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The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.

Senate of the Republic of Chile

Senado de la República de Chile
54th National Congress
Coat of arms or logo
Seal
Type
Type
Term limits
Unlimited 8-year terms
Leadership
Jaime Quintana, PPD
since March 12, 2019
Vice-President
Alfonso de Urresti, PS
since March 12, 2019
Structure
Seats43
Senado de Chile elección 2017.svg
Political groups
Government (19)

Opposition (23)

Others

  •      Independent (1)
Elections
Open list Proportional representation
Last election
November 19, 2017
Next election
November 21, 2021
Meeting place
Senate Chamber, National Congress Building, Valparaíso, Chile
Website
http://www.senado.cl

CompositionEdit

According to the present Constitution of Chile, the Senate is composed of thirty-eight directly elected senators, chosen by universal popular suffrage vote in 19 senatorial circumscriptions. These serve eight-year terms, with half of them being replaced every fourth year. They must be eligible to vote, have completed secondary school, or its equivalent, and be at least 35 years old.

The Senate sessions at the new (1990) National Congress located in the port city of Valparaíso that replaced the old National Congress located in downtown Santiago, the nation's capital.

Abolition of the unelectedEdit

Amendments to the Constitution, approved by a joint session of Congress on August 16, 2005, eliminated non-directly elected senators from March 11, 2006, the day 20 newly elected senators were sworn in, leaving the total number of senators at 38, all directly elected. Previously, according to the Constitution of 1980, "designated" or "institutional" senators were appointed to the chamber. Two former heads of state, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle and Augusto Pinochet, were installed as senators for life. Pinochet later resigned from this position and Frei lost his seat in the 2005 reform. However, Frei remained in the Senate by winning an elective seat.

Historical evolutionEdit

The Senate of Chile was created in 1812 to support the formulations of policies of the Government Junta. Since then it has undergone several constitutional reorganizations that have altered the scope of its constitutional powers, its composition and the generation of its members.

First senateEdit

Created by Article 7 of the Provisional Constitutional Manual of 1812. It was composed of seven titular members (one for each province) and three alternate members and was supposed to serve as a counterbalance to the executive power of the Government Junta. The senators were directly nominated by the provinces in agreement with the central government. It functioned from November, 1812 to January, 1814, when it was reorganized to better respond to the problems caused by the successive military defeats at the hands of the advancing Spanish Army.

Consultive senateEdit

Created by Article 13 of the Provisional Government Manual of 1814. As its predecessor, it was composed of seven titular members (only) nominated by the provinces in lists of three from which they were selected by the Supreme Director. It functioned from March to July, 1814, when the Spanish Army captured Santiago, putting an end to the Patria Vieja government.

First conservative senateEdit

Created by Title III of the Constitution of 1818. It was composed of five titular members and five alternate members selected directly by the Supreme Director. It was supposed to function only when the lower house was not in function or could not meet, and had the power to enact "provisory rules" that had the same effect as laws (hence the "conservative" moniker, because it "conserved" the power.) It functioned from October, 1818 to May, 1822.

Election cyclesEdit

Key to Senate classes by regions:

  • Class 1 consists of:

-the 23 current senators whose seats expire in March 2026.

  • Class 2 consists of:

-the 20 current senators whose seats expire in March 2022. Plus 7 new senators, who will be elected in 2022

Class Election Expire New Majority Chile Vamos Other pacts Total
1 2018 2026 10 12 1 23
2 2014 2022 11 7 2 20
Total 21 19 3 43

