Senate of Chile

The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.

Senate of the Republic of Chile

Senado de la República de Chile
55th National Congress
Coat of arms or logo
Seal
Type
Type
Term limits
Unlimited 8-year terms
Leadership
Adriana Muñoz, PPD
since March 17, 2020
Vice-President
Rabindranath Quinteros, PS
since March 17, 2019
Structure
Seats43
Senado de Chile elección 2017.svg
Political groups
Government (19)
  • Chile Vamos (19)
    •   UDI (9)
    •   RN (8)
    •   EVOPOLI (1)
    •   Independent (1)

Opposition (24)

  • Constituent Unity (22)
  • Broad Front (1)
  • Others (1)
    •   Independent (1)
Elections
Open list Proportional representation
Last election
November 19, 2017
Next election
November 21, 2021
Meeting place
Senate Chamber, National Congress Building, Valparaíso, Chile
Website
http://www.senado.cl

Coordinates: 33°02′52″S 71°36′21″W / 33.04778°S 71.60583°W / -33.04778; -71.60583

CompositionEdit

According to the present Constitution of Chile, the Senate is composed of forty-three directly elected senators, chosen by universal popular suffrage vote in 16 senatorial circumscriptions. These serve eight-year terms, with half of them being replaced every fourth year. They must be eligible to vote, have completed secondary school, or its equivalent, and be at least 35 years old.

The Senate sessions at the new (1990) National Congress located in the port city of Valparaíso that replaced the old National Congress located in downtown Santiago, the nation's capital.

Abolition of the unelectedEdit

Amendments to the Constitution, approved by a joint session of Congress on August 16, 2005, eliminated non-directly elected senators from March 11, 2006, the day 20 newly elected senators were sworn in, leaving the total number of senators at 38, all directly elected. Previously, according to the Constitution of 1980, "designated" or "institutional" senators were appointed to the chamber. Two former heads of state, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle and Augusto Pinochet, were installed as senators for life. Pinochet later resigned from this position and Frei lost his seat in the 2005 reform. However, Frei remained in the Senate by winning an elective seat.

Historical evolutionEdit

The Senate of Chile was created in 1812 to support the formulations of policies of the Government Junta. Since then it has undergone several constitutional reorganizations that have altered the scope of its constitutional powers, its composition and the generation of its members.

First senateEdit

Created by Article 7 of the Provisional Constitutional Manual of 1812. It was composed of seven titular members (one for each province) and three alternate members and was supposed to serve as a counterbalance to the executive power of the Government Junta. The senators were directly nominated by the provinces in agreement with the central government. It functioned from November, 1812 to January, 1814, when it was reorganized to better respond to the problems caused by the successive military defeats at the hands of the advancing Spanish Army.

Consultive senateEdit

Created by Article 13 of the Provisional Government Manual of 1814. As its predecessor, it was composed of seven titular members (only) nominated by the provinces in lists of three from which they were selected by the Supreme Director. It functioned from March to July, 1814, when the Spanish Army captured Santiago, putting an end to the Patria Vieja government.

First conservative senateEdit

Created by Title III of the Constitution of 1818. It was composed of five titular members and five alternate members selected directly by the Supreme Director. It was supposed to function only when the lower house was not in function or could not meet, and had the power to enact "provisory rules" that had the same effect as laws (hence the "conservative" moniker, because it "conserved" the power.) It functioned from October, 1818 to May, 1822.

Election cyclesEdit

Key to Senate classes by regions:

  • Class 1 consists of:

-the 23 current senators whose seats expire in March 2026.

  • Class 2 consists of:

-the 20 current senators whose seats expire in March 2022. Plus 7 new senators, who will be elected in 2022

Class Election Expire CP/DC Chile Vamos Other pacts Total
1 2018 2026 10 12 1 23
2 2014 2022 11 7 2 20
Total 21 19 3 43

