Oruro Department

Oruro (Spanish pronunciation: [oˈɾuɾo]; Quechua: Uru Uru; Aymara: Ururu) is a department in Bolivia, with an area of 53,588 km2 (20,690 sq mi). Its capital is the city of Oruro. According to the 2012 census, the Oruro department had a population of 494,178.

Department of Oruro
Santuario de la Virgen del Socavón, Carnaval de Oruro, 2007
Santuario de la Virgen del Socavón, Carnaval de Oruro, 2007
Flag of Department of Oruro
Coat of arms of Department of Oruro
Location within Bolivia
Location within Bolivia
Country Bolivia
CapitalOruro
Provinces16
Government
 • GovernorEdson Oczachoque (MAS-IPSP)
Area
 • Total53,588 km2 (20,690 sq mi)
Population
 (2012 census)
 • Total494,178
 • Density9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (BOT)
HDI (2019)0.727[1]
high · 4th of 9
LanguagesSpanish, Quechua, Aymara
Websitewww.oruro.gob.bo

Provinces of OruroEdit

The department is divided into 16 provinces which are further subdivided into municipalities and cantons.

Province Map # Area (km2) Population
(2012 census)
Capital
Carangas 10   5,472 11,041 Corque
Cercado 2   5,766 309,277 Oruro
Eduardo Avaroa 5   4,015 33,248 Challapata
Ladislao Cabrera 12   8,818 14,678 Salinas de Garci Mendoza
Litoral 13   2,894 10,409 Huachacalla
Nor Carangas 8   870 5,502 Huayllamarca
Pantaleón Dalence 3   1,210 29,497 Huanuni
Poopó 4   3,061 16,775 Poopó
Puerto de Mejillones 16   785 2,076 La Rivera
Sabaya 15   5,885 10,924 Sabaya
Sajama 14   5,790 9,390 Curahuara de Carangas
San Pedro de Totora 9   1,487 5,531 Totora
Saucarí 7   1,671 10,149 Toledo
Sebastian Pagador 6   1,972 13,153 Santiago de Huari
Sud Carangas 11   3,536 7,231 Santiago de Andamarca
Tomás Barrón 1   356 5,267 Eucaliptus

Note: Eduardo Abaroa Province (#5) is both north of and south of Sebastián Pagador Province (#6).

GovernmentEdit

The chief executive officer of Bolivia departments (since May 2010) is the governor; until then, the office was called the prefect, and until 2006 the prefect was appointed by the President of Bolivia. The current governor, Santos Tito of the Movement for Socialism – Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples, was elected on 4 April 2010.

The chief legislative body of the department is the Departmental Legislative Assembly, a body also first elected on 4 April 2010. It consists of 33 members: 16 elected by each of the department's provinces; 16 elected based on proportional representation; and minority indigenous representative selected by the Uru-Chipaya people.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1976 310,409—    
1992 340,114+0.57%
2001 391,870+1.59%
2012 494,587+2.14%
2020 551,100+1.36%
Source: Citypopulation[2]

LanguagesEdit

The languages spoken in the department are mainly Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers.[3]

Language Department Bolivia
Quechua 134,289 2,281,198
Aymara 127,086 1,525,321
Guaraní 383 62,575
Another native 1,943 49,432
Spanish 342,332 6,821,626
Foreign 6,878 250,754
Only native 30,745 960,491
Native and Spanish 188,963 2,739,407
Spanish and foreign 153,439 4,115,751

Notable peopleEdit

  • Evo Morales, who was the Bolivian president from 2006 to 2019, was born in the village of Isallawi near Orinoca.
  • Juan Mendoza, hero and pioneer of the Bolivian aviation.[4]
  • Zulma Yugar, who is a Bolivian politician and folk singer with international recognition and influence.

Places of interestEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Bolivia: Provinces".
  3. ^ obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo Archived 18 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine (Spanish)
  4. ^ "Aviador Juan Mendoza voló el avión armado por él mismo". Hoy el héroe y pionero de la aviación boliviana está más vivo que nunca. (in Spanish). 26 March 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 18°40′S 67°40′W / 18.667°S 67.667°W / -18.667; -67.667