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Sumitomo Corporation

Sumitomo Corporation (Japanese: 住友商事株式会社, Hepburn: Sumitomo Shōji Kabushiki-gaisha) is one of the largest worldwide Sogo shosha general trading companies, and is a diversified corporation. The company was incorporated in 1919 and is a member company of the Sumitomo Group.

Sumitomo Corporation
Public KK
Traded asTYO: 8053
TOPIX 100 Component
Nikkei 225 Component
ISINJP3404600003 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryGeneral trading
Founded24 December 1919; 99 years ago (1919-12-24)
Osaka, Japan
FounderShun'ya Tōji Edit this on Wikidata
HeadquartersEast Tower 3-2 Otemachi 2-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Tokyo 100-8601, Japan
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Kazuo Ohmori
(Chairman)
Kuniharu Nakamura
(President and CEO)
ServicesMetal
Construction
Transportation
Infrastructure
Chemicals
Energy
Mineral resources
Food
Consumer Goods
RevenueIncrease$ 32.16 billion USD (FY 2013) (¥ 3,317 billion JPY) (FY 2013)
Decrease$ 2.16 billion USD (FY 2013) (¥ 223.06 billion JPY) (FY 2013)
Number of employees
74,638 (consolidated as of March 31, 2014)
ParentSumitomo Group Edit this on Wikidata
SubsidiariesSCSK
TBC Corporation (50%)
WebsiteOfficial website
Footnotes / references
[1][2][3]

It is listed on four Japanese stock exchanges (Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya and Fukuoka) and is a constituent of the TOPIX and Nikkei 225 stock indices.[4][5] Today, the company is one of the top three sōgō shōsha companies in the world.

HistoryEdit

The Sumitomo Group, of which Sumitomo Corporation is a key member, dates to the 17th century establishment of a book and medicine shop in Kyoto by Masatomo Sumitomo. Sumitomo's brother-in-law Riemon Soga developed a technology to extract silver from copper, and Soga's son (who married Sumitomo's daughter) Tomomochi Sumitomo expanded this smelting business to Osaka. From this start, the Sumitomo family expanded its business into copper mining (the Besshi copper mine), followed by textiles, sugar and medicine trading.[6]

The Sumitomo family was close to the Tokugawa shogunate throughout the Edo period. During the 1860s, this relationship became a liability for the firm as the Tokugawa clan warred with rivals in western Japan. Following the Tokugawas' defeat, Sumitomo was almost ruined and under pressure to sell the Besshi mine, which by that point was nearly unworkable. However, Sumitomo kept the mine and improved its output through adoption of new Western techniques.[7] During the rapid westernization of Japan in ensuing decades, Sumitomo started various new trading, manufacturing and financing businesses, becoming one of the major zaibatsu of early 20th century Japan.[6]

Sumitomo Corporation was incorporated in December 1919 as The Osaka North Harbour Co., Ltd. to engage in real estate management, land reclamation, land grading, harbor repair construction and related work in the Osaka northern harbor region. In 1944, the company merged with Sumitomo Building Co., Ltd. (established August 1923; capital stock 6.5 million yen) to form Sumitomo Building and Real Estate Co., Ltd.[8]

World War II destroyed most of Sumitomo's industrial infrastructure within Japan, and the ensuing Allied occupation led to the forced breakup of the largest Japanese companies, including Sumitomo.[7] Sumitomo Building transitioned to general trading, looking to handle products from Japan's major manufacturing firms in various industries, and changed its name to Nippon Engineering Co., Ltd. (Nihon Kensetsu Sangyo Kaisha), starting a new existence as a general trading firm with a sales staff of just 32 people. The firm listed its shares on the Osaka, Tokyo and Nagoya Stock Exchanges in 1949.[6][8]

