Potosí Department

Potosí (Spanish pronunciation: [potoˈsi]; Aymara: Putusi; Quechua: P'utuqsi) is a department in southwestern Bolivia. It comprises 118,218 km2 with 823,517 inhabitants (2012 census). The capital is the city of Potosí. It is mostly a barren, mountainous region with one large plateau to the west, where the largest salt flat in the world, Salar de Uyuni, is located.

Department of Potosí
Flag of Department of Potosí
Coat of arms of Department of Potosí
Location within Bolivia
Location within Bolivia
Coordinates: 20°40′0″S 66°40′0″W / 20.66667°S 66.66667°W / -20.66667; -66.66667
Country Bolivia
CapitalPotosí
Government
 • GovernorOmar Veliz Ramos
Area
 • Total118,218 km2 (45,644 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total901,600
 • Density7.6/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (BOT)
HDI (2019)0.631[1]
medium · 9th of 9

Cerro Potosí was the richest province in the Spanish empire, providing a great percentage of the silver that was shipped to Europe.

Potosi is also the location of the San Cristóbal silver, zinc and lead mines, developed by the US-company Apex Silver Mines Limited of Colorado and in November 2008 sold to the Japanese Sumitomo Corporation.

GovernmentEdit

The chief executive office of Bolivia departments (since May 2010) is the governor; until then, the office was called the prefect, and until 2006 the prefect was appointed by the President of Bolivia. The current governor, Esteban Urquizu Cuéllar of the Movement for Socialism – Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples was elected on 4 April 2010.

Date Began Date Ended Prefect/Governor Party Notes
23 Jan 2006 30 May 2010 Mario Virreira Iporre MAS-IPSP First elected prefect. Elected in Bolivian general election, December 2005
30 May 2010 31 May 2015 Félix Gonzáles MAS-IPSP Elected in regional election on 4 April with 63.1% of the vote; first governor
30 May 2010 31 May 2015 Juan Carlos Cejas MAS-IPSP Elected in regional election on 29 March.[2]

Legislative AssemblyEdit

Under the 2009 Constitution, each Bolivian department has an elected Departmental Legislative Assembly. The first elections were held 4 April 2010.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1976 657,743—    
1992 645,889−0.11%
2001 709,013+1.04%
2012 828,093+1.42%
2020 901,600+1.07%
Source: Citypopulation[3]

Provinces of Potosi DepartmentEdit

The department is divided into 16 provinces which are further subdivided into 40 municipalities[4] (municipios) and 219 cantons (cantones).

Province Capital Area km2 Population
(2012 census)
Map Number
Alonso de Ibáñez Sacaca 2.170 29.821 1
Antonio Quijarro Uyuni 14,890 54,947 12
Bernardino Bilbao Arampampa 640 10,224 2
Charcas San Pedro de Buena Vista 2,964 41,214 3
Chayanta Colquechaca 7,026 97,251 5
Cornelio Saavedra Betanzos 2,375 55,100 7
Daniel Campos Llica 12,106 5,850 13
Enrique Baldivieso San Agustín 2,254 1,684 15
José María Linares Puna 5,136 49,619 8
Modesto Omiste Villazón 2,260 44,645 11
Nor Chichas Cotagaita 8,979 42,248 9
Nor Lípez Colcha K 20,892 14,057 14
Rafael Bustillo Uncía 2,235 86,947 4
Sud Chichas Tupiza 8,516 55,879 10
Sud Lípez San Pablo de Lípez 22,355 6,835 16
Tomás Frías Potosí 3,420 229,047 6

LanguagesEdit

Language Department Bolivia
Quechua 514,421 2,281,198
Aymara 57,738 1,525,321
Guaraní 374 62,575
Another native 356 49,432
Spanish 438,204 6,821,626
Foreign 3,771 250,754
Only native 226,967 960,491
Native and Spanish 301,280 2,739,407
Spanish and foreign 136,980 4,115,751

The languages spoken in the department are mainly Quechua, Spanish and Aymara. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers.[5]

Places of interestEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ "Bolivia Departments since 2006". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Bolivia: Provinces".
  4. ^ www.bolivia.com (English)
  5. ^ obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo Archived 2009-02-18 at the Wayback Machine (Spanish)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 20°40′S 66°40′W / 20.667°S 66.667°W / -20.667; -66.667