Current composition Senate of ChileEdit

Constituency Region Class Senator Name Political Group Party Prior Public Office/Position Education Assumed Office Term Expires
1 Arica and Parinacota 1   José Miguel Insulza Progressive Convergence PS Secretary General of the Organization of American States University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
1 Arica and Parinacota 1   José Durana Chile Vamos UDI Intendant of the Arica y Parinacota Region University of Tarapacá March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
2 Tarapacá 1   Jorge Soria Progressive Convergence Independent Mayor of Iquique Iquique Men's High School, Iquique March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
2 Tarapacá 1   Luz Ebensperger Chile Vamos UDI Intendant of the Tarapacá Region Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2022
3 Antofagasta 2   Pedro Araya Progressive Convergence Independent Deputy District 4° (Antofagasta, Mejillones, Sierra Gorda and Taltal) University of Antofagasta March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
3 Antofagasta 2   Alejandro Guillier Progressive Convergence Independent Journalist and television reporter Catholic University of the North March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
4 Atacama 1   Yasna Provoste Out of pact DC Deputy District 6° (Alto del Carmen, Caldera, Freirina, Huasco, Tierra Amarilla and Vallenar) University of Playa Ancha March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
4 Atacama 1   Rafael Prohens Chile Vamos RN Intendant of the Atacama Region Excelsior College, Santiago March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
5 Coquimbo 2   Adriana Muñoz Progressive Convergence PPD Deputy by District 9° (Combarbalá, Punitaqui, Monte Patria, Illapel, Salamanca, Los Vilos and Canela) University of Chile
University of Vienna
March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
5 Coquimbo 2   Jorge Pizarro Out of pact DC Deputy by District 8° (Coquimbo, Ovalle and Rio Hurtado) University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
6 Valparaíso 1   Francisco Chahuán Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 14° (Viña del Mar and Concon) University of Valparaíso March 11, 2010 March 11, 2026
6 Valparaíso 1   Kenneth Pugh Chile Vamos RN General Director of the Personnel of the Chilean Navy Arturo Prat Naval School, Valparaíso March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
6 Valparaíso 1   Ricardo Lagos Weber Progressive Convergence PPD General Secretariat of Government minister during the government of Michelle Bachelet University of Chile
University of Sussex
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2026
6 Valparaíso 1   Isabel Allende Progressive Convergence PS Senator for Constituency 3 University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
6 Valparaíso 1   Juan Ignacio Latorre Broad Front RD No previous public office Central University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
7 Santiago West 2   Guido Girardi Progressive Convergence PPD Deputy District 18° (Cerro Navia, Lo Prado and Quinta Normal) University of Chile March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
7 Santiago West 2   Marcela Sabat Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 10° (Santiago, Providencia, Ñuñoa, Macul, La Granja and San Joaquín) Universidad del Desarrollo
Finis Terrae University
August 4, 2020 March 11, 2022
8 Santiago East 2   Manuel José Ossandón Chile Vamos RN Mayor of Puente Alto Inacap March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
8 Santiago East 2   Carlos Montes Progressive Convergence PS Deputy District 26° (La Florida) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
9 O'Higgins 2   Juan Pablo Letelier Progressive Convergence PS Deputy District 33° (Mostazal, Graneros, Codegua, Machalí, Requínoa, Rengo, Olivar, Doñihue, Coinco, Coltauco, Quinta de Tilcoco and Malloa) Georgetown University March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
9 O'Higgins 2   Alejandro García-Huidobro Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 32° (Rancagua) University of Chile August 2, 2011 March 11, 2022
10 Maule 1   Juan Castro Prieto Chile Vamos Independent Mayor of Talca Industrial A-10 High School, Talca March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
10 Maule 1   Rodrigo Galilea Chile Vamos RN Intendant of the Maule Region Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
10 Maule 1   Juan Antonio Coloma Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 31° (Talagante, Peñaflor, El Monte, Isla de Maipo, Melipilla, María Pinto, Curacaví, Alhué and San Pedro) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2026
10 Maule 1   Ximena Rincón Out of pact DC Labor Minister during the government of Michelle Bachelet University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2016
10 Maule 1   Álvaro Elizalde Progressive Convergence PS General Secretariat of Government during the government of Michelle Bachelet University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
11 Biobío 2   Alejandro Navarro Unity for Change PRO Deputy District 45° (Tomé, Penco, Florida, Hualqui, Coronel and Santa Juana) University of Concepción March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
11 Biobío 2   Jacqueline Van Rysselberghe Chile Vamos UDI Intendant of the Bío Bío Region University of Concepción March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
12 Biobío
Ñuble
2   Felipe Harboe Progressive Convergence PPD Deputy District 22° (Santiago) Central University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
12 Biobío
Ñuble
2   Claudio Alvarado Chile Vamos UDI General Secretariat of Presidency during the government of Sebastián Piñera Valparaiso Business School August 4, 2020 March 11, 2022
13 Araucanía 1   Felipe Kast Chile Vamos Evópoli Deputy District 22° (Santiago) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
Harvard University
March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
13 Araucanía 1   Carmen Gloria Aravena Chile Vamos Independent Traiguén municipal administrator University of La Frontera March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
13 Araucanía 1   José García Ruminot Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 50° (Temuco and Padre Las Casas) Higher Institute of Trade March 11, 2002 March 11, 2026
13 Araucanía 1   Francisco Huenchumilla Out of pact DC Intendant of the Araucanía Region University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
13 Araucanía 1   Jaime Quintana Progressive Convergence PPD Deputy District 49° (Victoria, Curacautín, Lonquimay, Melipeuco, Vilcún, Lautaro, Perquenco and Galvarino) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
University of La Frontera
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2026
14 Los Ríos 2   Alfonso De Urresti Progressive Convergence PS Deputy District 53° (Corral, Lanco, Mafil, Mariquina and Valdivia) University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
14 Los Ríos 2   Ena von Baer Chile Vamos UDI Senator for Constituency 8 Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
RWTH Aachen University
March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
15 Los Lagos 2   Rabindranath Quinteros Progressive Convergence PS Mayor of Puerto Montt University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
15 Los Lagos 2   Iván Moreira Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 27° (El Bosque, La Cisterna and San Ramon) Luis Alberto Barrera High School, Punta Arenas March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
16 Aysén 1   David Sandoval Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 59° (Coihaique, Lago Verde, Aisén, Cisnes, Guaitecas, Chile Chico, Río Ibáñez, Cochrane, O'Higgins and Tortel) University of Chile March 11, 2018 March 11, 2026
16 Aysén 1   Ximena Órdenes Progressive Convergence Independent Intendant of the Aysén Region Andrés Bello National University March 11, 2018 March 11, 2016
17 Magallanes 2   Carlos Bianchi Out of pact Independent Councillor of Punta Arenas Luis Alberto Barrera High School, Punta Arenas March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
17 Magallanes 2   Carolina Goic Out of pact DC Deputy District 60° (Puerto Natales, Torres del Paine, Punta Arenas, Río Verde, Laguna Blanca, San Gregorio, Porvenir, Primavera, Timaukel, Cabo de Hornos and Antártica) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

External linksEdit