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The Tarapacá Region (Spanish: I Región de Tarapacá, pronounced [taɾapaˈka]) is one of Chile's 15 first-order administrative divisions. It borders the Chilean Arica and Parinacota Region to the north, Bolivia's Oruro Department on the east, the Antofagasta Region on the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west. The port city of Iquique (2002 pop. 216,419) is the region's capital.

Tarapacá Region
Región de Tarapacá
Region of Chile
Skyline of Tarapacá Region
Flag of Tarapacá Region
Flag
Coat of Arms of Tarapacá Region
Coat of arms
Map of Tarapacá Region
Map of Tarapacá Region
Coordinates: 20°17′S 69°20′W / 20.283°S 69.333°W / -20.283; -69.333Coordinates: 20°17′S 69°20′W / 20.283°S 69.333°W / -20.283; -69.333
Country  Chile
Capital Iquique
Provinces Iquique, Tamarugal
Government
 • Intendant Claudia Rojas
Area[1]
 • Total 41,799.5 km2 (16,138.9 sq mi)
Area rank 6
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2017 census)[1]
 • Total 324,930
 • Rank 12
 • Density 7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CL-TA
Website Official website (in Spanish)
Landscape near Collahuasi, Tarapacá.
Iquique
Dancers in the Fiesta de La Tirana, the main religious festival in northern Chile

Much of the region was once the Tarapacá Province of Peru, which was annexed by Chile under the 1883 Treaty of Ancón at the close of the War of the Pacific. The region was important economically as a site of intense saltpeter mining, before synthetic nitrate manufacturing became possible. A number of abandoned mining towns can still be found in the region.

The present day Tarapacá Region was created in 2007 by subdividing the former Tarapacá Region under Law No. 20,175, which was signed by President Michelle Bachelet in Arica.[2]

Contents

AdministrationEdit

The government of the region resides in the intendant, who is assigned by the president. Each of the region's two provinces are further subdivided into communes.

Province Capital Commune Other towns
Iquique Iquique Iquique
Alto Hospicio
Tamarugal Pozo Almonte Huara Pisagua
Camiña
Colchane
Pica
Pozo Almonte Mamiña

ClimateEdit

A desert climate dominates the region. Near the coast, cloudiness can limit the temperature swing throughout the day, but in other drier areas, temperatures can vary greatly as is typical in deserts. A marginal desert region can be found over 3,000 m (9,843 ft) above sea level, which sees milder temperatures and summer rains.[2]

RiversEdit

Economic activitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Tarapacá Region". Government of Chile Foreign Investment Committee. Retrieved 13 March 2010. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b "Arica-Parinacota Region". 9 March 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2010. [permanent dead link]

External linksEdit