Assembly of the Representatives of the People

The Assembly of the Representatives of the People (Arabic: مجلس نواب الشعبMajlis Nuwwāb ash-Sha‘b, French: Assemblée des représentants du peuple; ARP) is Tunisia's legislative branch of government. The unicameral Assembly replaced the Constituent Assembly and was first elected on 26 October 2014.[1] The legislature consists of 217 seats.[2] Before the 2011 revolution, Tunisia's parliament was bicameral and consisted of an upper chamber called the Chamber of Advisors and a lower chamber called the Chamber of Deputies.

Assembly of the Representatives of the People

مجلس نواب الشعب

Majlis Nuwwāb esh-Sha‘b
2nd legislature
Type
Type
History
Preceded byConstituent Assembly of Tunisia
New session started
13 November 2019 (2019-11-13)
Leadership
Rached Ghannouchi, Ennahda
since 13 November 2019
First Deputy Speaker
Samira Chaouachi, Heart of Tunisia
since 13 November 2019
Second Deputy Speaker
Tarek Ftiti, Independent
since 14 November 2019
Structure
Seats217
Tunisie Assemblée des représentants du peuple 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (106)
  •   Ennahda (52)
  •   Democratic Current (22)
  •   People's Movement (15)
  •   Tahya Tounes (14)
  •   Tunisian Alternative (3)

Confidence-and-supply (24)[a]

Opposition (87)

Elections
Party-list proportional representation using multi-member constituencies
Last election
6 October 2019
Meeting place
Constituent Assembly, 2012
Bardo Palace, Le Bardo (near Tunis)
Website
www.arp.tn

Tunisia's electoral law requires "vertical gender parity", i.e. male and female candidates must alternate within each party's regional list of candidates. Consequently, as of 2015, 68 of the chamber's members are women, the highest proportion of female legislative representatives in the Arab world.[3]

The current speaker of the Assembly is Rached Ghannouchi, who was elected on 13 November 2019.[4]

ElectionsEdit

The first elections to the Assembly were held on 26 October 2014, slightly under four years since the conclusion of the Tunisian Revolution, and slightly under three years since the election to the Constituent Assembly. Nidaa Tounes gained a plurality of votes, winning 85 seats in the 217-seat parliament, beating the Ennahda Movement (69 seats) and many smaller parties.

2019 ElectionEdit

The second elections to the Assembly were held on 6 October 2019.

Current affiliationsEdit

Affiliation Members
2019 election
results
As of
February 2020
Ennahda Movement 52  
Heart of Tunisia 38  
Democratic Current 22  
Dignity Coalition 21 19
Free Destourian Party 17  
People's Movement 15  
Tahya Tounes 14  
Machrouu Tounes 4  
Errahma 4 2
Republican People's Union 3  
Tunisian Alternative 3  
Nidaa Tounes 3  
Afek Tounes 2  
Popular Front 1  
Aïch Tounsi 1  
Farmers' Voice Party 1  
Green League 1  
Current of Love 1  
Democratic and Social Union (VDS-PR-MDS) 1  
Socialist Destourian Party 1  
Independent 12  
Dissidents 4
Total members 217

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tunisian elections intensify focus on alliances". Al Monitor. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Tunisia begins landmark election race". AFP. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Tunisia". freedomhouse.org. 21 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Tunisia parliament elects Ennahda's Rachid Ghannouchi as speaker". Al Jazeera. 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  1. ^ If a majority of the party voted in favor of Elyes Fakhfakh's investiture as Prime Minister

Coordinates: 36°48′31″N 10°08′07″E / 36.8087°N 10.1353°E / 36.8087; 10.1353