Current composition Senate of ChileEdit

Constituency Region Class Senator Name Political Group Party Prior Public Office/Position Education Assumed Office Term Expires
1 Arica and Parinacota
Tarapacá
1   Fulvio Rossi New Majority PS Deputy District 2° (Iquique, Huara, Camiña, Colchane, Pica, Pozo Almonte and Alto Hospicio) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
1 Arica and Parinacota
Tarapacá
1   Jaime Orpis Chile Vamos Independent Deputy District 25° (Macul, San Joaquín and La Granja) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
2 Antofagasta 2   Pedro Araya New Majority DC Deputy District 4° (Antofagasta, Mejillones, Sierra Gorda and Taltal) University of Antofagasta March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
2 Antofagasta 2   Alejandro Guillier New Majority New Majority's independents Journalist and television reporter Catholic University of the North March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
3 Atacama 1   Isabel Allende New Majority PS Deputy District 29° (Puente Alto, Pirque, San José de Maipo and La Pintana) University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
3 Atacama 1   Baldo Prokurica Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 6° (Caldera, Tierra Amarilla, Vallenar, Freirina, Huasco and Alto del Carmen) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
4 Coquimbo 2   Adriana Muñoz New Majority PPD Deputy by District 9° (Combarbalá, Punitaqui, Monte Patria, Illapel, Salamanca, Los Vilos and Canela) University of Chile
University of Vienna
March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
4 Coquimbo 2   Jorge Pizarro New Majority DC Deputy by District 8° (Coquimbo, Ovalle and Rio Hurtado) University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
5 Valparaíso Cordillera 1   Ignacio Walker New Majority DC Foreign Minister during the government of Ricardo Lagos University of Chile
Princeton University
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
5 Valparaíso Cordillera 1   Lily Pérez Out of pact Amplitude Deputy District 38° (Curepto, Constitución, Empedrado, Pencahue, Maule, San Clemente, Pelarco, Río Claro and San Rafael) University of the Pacific (Chile)
Gabriela Mistral University
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
6 Valparaíso Coast 1   Ricardo Lagos Weber New Majority PPD General Secretariat of Government minister during the government of Michelle Bachelet University of Chile
University of Sussex
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
6 Valparaíso Coast 1   Francisco Chahuán Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 14° (Viña del Mar and Concon) University of Valparaíso March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
7 Santiago West 2   Guido Girardi New Majority PPD Deputy District 18° (Cerro Navia, Lo Prado and Quinta Normal) University of Chile March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
7 Santiago West 2   Andrés Allamand Chile Vamos RN Defense Minister under President Sebastián Piñera University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
8 Santiago East 2   Manuel José Ossandón Chile Vamos Independent Mayor of Puente Alto Inacap March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
8 Santiago East 2   Carlos Montes New Majority PS Deputy District 26° (La Florida) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
9 O'Higgins 2   Juan Pablo Letelier New Majority PS Deputy District 33° (Mostazal, Graneros, Codegua, Machalí, Requínoa, Rengo, Olivar, Doñihue, Coinco, Coltauco, Quinta de Tilcoco and Malloa) Georgetown University March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
9 O'Higgins 2   Alejandro García-Huidobro Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 32° (Rancagua) University of Chile August 2, 2011 March 11, 2022
10 Maule North 1   Andrés Zaldívar New Majority DC Interior Minister during the government of Michelle Bachelet University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
10 Maule North 1   Juan Antonio Coloma Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 31° (Talagante, Peñaflor, El Monte, Isla de Maipo, Melipilla, María Pinto, Curacaví, Alhué and San Pedro) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
11 Maule South 1   Manuel Matta New Majority DC Ambassador of Chile in El Salvador University of Chile May 7, 2014 March 11, 2018
11 Maule South 1   Hernán Larraín Chile Vamos UDI No previous public office Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 1994 March 11, 2018
12 Biobío Coast 2   Alejandro Navarro New Majority MAS Deputy District 45° (Tomé, Penco, Florida, Hualqui, Coronel and Santa Juana) University of Concepción March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
12 Biobío Coast 2   Jacqueline Van Rysselberghe Chile Vamos UDI Intendant of the Bío Bío Region University of Concepción March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
13 Biobío Cordillera 2   Felipe Harboe New Majority PPD Deputy District 22° (Santiago) Central University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
13 Biobío Cordillera 2   Víctor Pérez Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 47° (Los Ángeles, Tucapel, Antuco, Quilleco, Santa Bárbara, Quilaco, Mulchén, Negrete, Nacimiento, San Rosendo, Laja and Alto Biobío) University of Concepción March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
14 Araucanía North 1   Jaime Quintana New Majority PPD Deputy District 49° (Victoria, Curacautín, Lonquimay, Melipeuco, Vilcún, Lautaro, Perquenco and Galvarino) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
University of La Frontera
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
14 Araucanía North 1   Alberto Espina Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 21° (Providence and Ñuñoa) University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
15 Araucanía South 1   Eugenio Tuma New Majority PPD Deputy District 51° (Carahue, Nueva Imperial, Saavedra, Teodoro Schmidt, Freire, Pitrufquén and Cholchol) University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
15 Araucanía South 1   José García Ruminot Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 50° (Temuco and Padre Las Casas) Higher Institute of Trade March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
16 Los Ríos 2   Alfonso De Urresti New Majority PS Deputy District 53° (Corral, Lanco, Mafil, Mariquina and Valdivia) University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
16 Los Ríos 2   Ena von Baer Chile Vamos UDI Senator for Constituency 8 Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
RWTH Aachen University
March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
17 Los Lagos 2   Rabindranath Quinteros New Majority PS Mayor of Puerto Montt University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
17 Los Lagos 2   Iván Moreira Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 27° (El Bosque, La Cisterna and San Ramon) Luis Alberto Barrera High School, Punta Arenas March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
18 Aysén 1   Antonio Horvath Independent Independent Deputy District 59° (Coihaique, Lago Verde, Aisén, Cisnes, Guaitecas, Chile Chico, Río Ibáñez, Cochrane, O'Higgins and Tortel) University of Chile March 11, 1994 March 11, 2018
18 Aysén 1   Patricio Walker New Majority DC Deputy by District 8° (Coquimbo, Ovalle and Río Hurtado) Diego Portales University March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
19 Magallanes 2   Carlos Bianchi Out of pact DRP Councillor of Punta Arenas Luis Alberto Barrera High School, Punta Arenas March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
19 Magallanes 2   Carolina Goic New Majority DC Deputy District 60° (Puerto Natales, Torres del Paine, Punta Arenas, Río Verde, Laguna Blanca, San Gregorio, Porvenir, Primavera, Timaukel, Cabo de Hornos and Antártica) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

External linksEdit