberalismu stála proti marxismu-leninismu". Novinky.cz. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b Maciej Stobinski (2014). "Twenty years of the Czech party system: 1992–2011". In Lucyna Czechowska; Krzysztof Olszewski (eds.). Central Europe on the Threshold of the 21st Century: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Challenges in Politics and Society. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-4438-6483-1.
  6. ^ a b Otto Eibl; Michal Pink (2016). "Election Results, Candidate Lists and the Framing of Campaigns". In Ruxandra Boicu; Silvia Branea; Adriana Stefanel (eds.). Political Communication and European Parliamentary Elections in Times of Crisis: Perspectives from Central and South-Eastern Europe. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 258. ISBN 978-1-137-58591-2.
  7. ^ "Křesťanská politika". Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  8. ^ "TOP 09 opouštějí letité tváře, vadí jim liberální plány mladší generace". iDnes.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  9. ^ "TOP 09 se dohodla na společné kandidátce s LES Martina Bursíka. Chtějí se poprat o liberální voliče". ihned.cz (in Czech). 12 July 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Silně konzervativní Chalánkovou vedení TOP 09 odmítlo. Navzdory Kalouskovi". iDnes.cz (in Czech). 12 June 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  11. ^ a b Dan Marek; Michael Baun (2010). The Czech Republic and the European Union. Routledge. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-136-94098-9.
  12. ^ "Foreign Policy Centre: Articles and Briefings / Necas in a bind: The Eurozone fiscal compact and the Czech Republic". Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  13. ^ Tom Lansford, ed. (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. SAGE Publications. p. 1660. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9.
  14. ^ Klausmann, Alexandra (21 May 2010). "Tschechien: Jugend vereint gegen Linksparteien". Wiener Zeitung (in German). Archived from the original on 6 June 2011.
  15. ^ "Schwarzenberg to be Kalousek's Czech TOP 09 party leader". Czech News Agency. 11 June 2009.
  16. ^ "Karel Schwarzenberg", TOP 09 party website, retrieved 7 June 2013
  17. ^ "Official results of election to the Parliament of the Czech Republic 2010". Volby.cz. 29 May 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
  18. ^ Sten Berglund (2013). The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 231–232. ISBN 978-1-78254-588-0.
  19. ^ administrator (16 September 2010). "EPP welcomes European Council conclusions; Roma issue should not be exploited". Epp.eu. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
  20. ^ administrator. "EPP official website". Epp.eu. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
  21. ^ "TOP 09 členem nejsilnější evropské strany – TOP 09". Top09.cz. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
  22. ^ Kopecký, Josef (10 March 2016). "Turečka vyhodili z klubu TOP 09. Politika "Antibabiš" je mi cizí, říká". iDNES.cz. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  23. ^ "TOP 09 leading politician Lukša establishes new party | Prague Monitor". www.praguemonitor.com. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  24. ^ televize, Česká. "Kalousek chce vědět, zda má pokračovat. Jeho TOP 09 ve volbách pohořela". ČT24. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  25. ^ "Třináctiletka TOP 09 počítá s internetovými volbami i zavedením eura". Novinky.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  26. ^ "TOP 09 slibuje životní úroveň jako v Německu do 2030 a boj za střední třídu". iDNES.cz. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  27. ^ Novotný, Svatopluk. "SPOLEČNÉ TISKOVÉ PROHLÁŠENÍ politických subjektů: Koruna Česká (monarchistická strana Čech, Moravy a Slezska), Konzervativní strana a Klub angažovaných nestraníků - Koruna Česká - monarchistická strana Čech, Moravy a Slezska". www.korunaceska.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  28. ^ "Konzervativní strana: Viribus Unitis". www.konzervativnistrana.cz. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  29. ^ Roubková, Janetta (26 November 2017). "Nový předseda TOP 09 je Pospíšil, první místopředsedkyní Pekarová. 'Jdeme pracovat na komunálních volbách.'". irozhlas.cz. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  30. ^ "Navzdory Kalouskovi. Novou předsedkyní TOP 09 je Pekarová Adamová". Novinky.cz. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  31. ^ "ODS, KDU-ČSL a TOP 09 jdou do voleb jako koalice SPOLU. Daly 17 slibů". www.seznamzpravy.cz. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  32. ^ Kopecký, Josef. "Pekarová obhájila post šéfky TOP 09. Chce pomoci Bělorusům svrhnout diktárora". iDnes.cz. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  33. ^ Michal Klima (2015). "Czech Republic". In Donatella M. Viola (ed.). Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. p. 554. ISBN 978-1-317-50363-7.
  34. ^ "Komparace politických stran ODS a TOP 09".
  35. ^ "TOP 09 a Bursíkova LES se dohodly na spolupráci pro volby. Vytvoří společnou kandidátku". Lidovky.cz. 12 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  36. ^ Czech Statistical Office
  37. ^ Aktualne.cz

External linksEdit