As regulations on large companies were relaxed in the 1950s, Nippon Engineering resumed closer relations with other Sumitomo Group companies through the "White Water Club" (Hakusui-kai), a coordinating meeting of company presidents.[7] The company began to grow overseas in the 1950s, starting business in Mumbai in 1950 and in New York City in 1952. It changed its name to Sumitomo Shoji Kaisha, Ltd. in 1952. By the 1960s Sumitomo officially aimed to be one of the "Big Three" general trading companies, alongside Mitsubishi and Mitsui. In 1970, Sumitomo established a second head office in Tokyo and merged with Sogo Boeki Co., Ltd. Sumitomo adopted its current English name, Sumitomo Corporation, in 1978.[8] The company's transactional volume increased by a factor of ten from 1955 to 1965, and again by a factor of ten from 1965 to 1975. Like its zaibatsu cohorts Mitsubishi and Mitsui, Sumitomo established a keiretsu business group centered on itself and Sumitomo Bank.[7]

Sumitomo's strategy focused on natural resources through 2014, when the company booked hundreds of billions of yen in losses on tight oil (shale oil) and other energy-related investments. The company's president, Kuniharu Nakamura, attributed these losses to both adverse market factors and Sumitomo's relative inexperience in the field. As a result of these setbacks, Sumitomo was overtaken by Itochu as Japan's third-largest general trading company. Sumitomo announced in 2015 that it would refocus its business on the automotive and infrastructure industries and other non-resource businesses.[9]

Projects and investmentsEdit

One of Sumitomo's largest investments is in a nickel mining project in Madagascar, where it had invested approximately $2.4 billion as of 2015 in a joint venture with Korea Resources and others.[10]

Sumitomo is a 50% investor in SES Water, a UK water supply company, together with Osaka Gas.[11]

Sumitomo is a major investor in the Turo car-rental service, and plans to facilitate the service's debut in Japan around 2020.[12]

SubsidiariesEdit

  • Bluewell Insurance
  • Cantex
  • Clickstream Capital
  • Pacific Summit Energy
  • Petro Summit Pte Ltd (Singapore)
  • Presidio Ventures
  • SCSK
  • Seiyu (2000-2002, 2002–Present Walmart)
  • SMBC Finance & Lease
  • Sumitomo Corporation Equity Asia Limited
  • Sumitomo Wiring Systems Ltd.
  • Sumitomo Corporation Global Commodities (London & Singapore)
  • Sumitec International (Moscow)
  • Summit Biotech
  • TBC Corporation (Merchant Tire, NTB, Big O Tires)
  • Pet product maker Hartz Mountain Corporation was acquired from J.W. Childs in 2004, but 51% was sold to Unicharm in December 2011.|C
  • Crunchyroll SC Anime Fund (anime production joint venture with Crunchyroll)[13]
  • Sumitomo Chemical Company Limited[14]
  • Sumitomo Forestry NZ Limited[15]
  • Summit Fresh Foods New Zealand Limited[16]
  • Summit Forests New Zealand Limited[17]
  • New Zealand Aluminium Smelters Limited (20.64% share)[17]

ShareholdersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Corporate Profile". Sumitomo Corporation. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  2. ^ "Company Profile". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  3. ^ "Company Financials". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  4. ^ "TOPIX Core30 Components" (PDF). Japan Exchange Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  5. ^ "Components:Nikkei Stock Average". Nikkei Inc. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c "Sumitomo History". Sumitomo Corporation. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d "History of Sumitomo Corporation". Reference for Business. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "Sumitomo History". Sumitomo Corporation. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Getting burned in resources, Sumitomo changes tack". Nikkei Asian Review. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  10. ^ Fukase, Atsuko (2015-10-16). "Sumitomo Faces Possible Loss on Nickel Project". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  11. ^ "Sumitomo Sells Half of U.K. Water Supply Holding to Osaka Gas". www.bloomberg.com. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  12. ^ Nakanishi, Toyoki (2018-04-18). "US car-sharing app teams with Sumitomo for drive into Asia". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  13. ^ "Crunchyroll and Sumitomo Corporation nnounce Partnership to Create Company to Co-Produce Anime". Anime News Network.
  14. ^ "Shareholdings". app.companiesoffice.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  15. ^ "Shareholdings". app.companiesoffice.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  16. ^ "View All Details". app.companiesoffice.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  17. ^ a b "View All Details". app.companiesoffice.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-09-02.

External linksEdit